The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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Could there be a “massive gravity” theory?

If we talk about a "quantum theory" of General Relativity, we know that the particle that mediates the gravitational force would be the so called Graviton, a massless particle with spin $2$. I ...
142
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9answers
36k views

Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
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2answers
863 views

How precise can current technologies measure the mass of an object?

Masses of various objects are listed on this wikipedia page: Orders of magnitude (mass). For example, mass of an HIV-1 virus is on the order of 1 femtogram. Are these data actually measured (which I ...
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68 views

What is more fundamental: Geometry and Topology or physical matter? [on hold]

Since, there is always an interplay between gravity and the fabric of spacetime. I wonder which is more fundamental: Geometry and Topology or physical matter?
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3answers
75 views

What is the physical meaning of reduced mass?

If we stick two block masses by a string and pass it over a pully and let the blocks free then mathematically we can obtain that the whole weight on the pully is more if the blocks are kept at rest, ...
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1k views

Equivalence of definitions of ADM Mass

ADM Mass is a useful measure of a system. It is often defined (Wald 293) $$M_{ADM}=\frac{1}{16\pi} \lim_{r \to \infty} \oint_{s_r} (h_{\mu\nu,\mu}-h_{\mu\mu,\nu})N^{\nu} dA$$ Where $s_r$ is two ...
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8answers
5k views

Is (rest) mass quantized?

I learned today in class that photons and light are quantized. I also remember that electric charge is quantized as well. I was thinking about these implications, and I was wondering if (rest) mass ...
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47 views

I want to know about the quantization of mass [duplicate]

Is mass quantized? If yes, then why do we see all amounts of mass? Well , can it be said quantized just for smaller masses?
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3answers
4k views

Can something without mass exert a force?

I am something of a dilettante in physics, so please forgive me if the answer to this question is painfully obvious. The question is simple, can something that theoretically has no mass exert a force. ...
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3answers
159 views

Center of mass motion and variation of mass

Here are the proofs regarding the center of mass motion as reported on my book. $$\vec{r_{cm}}=\frac{\sum\vec{r_i} m_i}{\sum m_i}$$ $$\vec{v_{cm}}=\frac{d{\vec{r_{cm}}}}{dt}=\frac{1}{M}\sum ...
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0answers
17 views

Find force using mass, $x$ and $y$ coordinate [on hold]

Body with a 3.00 m move along the x,y cordinate.x=5t(2)-1, y=3t(3)+2, t=2.00 How to find force F? I tried to solve problem using newton`s second law
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3answers
282 views

The mass-energy equivalence for rest mass

It is clear that the kinetic energy can be derived as $(m-m_0)c^2$. However, why do we say that $m_0c^2$ is the rest mass energy? It seems that this mass-energy equivalence for rest mass is just a ...
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1answer
88 views

Spin of a gauge field

I was wondering what is the simplest way to understand the reduction of the Wigner's little group from $SO(d-1)$ to $SO(d-2)$ when one considers massive and massless fields respectively (in a $d$ ...
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123 views

How do we know the Schwarzschild solution contains an object of mass $M$?

The Schwarzschild metric is $$ds^2 = - \left( 1 - \frac{2GM}{r} \right) dt^2 + \left(1-\frac{2GM}{r}\right)^{-1} dr^2 + r^2 d\Omega^2.$$ In Carroll's GR book, it is claimed that $M$ is the mass of the ...
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0answers
19 views

Do all objects free fall at the same rate regardless of their mass? [duplicate]

Is it true that all object will fall at the same speed in vacuum irrespective of their mass because the acceleration due to gravity of Earth is 9.8 m/s2. Then what happens to the gravitational force ...
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0answers
18 views

Do greater mass objects attract objects quicker, than lessor mass objects? [duplicate]

If I jumped up and down on the moon it would take longer than if I jumped up and down on earth... the only changing variable being mass - the difference in mass between the earth and moon. wouldn't ...
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2answers
36 views

Force on a Massless String

Suppose we are just pulling a block with the help of a string which is massless. Now since the mass of the string is 0 the force exerted by us is transmitted without being diminished. So the equation ...
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1answer
34 views

Why is 1 kg of cotton heavier than 1 kg of stone? [on hold]

I've been told that 1 kg of cotton has more density since Density = mass / volume, and volume of 1 kg of cotton is pretty big outside , and height of it very long, and stone is lighter because its ...
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1answer
48 views

1-Loop Mass Splitting of vector-like Fermions

In this paper the author argues that for a vector-like fermion doublet, with degenerate mass $M$ at tree level, we always have a mass splitting between the charged component of the doublet $L$ and the ...
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2answers
36 views

How to calculate the maximum speed of an object?

There is a spaceship, whose mass is $100 \, \mathrm{kg}$. The thrust of its rocket is $300 \, \mathrm{N}$. How is it possible to calculate the maximal speed that the spaceship can reach, and the time ...
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0answers
27 views

How is mass of observable universe calculated? [duplicate]

How is even mass of earth known ? How do we get to know them? Whilst I was studying about dark matter it was listed about 'mass of observable universe' and density and so on...so what is the ...
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3answers
31 views

Find the tension in each segment of rope suspending two hanging masses

I have the situation in the image where two masses are suspended along a piece of rope (resulting in three segments of rope). I need to find the tension in each of the three segments of rope. I ...
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5answers
175 views

Why do heavier objects fall faster on hills but not in straight drops?

All other things being equal, if a heavier object will roll at a higher speed down hill than a lighter one, because it's heavier with more mass, then how is it that dropped objects fall at the same ...
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5answers
2k views

What really is the smallest “mass” or “object” in the universe?

As the Wikipedia article Subatomic particles shows, with respect to the sciences, the atom is obviously not the smallest piece of mass. Apparently, if people have already broken down the atom in to ...
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1answer
87 views

How did gravity exist before mass?

I'm brushing up on my Big Bang, and I noticed that, apparently, although gravity is the first force to split from the original "superforce", mass does not appear on the scene until after the second ...
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4answers
475 views

Why should mass be attractive in nature?

Why does a mass attract all the masses around it? Why should't it repel or just stay calm? Why should it be like that?
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2answers
57 views

How much Oxygen is in ζ-phase metallic Oxygen?

I am playing with a sci-fi idea of Oxygen storage for breathing. I wonder how do some compressed forms of Oxygen compare to human-breath-Oxygen (room temperature, room pressure) in terms of density. ...
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27 views

Construct an effective field theory of neutrino mass

This is the problem I am trying to solve. I kinda write down the Lagrangian as $$L = \frac{1}{2}m_L \bar{v}_L^Cv_L$$ but I don't know how to continue. Can anyone help me?
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2answers
24 views

In Golf, What Influences More On How Far The Ball Travels?

Most of us are aware of the general concept that the harder you hit something, the farther it usually travels. (let us suppose we are neglecting any air resistance and friction that happens) And from ...
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1answer
75 views

Which comes first for gravity: mass or space-time? [closed]

According to current theory, matter warps space-time and creates gravity. The Einstein field equations EFE describe the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a result of spacetime being curved by ...
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1answer
87 views

Spinning a string with a mass on the end. What makes the mass rotate parallel to the ground? [closed]

Say you use your hand to rotate a string with a mass attached to the end. The string will first become taunt and then the mass and string will move upwards until they are spinning parallel to the ...
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1answer
139 views

Effective masses for different direction

Assume we have an indirect semiconductor where the effective mass becomes anisotropic in different directions. Usually, one talks about a mass in parallel and perpendicular direction referring to ...
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1answer
45 views

Force of baseball bat given force of ball and recoil distance

Say I swing a baseball bat and hit a ball. The ball is moving at 60 miles per hour and impacts the baseball bat squarely at that speed. The ball has moved twenty feet before impacting the bat. The ...
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0answers
56 views

Why is there no negative mass? [duplicate]

We know that the entire matter has a property called mass. Charge is also a property of matter. If negative charge can exist, why don't negative mass exist? Also, like charges repel each other. Then ...
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1answer
52 views

Distorting the space-time fabric

If point masses could be generated in a controlled manner distorting the fabric of space-time objects could be made to move in any direction relative to each other and not simply attract as is ...
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1answer
61 views

Force, Mass, Motion? $E = mc^2$

Does any object needs force to move? If 'yes', does the matter needs mass to form a force? These questions arises from me because $E = mc^2$ and $F = ma$ does not relate and one does not agrees with ...
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4answers
2k views

Are Newton's “laws” of motion laws or definitions of force and mass?

If you consider them as laws, then there must be independent definitions of force and mass but I don't think there's such definitions. If you consider them as definitions, then why are they still ...
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2answers
23k views

Does a scale measure weight or mass? [closed]

What does a measuring scale measure: mass or weight? I mean, when we stand on a weighing scale the reading we get is in $\mathrm{kg}$'s. What does this mean?
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3answers
2k views

Active gravitational mass of the electron

In PSE here electrons are added to a sphere and gravitational modifications are expected. My question is: Is there any experiment that show that a negatively charged object is source of a stronger ...
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1answer
13 views

Finding the force exerted by a mass at different contact points

Okay so I've been doing a math assignment on torque which has to have real-world applications so I've gone off on a massive tangent trying to incorporate physics principles and trying to get them as ...
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2answers
40 views

Quick question on weight/mass [duplicate]

(In the US, just to clarify)So, from a physics perspective weight and mass are different, but when people are talking about weight in everyday(non-physics) situations ("how much do you weigh" etc.), ...
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1answer
93 views

Does massive particle really move at speed of light? [closed]

According to this answer I understood that particles with mass also move at speed of light but interaction with higgs field make this movement zigzag. So average speed is below speed of light. But I ...
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1answer
36 views

Properties of a body with spherical symmetry

I'm studing Gauss law for gravitational field flux for a mass that has spherical symmetry. Maybe it is an obvious question but what are exactly the propreties of a spherical simmetric body? A ...
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0answers
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Are the pions really all that light?

I'm studying the sigma model where the pions are identified as the (pseudo) Nambu-Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry breaking ("pseudo" from mild isospin symmetry violation). This argument usually ...
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0answers
27 views

Helicity of massive particle at high enengy

We know that massless spin-1 particle like photon only has two helicity state (-1,1), what about the helicity of massive spin-1 particle (W boson) at very high energy? Does it have helicity 0 state ...
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4answers
3k views

Are neutrinos affected by gravity?

Layman here, but EE and BS physics. I know that light is affected by gravity. But are neutrinos? During the collapse of a star into a neutron star, as the electrons join protons to form neutrons ...
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2answers
192 views

Does center of mass affect how an object falls?

Suppose you drop an object which has two ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one? Why does it happen?
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70 views

Angular equilibrium on a see-saw

I have a tonne of questions related to see-saw equilibrium because most places I've been to online only deal with horizontal equilibrium - but static equilibrium can occur on an angle too. My ...
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1answer
284 views

Imaginary masses

While watching this video, at around 5:00, the man mentions a certain type of particle having imaginary mass. He also says that these kind of particles can go faster then light. But how it is possible ...