The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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How can I compare magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets?

I want to compare the magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets. Let, for example be ceramic/samarium-cobalt/alnico/steel/neodymium magnets. Questions: What units should I compare for ...
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1answer
65 views

Heuristics for the Hawking mass

I have the following definition of Hawking Mass. Given a spacelike 2-surface $S$ embedded in a 3+1-dimensional Lorentzian Manifold $L$, $$ M(S) := \sqrt{ \frac{\text{Area}(S)}{16 \pi}} \left(1- \frac ...
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1answer
34 views

Spring pulled with one end fixed [closed]

As the title says, if one end of a spring of mass $m$ is fixed to say, a wall, and the other one is pulled at a constant velocity $v$ by some external agent, we have to find the kinetic energy of the ...
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1answer
59 views

Wouldn't dark matter throw off the calculation of Earth's 'light' mass and estimates of its composition?

The Cavendish experiment first determined the mass of the Earth and (arguably) the gravitational constant. However, given the ubiquitous nature of dark matter, it seems reasonable that at least some ...
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2answers
119 views

Is it OK to see time dilation and (relativistic) mass increase as phenomena that avoid $c$ being reached? And how about length contraction?

I think I have been exposed since years ago to this line of reasoning: if $ v\to c $, then $ \Delta t \to \infty $. As $\displaystyle v=\frac{\Delta s}{\Delta t} $, it's like a natural reaction to ...
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2answers
68 views

Is there any gravitational force between two stationary neutrinos, a billion light years apart?

Gravity is supposed to act over an infinite distance. But if the force is very weak (due to low masses) and the distance is very far, is the force actually 0? Or is the force so low that it is ...
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2answers
106 views

Motivation for Negative Mass

Lately I've been reading a little bit (mostly here and on Wikipedia) about exotic matter, particularly matter with a negative mass. This question appears to be the original question on the site of the ...
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1answer
89 views

Range Of An Interaction

Why is the Compton wavelength $\lambda_c=\frac{\hbar}{mc}$ used as a sensible measure for the range of an interaction, where $m$ is the mass of the corresponding mediator?
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Why can't photons have a mass?

Why can't photons have a mass? Could you explain this to me in a short and mathematical way?
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1answer
54 views

Why do massive force carriers result in short range forces

I've been reading the answers to a few questions relating to force carrier particles, and it has been mentioned that massive force carriers always result in short-range forces, while massless carrier ...
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0answers
41 views

Total Mass in Universe [duplicate]

Currently (2015), what is the total mass of the universe? How can we say with mathematical certainty that 69% is dark energy; 25% is dark matter; 5% is atomic matter; and 1% is neutrino, photon, and ...
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Do all massless particles (e.g. photon, graviton, gluon) necessarily have the same speed $c$?

I suppose there was a discussion already on speed-of-gravity-and-speed-of-light. But I silly wonder whether all the massless mediators of four fundamental forces, i.e. Graviton: $g_{\mu\nu}$ ...
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33 views

How to find the centre of mass of 3 masses (astronauts and a rock) connected by a rope

To be more specific on the problem, a 50kg astronaut, an 80kg astronaut and a 20kg rock are tied together by a light rope during a space walk. I am asked to find the center of mass. Now, I've chosen ...
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1answer
58 views

How can I determine the pound-force behind a punch?

I am a martial arts instructor always looking for the next best way to enhance the performance of my students. However, I'm having difficulty understanding how to determine the pound-force (ibf) of a ...
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1answer
56 views

Particle with 1 GeV mass?

I know a proton as a mass of 0.938 GeV also neutron at 0.939. But I was wondering if there is anything with a measured mass of 1 GeV? Or, whether a proton can have a mass of 1 GeV within a system (as ...
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1answer
26 views

Will all the mass collapse in one place?

Will the stars, planets and everything in the universe collapse due to the gravity? Or does the constant expansion of the universe break that idea ? What will happen with the energy?
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5answers
2k views

Why can't “missing mass” (=dark matter) be photons?

After a star lives and dies, I assume virtually all of its mass would be photons. If enough stars have already lived and died, couldn’t there be enough photon energy out there to account for all ...
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1answer
77 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
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3answers
744 views

Why does the Standard Model predict Neutrinos are massless?

Why are neutrinos massless in the Standard Model? Is it connected with experimental fact that neutrinos always have only one direction of projection of spin on motion direction?
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0answers
30 views

An interesting question on the mass of a droplet of liquid experiencing the Leidenfrost Effect

Background and Inspiration: I have seen numerous demonstrations of the leidenfrost effect, both on the internet and in my mother's kitchen. But I started wondering about a general case after having a ...
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2answers
82 views

What is the fastest speed that a massive object can travel at? [duplicate]

What is the fastest speed (in miles per hour) that a massive object can travel at? I have heard that an object can travel at the speed of light, but I've also heard that massive objects cannot travel ...
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1answer
73 views

Is it possible to have a black hole in empty space?

If the escape velocity of two very massive objects is near the speed of light, and those objects are orbiting each other (let's ignore the Roche limit for this exercise), is it possible that the ...
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5answers
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Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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7answers
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Does electron in wave form have mass?

I heard from my lecturer that electron has dual nature. For that instance in young's double slit experiment electron exhibits as a particle at ends but it acts as a wave in between the ends. It under ...
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3answers
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How do we determine the mass of a black hole?

Since by definition we cannot observe black holes directly, how do astronomers determine the mass of a black hole? What observational techniques are there that would allow us to determine a black ...
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1answer
56 views

Is my calcualtion from the mass of a photon right? [closed]

The Mass off a Photon The right format can be found here: Photon E = hv E = mc2 E = av (amplitude, frequency) m = hv/c2 Mass = movement of electromagnetic fields Planck’s constant = electromagnetic ...
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Dynamic mass or static mass?

I am testing a cantilever beam assuming it as a single degree of freedom system, therefore it can be described by the equation $$m_d \ddot{y}(d) + c_d \dot{y}(d) + k_d y(d) = p(t) $$ Where $d$ is ...
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33 views

Mass-velocity-relation for tachyon

Suppose that $m = \gamma m_0$ with $$\gamma = \left(1-\frac{u^2}{c^2}\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$$ is valid for tachyons, where $m$ is the mass of the tachyon and $u$ its velocity. Since $u>c$, the rest ...
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5answers
203 views

If you are on Earth, are your mass and weight the same?

I was wondering how mass and weight are different so I Googled it. I found that mass is constant no matter where you are because it is the amount of matter in an object and weight changes because it's ...
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0answers
46 views

How can spacetime affect massless entities? [duplicate]

Why is light affected and "bent" by spacetime if it has no mass or density?
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3answers
465 views

What's with the very slightly larger mass of the neutron compared to the proton?

Neutron mass: 1.008664 u Proton mass: 1.007276 u Why the discrepancy? On a related note, how does one go about measuring the mass of a neutron or proton, anyway?
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2answers
58 views

Why are the neutron and proton masses nearly equal? [duplicate]

The neutron to proton mass ratio is nearly one. Is there some fundamental reason from this or this simply a coincidence?
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2answers
232 views

Why are heavy things harder to lift?

According to multiple websites, any object in free-fall (no air resistance) on earth will accelerate towards the Earth at 9.8 m/s. If all objects fall towards the Earth at the same rate, regardless of ...
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1answer
73 views

How can we prove simply that acceleration for every freely falling body is equal to $g$? [duplicate]

If I allow two bodies of different masses to fall freely from same height towards the earth, how can I prove that the acceleration produced in both was constant and equal to gravity.
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3answers
265 views

Center Of Mass Troubles

I understand the concept of Center Of Mass(com), but I am having a difficult time interpreting the equation of the simplified case of one-dimension. The book I am reading defines the position of the ...
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2answers
50 views

Can mass be uncertain?

If you can have uncertainty in momentum, then wouldn't you have uncertainty in mass and velocity? Why can't mass be uncertain?
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2answers
56 views

How fast does an object have to be going to turn into energy [closed]

Albert Einstein's equation, $E=mc^2$, says that an object has to be going at the speed of light squared to turn into energy. How fast would this be in miles per hour?
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2answers
627 views

Why doesn't a wall move when you push it if there's space behind it?

In the first screen you can see that if a person were to push a wall within a typical household the wall would not move while keeping themselves tractioned to the floor. If you push hard and do not ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there a fundamental reason why gravitational mass is the same as inertial mass?

The principle of equivalence - that, locally, you can't distinguish between a uniform gravitational field and a non-inertial frame accelerating in the sense opposite to the gravitational field - is ...
4
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2answers
321 views

Understanding the different kinds of mass in gravity

On this site, the Phys.SE question Is there a fundamental reason why gravitational mass is the same as inertial mass? has been asked. See also this Phys.SE question. The 'answer' provided on this ...
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0answers
18 views

Why do we use $i\tau^2\Phi^*$ in standard model Yukawa terms? [duplicate]

If we for example only look at the first family of quarks, the Yukawa terms in the standard model are (ignoring the prefactors) $$ ...
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0answers
38 views

What's wrong with this calculation of the center of mass of a triangle?

Find the center of mass $(x_G,y_G)$ of a homogeneous triangle of mass $m$. Divide it into infinitesimal rectangles of width $dy$, length $x$, mass $dm$ and area $dA$. We have $d A = x dy $ ...
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1answer
37 views

Mass spring system, elongation of the spring [closed]

Is it possible to calculate the elongation of a spring with only the length of the spring, a spring constant and the mass that is attached to the spring?
22
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4answers
3k views

Why is the $S_{z} =0$ state forbidden for photons?

If photons are spin-1 bosons, then doesn't quantum mechanics imply that the allowed values for the z-component of spin (in units of $\hbar$) are -1, 0, and 1? Why then in practice do we only use the ...
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0answers
54 views

Effective mass vs. cyclotron mass of carriers (e.g. in graphene)

Since my original question (below) didn't get any answers (maybe it's to specific?), I'd like to rephrase to make it more general. What is the relation between the effective mass and the cyclotron ...
2
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3answers
340 views

Can a cubic meter of space at absolute zero have any object with mass inside?

I ask this question because, I have seen many places where they say the average temperature of the universe is some 2 degrees K and this somehow relates to mass present within a given volume of space. ...
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1answer
63 views

What are the effects of increased mass on persons traveling at near light speed?

It's been a long time since I studied physics (and then only very superficially), so please bear with my gross naivete. This question's been running around in my head for about two weeks now, and I ...
7
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2answers
767 views

An atomic bomb explodes inside of an “unbreakable” container which is on a scale. Does the “weight” of the container change?

This may or may not be an incredibly stupid thought experiment, but a short time ago I read that most of the "mass" in the proton was actually energy from the quarks and gluons, as opposed to the ...
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1answer
58 views

Relation between gauge symmetry and mass difference

Usually (like in Georgi's Lie Algebra book) people argue the reason why Gellmann $SU(3)$ flavor symmetry (u,d,s) can't extend to $SU(4)$ (u,d,c,s) or higher flavour symmetry is the their mass ...
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2answers
91 views

What would be the photon's effective mass in Newton's Law of Gravitation?

If we equalize the force from the Newton's Law of Gravitation to Force on a photon in a gravitional field (I don't know if there is an equation for it). What would be the photon's effective mass? (I ...