The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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Neutrino oscillation and mass [closed]

Neutrino oscillations indicate that neutrino have little bit mass. Among three neutrinos - electron, muon and tau neutrino - which is heavier? What is the mass range of these neutrino?
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133 views

Confused by gravity and weight [closed]

I know that $F = mg$ so $2,00 \textrm{ KG m} \cdot 9,81 \textrm{ N g} = 19,62 \textrm{ N F}$ Why does my book say that the weight of a $2,00 \textrm{ KG}$ object is $19,62\textrm{ N}$, the mass is ...
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1answer
173 views

Gravity amplifier

Just a hypothetical question. Is it possible to increase or amplify gravitational interactions between two or more bodies ( without changing the mass)? Will changing the graviton ...
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62 views

Stabilizing a rotating wheel with a changing center of mass

Imagine a rotating wheel. For simplicity's sake let's assume it's not under the influence of any significant external forces (including gravity). This wheel is hollow, and objects inside are ...
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3answers
165 views

Derivation of $E=pc$ for a massless particle?

In classical mechanics, massless particles don't exist because for $m=0$, $p=0$. The relativistic relation between energy, mass and spatial momentum is: $E^2= (pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2$ . So it is said that ...
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51 views

How is the total mass of Andromeda determined?

I am currently attempting to use Doppler shifts on both the advancing and receding sides of the galaxy to determine the mass. I am not sure exactly how I would convert the advancement and recession ...
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2answers
61 views

Will my mass increase in my perspective while approaching near the speed of light?

Suppose I start my journey by a spaceship accelerate the velocity to 0.7c from Earth. Now the question arises that- Will my mass increase gradually as I'm going to a speed of .7c in my perspective and ...
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1answer
34 views

Constant in Regge trajectory

The Regge trajectory in QCD is given by $$m=\sqrt{\frac{J}{\alpha}-\alpha_0},$$ where $m$ is the mass and $J$ is the angular momentum of the hadrons, $\alpha=(4\pi\sigma)^{-1}$ is the inverse QCD ...
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73 views

Regge trajectory and Kaluza Klein tower

The mass of hadrons in the Regge trajectory scales as $m=\sqrt{\frac{J}{\alpha}-\alpha_0}=\sqrt{\frac{n}{\alpha}-\alpha_0}\propto \sqrt{n}$, where $J=n$ is the spin of the particle (in natural ...
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103 views

Spring mass on a rotating disc

I demonstrated the problem in the figure below. Edit: Original figure is 90 degrees rotated clockwise. I couldn't rotate the figure here. Disc is massles and horizontal. Vibrating mass only moves ...
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3answers
5k views

What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed?

What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed? By this, I mean the smallest object whose gravitational effect upon another object has been detected. (Many thanks to Daniel ...
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49 views

Cumulative mass & mass distribution of a disc galaxy

Hernquist has a great formula to represent the cumulative mass of a spherical galaxy (8): http://star-www.st-and.ac.uk/~hz4/contempastro/hqm.pdf 1) Is there any simple formula for disc shaped galaxy ...
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46 views

Extra mass due to near light like speeds [duplicate]

Why does mass seem to increase as you near the speed of light?
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92 views

Mass term in field Lagrangian

In the Klein-Gordon or in the Dirac Lagrangian density, the mass term is quadratic in the field. The other way around, I have heard a quadratic term in a general Lagrangian density be referred to as a ...
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16 views

Weight difference on full moon and no moon day [duplicate]

Since Moon has an impact of gravity, would same piece of mass be heavier on a no moon day (since moon is at opposite side, thus pulling downwards) and lighter on full moon day (since the moon is at ...
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1answer
86 views

Calculating mass of an orbiting body with force and acceleration

I'm new to physics, and it's a lot to take in- but there is a problem that I really can't seem to wrap my head around- finding the mass of an orbiting body, like an asteroid. I've looked around a lot ...
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34 views

Anomalies, neutrino condensate and neutrino masses

Is neutrino number conservation not affected by the U(1) QCD and QED anomalies due its zero U(1) charge? Is this the reason why the neutrino should be massless and there should be no lepton family ...
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0answers
22 views

QCD condensate and lepton mass

I read that the QCD U(1) anomaly is caused by the QCD condensate giving rise to quark masses. Does the QCD condensate also give masses to leptons (electron, mu, tau, neutrinos), or are these masses ...
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0answers
125 views

Mass, density and gravity for 2D SPH

Having previously only worked with 3D sph, the 2d case is confusing me. The concept of mass and density as well as gravity is not easily converted, as I see it. As an example in 3D I take 1000 ...
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92 views

Moment of Inertia of a Motion Simulator Frame

I have a rather specific question. I'm trying to build a motion simulator for flight and racing sims, similar to this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQAZB3EnI_w . The basic concept is a platform ...
3
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0answers
82 views

What is the effective electron mass in a plasma?

Is there a way to calculate the effective electron mass in plasmas? Effective electron mass is usually defined as varying from the vacuum electron mass in solid state physics. However, momentum ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Why does the Gravitational Potential energy formula indicate that heavier masses in the same point in the field have lower potentials?

$$ U = -\frac{Gmm_E}{r} $$ Intuitively, it'd appear that the further away two objects are, the greater their gravitational potential, and this is confirmed by the gravitational potential formula. The ...
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2answers
337 views

Where does a hadrons mass come from [duplicate]

So I've come to the understanding that a hadrons mass does not come from the constituent quarks but instead comes from a combination of things like binding energy and the mass energy of virtual gluons ...
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22 views

How are mass and density treated in general relativity? [duplicate]

Background: I am confused by how mass relates to the equations in general relativity. For example, given a certain mass density distribution, I am unsure how to express a system in terms of GR. ...
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2answers
120 views

Are mass and angular momentum related at a quantum level?

Is the mass of an atom related to the amount of angular momentum it contains? It makes sense to me that since the waveform of an electron is much much larger than a particle in the nucleus that its ...
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2answers
104 views

Measuring a rotating shaft's torque [closed]

My question is, there is a rotating shaft and I want to measure its torque. I don’t know its $r$ and $F$ but I connected a thread to the end of shaft to see how much weight it can lift and it is 2 ...
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1answer
120 views

Did the mass of the electrons went infinite in the experiment done by William Bertozzi in the 1960s?

it is impossible to accelerate a particle to a speed greater than c, no matter how much kinetic energy we give it In an experiment published in 1964, electrons were accelerated to a large voltage ...
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1answer
161 views

Why does mass not matter on how quickly an object falls? [duplicate]

I've seen all the mathematical proofs and physics demonstrations in vacuums. However, for example, if a hammer falls to the Earth it falls very quickly. But, it can be interpreted another way. The ...
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1answer
48 views

Negative mass? How it works and can it travel the speed of light? [closed]

If something with mass can't travel at the speed of light, how about an object with negative mass (hypothetically). Can somebody describe how negative mass works and what it is?
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191 views

Why must inertial mass and gravitational mass be equal, not just proportional?

I'm certain I'm just under a grave misapprehension. I really just don't understand how one can conclude that inertial mass is equal to gravitational mass. It seems to me that we've simply scaled our ...
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3answers
113 views

Why does a black hole grow when it consumes matter? Isn't this a contradiction?

I've been thinking about this for a while but can't get my head around it. A black hole's mass is such that its gravity can overcome light. Its event horizon, as I see it, is the boundary up to which ...
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1answer
95 views

Would it be safe to say that mass is kind of a property of energy?

In a video i just saw about the true meaning of E=mc2, it said something that really got me thinking; "Mass is not really converted to energy" and that mass wasn't actually a thing, but more of a ...
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32 views

How should I interpret relativistic mass? [duplicate]

If I have a mass that gets accelerated to a near the speed of light, before it gets I would think its relativistic mass would expand its Schwarzschild radius enough to turn it into a black hole. I ...
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1answer
113 views

Will I weigh more if I have fever?

$E=mc^2$ means that energy is mass, and adding energy to an object (that is, making it hotter) makes it more massive. So if my body temperature increases, will I weigh more? or will i become lighter ...
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38 views

Galileo proved wrong? [duplicate]

Galileo stated that objects dropped from the same height will hit the ground at the same time, that the rate of gravity is constant for all objects no matter the mass. But I think there is a flaw in ...
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1answer
44 views

Effective mass approximation Wannier function lattice vector operator approximate representation proof. Yu and Cardona

I am having difficulty in Yu and Cardona 4th edition chapter 4 page 164, equation 4.9 to 4.10 I just do not understand how to go from line 4.9 to 4.10. 4.9: $$ R_{op} \psi(\mathbf{r}) = ...
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1answer
96 views

What really is mass?

I was always taught that mass was how much matter something is made of, but I recently read that it is how resistant an object is to acceleration; as such, you could add mass to an object by ...
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1answer
117 views

Physical meaning of eigenvectors of mass matrix

What is the physical meaning of the eigenvectors of the mass matrix? If I consider a 2-dof system with one mass linked to two orthogonal springs and I write the equations in any orthogonal system of ...
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1answer
58 views

Does energy flowing from one place to another in an object cause displacement of that object?

Let's consider two situations: a) A solid metal box (not hollow) where some heat is put on its left side. After some time, the heat will have moved to the right and also have spread out throughout ...
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1answer
384 views

Force between two contacting masses on a frictionless surface pushed from left or right [closed]

The figure shows two boxes, with $m_1 > m_x$ that are on a level frictionless surface. We can apply a horizontal force $F$ either toward right on $m_1$ or toward left on $m_2$. The magnitude of the ...
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0answers
20 views

A cylinder in a zone of stationery dust particles [closed]

A rod of mass $M$ and cross - sectional area $A$ first enters a zone of stationery dust particles of density $ \rho_1 $ and length $ x_1 $ and then yet another zone of dust particles of density ...
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2answers
64 views

Exercise pulleys and accelerations [closed]

The system shown has ideal massless pulleys and no friction. The pulleys 1 and 2 are fixed and the pulley 3 is mobile. The mass m2 is rigidly attached to the center of the pulley 3 by a support ...
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2answers
174 views

Can mercury evaporate if it's covered by water?

I was recently watching a video about elemental mercury and how it's cleaned up in water (fish tanks), and it was mentioned how mercury can be toxic in vapor form. My question is, if I were to drop a ...
3
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1answer
199 views

Area of phase space of Harmonic oscillator

We all know that the phase trajectory of an undamped linear harmonic oscillator is an ellipse. But when we calculate the area of the ellipse we find it does not depend of mass of the particle. Why is ...
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1answer
132 views

Can a black hole move at speed of light?

Black hole comes in all sizes ranging from microscopic black hole on a quantum scale to supermassive black hole that resides in the center of probably every galaxy. Photon have no rest mass hence they ...
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1answer
47 views

Fire: Understanding the states of matter and its mass

If the fire is a state of matter (plasma) and every matter has mass. My question is: how we can calculate the mass of a fire?
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1answer
105 views

How can photons/particles/objects/things be massless? [closed]

How could we say a photon be massless? A thing which has no mass is seem to be just like it does not exist or we say it is nothing. It should be very less but we can't say "massless". Everything which ...
5
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0answers
98 views

How do gravitons transmit gravity to occulted bodies?

If matter feels gravitation by way of absorbing gravitons, how is it that gravity passes through matter unfettered? For instance during a solar eclipse; shouldn't the moon block at least some of the ...
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2answers
75 views

Do other people's mass count when measuring the attraction of the earth on me? [duplicate]

Suppose that I'm alone on a planet of $M$. From what I learned from school, the gravitation force acting on me is given by $$F=G\frac{mM}{r^2},$$ where $m$ is my mass, $r$ is the distance between me ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What's the deal with Relativistic Mass? [duplicate]

So I have taken a first course in Special Relativity and the Relativistic Mass is defined as: $$m = \frac{m_o}{\sqrt{1 - v^2/c^2}}.$$ Now, when this was introduced in the course, it was introduced as ...