The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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7
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61 views

Why can we approximate dynamics of massive particles by masless and vice versa?

I am puzzled by the following observation. Our descriptions of massless and massive particles are very different. For example, masless particles have only two polarizations, which we call helicities. ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Is there an analog of the Komar mass for conformal Killing Fields?

Is there an analog of the Komar mass for conformal timelike Killing vector Fields? For a stationary spacetime M, the Komar mass may be given as: $$M=\oint_{\partial M}\sqrt{g_{00}}(2T_{\mu\nu}-g_{\...
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0answers
29 views

What is the gravitational field inside a hollow spherical cavity embedded in a solid sphere? [duplicate]

Imagine a solid sphere of radius $R$. From the inside of this sphere we remove a smaller sphere of radius $r$. The sphere can be situated anywhere inside the massive sphere. How does the gravitational ...
1
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3answers
599 views

Newton's Second Law Confusion [on hold]

I don't quite understand the relationship between an object's mass, acceleration and net force. For example, if a car was going to the right at a constant velocity or with no acceleration, does that ...
0
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1answer
52 views

What would be the masses of the elemental particles if the Higgs field had a different value?

Afaik there is some function, for example, for the mass of the electron $m_e(\phi_1, \phi_2, \phi_3, \phi_4)= ...$, and similarly to the other elemental particles. (Here the $\phi_{1..4}$ are the ...
-1
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1answer
74 views

How fast does matter grow more massive when accelerating? [on hold]

I am wondering since it is understood that mass of matter increases as its velocity increases, how fast does this process occur if it is a physical process? For instance, if a mass initially at rest, ...
-2
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1answer
43 views

Minimum and Maximum Speeds of a Mass [on hold]

I understand that it is impossible for a object with rest mass to travel at $c$ (the speed of light) due to time limitations. I also understand that the speed of an object is calculated using a frame ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Mass density of a cylinder increasing with the square of the radius

I’ve had to deal with a question like this on a test on friday and I just can’t get it out of my mind. I was supposed to calculate the moment of inertia of a cylinder with an inhomogenous yet ...
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0answers
72 views

Why is gravity viewed as a force? [on hold]

Before I say my thoughts on this I wanted to state that most of my knowledge on physics and such is from college books, and not from actual instruction. From my understanding of forces, there must be ...
37
votes
10answers
33k views

How can a photon have no mass and still travel at the speed of light?

I've read a number of the helpful Q&As on photons that mention the mass/mass-less issue. Do I understand correctly that the idea of mass-less (a rest mass of 0) may be just a convention to make ...
29
votes
6answers
4k views

Does the speed of light in vacuum define the universal speed limit?

Is light the thing causing the universal speed limit to be $299\,792\,458\,\mathrm{m/s}$? So the universal speed limit would be different if light travelled faster or slower? Or, is $299\,792\,458\,\...
1
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0answers
36 views

What really is force? [duplicate]

I know the second law of Newton says $F=ma$ which seems to me the most fundamental expression of the force. In other words, force cannot exist without a "forced" one. It is somehow a "secondary" being,...
3
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1answer
178 views

Does mass compress space-time?

My understanding of relativity explains that the presence of mass warps space-time so that light travelling through the warp follows at straight line but the warp itself is curved and therefore the ...
-1
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2answers
67 views

When Does Mass Matter? [on hold]

I have been trying to wrap my head around this idea for a month or so, and I am not really sure how mass plays into the velocity of a moving body. I have not taken physics in a while, but one thing I ...
1
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4answers
264 views

Does center of mass affect how an object falls?

Suppose you drop an object which has two ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one? Why does it happen?
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Does the factor $k$ in Hooke's law change in special relativity? [closed]

let's say an object is tied to a spring and it's oscillating. But this system is moving in 0.5c. Then, the period of this oscillation increases. But the problem is $k$. I think the $k$ increases ...
5
votes
2answers
324 views

Photon Mass Term in Schwinger's 2D QED Model

Why does the vacuum polarization in 2D massless Fermion QED, $$ i\Pi^{\mu\nu}(q) = i(\eta^{\mu\nu}-\frac{q^\mu q^\nu}{q^2})\frac{e^2}{\pi}, $$ have the structure of a photon mass term, as is ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Can we work out how fast we are traveling by looking at our mass?

If we (the galaxy) were traveling close to the speed of light; relativity says we would need proportionally more energy to go faster. Given that relative to the cosmic microwave background, the Local ...
1
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2answers
329 views

Lepton masses in the Standard Model

Some simple questions regarding leptonic masses in the Standard Model (SM): Why there is not an explicit mass term in addition to the effective mass term that arises from the Yukawa terms after ...
5
votes
3answers
362 views

Do all the particles acquire mass in the Standard Model due to the Higgs mechanism only?

I know that a mass term for an intermediate boson is not compatible with the gauge symmetry. But in principle a mass term for the electron field does not violate a gauge symmetry. However to build an ...
29
votes
5answers
4k views

Do massless particles really exist? [duplicate]

I was in doubt, so I went to wikipedia. There it says "the photon has zero rest mass", but on the side description it says the mass is $<1.10^{-18} \:\mathrm{eV}/c^2$. So is the mass of the photon ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Why isn't mass conservation counted among the laws of thermodynamics? [closed]

Is this purely a historical artifact, a consequence of how the original formulators of the three laws were thinking and experimenting at the time? Or is there a compelling scientific/logical reason ...
0
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2answers
73 views

SI Base Unit definition of mass - obsolete?

According to the formal definition of the SI Base unit of mass, the kilogram, it is stated that "The kilogram is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the ...
2
votes
4answers
8k views

Does inertia increase with speed? [duplicate]

I have heard that when the speed of the object increase, the mass of the object also increase. (Why does an object with higher speed gain more (relativistic) mass?) So inertia which is related to ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do we still not have an exact definition for a kilogram?

I read that there is an effort to define a kilogram in terms that can exactly be reproduced in a lab. Why has it taken so long to get this done? It seems this would be fairly important. Edit Today I ...
4
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2answers
274 views

I know that free fall in vacuum is independent of mass. But what happens in air?

Pardon me if this sound somewhat trivial to some of the highly qualified users here. So I know two objects will fall at the same rate if they are in absolute vacuum, so what I'm assuming is that the ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

Are neutrinos affected by gravity?

Layman here, but EE and BS physics. I know that light is affected by gravity. But are neutrinos? During the collapse of a star into a neutron star, as the electrons join protons to form neutrons (e....
1
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1answer
2k views

Does the increase of (relativistic) mass, while flying near speed of light, has any impact on astronauts? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Would travelling at relativistic speeds have any impact on human biology? I am asking myself this question for a few days. What is the correct answer on: Does the increase ...
2
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8answers
13k views

Trouble understanding the concept of true and apparent weight

I need help understanding the concept of true weight vs apparent weight. I understand this much: if someone is standing in an elevator on a scale, the further up they go the less the reading on the ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Why not $\rho^{2}=T^{\mu\nu}T_{\mu\nu}$ as an effective mass density (squared ) in general relativity?

Why not $\rho^{2}=T^{\mu\nu}T_{\mu\nu}$ as an effective mass density (squared) in general relativity? It's covariant, and as far as I can tell is zero for any electromagnetic field tensor. \begin{...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

Why neutrino is always left handed

Why all neutrinos are always left handed while all anti-neutrinos are right handed.
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Maximum “size” of a galaxy

I am aware of upper limits to the mass of burning stars and neutron stars, beyond which they degenerate into neutron stars and black holes respectively. And also, if I understand it right, there is a ...
0
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3answers
44 views

Can we give particle with no mass, mass? [duplicate]

Is it possible to take a particle with no mass and give it mass. For example light? Or increase mass?
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0answers
18 views

Can someone please give some references on scattering in Proca theory?

Can someone please give some references on scattering in Proca theory? I am looking for scattering calculations with massive photons.
0
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1answer
38 views

How do the right-handed fermions acquire mass?

I am constructing a presentation on how elementary particles acquire mass via interaction with Higgs field. I asked this question previously in a different form and received the usual clap trap, so I ...
0
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0answers
7 views

most efficient set of weights with whole number mass to n-power for balancing unknown mass on vertex of regular triangle

I saw this qustion: http://puzzling.stackexchange.com/questions/186/whats-the-fewest-weights-you-need-to-balance-any-weight-from-1-to-40-pounds Suppose you want to create a set of weights so ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Can light change the shape of a black hole?

If light orbits a black hole without ever getting closer or further from it, and the black hole pulls on the light from all directions nearly simultaneously, does the black hole extend at its equator? ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Showing $m_I = m_g$ follows from the equivalence principle

The inertial mass of an object is defined as its resistance to acceleration by $\vec{F}_{net} = m_I\vec{a}$. The gravitational mass of an object is defined as the scaling of the gravitational force an ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Rocket Propulsion Equation: Meaning of Net Force

Upon deriving the rocket equation, my textbook (Giancoli) states that the meaning of the net force on the final equation is the net force on M. Note that $M$ and $dM$ are used as the rocket (without ...
6
votes
3answers
63 views

Weight loss of a flashlight due to light emission

I watched this video. At one point, the man explains how a flashlight loses some mass due to light emission when turned on. OK, I get that. Then he talks about a different situation, where the ...
-1
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1answer
38 views

A silly, but confusing, question about the Inertia coeficient of second law and inertial mass

My question is about the inertia coefficient on second law. To be more specific I have doubts on the notation. 1) Some authors show that the force $F$ is proportional to mass $m$ times acceleration $...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What exactly is the relationship between gravity and acceleration?

I know that one of Einstein's key steps towards General Relativity was the realization that gravity and acceleration were related. I understand the free-falling elevator analogy, but the relationship ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Bondi mass aspect

I'm looking for a good reference that defines the Bondi mass aspect and his relations to Bondi and ADM mass. Googling a bit I've not founded any satisfactory exposition of the subject. A short ...
8
votes
2answers
199 views

Can a superpartner be less massive than its SM counterpart?

Theoretically, can a superpartner be less massive than its standard model counterpart? I realize there are experimental constraints.
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How did physicists conclude that 98% of mass is due to the strong force?

On a video on YouTube called 'weak and strong nuclear force (9/15)' at 0:55 a scientist said that 98% of mass is due to the strong force.
4
votes
3answers
105 views

What is the connection between inertial/gravitational mass and relativity?

In Einstein/Infield 's The Evolution of Physics (32-35) the authors establish that inertial mass and gravitational mass are the same and then connect this to relativity.Throughout these pages I was ...
6
votes
5answers
663 views

Acceleration in $F=ma$

I tried to ask this question in Electrical Engineering Stackexchange but was told I was better asking here. Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the vector sum of the forces $\mathbf{F}$ on an ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Effective mass vs. effective charge

In a semiconductor the effective mass multiplying the drift velocity is the result of the scattering of electrons off the ions in the crystal. I know that at least in the lowest order approximation ...
3
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0answers
103 views

Sound level of organ pipe driven by helium

The sound pressure level of an organ pipe is a function of the gas flow rate delivered to the pipe. Source Would the sound level of an organ pipe driven by helium be lower than that of a pipe driven ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Working out a specific charge of an atom?

I know how this formula work if the mass of the nucleus and the charge of the nucleus is given, however I do not understand how they get them as I have two books which do it differently. So the ...