The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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14
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1answer
266 views

Explicit supersymmetry breaking fermion mass terms

I hope you can clear up my following confusions. In Girardello's and Grisaru's paper (Nuclear Physics B, 194, 65 (1982)) where they analysed the most general soft explicit supersymmetry breaking ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the exact gravitational force between two masses including relativistic effects?

I was wondering if there is a closed-form formula for the force between two masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ if relativistic effects are included. My understanding is that the classic formula $G \frac{m_1 ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Will 1 gram of matter moving at relativistic speeds completely annihilate a larger quantity of stationary antimatter?

This is a question about the relativistic mass concept which I am having trouble understanding, mainly because of the scenario below. Simple scenario: Suppose 1 gram of matter is accelerated to 99% ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Are all ground state protons the exact same mass and have the same number of elementary particles?

I have read that it is a misconception that a proton only has 3 quarks (2 up and one down). In reality, it seems there are many, many ("zillions" is the number I saw quoted) quarks in a proton. Do ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Kettlebell squats center of mass

I should, first of all, state that I have very limited knowledge of physics but as a fitness enthusiast the following question has puzzled me for a while. When I do squats on the gym holding a ...
0
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1answer
445 views

Why does mass in the universe have no limit in large size, but has a limit in small size?

We found VY Canis Majoris, a star so big it can't even be seen in scaled illustratations with the sun itself. However, we stop at particle physics, or quantum mechanics, i.e. particles, subatomic, ...
-5
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2answers
75 views

A different interpretation of $E=mc^2$ but no idea what it might mean [on hold]

I wanted $E=mc^2$ to look like an 'inverse square' sort of a formula. So this is what I derived: $E=mc^2$, so; $m=E/c^2$, assuming $E=E_1E_2$ (I am aware that when you decompose energy into two ...
0
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2answers
30 views

How to calculate centre of mass

How do I find the centre of mass with given coordinates? For example if we have four objects with mass $m$ at coordinates of a square $(0,0,0),(0,0,a),(0,a,0),(0,a,a)$ or another example with eight ...
0
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3answers
47 views

How do we measure mass?

How do you measure mass? Weight is easy using a scale, but we can't measure mass that way, because then mass would be different on every planet. I know there was a Veritasium video (here) on defining ...
0
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4answers
72 views

How to measure the mass of Earth?

I was wondering how you can measure the mass of Earth. From what I find on the internet, people are using Newton's Laws. But how can you do that ? Newton's Laws are assumed to work because you know a ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Center of mass of planar lamina

Suppose that $D$ is a closed region in $\mathbb R^2$ and let $\rho$ be a density function on $D$. Then, is it possible that the center of mass lies on the boundary of $D$? My intuition tells me that ...
2
votes
4answers
166 views

What is the difference between the Higgs Boson particle and an electron moving through the Higgs field?

I am watching a lecture by Sean Caroll titled "Particles, Fields, and the Future of Physics". I am not a physicist by any means but enjoy the subject in my spare time hoping to understand it. This ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Can anyone list all the ways the gravitational force interacts with the electromagnetic at our energy scale? [closed]

Apart from weight does the gravitational force manifest itself in our world in any other way?also, are these two different questions?
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Why can't “missing mass” (=dark matter) be photons?

After a star lives and dies, I assume virtually all of its mass would be photons. If enough stars have already lived and died, couldn’t there be enough photon energy out there to account for all ...
4
votes
3answers
120 views

Is it true that all particles that have a speed less than the speed of light must also have mass?

I've previously learned that massive particles cannot achieve the speed of light. But recently I read that, concerning the gels that refract and bounce light within around enough that it can travel ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How do we measure mass distribution in an object?

Given an object I want to know the mass distribution among different section. What are the inexpensive methods to know this ?
-3
votes
4answers
2k views

How can light carry data if light has no mass, and data has mass? [closed]

Via a packet-switched network, like the internet, data is sent as packets (bits) wirelessly via radio waves with Wi-Fi, or 802.11g, etc. What my question is is this: Radio waves are light; light has ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Is it possible to make use of the gluon field's energy to use is applications?

As we know most of the mass of the proton comes from the energy caused due to the interactions of the quarks with the gluon fields (reference link of this statement ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Does mass distribution/center of mass affect free fall?

An everyday is example would be cars. If you were to drop a car, not taking air resistance into account, would a front-heavy car tumble forward as it fell? And a car with a perfect 50/50 front/rear ...
0
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2answers
128 views

Is it OK to see time dilation and (relativistic) mass increase as phenomena that avoid $c$ being reached? And how about length contraction?

I think I have been exposed since years ago to this line of reasoning: if $ v\to c $, then $ \Delta t \to \infty $. As $\displaystyle v=\frac{\Delta s}{\Delta t} $, it's like a natural reaction to ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Why do the $1/2$ factor appear in the Majorana mass Lagrangian?

In case of Dirac neutrino there is no $1/2$ factor in the mass Lagrangian but for Majorana type neutrino there is a half factor in the mass Lagrangian.
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How can light experience a force [duplicate]

According to the second law of Newton f=ma only objects with mass can experience a force. But light can be bent by gravity and is not supposed to have a mass. How ...
0
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2answers
34 views

In the Ideal Gas Law, what does “fixed amount” of gas mean?

Does it mean mass? If so, wouldn't Pressure/Temperature basically represent its density?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Speed, weight and force [closed]

If a road roller of weight $W$ is rolling on the road at the speed of $X\,\mathrm{kmph}$, how much force does it apply on the surface of the road (considering a sampled surface of the same size as ...
3
votes
5answers
136 views

Can the mass of a body change under any condition or not? [closed]

We know that mass can neither be changed nor be destroyed, but I want to know if there is any circumstance under which the mass of a body can be changed?
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Clarification with Einstein's explanation of inertial mass and gravitational mass from his book

In the book "Evolution of Physics" - Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, the following explanation is given for two types of masses: A body at rest gives way before the action of an external ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

Do massless particles follow the curved spacetime or not?

I am assuming that zero (rest) mass particles don't interact gravitationally with each other and other particles. Does that mean they experience a "flat" spacetime instead of a curved one? I find it a ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Does lightning have mass?

My chemistry teacher/book states that lightning is just light, and therefore has no mass and takes up no space (we're not very far through the book yet, it's defining matter). However, I take issue ...
0
votes
4answers
79 views

How is gravity proportional to space-time curvature in the rubber-sheet analogy?

In General Relativity, Einstein established that gravity is due to the curvature produced by objects in space. We all know that gravity is proportional to mass. The picture Einstein painted looks ...
1
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2answers
30 views

How to increase flow rate? [closed]

I am coming up with ideas of how to increase grain (corn, soybeans etc,) flow in a tube. My first idea is to have spiral ribs inside of the tube to create a vortex effect that will allow the grain to ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

Is the $\nu_e$ massive?

Neutrino oscillations imply that the $\nu_\tau$ is more massive than the $\nu_\mu$, and the $\nu_\mu$ is more massive than the $\nu_e$, so it's inferred that the $\nu_\mu$ and $\nu_\tau$ have mass. ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Minimum size of black hole

What is the minimum size a black hole could be? I have been told that they were worried that the LHC would create a black hole, yet they say the Sun cannot be a black hole. I understand that the ...
-2
votes
3answers
103 views

Why would the curvature in space-time attract photons which have zero mass? [closed]

I know that we are surrounded by dark matter, does the dark matter affects space time ???and I know the reason for gravity according to explanations in general relativity. But all the explanation ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How can electromagnetic waves be affected by gravity if photons have no mass? [duplicate]

I have found answers that say that gravity interferes with the oscillating electric and magnetic fields of the waves and others that say that since gravity is a bend in space-time, in which case the ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Commercial large scale production of graphene

I am a third year undergraduate Physics student, and for my solid state physics course I am asked to give a short (10 minute) qualitative presentation on the current standings of graphene production, ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Is there any evidence for the increase of mass due to time dilation also causing a strengthening in said mass' gravity? [duplicate]

Logically it make sense that gravity would strengthen with an increase of mass but I want to know if there is evidence for this.
2
votes
2answers
90 views

How are weights and scales used by the public calibrated?

My physics teacher has a set of masses: things from 1 to 10 grams. My chemistry teacher has electronic balances that measures things in grams. In France, there is a block of metal we hope no one ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Does dark energy work like gravity, but the opposite way?

If a body has more mass gravity will exert a greater force on it. Does that apply also to dark energy? In other words, if a body has more mass, will it be affected more by dark energy? (that is, will ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

Find the center of mass of a hemispherical shell

Problem: Find the center of mass of a hemispherical shell of constant density and inner radius r1 and outer radius r2. Attempt at Solution: Let the hemisphere be in the region $z>0$. By symmetry, ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

What will be the content of mercury of a can which contains 100 gm water?

What will be the content of mercury of a can which contains 100 gm water? (Density of mercury = 13.6 gms / cu.cm.) Ans: 1360 gms I just don't understand the question. I know it's easy but ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Origin of quark masses

Does all the mass of the quarks in the standard model come from the Higgs sector or is there also a contribution to quark masses due to QCD chiral symmetry breaking?
7
votes
6answers
735 views

Is (rest) mass conserved in special relativity?

I don't understand why it is said that the (rest) mass of a system is not conserved in relativity. I mean, the momentum of a system is conserved (i.e.: it remains constant in a frame of reference ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Is density of a material related to penetration?

Theoretical question. If you have a standard projectile with mass 1 and velocity 1 and fired it at different materials would the penetration be related to the density of the material? I'm not trying ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? [duplicate]

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? According to Einstein's equation $E = mc^2$ energy depends on $mass*c^2$ Light has zero mass so the energy would be zero too but solar cells use ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Does the gravitational force of one object interfere with that of another?

Assume we have two iron spheres, Sphere A and Sphere B, with identical masses floating in the vacuum of interstellar space separated by some distance from each other. The gravitational force of each ...
-7
votes
0answers
30 views

What will happen when an unstoppable force meets an immovable object? [duplicate]

I was thinking when this question came to my mind. What will happen when an unstoppable force meets an immovable object?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is this ...
3
votes
3answers
210 views

Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise

Using a tennis ball as an example object, if one ball weighs 1 ounce and the other is 2 ounces, and both are struck at 100 mph on the same trajectory, would there be any difference in the deceleration ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Does mass curve space?

Just to be sure, according to the theory of General Relativity, my understanding is that mass curves space-time. My question is, can mass also curve space?