The study of how the properties of matter arise from its structure at all scales and of how processing can be used to modify those properties (often in pursuit of a specific application).

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20 views

What one is better to use to build stuff clay, silly putty or play dough? [on hold]

I need to know which one of these can shape and hold its place better for a project im doing i need to know before 5/9/16 that when it is due please help me thank you sorry i dont know what type of ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Inflating a balloon (expansion resistance)

I am doing a quick calculation on how to calculate the pressure needed to inflate a perfectly spherical balloon to a certain volume, however I have difficulties with the fact that the balloon (rubber) ...
2
votes
2answers
552 views

What limits the maximum sustainable surface charge density of a sphere in space?

Suppose I charge a sphere and leave it in vacuum for 10 years. After that time, I want its surface charge density to be in the order of 10^5C/m^2. Would that be possible? Would it depend on the ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Temperature needed during the fabrication of clay products [on hold]

Which type of clay, structural clay or whitewares, requires a relatively higher temperature during fabrication? I believe that whitewares requires a higher temperature, because the whiteware ceramics ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Springs and Cantilevers - how linear and repeatable are they under deformation?

I know you guys only deal with the ideal, but in practice how linear and repeatable is the response of a spring or cantilever when deformed under a test mass?
2
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1answer
30 views

Difference between dielectric and insulators

AS per my knowledge - dielectric are insulators which can be polarized in presence of external electric field. Does that mean all Insulators are not dielectrics ? If yes then kindly share example of ...
13
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1answer
177 views

Synthesis of Fe-based superconductors

Polycrystal cuprate superconductors are generally prepared by solid state reactions: Starting reagents are in powder form, they are mixed to each other and placed into furnace on high temperature ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Lab experiment: hysteresis disappears, reappears and then disappears again. How?

In my college laboratory we were assigned an experiment to measure the hysteresis curves of a certain ferromagnetic material at different temperatures. Sounds simple, right? Well, the block of Monel ...
2
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4answers
14k views

Why don't FCC metals have a brittle-to-ductile temperature transition?

I initially thought that it had something to do with the number of slip systems in FCC vs. BCC, but they're both the same.
7
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5answers
928 views

How does water carve rock?

How does water carve rock? And more generally, how does a soft material carve a hard material? Obviously it happens, but is it a continual process (every drop of soft water carries away a minute ...
4
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1answer
378 views

What factors cause the velocity saturation to occur at different electric fields for different materials?

In semiconductors the velocity of carriers gets saturated after a certain value of electric field. In silicon it occurs at around $10^4 kV/cm$ and in GaAs at some other value. What factors are ...
2
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2answers
127 views

How does force transmit through a solid block?

If you take a solid block, say, a cube of side length $l$ with density $\rho$, you place it upon a solid floor, and you apply an external pressure of $p(x,y)$ on the upper face ($x$ and $y$ define a ...
12
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1answer
228 views

Third-order susceptibilities of metals?

Can anyone point me to a source for measurements of the third-order nonlinear electric susceptibilities $\chi^{(3)}$ of various metals? Specifically in relation to the AC Kerr effect, so measurements ...
6
votes
1answer
524 views

Semiconductor problem: how much Boron is required to establish a certain amount of charge carrier density

The problem description is as follows: Boron is used to dope 1 kg of germanium (Ge). How much boron (B) is required to establish a charge carrier density of 3.091 x 10^17 / cm^3. One mole of ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Why don't metals damp vibrations?

Fluid damps vibrations due to viscous dissipation. Does anyone has any insight on a molecular, microscopic level about the reasons that vibration damping of metals is negligible?
-1
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1answer
19 views

The existence Water nanoparticles [closed]

Has anyone investigated the properties of water nanoparticles? If yes what are those? If not, why not?
0
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2answers
53 views

Why an impact exerts so much force? [on hold]

If an object of velocity $v$ and mass $m$ moves towards a resting object of mass $M$, then if the object which is hit might break. Why? What is the reason that a collision has more power than a ...
0
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0answers
18 views

How does the shattering of an amorphous solid change in lower gravity?

This is a question that's been bothering me for a while. If I were to stand on the moon, holding a pane of glass, what would happen if I smashed it? Glass is an amorphous solid, which is why it is ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Are insulators and conductors arbitrary categories?

I have seen charts showing the transition from insulator to semi-conductor is at $10^{-8}~\frac{\text{S}}{\text{cm}}$ and between semi-conductor and conductor is $10^{3}~\frac{\text{S}}{\text{cm}}$. ...
0
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1answer
375 views

Malleability in metals

I am trying to understand malleability in metal as a result of the micro structure. I am focusing on the metals of antiquity (in order of decreased malleability): Gold, Silver, Copper, and Iron. While ...
0
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2answers
28 views

Reason behind heating the substrate in Pulsed Laser Deposition

Why do we need to supply a constant heat to the substrate while depositing thin films in Pulsed Laser Deposition technique?
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Energy conservation of permanent magnets engine

How to explain the fact that magnet can attract an object (apply a work W) without losing a (significant) part of its internal energy? How to apply the energy conservation principle? Please think to ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Mechanical properties crown cap [closed]

What are the important mechanical properties to look at when designing a crown cork and why? Thank you in advance
1
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2answers
343 views

Do bifacial solar panels operate at lower temperature than normal solar panels?

Bifacial solar panels have a glass backplane instead of the usual aluminum and are designed to absorb and convert to electricity light incident on either face. Many manufacturers claim that their ...
0
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2answers
34 views

Can you dent a metal wall with a feather?

I know that theoretically you can only scratch a material with a harder material, but what about denting? While scratching a solid would seem to involve breaking bonds, denting a solid would ...
0
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0answers
31 views

How strong could a carbon nanotube be?

I was thinking about the limits of flywheel energy storage and wondered about carbon nanotubes. The amount of energy that can be stored per unit mass in a flywheel depends not on tensile strength but ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Why do headphones tangle themselves whereas shoe laces untie themselves?

Why do headphones tangle themselves whereas shoe laces untangle or untie themselves? Why aren't we using the phenomenon to create headphones that tangle less and shoe laces that untie less?
0
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0answers
5 views

Height of a point in a plane given a measure of luminance

Context Assume a left-hand rule coordinate system and X points right, Y points up, Z points out. I have a camera facing perpendicular to the X-Z plane in the negative Y direction. I have 4 ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Calculating the Coefficient of Restitution Based on two Objects

The coefficient of restitution is calculated based on the velocities of objects before and after a collision: $$C_R = -\frac{v_{2f} - v_{1f}}{v_{2i} - v_{1i}}$$ The coefficient of restitution tells ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Best Materials Science Introduction Book?

What would you suggest as a good introduction to materials science? (Prior usage and examples would be wonderful, my particular focus is neutron scattering). What I've Found So Far: Materials ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Tensile strength of a chain of electromagnets

I was having a discussion about the tensile strengths of various materials. Could something like a chain of electromagnets be made to have a tensile strength proportional to the power applied to it? ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

in Science materials, what is difference b/w E and G?

I'm studying Science Materials on Callister's Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction. I've never studied Mechanics (except for basic Physics courses), so I was wandering: when talking ...
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2answers
45 views

Is there any material that can survive a nuke? [closed]

Is there a material known to man that I can tape to a Tsar-Bomba-yield nuclear warhead and find kilometers away after detonation? This question is quite similar but a nuclear explosion is quite ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Why should we use good conductors as electrodes of a capacitor?

I was asked if and why why should the electrodes of a capacitor should be good electrical conductors. It seemed obvious to me that if I want to form a Helmholtz double layer (because that's what ...
0
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2answers
430 views

does the thickness of a rubber sheet affect the tensile strength?

i'm really confused which thickness of rubber sheet i should choose. Does the thickness affect the tensile strength and elongation in any way? is there any relation between them? i would really ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

What is the physical significance of the Curie constant?

What is the physical significance of the Curie constant? I understand it depends on the effective moment of the ion and hence must be some measure of it, but what is it exactly? Like some average ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

What is blocking the magnetic field of this neodymium magnet?

I opened up my hard drive and pulled out (among other things) the top and bottom braces for the reading arm. Each bracket contains a really powerful neodymium affixed to its underside. When the ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

What causes tensile stress to decrease after a material/wire reaches its ultimate tensile stress?

I was reading the AQA A Level Physics revision guide by Jim Bretihaupt, and in the Materials chapter in the section to do with plastic deformation, it says: Beyond the ultimate tensile stress, the ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Would a bullet damage a piece of metal the same as a pointy stick?

If you used a materials that would offer zero bending or dulling (the bullet/ pointy stick), would a 10 g bullet traveling at 1000 m/s with a surface area of 1 mm squared damage a piece of metal the ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Does the rate of pressure change matter when measuring the strength of a closed container?

If I had a container that could hold 100 psi, and I increased the pressure to 100 psi instantly would I cause any excess stress on the container, or would it not make a difference from doing it over ...
0
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0answers
82 views

Qualitative understanding of excess heat capacity in ferroics

I'm looking to understand what an excess heat capacity in a ferroelectric (FE) can correspond to qualitatively. Typically one starts with a Landau expansion of the free energy if you want to study the ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

Force problem related to adhesive and bonding

I have two PCBs (printed circuit board), and they are glued by adhesives, as show in the pictures. And the location of the adhesives are indicated on the picture (please notice that NO adhesive is ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Material that reflects only a certain polarization?

Do materials exist that (significantly) reflect one polarisation of light and transmit all others?
0
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0answers
16 views

Copper vs Tungsten (Diffusion)

I've been studying on how to compare the activation energy for (void-) diffusivity of Copper versus Tungsten. I ended up finding $E_a[cu] = 1.1[eV]$ and $E_a[W] = 5.2[eV]$ in literature where the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How to reduce size of bracelets using physics?

My mom has a set of bangles (bracelets) made of gold like the ones shown in the picture. Problem is the size (diameter) of these bangles is a bit more than required. If she goes to a goldsmith he cuts ...
1
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3answers
192 views

What can justify the decrease of the electrical conductivity with the increase of light intensity?

I have currently been working with a sample that "appears to" decrease its resistance when I cover it and protect it from light. Basically it presents the opposite behaviour of a photoresistor. What ...
0
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1answer
244 views

Fundamental frequency of a material and its Young's modulus

I wonder if there is a connection between fundamental frequency and Young's modulus of a material. For example, how to calculate the Young's modulus of a glass bar by knowing its frequency spectrum?
7
votes
4answers
13k views

What common materials absorb most infrared light?

I'm competing in a simple robotics competition where most of the participants use reflected infrared light to detect their opponent. I'd like to make my own robot as difficult to see as possible. What ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What is difference between anisotropy and inhomogeinity of this type of composite material?

I am studying some types of composite materials having 2 phases - fibers and matrix. I have some questions and confusions. Any help is appreciated. The composite has fiber along length and I am ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Why nano indentation is used to test bulk material?

I am curious why nano indentation is used? I can understand when material size goes to micros or below, conventional hardening methods can become difficult to use. However many papers say that ...