The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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119 views

Did the mass of the electrons went infinite in the experiment done by William Bertozzi in the 1960s?

it is impossible to accelerate a particle to a speed greater than c, no matter how much kinetic energy we give it In an experiment published in 1964, electrons were accelerated to a large voltage ...
29
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5answers
4k views

Why is the $S_{z} =0$ state forbidden for photons?

If photons are spin-1 bosons, then doesn't quantum mechanics imply that the allowed values for the z-component of spin (in units of $\hbar$) are -1, 0, and 1? Why then in practice do we only use the ...
-1
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1answer
48 views

Negative mass? How it works and can it travel the speed of light? [closed]

If something with mass can't travel at the speed of light, how about an object with negative mass (hypothetically). Can somebody describe how negative mass works and what it is?
6
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1answer
190 views

Why must inertial mass and gravitational mass be equal, not just proportional?

I'm certain I'm just under a grave misapprehension. I really just don't understand how one can conclude that inertial mass is equal to gravitational mass. It seems to me that we've simply scaled our ...
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1answer
79 views

If there turns out to be matter with negative mass, would there also be antimatter with negative mass?

I just heard of the concept of negative mass. Googling led me to see that the concept of negative mass is often contrasted with antimatter. This made me to wonder whether there would then also be a ...
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3answers
113 views

Why does a black hole grow when it consumes matter? Isn't this a contradiction?

I've been thinking about this for a while but can't get my head around it. A black hole's mass is such that its gravity can overcome light. Its event horizon, as I see it, is the boundary up to which ...
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0answers
2k views

Further explanation of the Penrose Conjecture

I'm currently a third year maths undergrad, writing a dissertation on the application of minimal surfaces in space. I have recently come across the Penrose Conjecture that the mass of a spacetime is: ...
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1answer
95 views

Would it be safe to say that mass is kind of a property of energy?

In a video i just saw about the true meaning of E=mc2, it said something that really got me thinking; "Mass is not really converted to energy" and that mass wasn't actually a thing, but more of a ...
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0answers
32 views

How should I interpret relativistic mass? [duplicate]

If I have a mass that gets accelerated to a near the speed of light, before it gets I would think its relativistic mass would expand its Schwarzschild radius enough to turn it into a black hole. I ...
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3answers
3k views

Why do neutrino oscillations imply nonzero neutrino masses?

Neutrinos can pass from one family to another (that is, change in flavor) in a process known as neutrino oscillation. The oscillation between the different families occurs randomly, and the likelihood ...
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1answer
113 views

Will I weigh more if I have fever?

$E=mc^2$ means that energy is mass, and adding energy to an object (that is, making it hotter) makes it more massive. So if my body temperature increases, will I weigh more? or will i become lighter ...
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1answer
44 views

Effective mass approximation Wannier function lattice vector operator approximate representation proof. Yu and Cardona

I am having difficulty in Yu and Cardona 4th edition chapter 4 page 164, equation 4.9 to 4.10 I just do not understand how to go from line 4.9 to 4.10. 4.9: $$ R_{op} \psi(\mathbf{r}) = ...
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0answers
38 views

Galileo proved wrong? [duplicate]

Galileo stated that objects dropped from the same height will hit the ground at the same time, that the rate of gravity is constant for all objects no matter the mass. But I think there is a flaw in ...
3
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1answer
299 views

What is the meaning behind the neutrino oscillation parameter?

As far as I can tell, there are 6 parameters that describe how a neutrino oscillates: 2 mass squared differences, 3 mixing angles and another parameter I don't understand at all (delta). Thus I have ...
12
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1answer
819 views

Neutrino Oscillations and Conservation of Momentum

I would like to better understand how neutrino oscillations are consistent with conservation of momentum because I'm encountering some conceptual difficulties when thinking about it. I do have a ...
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1answer
154 views

What's the significance of neutrino oscillations? [duplicate]

I read some about neutrino oscillations and flavour changing between three types of neutrinos. The question is, what is the significance of that observation? So far, we did not expect them to ...
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2answers
330 views

Do solar neutrinos actually oscillate between electron, mu and tau?

I was reading up on the history of the solar neutrino problem, and as far as I can understand it, neutrinos supposedly oscillate from one form to another, thus explaining why there were only one-third ...
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4answers
1k views

Why are neutrino oscillations considered to be “beyond the Standard Model”?

Is this just a historical artifact - that the particle physics community decided at some point to call all of the pre-oscillation physics by the name the "Standard Model"? The reason I ask is because ...
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1answer
169 views

Why are the neutrino flavour eigenstates and mass eigenstates different?

Why does this happen for neutrinos and not for say, electrons and muons. Is there some way to predict which particles might oscillate amongst their flavour and which won't?
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1answer
96 views

What really is mass?

I was always taught that mass was how much matter something is made of, but I recently read that it is how resistant an object is to acceleration; as such, you could add mass to an object by ...
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0answers
20 views

A cylinder in a zone of stationery dust particles [closed]

A rod of mass $M$ and cross - sectional area $A$ first enters a zone of stationery dust particles of density $ \rho_1 $ and length $ x_1 $ and then yet another zone of dust particles of density ...
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1answer
58 views

Does energy flowing from one place to another in an object cause displacement of that object?

Let's consider two situations: a) A solid metal box (not hollow) where some heat is put on its left side. After some time, the heat will have moved to the right and also have spread out throughout ...
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1answer
117 views

Physical meaning of eigenvectors of mass matrix

What is the physical meaning of the eigenvectors of the mass matrix? If I consider a 2-dof system with one mass linked to two orthogonal springs and I write the equations in any orthogonal system of ...
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1answer
381 views

Force between two contacting masses on a frictionless surface pushed from left or right [closed]

The figure shows two boxes, with $m_1 > m_x$ that are on a level frictionless surface. We can apply a horizontal force $F$ either toward right on $m_1$ or toward left on $m_2$. The magnitude of the ...
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2answers
64 views

Exercise pulleys and accelerations [closed]

The system shown has ideal massless pulleys and no friction. The pulleys 1 and 2 are fixed and the pulley 3 is mobile. The mass m2 is rigidly attached to the center of the pulley 3 by a support ...
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2answers
256 views

Can the up quark still be massless?

It used to be commonly discussed that the bare mass of the up quark can be $0$. This was because we can't observe its effect directly. To my knowledge the up quark can only be measured by its effect ...
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2answers
171 views

Can mercury evaporate if it's covered by water?

I was recently watching a video about elemental mercury and how it's cleaned up in water (fish tanks), and it was mentioned how mercury can be toxic in vapor form. My question is, if I were to drop a ...
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1answer
199 views

Area of phase space of Harmonic oscillator

We all know that the phase trajectory of an undamped linear harmonic oscillator is an ellipse. But when we calculate the area of the ellipse we find it does not depend of mass of the particle. Why is ...
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4answers
5k views

If something weighs 25 kg, how do I find the mass of the object?

An object is falling and it weighs 25 kg (on a scale, presumably). What is its mass? I know that weight is measured in Newtons and mass in kilograms, but what if a problem states that something ...
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1answer
47 views

Fire: Understanding the states of matter and its mass

If the fire is a state of matter (plasma) and every matter has mass. My question is: how we can calculate the mass of a fire?
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1answer
104 views

How can photons/particles/objects/things be massless? [closed]

How could we say a photon be massless? A thing which has no mass is seem to be just like it does not exist or we say it is nothing. It should be very less but we can't say "massless". Everything which ...
2
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2answers
321 views

Law of conservation of matter

If scientist have made small particles of matter then why do we still haw the law of conservation of matter? Is it because the few particles don't make a noticeable difference in our life?
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0answers
98 views

How do gravitons transmit gravity to occulted bodies?

If matter feels gravitation by way of absorbing gravitons, how is it that gravity passes through matter unfettered? For instance during a solar eclipse; shouldn't the moon block at least some of the ...
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2answers
75 views

Do other people's mass count when measuring the attraction of the earth on me? [duplicate]

Suppose that I'm alone on a planet of $M$. From what I learned from school, the gravitation force acting on me is given by $$F=G\frac{mM}{r^2},$$ where $m$ is my mass, $r$ is the distance between me ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What's the deal with Relativistic Mass? [duplicate]

So I have taken a first course in Special Relativity and the Relativistic Mass is defined as: $$m = \frac{m_o}{\sqrt{1 - v^2/c^2}}.$$ Now, when this was introduced in the course, it was introduced as ...
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3answers
208 views

Should these be called “weights” or “masses”? [closed]

Yeah, those circular metal disks. Weights or masses? I call them weights because when I attach them to a spring I'm interested in their weight, but it feels odd saying a "Pick up the 100g weight". ...
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3answers
19k views

Why do we use kilograms instead of newtons to measure weight in everyday life?

What was the reason to use kilograms to measure weight (e.g. body weight, market vegetables etc.) instead of using newtons?
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6answers
6k views

What does it mean to say that mass “approaches infinity”?

What does it mean to say that mass "approaches infinity"? I have read that mass of a body increases with the speed and when the body reaches the speed of light, the mass becomes infinity. What ...
4
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1answer
197 views

Why is the apparent weight smaller when you crouch down on a scale?

I am having a problem understanding the concept of the apparent weight change when you crouch down, stand up, and jump on the scale. What is happening that makes the scale change?
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1answer
283 views

The (relativistic) mass of a proton in the LHC

What would be the (relativistic) mass of a proton, in grams, as it is traveling at the maximum possible speed in the LHC?
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3answers
95 views

Justification of $P_{\text{photon}}=E/c$ in derivation of $E=mc^2$

I recently was reading up on the derivation of $E=mc^2$. Now, I came across this derivation at this link. I noticed that several lines into the derivation they throw in the equation ...
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1answer
120 views

Mass of a particle ( relativity)

A hypothetical atom has a rest mass of $15.000000136\,\mathrm{u}$. Overtime it undergoes a spontaneous breakdown into two masses of $7.000000229\,\mathrm{u}$ and $6.902727019\,\mathrm{u}$ ...
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4answers
111 views

Does not the mass of those living on the Earth add on to the mass of the Earth or is it too negligible to be cared for?

Source: Earth weighs about 13,170,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 pounds (or 5,974,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilograms). Since Earth is too big to be placed on a scale, scientists use mathematics ...
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2answers
101 views

Is a blackhole just a neutrino with much more mass?

If there was a blackhole that had a mass similar to that of a neutrino ($0.320 ± 0.081\,\mathrm{eV/c^2}$), would we still be able to differentiate the blackhole from the neutrino? Is there any ...
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5answers
1k views

Is it possible for an object to have mass but zero volume?

Can there exist a particle/object in the universe having mass but no volume? Is it possible that mass can exist without volume and density? We think we know that matter is anything having mass and ...
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2answers
562 views

Point masses and infinite densities

Point masses are masses who don't have volume. It is said that they are infinitly dense, but I though division by zero is undefined hence you can't define the density for a point mass because ...
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1answer
68 views

Two-body systems quantum physics (Transformation) [closed]

Given the Schrödinger equation $i\hbar \frac{\partial}{\partial t}\Psi(\vec r_1,\vec r_2,t) =\left [ -\frac{\hbar^2}{2m_1}\nabla_{r_1}^2-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m_2}\nabla_{r_2}^2 +V(\vec r_1,\vec r_2)\right ...
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1answer
1k views

Reduced mass in quantum physics (Hydrogen Atom)

I've gone through an intermediate classical mechanics course, and in solving the two-body problem, we reduce it to a one-body between a larger stationary mass, and a smaller reduced mass. Most ...
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3answers
3k views

Have I discovered how to calculate the proton's mass using only integers?

Could it be possible that the mass of the proton can be calculated by a series of integer sequences? Or is this just a curiosity? $$\sum_{m=1}^{\infty } \frac{1}{10^{26}(m^2+1)_{2m}}=$$ ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Applying downward force on someone without adding to their weight

I am creating a scenario for a superhero comic, and need help with an idea. I'd like the solution to be based in scientific theory, or at least scientific fantasy, as opposed to resorting to simply ...