The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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Classic mass predictions from Left-Right models with discrete symmetries?

I am covering the classic literature on predictions of Cabibbo angle or other relationships in the mass matrix. As you may remember, this research was a rage in the late seventies, after noticing that ...
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98 views

How do gravitons transmit gravity to occulted bodies?

If matter feels gravitation by way of absorbing gravitons, how is it that gravity passes through matter unfettered? For instance during a solar eclipse; shouldn't the moon block at least some of the ...
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2k views

Further explanation of the Penrose Conjecture

I'm currently a third year maths undergrad, writing a dissertation on the application of minimal surfaces in space. I have recently come across the Penrose Conjecture that the mass of a spacetime is: ...
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44 views

A problem with ADM mass in the derivation of 1st law of black hole thermodynamics

The definition of ADM mass is $$M=\frac{1}{16\pi}\lim_{r\rightarrow\infty}\int \left(\frac{\partial h_{\mu\nu}}{\partial x^\mu}-\frac{\partial h_{\mu\mu}}{\partial x^\nu} \right)N^\nu dA$$ according ...
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58 views

What is the inertial mass of a black hole?

Or the inertial mass of any spherically symmetric object, can I calculated by measuring very accurately the spacetime distortion this object produces in its surroundings? With 'inertial mass' I mean ...
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89 views

What is the effective electron mass in a plasma?

Is there a way to calculate the effective electron mass in plasmas? Effective electron mass is usually defined as varying from the vacuum electron mass in solid state physics. However, momentum ...
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76 views

Bottle stableness optimization

A few days ago me and some friends played a game where you need to upset a bottle with a ball(flunkyball). Then a question occured: "How much water do we need to put into the bottle that its ...
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74 views

Asymtotically flat spacetime applicable for spacetimes which are not diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^4$

I wanted to investigate changes on a compact 4-manifold $M$. More specifically it is the K3-surface. I follow a paper by Asselmeyer-Maluga from 2012. The idea there was to make sure that the manifold ...
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115 views

What Would Negative Mass Do To Spacetime?

It's known that positive mass bends space-time to create a curvature. But if something had negative mass what would it do? Make it flat or like a crest?
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219 views

Reducing massive representation of the Poincare group to the massless one

I want to ask about the connection for massive and massless representation of the Poincare group. Sorry for the awkwardness. First I must to represent the formalism for both of cases. Massive ...
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762 views

Is Electromagnetic Mass Possible?

If the sinusoidal electric component of a light wave were off-set to one side of the magnetic component and then the smaller "lobe" were to cancel out with much of the larger side, then where would ...
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97 views

Sound level of organ pipe driven by helium

The sound pressure level of an organ pipe is a function of the gas flow rate delivered to the pipe. Source Would the sound level of an organ pipe driven by helium be lower than that of a pipe driven ...
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11 views

How to determine the overturning moment on a stand alone, uncovered bean pole tipi

I will preface this by saying I am a highschool student who has not yet had a physics class. I engineered and built a hexagonal shaped, open bottomed, planter to hold soil that would contain pole ...
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46 views

Are the pions really all that light?

I'm studying the sigma model where the pions are identified as the (pseudo) Nambu-Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry breaking ("pseudo" from mild isospin symmetry violation). This argument usually ...
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45 views

Can the Higgs mechanism provide complex masses for quarks and neutrinos?

Can the Higgs mechanism give complex masses to quarks and neutrinos, or is only real mass generation possible? There exist complex phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices, can they be explained through ...
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81 views

Significance of imaginary mass

Can real mass be thought of as producing a deformation in spacetime leading to a stable equilibrium (valley curve in gravitational potential energy) of the massive body, and imaginary mass as similar, ...
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112 views

Is the Higgs field responsible of only 1% of the proton mass?

This post is a sequel of: Where does the majority of the mass of the usual matter come from? The following answer of @hft: Your question asks why the "current quark masses" [see http://pdg.lbl....
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170 views

If tachyons exist, what would they do to spacetime?

Mass (Positive) bends space-time generating gravity. If Tachyons are supposed to have imaginary mass, what would they do to spacetime (if they do exist).
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80 views

Can a neutrinos mass oscillate in a similar way to its flavour?

So I've been reading up on neutrino oscillations and I think I'm making some progress in understanding it, but I'm still a long way off. As I understand it, you can 'classify' neutrinos in two ways; ...
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280 views

The question about Lorentz invariance of the helicity quantum number for the massless particles

I need to show that helicity is Lorentz invariant (under the proper Lorentz transformation) for the massless particles. I heard about most frequently used argument which contains an idea of ...
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105 views

Can I use the reduced mass principle in a spring-damper system?

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/orbv.html#rm I want to know, if I can use the reduced mass principle to solve a two object spring-damper system. In the books and webpages that I have ...
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226 views

Truck Mass & “4th power law”

Is it true that the damage caused to a road surface is proportional to the 4th power of vehicle axle weight, and if it is, what factors cause it to be related by a power of 4, or is it just the ...
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42 views

Mass term in Maxwell's Lagragian for Electromagnetism

In the scalar field Lagrangian the mass term is given by $$m^2 \phi^2.$$ But the equivalent term in Maxwell's Lagrangian for electromagnetism is $$m^2A_{\mu}A^{\mu}.$$ But I don't know why the ...
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25 views

What are the Higgs masses for $SU(2) \times U(1)$ goes to $U(1)$ symmetry breaking with a complex triplet?

Consider an $SU(2)\times U(1)_Y\rightarrow U(1)_{EM}$ theory that is broken via a complex triplet with hypercharge 2. The potential is of the form \begin{align} V(\Phi) = -m^2\Phi^\dagger\Phi + \...
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31 views

Superstring mass between 2 D-branes

The mass of a superstring between 2 parallel D-branes of dimension $p$ and $q$ is $$m^2=(N−a)+(y/2π)^2$$ But what is the value of the normal ordering constant $a$?
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33 views

Calculate 2D Effective mass from bulk effective mass

I am trying to create a self consistent Shrodinger Poisson Solver for various semiconductors. There is already one done by Professor Hu from UC Berkeley - QM CV Simulator. Looking at the code, they ...
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60 views

Biot-savart's Law and mass of an electon

One of the my questions is that in Physics lab we use the Biot-Savart law to derive the equation to get Mass of Electron. $B=(8\mu_0NI)/(\sqrt{125}\cdot a)$ I started by trying to integrate both ...
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26 views

Simulating Debris Burn Up Upon Atmospheric Reentry

For work I need to model Debris (1 gram to no more than 1000 km) burn-up upon reentry. I can't seem to find much information regarding this. I feel like I am looking for the wrong terms or something. ...
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55 views

What is the relationship between the “mass” of QFT and that of Newtonian mechanics?

In QFT we work with Lagrangians which contain terms $m$ such that the relativistic relation $E^2 = p^2 + m^2$ is satisfied. By classical analogy $m$ is called the 'mass'. We note that due to the ...
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74 views

Regge trajectory and Kaluza Klein tower

The mass of hadrons in the Regge trajectory scales as $m=\sqrt{\frac{J}{\alpha}-\alpha_0}=\sqrt{\frac{n}{\alpha}-\alpha_0}\propto \sqrt{n}$, where $J=n$ is the spin of the particle (in natural units,...
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50 views

Cumulative mass & mass distribution of a disc galaxy

Hernquist has a great formula to represent the cumulative mass of a spherical galaxy (8): http://star-www.st-and.ac.uk/~hz4/contempastro/hqm.pdf 1) Is there any simple formula for disc shaped galaxy ...
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23 views

QCD condensate and lepton mass

I read that the QCD U(1) anomaly is caused by the QCD condensate giving rise to quark masses. Does the QCD condensate also give masses to leptons (electron, mu, tau, neutrinos), or are these masses ...
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140 views

Mass, density and gravity for 2D SPH

Having previously only worked with 3D sph, the 2d case is confusing me. The concept of mass and density as well as gravity is not easily converted, as I see it. As an example in 3D I take 1000 ...
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85 views

Rotational dynamics equation for a variable mass system?

I'm searching for the formulation of Euler's rigid body dynamics in the case of a variable mass system. I'm reading the book Mechanics of Flight by Warren F. Phillips (2nd edition) and unfortunately ...
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191 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
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65 views

Mass generation for Z' and W' bosons

I read that some Beyond the Standard Model theories require the existence of additional gauge bosons such as $Z'$ and $W'$. As far as I understood, an extension of the $SU(2)_L$ symmetry is required, ...
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306 views

How much energy does a powerlifter need to perform a session of squats?

So I started the math myself and I'm hoping someone can look this over and improve on my idea. Let's say that a powerlifter performs the following sets of squats: % 1RM = lifted weight in percent ...
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65 views

Bending of a pipe filled with sand

There is this industrial pipe made out of steel that is 1 meter in diameter and 6 meters long (and volume 4,71 cubic meters). The thickness of the pipe "wall" is 4 centimeter. The pipe is filled ...
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353 views

Is inertia actually a property of the force rather than the mass?

I ask this because it occurred to me that the inertial property of mass only actually arises in the context of forces (such as the EM force) as a resistance to their accelerating effect. Inertia plays ...
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40 views

Why is Avogadro's constant not exactly the inverse of the atomic mass unit (kg)?

First, Avogadro's constant (in essence, but off in terms of decimal place) is the inverse of the atomic mass unit (kg). Why are the two constants off by 10^3? Look at the picture for a quick diagram ...
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23 views

Kaufmann's experiment 1902

Kaufmann's experiments (1902): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaufmann%E2%80%93Bucherer%E2%80%93Neumann_experiments#Historical_context About charge to electromagnetic-mass ratio. Fig 2 has a plot of ...
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28 views

What is the relationship between an expanding universe, an increase in entropy and the the creation of mass?

What is the relationship between an expanding universe, an increase in entropy and the the creation of mass? Could the creation of mass be driven by or in equilibrium with the creation of space?
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29 views

Electroweak phase transition

Is it true that when the temperature of the universe was greater than ~200GeV the Higgs did not have any nonzero vacuum expectation value, hence all the particles were massless? So if one calculates ...
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36 views

Help needed for Simple derivation for duality of matter

A teacher told showed me a way to derive an equation which shows the duality of matter. We know, $E=hc/\lambda$. and $E=mc^2$ So, $hc/\lambda=mc^2$ We get, $p$ ( momentum ) = $h/\lambda$. How ...
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32 views

Helicity of massive particle at high enengy

We know that massless spin-1 particle like photon only has two helicity state (-1,1), what about the helicity of massive spin-1 particle (W boson) at very high energy? Does it have helicity 0 state ...
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30 views

When space containing an extended mass contracts, what delivers or absorbs energy?

As my understanding goes, general relativity and the many theories that have sprung from it allow for the contraction and expansion of space. When such expanding (or contracting) space contains a ...
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39 views

What's the relation between representation theory and mass / electric charge?

This is a follow-up on this answer, where ACuriousMind wrote Formally, both the mass and the charge classify certain irreducible representations of the Poincaré group and the circle group, ...
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Is there a relation between time dilation and (relativistic) mass increase?

I noticed that what once called relativistic mass increase and now is called energy increase is ruled by the same formula the Lorenz factor of time dilation? The formula is too particular to suggest ...
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33 views

Does vehicle tire mass effect efficiency?

This question has an interesting origin: A tire salesman was recommending tires (aka tyres) for a highly fuel-efficient vehicle. He said the vehicle was light (compared to most production cars), and ...
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32 views

Bondi mass aspect

I'm looking for a good reference that defines the Bondi mass aspect and his relations to Bondi and ADM mass. Googling a bit I've not founded any satisfactory exposition of the subject. A short ...