The study of how the properties of matter arise from its structure at all scales and of how processing can be used to modify those properties (often in pursuit of a specific application).

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44 views

Electricity from something other than a solid

Is piezoelectricity only limited to solids or can liquids or non-Newtonian fluids create a current when compressed?
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1answer
210 views

Is there any metal or any material that can survive the Sun? [closed]

If we were to send a unmanned spaceship through the Sun. What material can survive?
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3answers
175 views

How to cut graphene?

How is graphene cut, given that it is similar in strength and hardness to diamond? I assume you cannot just take a pair of regular scissors to a sheet of it and cut out the shape you want?
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1answer
197 views

What is the significance of the Debye temperature from a materials perspctive?

If I look at a table of different metals and their Debye temperatures, what does the variation in these temperatures tell me about these materials?
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1answer
36 views

Nomenclature “Material System”

This is just a quick question about nomenclature from General Relativity. Most textbooks refer to "material systems"; 1) Does a material system have to be a system with mass? or can it just be a ...
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24 views

Search strategies in Material Science

Material scientists often search for new materials with engineered properties. If, for example, you have a set of doped semiconducting materials with different doping levels, and you aim for maximal ...
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0answers
105 views

What does a sheet of graphene look like?

What does a sheet of graphene look like? At one atom thick, is it visible to the naked eye? Can it be handled (by hand) with being torn? Can it be felt at all? [Assuming a large enough sheet ...
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1answer
848 views

Why are HCP materials brittle whie FCC materials are ductile?

Why are hexagonal close packed materials brittle, While face centered cubic is ductile. Is it related to crystal planes?
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1answer
25 views

Constant pressure, constant wall thickness, expanding volume = explosion?

Just been idly thinking about a gas cylinder I sometimes use. Pressure is about 200 Bar, or roughly 20 MPa. If I kept the same thickness of steel wall, and the same pressure, but made cylinders bigger ...
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0answers
33 views

is full spectrum transparency possible?

Are there materials fully transparent throughout the spectrum? (transparent to all frequencies). And if there's no such substance exists, is it even physically possible to design/make one?
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1answer
112 views

Heat Expansion of an Aluminium Ring with hole

I have a question of how aluminium will behave when heated ( I made a drawing below to explain the question) We have a ring of aluminium and a hole (green in drawing), if we heat the ring it will ...
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3answers
95 views

Is it possible to build planet-sized non-spherical structures?

Beyond certain size and density the celestial objects tend to admit a spherical size. I wonder if is there a fundamental mass, density or specific strength related number which when surpassed a ...
2
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2answers
117 views

Why doesn't dielectric materials have coloured reflections like conductors?

I'm a 3D artist trying to learn the basic (or perhaps even intermediate) level of physics of photorealistic rendering. But most artist and tutorials on the internet have little to no clue of the ...
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0answers
24 views

Temperature bending stiffness of FR-4

I'm designing a PCB with metal over touch buttons. I have a colleague who want's to test the device reliability by building a tester that using pneumatic cylinders will test all the buttons. He's main ...
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2answers
82 views

How tall is the tallest Jell-O structure possible?

Given Jell-O with a particular consistency, how tall a structure could be built out of it before it collapses?
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0answers
36 views

Can measurement of Spontaneous Magnetization and susceptibility lead one to deduce the magnetic structure of a magnetic compound?

For a given magnetic compound, spontaneous magnetization and susceptibility are measured at various temperatures (in this paper). (SMS measurement) From neutron diffraction data the compound is found ...
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1answer
55 views

Might a diamond with impurities (doped) be less brittle than a pure diamond?

Diamonds are extremely hard (resistant to pressure) but quite brittle (susceptible to shock). Sufficient impurity will compromise hardness, but I am finding it difficult to find out the effect on ...
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0answers
23 views

Why aren't most ionic/covalent/metallic materials self-healing?

For the most part, only soft-matter materials appear to possess self-healing capabilities (that is, if I cleave the material and then press the two halves together, the material re-forms) at room ...
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1answer
56 views

Is hysteresis essential for a memory system or material?

I want to know whether its essential for a memory system or material to have hysteresis between two of its variable ? If Yes, what can be the general relation of volatility of a memory with its ...
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1answer
56 views

Why is GaN better than Si as a substrate for ZnO thin film?

in an attempt to grow a thin film using ZnO, I found many researches use silicon as a substrate and others use GaN. by further research I found that GaN is preferred than silicon but I don't know the ...
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1answer
177 views

Synthesis of Fe-based superconductors

Polycrystal cuprate superconductors are generally prepared by solid state reactions: Starting reagents are in powder form, they are mixed to each other and placed into furnace on high temperature ...
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1answer
71 views

Why does the stiffness of organic polymers (plastic) change so much with small changes in temperature?

This is on the borderline between Physics and Chemistry, but I would like a Physics perspective. I am guessing that plastics are a glass-like phase, rather than a true solid.
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1answer
38 views

Why is metal stiffer at lower temperatures?

Each morning I cycle to school and lock my bike with a thick steel wire (about 8 mm thick). I noticed that it's much harder to change the shape of the wire in the morning when it's much colder than ...
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3answers
244 views

Any scientific basis behind “crystal energy”? [closed]

I always hear people talking very loosely about the terms "vibration" and "energy" in relation to crystals. Is there any scientific basis in "crystal energy" or is it purely metaphysical ...
2
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2answers
346 views

Why is tearing paper irreversible?

Consider a piece of paper. If I pull on it in the right way it tears into two pieces. However, if I push those two pieces together, they do not spontaneously form a single piece. What happens at the ...
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1answer
82 views

Flattest possible surface? [closed]

a) What is the flattest surface possible of any material? b) What is the flattest surface material available to humans at the present time?
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3answers
87 views

Physical properties of niobium pentoxide ($\mathrm{Nb}_2\mathrm{O}_5$) for thermal simulation

I am looking all day long for heat capacity, thermal conduction, and expansion coefficient of niobium-pentoxide. I want to conduct a thermal (heat flow) analysis on this and need it as input data. Can ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Quenching of binary alloy: Concentration equilibrium

I'm currently reading "Models for phase separation and their mathematics" by Paul C. Fife and there is a paragraph which I don't understand because I lack the necessary background in ...
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1answer
111 views

How to make electrical connection to silicon wafer for testing?

I am trying to make an electrical connection to a silicon wafer using a wire (approx 32AWG). I find that conventional lead/tin (60/40, no flux) solder cannot adhere well to the silicon wafer, since ...
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0answers
34 views

Equilibrium and constitutive relation

The constitutive stress-strain relation, say $\sigma=Y\epsilon$ where $Y$ is the Young's modulus, gives you stresses. At equilibrium, force balancing (say, with respect to a internal pressure $p$) ...
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0answers
31 views

Stress profile of pressurized bent shell

Consider a pressurized cylindrical shell of radius $r$ and pressure $p$, which at equilibrium has a nonvanishing in-plane stress components $pr/2$ and $pr$. This result is generically found by ...
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0answers
37 views

Mooney-Rivlin coefficients sign

I'm doing a fitting of uniaxial compression data of a isotropic polymer using the Mooney-Rivlin model: $\sigma=\left( 2C_1 + \frac{2C_2}{\lambda} \right )\left( \lambda ^2- \frac{1}{\lambda } ...
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0answers
28 views

Lower Threshold optical beam limiter?

We would like to implement a very fast beam limiting, so far google search shows that the common threshold ranges is in 1J/cm^2 or more, this could take seconds to activate as our laser ranges from 1 ...
4
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2answers
261 views

Is it possible for an object to have low specific heat capacity and low thermal conductivity?

As I see, there are many examples of object with low specific heat capacity and high thermal conductivity and vice versa. Since they are different properties of matter and their definitions are not ...
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2answers
535 views

does the thickness of a rubber sheet affect the tensile strength?

i'm really confused which thickness of rubber sheet i should choose. Does the thickness affect the tensile strength and elongation in any way? is there any relation between them? i would really ...
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1answer
558 views

Why does plastic turn white in the area of stress?

There is a phenomenon with plastic in which it changes color to white in areas where stress is applied. When I bend a plastic rod the area in the centre, it turns white or loses colour. Why does this ...
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2answers
4k views

Can jet fuel melt steel beams? [closed]

Common sense suggests that steel beams should not yield under burning jet fuel without presence of other substances that produce very high temperatures when burning, such as thermite. So can jet fuel ...
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0answers
21 views

Flamant's use of mass and weight

I apologize for the stupid question, but I've consulted teachers and found their answers unsatisfactory. Professor E.Brune, in the XIX century, delivered a course on l'École des beaux-arts on ...
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0answers
13 views

Role of Mn in Perovskites

Good Day everyone!i don't if its the right site to ask this, but by the way, right now i'm searching for possible research in magnetoresistance properties of perovskite. So far, i already know the ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Why can gold be drawn out finer than light?

The metal gold is extremely malleable. Gold is also ductile and one ounce can be drawn into 80 km (50 miles) of thin gold wire (5 microns diameter) to make electrical contacts and bonding wire. I ...
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1answer
64 views

Does Hooke's Law apply for microscopic amounts of compression?

I would like to set up a simple laser interferometer to measure the compression of a material experiencing forces around $8 \times 10^{-4}$ N. But I need to find the spring constant to calculate the ...
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0answers
27 views

Material Resistance - Temperature increase in two merged bars

Context: Material Resistance, Temperature increases and affects axial forces The structure consists of an aluminum bar (AB) size L, which is surrounded by a copper wrap (CD), merged to the ...
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1answer
90 views

Drilling a hole into a bone and measuring the force required to break it

I'm currently planning an experiment (high school biology) where I will drill a hole into a bone, then load weights onto it until it breaks. I will be repeating this with holes of different diameters. ...
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1answer
39 views

How can a phosphorous ion dope silicon when it is already ionized?

In ion implantation dopant ions are directly bombarded into the semiconductor (silicon for example)? But if say P ions (P+) were implanted then it does not have an extra electron to donate into the ...
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2answers
96 views

Can we measure speed of light in a non-transparent material

As I think even photons are absorbed by a non-transparent material, they aren't absorbed exactly at the same time. Light does propagate though a (sufficiently thin) opaque material. So can we measure ...
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1answer
162 views

Is there surface tension between a solid and a liquid?

The molecules of a solid are so tightly bound together that they are fixed in position unlike in a liquid or gas where they may move freely. In that case it seems like the surface tension between the ...
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1answer
37 views

Material that changes transparency when lased from side?

I am into photonics research, and have been searching about this topic in vain, but almost nothing from Google shows up. So i turned here for some light. Do you guys know any material that changes ...
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1answer
169 views

What is blocking the magnetic field of this neodymium magnet?

I opened up my hard drive and pulled out (among other things) the top and bottom braces for the reading arm. Each bracket contains a really powerful neodymium affixed to its underside. When the ...
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0answers
86 views

Qualitative understanding of excess heat capacity in ferroics

I'm looking to understand what an excess heat capacity in a ferroelectric (FE) can correspond to qualitatively. Typically one starts with a Landau expansion of the free energy if you want to study the ...
1
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0answers
14 views

What is the best material for a flat heated surface

I am facing an application where I need to find a plate material that is very flat ( < 400microns per m flatness) And can resist temperature up to 200C while being lightweight and resiste thermal ...