The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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70
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8answers
13k views

Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

correct formula for Mass Defect / Binding Energy? [closed]

I'm a web developer and I have to change an online course. The course teaches Advanced Nuclear Theory. In the 'Mass Defect and Binding Energy' chapter, it has this formula: $ \Delta M = Z(m_p) + ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

If a photon is a boson and has spin 1, shouldn't it have 3 spin orientations since spin 1 is a triplet? [duplicate]

I've gotten used to the fact that a spin can be described by its total spin and its $z$-component. And I've learned that a particle (really, anything) with spin 1 forms a triplet with three possible ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

Why $-i\hbar\vec\nabla$ for momentum in quantum mechanics, while $m\vec{v}$ in classical mechanics?

I am a little bit confused when thinking of the momentum representation in QM and CM. In QM, momentum is represented as $-i\hbar\vec\nabla$, while in classical, momentum is represented as $m\vec{v}$. ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Conservation of Mass, Momentum and Energy - Airburst Rounds

I have a airburst round with set amount of fragments with a certain shape inside my bullet. After a certain distance has travelled, a charge explodes in the back of the round disintegrating the shell ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Calculate impulse based on mass, acceleration and time elapsed [closed]

I want to move to Sprite Kit framework offered by apple which has physics integrated right into it. The back bone of the physics engine is famous Box2D. Sprite Kit has made it pretty easy by wrapping ...
7
votes
3answers
848 views

Explain how (or if) a box full of photons would weigh more due to massless photons

I understand that mass-energy equivalence is often misinterpreted as saying that mass can be converted into energy and vice versa. The reality is that energy is always manifested as mass in some ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Why is Planck mass much larger than the smallest mass that we actually know about?

The three fundamental constants $h$, $c$ and $G$ are manipulated and rearranged in different ways to get the Planck time, Planck mass etc. The Planck time is said to be the smallest time possible and ...
4
votes
1answer
552 views

Why is mass renormalization insufficient to explain electron mass?

In the Standard Model, I understand that the mass of the electron is assume to arise from two effects: A bare mass given by Yukawa interaction with the Higgs field, and A mass correction from mass ...
3
votes
2answers
833 views

First and Second Moment of Mass

I recently came across the definition of the Center of Mass of a system as the point about which the first moment of mass is zero. Further, it defined Moment of Inertia as the second moment of mass. ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Density as a function of Temperature?

I know that volume = mass/density....and density is the function of temperature. Is there any standard equation that describes density as a function of temperature? The system I am interested in is ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Confusion about Dirac mass term

In chiral basis, $\psi=\begin{pmatrix} \psi_L\\ \psi_R \end{pmatrix}$ and therefore, $\overline\psi=\psi^\dagger\gamma^0=\begin{pmatrix} \psi^\dagger_L & \psi^\dagger_R ...
27
votes
9answers
16k views

How can a photon have no mass and still travel at the speed of light?

I've read a number of the helpful Q&As on photons that mention the mass/mass-less issue. Do I understand correctly that the idea of mass-less (a rest mass of 0) may be just a convention to make ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

How does rest mass become energy?

I know that there's a difference between relativistic rest mass. Relativistic mass is "acquired" when an object is moving at speeds comparable to the speed of light.Rest mass is the inherent mass that ...
35
votes
7answers
2k views

Massless charged particles

Are there any massless (zero invariant mass) particles carrying electric charge? If not, why not? Do we expect to see any or are they a theoretical impossibility?
0
votes
3answers
201 views

Tension on a string between two objects on a friction less surface [closed]

I just need my work checked here. Please let me know if I am correct. I had this problem in one of my test in which I did not get full credits. I am re-doing this(hopefully correctly this time) just ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
12
votes
11answers
5k views

Does 'electricity' have mass? Is 'electricity' tangible?

Background: I'm in a legal academic discussion about the status of electronic 'goods' and whether they qualify as 'goods' in the same way a chair and a pen do. In this context (and specifically at the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Writing Dirac Mass Term For Massive Neutrinos

How does one write down the following Dirac mass term for a collection of "massive" neutrinos? \begin{equation} -[\overline{(\psi_R)}M_D\psi_L+\overline{(\psi_L})M^\dagger_D\psi_R] \end{equation} I ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Mechanisms of mass generation for Dirac neutrinos

If neutrinos are Majorana particles, one way of explaining their small masses is the seesaw mechanism. Now say I'd like my neutrinos to be Dirac, for symmetry to the quark sector. What mechanisms ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

The nature of the gravity force: Is it attractive or repulsive between positive and negative mass? [duplicate]

If negative mass is rotating around fixed positive mass, then what will be the nature of force and how?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Majorana mass vs Dirac Mass

Why is it said that the Dirac mass term conserves the fermion number but the Majorana mass term does not? Can someone explain this mathematically? Which breakdown of symmetry is responsible for ...
-4
votes
2answers
260 views

What really is the smallest “mass” or “object” in the universe?

Look at this here. With respect to the sciences, the atom is obviously not the smallest piece of mass. Apparently, if people have already broken down the atom in to particles smaller than so, why ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

How can I calculate the initial velocities of a set of objects with a consistent force?

I'm trying to figure out which object would have the largest time of flight when launched from a slingshot. To do this, I need the initial velocity. How can I calculate this if I know the mass and ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Modeling a 2-dimensional mass spring system

First of all, I am unfortunately not an expert in physics, so please be indulge with me. I am trying to model a $2$-dimensional mass-spring system with $1$ mass and $3$ springs to solve a dynamics ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

If we were able to double the mass of the ordinary matter in the universe it will recollapse?

What will happen if we suppose to be able to add mass at the universe? For example doubling the mass of the ordinary matter?
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Energy of quarks and the mass of the proton

We know that energy of quarks inside the proton can not be exactly fixed because if it,the 'proton decay' must not be exist. My question is if the energy of quarks inside the proton is not exactly ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Effective mass of a black hole?

Suppose a black hole forms from a given mass of particles such as the core of a star going supernova. The black hole formed will have an effective mass due to the curvature of space time induced. Such ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Linearized mass conservation equation

I'm working on global seismology and I'm currently facing troubles understanding how an equation is obtained. The equation concerned is the following one : $$ \rho^{E1} = -\nabla \cdot ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Does electron in wave form have mass?

I heard from my lecturer that electron has dual nature. For that instance in young's double slit experiment electron exhibits as a particle at ends but it acts as a wave in between the ends. It under ...
0
votes
4answers
80 views

Newtonian physics vs Special relativity - what is the most “relative”?

This might be a question purely of words and the meaning of them but isn't Newtonian physics more "relative" than Einstein's Special relativity? Newtonian physics predicts that laws of momentum & ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Break speed of light with infinite mass

I've heard that a spacecraft could never exceed the speed of light because it's (relativistic) mass quickly approaches infinity and therefore there could never create a big enough rocket to propel it ...
2
votes
3answers
426 views

What does “nearly infinite mass” mean?

I am sure this is a silly question, but I was reading something that described the pre big-bang universe as having "nearly infinite mass." How can something be "nearly" infinite? The term seems to ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Gravitational compression in the atmosphere

One of the two sources of Earth's heat is primordial heat, which is the product of gravitational compression and impacts during Earth's formation. My understanding is that work is done on the core, ...
3
votes
3answers
713 views

Does a toy top weigh less when it is spinning?

I am under the understanding that a toy top will weigh less when it is spinning. The Russians made a spinning type transport back in the 70s to lessen its payload over the tundra. Is this an effective ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Gravitational compression / compression in general

How exactly does gravitational compression, or compression in general, increase temperature? It seems counter-intuitive seen as temperature usually increases from the solid to the gas phase.
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Density of a proton

I was doing some exercises the other day, when I came across this question in my book: A proton weighs about 1.66 x 10-24 g and has a diameter of about 10-15 m. What is its density in g/cm3? ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

The question about Lorentz invariance of the helicity quantum number for the massless particles

I need to show that helicity is Lorentz invariant (under the proper Lorentz transformation) for the massless particles. I heard about most frequently used argument which contains an idea of ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Mass corrections to fermions proportional to the mass?

In this post regarding quantum corrections to a massless fermion field, the answerer stated that quantum corrections to the mass will always be proportional to the mass (at least in QED). This point ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How much weight can a person carry to avoid being blown over by wind?

I wonder if there is a certain amount of weight that I could carry in a rolling bag to help prevent me from being knocked over by the wind. I have balance problems and some lack of muscle strength in ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Can I use the reduced mass principle in a spring-damper system?

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/orbv.html#rm I want to know, if I can use the reduced mass principle to solve a two object spring-damper system. In the books and webpages that I have ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

How can I find the amplitude?

Prove that the motion of a mass $m$ on a linear spring with constant $k$, has the form $$y (t) = A \sin(wt+f),$$ where $t$ is the time and $A, w, f$ are constants. We know that for $t = 0, y(0)=y_{0}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Mechanical system modeling

I have a mechanical system and I need to model in differential equations I tried to model the mass $M_1$ and got this $m_1\displaystyle\frac{d^2\,x}{dt^2}=F-K_1(x_2 - ...
4
votes
3answers
268 views

Calculating the Center of Mass

We have a homogeneous body that looks like this: I have tried dividing the body into different parts using the following definition: R g * A = R 1 * A 1 + ... R n * A n I was thinking I could ...
10
votes
11answers
19k views

Why does the (relativistic) mass of an object increase when its speed approaches that of light?

I'm reading Nano: The Essentials by T. Pradeep and I came upon this statement in the section explaining the basics of scanning electron microscopy. However, the equation breaks down when the ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Confusion about the (relativistic) mass of objects [duplicate]

According to Einstein's theory the (relativistic) mass of objects depend on speed. Then in an inertial reference frame 2 observers moving at 2 different velocities will calculate different masses for ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Does the fact that protons and neutrons have larger mass than electrons mean they're bigger in size?

and so if a proton is so larger than an electron doesn't that mean it has a shape? What would be the shape of a subatomic particle? are they spherical?
63
votes
16answers
111k views

How Does Mass Leave the Body When you Lose Weight?

When your body burns calories and you lose weight, obviously mass is leaving your body. In what form does it leave? In other words, what is the physical process by which the body loses weight when ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

How to estimate a person's mass from a sensor? [closed]

I'm trying to estimate the person's weight from some available sensors and I have an accelerometer, a gyrometer and a magnetometer. The triaxial accelerometer is fixed in a band in the person's ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Mass of dark matter

The Alcubierre warp equation specifies that negative mass is required for said "warp drive" to function properly. Could dark matter provide the negative mass that's required?