The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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163 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
2
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2answers
151 views

How are weights and scales used by the public calibrated?

My physics teacher has a set of masses: things from 1 to 10 grams. My chemistry teacher has electronic balances that measures things in grams. In France, there is a block of metal we hope no one ...
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1answer
1k views

Find the center of mass of a hemispherical shell

Problem: Find the center of mass of a hemispherical shell of constant density and inner radius r1 and outer radius r2. Attempt at Solution: Let the hemisphere be in the region $z>0$. By symmetry, ...
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4answers
211 views

Does dark energy work like gravity, but the opposite way?

If a body has more mass gravity will exert a greater force on it. Does that apply also to dark energy? In other words, if a body has more mass, will it be affected more by dark energy? (that is, will ...
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6answers
2k views

Is (rest) mass conserved in special relativity?

I don't understand why it is said that the (rest) mass of a system is not conserved in relativity. I mean, the momentum of a system is conserved (i.e.: it remains constant in a frame of reference ...
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1answer
327 views

Minimum size of black hole

What is the minimum size a black hole could be? I have been told that they were worried that the LHC would create a black hole, yet they say the Sun cannot be a black hole. I understand that the ...
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1answer
35 views

Is density of a material related to penetration?

Theoretical question. If you have a standard projectile with mass 1 and velocity 1 and fired it at different materials would the penetration be related to the density of the material? I'm not trying ...
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2answers
91 views

Does the gravitational force of one object interfere with that of another?

Assume we have two iron spheres, Sphere A and Sphere B, with identical masses floating in the vacuum of interstellar space separated by some distance from each other. The gravitational force of each ...
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2answers
142 views

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? [duplicate]

How can a photon have energy when its mass is zero? According to Einstein's equation $E = mc^2$ energy depends on $mass*c^2$ Light has zero mass so the energy would be zero too but solar cells use ...
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1answer
414 views

How can the Schwarzschild radius of the universe be 13.7 billion light years?

So i was reading about Schwarzschild radius on Wiki and I found a interesting thing written there link. It says that the S. radius of the universe is as big as the size of the universe? How is ...
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3answers
151 views

Why would the curvature in space-time attract photons which have zero mass? [closed]

I know that we are surrounded by dark matter, does the dark matter affects space time ???and I know the reason for gravity according to explanations in general relativity. But all the explanation ...
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2answers
188 views

Does mass curve space?

Just to be sure, according to the theory of General Relativity, my understanding is that mass curves space-time. My question is, can mass also curve space?
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4answers
774 views

What exactly is the mass of a body? What determines it?

The term "mass" is very common. But what does it depend on? How is it known?
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2answers
103 views

Are black holes an infinite source of energy? [duplicate]

Black holes are considered particularities because in a determined point in time they are pointless, as consequence there are some mass in a null space so the density become infinite. Finally if ...
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1answer
536 views

Deriving the Lorentz factor

Recently, I learned how to derive E = mc^2. However, to do so, one must accept the relativistic mass equation. How does one derive this?
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1answer
94 views

Metric in Lagrangian and the minimum total potential energy principle

I was wondering why physical systems "like" to go to the minimum of potential energy and I found this question, that tries to justify the minumum total potential energy principle. I was also reading ...
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0answers
26 views

Interpretation of Mass Continuity Equation in MHD [duplicate]

I'm writing up my final-year dissertation and I'm required to give, as part of the introduction, an analysis of all the equations (and their terms) of which I use. Embarrassingly, whilst of course ...
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1answer
117 views

Could gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves/light be the same thing? [duplicate]

They travel at the same speed, why? Maybe they are the same thing, but seen from different perspectives.
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1answer
207 views

Smallest Black hole nessesary to devour Earth?

While looking into black holes I can across the idea of hawking radiation, and the fact that microscopic black holes would near instantaneously evaporate before doing any damage. However larger black ...
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5answers
6k views

Why is the prospective new kilogram standard a sphere?

I can understand the choice of material, silicon 28, but why is it a sphere rather than (say) a cube? Article here I would have thought that a sphere would have been the hardest shape to machine ...
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1answer
226 views

How much mass is typically ejected from a supernova?

How much mass is released from a supernova of a 15 solar-mass star? 20? 25? What is the relation between star mass and mass ejected?
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0answers
49 views

What happens to the d/dr term of the continuity equation in cylindrical coordinates?

The derivation of the continuity equation in cyclindrical coordinates should look like this, $$ \dfrac{dm_{cv}}{dt}=\sum \dot{m}_{in} - \sum \dot{m}_{out} $$ where $$ m_{cv} = \rho r ...
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1answer
57 views

Is it possible to calculate the information content of matter? How?

I know the Bekestein bound is the upper bound for the information content of a region of space, but is it possible to actually calculate that information content (number of bits, not the bits ...
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1answer
76 views

Real-world evidence that non-massive entities (or even: antiparticles), and their behaviors, are sources of gravity?

The theory of general relativity tells us that non-massive entities, and their behaviors, are possible sources of gravity. Mass isn't needed, the theory says. What's the real-world evidence that ...
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3answers
615 views

What is the difference between the Higgs Boson particle and an electron moving through the Higgs field?

I am watching a lecture by Sean Caroll titled "Particles, Fields, and the Future of Physics". I am not a physicist by any means but enjoy the subject in my spare time hoping to understand it. This ...
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0answers
63 views

How can I compare magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets?

I want to compare the magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets. Let, for example be ceramic/samarium-cobalt/alnico/steel/neodymium magnets. Questions: What units should I compare for ...
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1answer
112 views

Heuristics for the Hawking mass

I have the following definition of Hawking Mass. Given a spacelike 2-surface $S$ embedded in a 3+1-dimensional Lorentzian Manifold $L$, $$ M(S) := \sqrt{ \frac{\text{Area}(S)}{16 \pi}} \left(1- \frac ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Wouldn't dark matter throw off the calculation of Earth's 'light' mass and estimates of its composition?

The Cavendish experiment first determined the mass of the Earth and (arguably) the gravitational constant. However, given the ubiquitous nature of dark matter, it seems reasonable that at least some ...
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1answer
116 views

Spring pulled with one end fixed [closed]

As the title says, if one end of a spring of mass $m$ is fixed to say, a wall, and the other one is pulled at a constant velocity $v$ by some external agent, we have to find the kinetic energy of the ...
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2answers
83 views

Is there any gravitational force between two stationary neutrinos, a billion light years apart?

Gravity is supposed to act over an infinite distance. But if the force is very weak (due to low masses) and the distance is very far, is the force actually 0? Or is the force so low that it is ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Why do massive force carriers result in short range forces

I've been reading the answers to a few questions relating to force carrier particles, and it has been mentioned that massive force carriers always result in short-range forces, while massless carrier ...
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0answers
43 views

Total Mass in Universe [duplicate]

Currently (2015), what is the total mass of the universe? How can we say with mathematical certainty that 69% is dark energy; 25% is dark matter; 5% is atomic matter; and 1% is neutrino, photon, and ...
3
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2answers
137 views

Motivation for Negative Mass

Lately I've been reading a little bit (mostly here and on Wikipedia) about exotic matter, particularly matter with a negative mass. This question appears to be the original question on the site of the ...
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1answer
86 views

How to find the centre of mass of 3 masses (astronauts and a rock) connected by a rope

To be more specific on the problem, a 50kg astronaut, an 80kg astronaut and a 20kg rock are tied together by a light rope during a space walk. I am asked to find the center of mass. Now, I've chosen ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How can I determine the pound-force behind a punch?

I am a martial arts instructor always looking for the next best way to enhance the performance of my students. However, I'm having difficulty understanding how to determine the pound-force (ibf) of a ...
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1answer
107 views

Particle with 1 GeV mass?

I know a proton as a mass of 0.938 GeV also neutron at 0.939. But I was wondering if there is anything with a measured mass of 1 GeV? Or, whether a proton can have a mass of 1 GeV within a system (as ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Will all the mass collapse in one place?

Will the stars, planets and everything in the universe collapse due to the gravity? Or does the constant expansion of the universe break that idea ? What will happen with the energy?
2
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2answers
3k views

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity?

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity or they just mean the same thing? My textbook does not clarifies this point.
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1answer
109 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
1
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2answers
236 views

What is the fastest speed that a massive object can travel at? [duplicate]

What is the fastest speed (in miles per hour) that a massive object can travel at? I have heard that an object can travel at the speed of light, but I've also heard that massive objects cannot travel ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Is it possible to have a black hole in empty space?

If the escape velocity of two very massive objects is near the speed of light, and those objects are orbiting each other (let's ignore the Roche limit for this exercise), is it possible that the ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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votes
1answer
137 views

Is my calcualtion from the mass of a photon right? [closed]

The Mass off a Photon The right format can be found here: Photon E = hv E = mc2 E = av (amplitude, frequency) m = hv/c2 Mass = movement of electromagnetic fields Planck’s constant = electromagnetic ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How can spacetime affect massless entities? [duplicate]

Why is light affected and "bent" by spacetime if it has no mass or density?
2
votes
2answers
124 views

Why are the neutron and proton masses nearly equal? [duplicate]

The neutron to proton mass ratio is nearly one. Is there some fundamental reason from this or this simply a coincidence?
2
votes
2answers
567 views

Why are heavy things harder to lift?

According to multiple websites, any object in free-fall (no air resistance) on earth will accelerate towards the Earth at 9.8 m/s. If all objects fall towards the Earth at the same rate, regardless of ...
-1
votes
1answer
137 views

How can we prove simply that acceleration for every freely falling body is equal to $g$? [duplicate]

If I allow two bodies of different masses to fall freely from same height towards the earth, how can I prove that the acceleration produced in both was constant and equal to gravity.
2
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2answers
103 views

Can mass be uncertain?

If you can have uncertainty in momentum, then wouldn't you have uncertainty in mass and velocity? Why can't mass be uncertain?
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2answers
86 views

How fast does an object have to be going to turn into energy [closed]

Albert Einstein's equation, $E=mc^2$, says that an object has to be going at the speed of light squared to turn into energy. How fast would this be in miles per hour?
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0answers
19 views

Why do we use $i\tau^2\Phi^*$ in standard model Yukawa terms? [duplicate]

If we for example only look at the first family of quarks, the Yukawa terms in the standard model are (ignoring the prefactors) $$ ...