The study of how the properties of matter arise from its structure at all scales and of how processing can be used to modify those properties (often in pursuit of a specific application).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
41 views

behavior of dissolved ionic compounds in an electric field

Consider the following setup - An open, insulating box is filled with distilled water, into which is dissolved a significant amount of pure NaCl. Two insulated lumps of conductor, one with a large ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

Why should I discard a carafe if it has ever been heated empty? (Can thermal shock permanently weaken materials without causing them to fail?) [closed]

Related to "What pressure or tension occurs in a glass jar when I pour boiling water inside?" I just got a new coffeemaker, and one of the warnings in the manual states that you should discard the (...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

What's “the” physical explanation of hysteresis in ferrimagnetic materials?

I am wondering what is "the" or "a" physical explanation of hysteresis in ferrimagnetic materials. From what I've read in wikipedia and Cullity's book, there is a simple physical explanation for ...
1
vote
4answers
58 views

Same equation, different meanings

I went into a physics classroom today and saw this equation written on the board: $$ E = \frac \sigma \epsilon $$ At first I thought it referred to the electric field $ E $ between 2 parallel plates ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Why are Brillouin zones for graphene and monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides the same?

The geometrical model of graphene is the flat honeycomb lattice, so the Brillouin zone is also flat honeycomb lattice. However, monolayer of transition metal dichalcogenides is not flat as it consists ...
5
votes
2answers
812 views

Why is diamond transparent while graphite is not?

Diamond and graphite are both made of the same atom, carbon. Diamond has a tetrahedron structure while graphite has a flat hexagonal structure. Why is diamond transparent while graphite is not (at ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

2D materials with isotropic Dirac cones

The celebrated material graphene has electrons which can be described by the simple 2D Hamiltonian $H = v_F \left( \sigma_x p_x + \sigma_y p_y \right)$, where $v_F$ is a Fermi velocity. Silicene, ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

3D Bravais Lattices in terms of $\mathbb{Z}^3$

I am looking at the definitions of Bravais Lattice on Wikipedia and I find that I can describe many of them in terms of a mathematical lattice $\mathbb{Z}^3$. cubic $\mathbb{Z}^3$ body-centered ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Spectral Signature

I am interested in studying about spectral signature of various materials. I am working as an electronics engineer intern in a company which deals with Hyperspectral imaging. Working with spectral ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Thermodynamic / Thermal Property

What is the definition for (i) Thermodynamic Property & (ii) Thermal Property? What are the subtle distinctions in the Thermodynamic Properties and Thermal Properties? ...
4
votes
3answers
578 views

Can vinyl LPs store audio above 20kHz and can it be played back? [closed]

If, in the future, humans genetically engineered themselves to be able to hear frequencies significantly above 20kHz (say, up to 100kHz), would they find vinyl LPs a viable method of storing and ...
8
votes
4answers
111 views

Can a material made of a heavier isotope of an element become harder or stronger?

I was wondering if any experiments have been done to measure if there is a change in the hardness or strength of a material made solely of a heavier isotope of an element which is a constituent of the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Looking for materials with specific magnetic properties

To begin with, I am not a native English speaker and have very limited knowledge regarding magnetism and want to apologize in advance for probable use of incorrect terms. In the picture, M ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

How to measure the two-point function for two phase media?

Given some two phase media, consisting of a random mixture of materials A and B. how does one measure the two-point function? The one-point function is trivial to determine and can be done simply by ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

why cracks are observed over time in stainless steel vessels? [closed]

We are using stainless steel vessels for long time. But most of the times the vessels made by the stainless steel material are get cracked on its edges. I guessed this would happen due to the ...
9
votes
0answers
120 views

Is there a database or a classification of High-temperature superconductors?

I was wondering if there exists a list with all (or most of) the High-$T_c$ superconductor materials. In particular I'd like to know if there are databases or review that classifies them by their ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Will density of a metal increases during forging?

This question is metallurgical engineering, but I had a similar doubt regarding density of liquids and what causing it. Forged parts refines defects, dislocations will be moved strengthening the ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Temperature dependence of magnetic domains

Does the size of magnetic domains depend on temperature ? Not able to find any papers on this subject, maybe because there is no such dependence...
1
vote
3answers
229 views

How to cut graphene?

How is graphene cut, given that it is similar in strength and hardness to diamond? I assume you cannot just take a pair of regular scissors to a sheet of it and cut out the shape you want?
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Elongation and tensile strength of rubber

I want to do some experiments on a neoprene rubber sheet (ex. supplier). When I went to order the sheet I was confused because the listed elongation and tensile strength for all sheet sizes (with ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

Software for analysing SEM or TEM images

I am looking for a software to analyse SEM and TEM images of some PLD experiments because I want to characterize the samples, like calculate the concentration of nanoparticles, size, and do some ...
1
vote
2answers
889 views

How much force can bolt cutters exert? [closed]

What's the mechanical advantage of an ordinary, let's say, 3 feet long bolt cutters? How many pounds can they exert? I'm asking because I have a lock which is apparently immune to over 9 tons of ...
2
votes
2answers
648 views

Penetration of human skin [closed]

I recently found an answer for the "toughness" of steel http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/16821 and was hoping to get a similar answer regarding human flesh. How much pressure is required to ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Is there surface tension between a solid and a liquid?

The molecules of a solid are so tightly bound together that they are fixed in position unlike in a liquid or gas where they may move freely. In that case it seems like the surface tension between the ...
7
votes
5answers
8k views

Why will clay, when heated to high temperatures, harden and become waterproof?

I have a question Why will clay, when heated to high temperatures, harden and become waterproof?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How to make glass surfaces with different hydrophobicity level?

I have a number of small glass beads (d= 2.0 mm) and I need to use a method to make the glass surface hydrophobic. How can I create glass beads with different wettability levels (i.e. various contact ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Formulae for Elastic Hysteresis of rubber

Being a school student, I'm pretty sure we don't need to explicitly learn any formulae helping us evaluate the energy dissipated by mechanical internal energy in a hysteresis loop. But I was wondering ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Twin and Detwin Crystals [closed]

Hello i would like to ask , what are twin and detwin monocrystals? what has to do with their crystalographic symmetry? any consequences ? any image also would be really helpfull! Thank you
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How does flow rate affect plume dynamics and film properties in PLD?

So I use a home-built Pulsed Laser Deposition(PLD) system to deposit metal oxide thin films. I use a $ 248\ \mathrm{nm KrF}$ laser. I recently deposited two films under slightly different conditions. ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Properties of “hard light”

According to this, and this, we now have the ability to make "light molecules", which, from my admittedly layman understanding, have something to do with rubidium atoms, vacuum, and temperatures near ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Why do neutron stars have solid crusts?

A long time ago I read that neutron stars have a solid crusts that are several orders of magnitude harder/stronger than alloys here on the Earth. So how is this possible ? A neutron star has a ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Electricity from something other than a solid

Is piezoelectricity only limited to solids or can liquids or non-Newtonian fluids create a current when compressed?
-2
votes
1answer
285 views

Is there any metal or any material that can survive the Sun? [closed]

If we were to send a unmanned spaceship through the Sun. What material can survive?
2
votes
1answer
244 views

What is the significance of the Debye temperature from a materials perspctive?

If I look at a table of different metals and their Debye temperatures, what does the variation in these temperatures tell me about these materials?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Nomenclature “Material System”

This is just a quick question about nomenclature from General Relativity. Most textbooks refer to "material systems"; 1) Does a material system have to be a system with mass? or can it just be a ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Search strategies in Material Science

Material scientists often search for new materials with engineered properties. If, for example, you have a set of doped semiconducting materials with different doping levels, and you aim for maximal ...
0
votes
1answer
433 views

How are lattice parameters determined from reciprocal space maps?

It seems that the papers speak of reciprocal space maps with very high praise because of its ability to study strain in epitaxial films and determine the amount of relaxation. Also one can determine ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to determine what an object is composed of?

Heads up: This question has never been asked (here) before the way I will ask it here, so let's shed some light on it a bit. Prelude and anecdote(can be skipped): The other day I was walking home, ...
8
votes
0answers
1k views

Why is the AdS/CFT approach to superconductors rarely cited in condensed matter publications?

Let me put things into perspective by comparing with other applications of string theory. Nowadays review papers written by cosmologists about inflation models often discuss string theory scenarios ...
0
votes
3answers
98 views

Is it possible to build planet-sized non-spherical structures?

Beyond certain size and density the celestial objects tend to admit a spherical size. I wonder if is there a fundamental mass, density or specific strength related number which when surpassed a non-...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Why doesn't dielectric materials have coloured reflections like conductors?

I'm a 3D artist trying to learn the basic (or perhaps even intermediate) level of physics of photorealistic rendering. But most artist and tutorials on the internet have little to no clue of the ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

What does a sheet of graphene look like?

What does a sheet of graphene look like? At one atom thick, is it visible to the naked eye? Can it be handled (by hand) with being torn? Can it be felt at all? [Assuming a large enough sheet ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are HCP materials brittle whie FCC materials are ductile?

Why are hexagonal close packed materials brittle, While face centered cubic is ductile. Is it related to crystal planes?
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Constant pressure, constant wall thickness, expanding volume = explosion?

Just been idly thinking about a gas cylinder I sometimes use. Pressure is about 200 Bar, or roughly 20 MPa. If I kept the same thickness of steel wall, and the same pressure, but made cylinders bigger ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

How tall is the tallest Jell-O structure possible?

Given Jell-O with a particular consistency, how tall a structure could be built out of it before it collapses?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

is full spectrum transparency possible?

Are there materials fully transparent throughout the spectrum? (transparent to all frequencies). And if there's no such substance exists, is it even physically possible to design/make one?
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Heat Expansion of an Aluminium Ring with hole

I have a question of how aluminium will behave when heated ( I made a drawing below to explain the question) We have a ring of aluminium and a hole (green in drawing), if we heat the ring it will ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Can measurement of Spontaneous Magnetization and susceptibility lead one to deduce the magnetic structure of a magnetic compound?

For a given magnetic compound, spontaneous magnetization and susceptibility are measured at various temperatures (in this paper). (SMS measurement) From neutron diffraction data the compound is found ...
6
votes
2answers
712 views

Why is it easier to glide on sharp ice skates than on dull skates?

There have been previous questions (e.g. here and here) on Physics.SE about the mechanism that makes ice skating possible. Reviewing these, as well external references, it seems pretty clear that the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Temperature bending stiffness of FR-4

I'm designing a PCB with metal over touch buttons. I have a colleague who want's to test the device reliability by building a tester that using pneumatic cylinders will test all the buttons. He's main ...