# Tagged Questions

The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

11k views

### Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
36 views

### Help needed for Simple derivation for duality of matter

A teacher told showed me a way to derive an equation which shows the duality of matter. We know, $E=hc/\lambda$. and $E=mc^2$ So, $hc/\lambda=mc^2$ We get, $p$ ( momentum ) = $h/\lambda$. How ...
30k views

### How is light affected by gravity?

Light is clearly affected by gravity, just think about a black hole, but light supposedly has no mass and gravity only affects objects with mass. On the other hand, if light does have mass then doesn'...
93 views

### What is the physical meaning of reduced mass?

If we stick two block masses by a string and pass it over a pully and let the blocks free then mathematically we can obtain that the whole weight on the pully is more if the blocks are kept at rest, ...
50 views

### Force on a Massless String

Suppose we are just pulling a block with the help of a string which is massless. Now since the mass of the string is 0 the force exerted by us is transmitted without being diminished. So the equation ...
76 views

### Throwing masses to gain velocity. A question of efficiency

I was thinking the other day of a system in which you eject mass. And then I wonder whether it was more efficient to throw a big mass or many little. Let me put it in other terms. Suppose you are ...
46 views

### Do we have rest mass according to quantum physics? [closed]

I know wave must be in motion and resonant waves are actually in motion. So I don't understand what is a rest mass of a particle. If a particle is just a wave in a particular field, it should be ...
27 views

### Can glueballs, consisting of massles gluons, get a mass without reference to a Higgs field? [duplicate]

Glueballs, the by the standard model predicted combinations of short-lived combinations of massless gluons, have a mass between 1.4 and 5 (MeV). But where is this mass coming from? From interaction ...
279 views

### Glueball mass in non-abelian Yang Mills theory

How can the glueball mass be calculated in Yang-Mills theory?
76 views

### Will centre of gravity coincide with centre of mass if density of object is non uniform?

I read that for bodies of very large dimensions, but having non-uniform density, the centre of gravity does not coincide with centre of mass. I can understand that with large dimensions the strength ...
55 views

### Can a High Enough Temperature Create a Black Hole?

My very basic understanding of GR leads me to think that if a substance has a high enough temperature, it can transform into a black hole without a mass required to create a black hole. The equation ...
142 views

### If photons end up having a tiny mass, say $10^{-54}~\rm kg$, what would be the universal speed of massless particles?

First, I'm no expert so sorry if I get anything confused but I tried to research as much as could before asking this. So while it is pretty much accepted that photons are massless (Despite this ...
66 views

### Conservation of Komar Mass

The definition of Komar Mass in GR is associated with one asymptotically flat end. However, a hypersurface may contain more than one end, such as the spacelike Einstein-Rosen bridge in Kruskal ...
87 views

### What particles travel near the speed of a photon? [closed]

I know photons travel at the speed of light. How does the size of a particle determine its maximum velocity? Phonons, Preons, Electron ect. Is there a scale in from the smallest particle's maximum ...
25 views

### What are the Higgs masses for $SU(2) \times U(1)$ goes to $U(1)$ symmetry breaking with a complex triplet?

Consider an $SU(2)\times U(1)_Y\rightarrow U(1)_{EM}$ theory that is broken via a complex triplet with hypercharge 2. The potential is of the form \begin{align} V(\Phi) = -m^2\Phi^\dagger\Phi + \...
101 views

### Why are photons massless (quantum field theory) [duplicate]

I'm really trying to understand Quantum field theory and gauge in-variance, I'd like to ask a question about this to aid my understanding. The QED lagrangian as below has a kinetic term for this gauge ...
68 views

### Does gravity exist between quarks in a neutron?

Does gravity exist between quarks in a neutron? I mean, I've learned that gravity exists between objects that have mass/energy. But does this apply between quarks in a neutron?
6k views

### What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed?

What is the smallest item for which gravity has been recorded or observed? By this, I mean the smallest object whose gravitational effect upon another object has been detected. (Many thanks to Daniel ...
75 views

### Why doesn't the four-gluon vertex give mass to gluons?

We have a four-gluon vertex and a gluon vacuum condensate. Why doesn't this provide us with gluon masses, as in the NJL model where the condensate gives rise to an effective mass term?
184 views

### How do we know the Schwarzschild solution contains an object of mass $M$?

The Schwarzschild metric is $$ds^2 = - \left( 1 - \frac{2GM}{r} \right) dt^2 + \left(1-\frac{2GM}{r}\right)^{-1} dr^2 + r^2 d\Omega^2.$$ In Carroll's GR book, it is claimed that $M$ is the mass of the ...
3k views

### Decay of massless particles

We don't normally consider the possibility that massless particles could undergo radioactive decay. There are elementary arguments that make it sound implausible. (A bunch of the following is ...
49 views

### Does the human body have a measurable gravitational field?

I am researching communication other than speech or vision. The human body emits radiation in the form of heat; As the body has mass, will it have a gravitational field?
12 views

### Pulley Advanced Equilibrium Problem [duplicate]

How to show that M would have to be more than 8m
30 views

### Net force equal to mass multiplied by acceleration of centre of mass [closed]

$F=ma$ if $a=0$ then definitely the net force applied will be also zero (0). then, in this case $m=F/a$. If both net force and acceleration(of centre of mass) is equal to zero (0). then, isn't mass ...
39 views

### Moment of inertia and gravity

Would the objects have moment of Inertia if there was no gravity? Because imagine a bar, if I put my hand at the center of the bar and rotate it, it would be easier than rotate the bar picking one ...
529 views

### What truly is mass, and is there a direct way to measure it?

We know a mass of an object of one kilogram as an object that weighs W = mg = 9.8 N and we reference it to that, (when it should as a fundamental parameter describe weight not the opposite). But if we ...
48 views

### Does deformation due to a force affect the acceleration produced by it? [closed]

You have two same masses, one non-deformable and the other plastically deformable. You exert the same force for same time. Will they move with the same speed? Obviously the one will deform and move, ...
94 views

### Could there be a “massive gravity” theory?

If we talk about a "quantum theory" of General Relativity, we know that the particle that mediates the gravitational force would be the so called Graviton, a massless particle with spin $2$. I ...
37k views

### Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
967 views

### How precise can current technologies measure the mass of an object?

Masses of various objects are listed on this wikipedia page: Orders of magnitude (mass). For example, mass of an HIV-1 virus is on the order of 1 femtogram. Are these data actually measured (which I ...
86 views

### What is more fundamental: Geometry and Topology or physical matter? [closed]

Since, there is always an interplay between gravity and the fabric of spacetime. I wonder which is more fundamental: Geometry and Topology or physical matter?
1k views

### Equivalence of definitions of ADM Mass

ADM Mass is a useful measure of a system. It is often defined (Wald 293) $$M_{ADM}=\frac{1}{16\pi} \lim_{r \to \infty} \oint_{s_r} (h_{\mu\nu,\mu}-h_{\mu\mu,\nu})N^{\nu} dA$$ Where $s_r$ is two ...
47 views

### I want to know about the quantization of mass [duplicate]

Is mass quantized? If yes, then why do we see all amounts of mass? Well , can it be said quantized just for smaller masses?
4k views

### Can something without mass exert a force?

I am something of a dilettante in physics, so please forgive me if the answer to this question is painfully obvious. The question is simple, can something that theoretically has no mass exert a force. ...
164 views

### Center of mass motion and variation of mass

Here are the proofs regarding the center of mass motion as reported on my book. $$\vec{r_{cm}}=\frac{\sum\vec{r_i} m_i}{\sum m_i}$$ \vec{v_{cm}}=\frac{d{\vec{r_{cm}}}}{dt}=\frac{1}{M}\sum \frac{d}{...
288 views

### The mass-energy equivalence for rest mass

It is clear that the kinetic energy can be derived as $(m-m_0)c^2$. However, why do we say that $m_0c^2$ is the rest mass energy? It seems that this mass-energy equivalence for rest mass is just a ...
93 views

### Spin of a gauge field

I was wondering what is the simplest way to understand the reduction of the Wigner's little group from $SO(d-1)$ to $SO(d-2)$ when one considers massive and massless fields respectively (in a $d$ ...
22 views

### Do all objects free fall at the same rate regardless of their mass? [duplicate]

Is it true that all object will fall at the same speed in vacuum irrespective of their mass because the acceleration due to gravity of Earth is 9.8 m/s2. Then what happens to the gravitational force ...
18 views

### Do greater mass objects attract objects quicker, than lessor mass objects? [duplicate]

If I jumped up and down on the moon it would take longer than if I jumped up and down on earth... the only changing variable being mass - the difference in mass between the earth and moon. wouldn't ...
77 views

### Why is 1 kg of cotton heavier than 1 kg of stone? [closed]

I've been told that 1 kg of cotton has more density since Density = mass / volume, and volume of 1 kg of cotton is pretty big outside , and height of it very long, and stone is lighter because its ...
69 views

### 1-Loop Mass Splitting of vector-like Fermions

In this paper the author argues that for a vector-like fermion doublet, with degenerate mass $M$ at tree level, we always have a mass splitting between the charged component of the doublet $L$ and the ...
46 views

### How to calculate the maximum speed of an object?

There is a spaceship, whose mass is $100 \, \mathrm{kg}$. The thrust of its rocket is $300 \, \mathrm{N}$. How is it possible to calculate the maximal speed that the spaceship can reach, and the time ...
28 views

### How is mass of observable universe calculated? [duplicate]

How is even mass of earth known ? How do we get to know them? Whilst I was studying about dark matter it was listed about 'mass of observable universe' and density and so on...so what is the procedure?...
58 views

### Find the tension in each segment of rope suspending two hanging masses

I have the situation in the image where two masses are suspended along a piece of rope (resulting in three segments of rope). I need to find the tension in each of the three segments of rope. I know ...
204 views

### Why do heavier objects fall faster on hills but not in straight drops?

All other things being equal, if a heavier object will roll at a higher speed down hill than a lighter one, because it's heavier with more mass, then how is it that dropped objects fall at the same ...
2k views

### What really is the smallest “mass” or “object” in the universe?

As the Wikipedia article Subatomic particles shows, with respect to the sciences, the atom is obviously not the smallest piece of mass. Apparently, if people have already broken down the atom in to ...
105 views

### How did gravity exist before mass?

I'm brushing up on my Big Bang, and I noticed that, apparently, although gravity is the first force to split from the original "superforce", mass does not appear on the scene until after the second ...
490 views

### Why should mass be attractive in nature?

Why does a mass attract all the masses around it? Why should't it repel or just stay calm? Why should it be like that?