The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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82 views

is there an operator which measures the mass of particles?

When I studied a spin, the textbook said spin is an intrinsic quantity like mass. However, while we can calculate just expectation values $ \langle \textrm{S}^2\rangle $ or $ \langle S_z\rangle $, the ...
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84 views

How are photons effected by gravity? [duplicate]

If we use E²=m²c⁴+p²c², and we know mass of photon is zero, and they have momentum but why aren't they affected by gravity.
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235 views

Does center of mass affect how an object falls?

Suppose you drop an object which has two ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one? Why does it happen?
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85 views

Rotational dynamics equation for a variable mass system?

I'm searching for the formulation of Euler's rigid body dynamics in the case of a variable mass system. I'm reading the book Mechanics of Flight by Warren F. Phillips (2nd edition) and unfortunately ...
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0answers
24 views

Is density of an element directly proportional to atomic number or atomic weight? [duplicate]

Is the density of an element directly proportional to any power/order of atomic weight or atomic number? I know very less, probably only highschool level physics, after which my brain has been ...
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76 views

Center of mass of planar lamina

Suppose that $D$ is a closed region in $\mathbb R^2$ and let $\rho$ be a density function on $D$. Then, is it possible that the center of mass lies on the boundary of $D$? My intuition tells me that ...
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191 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
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26 views

Interpretation of Mass Continuity Equation in MHD [duplicate]

I'm writing up my final-year dissertation and I'm required to give, as part of the introduction, an analysis of all the equations (and their terms) of which I use. Embarrassingly, whilst of course ...
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61 views

Is it possible to calculate the information content of matter? How?

I know the Bekestein bound is the upper bound for the information content of a region of space, but is it possible to actually calculate that information content (number of bits, not the bits ...
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93 views

Can center of mass move without any force?

For instance, consider a weight on one end of the ring. Assume that the ring has negligible mass compared to the weight. When the weight splits into two, moves around the ring and recombines at the ...
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65 views

Mass generation for Z' and W' bosons

I read that some Beyond the Standard Model theories require the existence of additional gauge bosons such as $Z'$ and $W'$. As far as I understood, an extension of the $SU(2)_L$ symmetry is required, ...
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71 views

Reduced mass and energy representation?

If we have a gravitational system where $m<<M$ then we can write down the energy of $m$ as follows: $$E=\frac{1}{2}m(\frac{dr}{dt})^2+\frac{L^2}{2mr^2}-\frac{GMm}{r}$$ but if $m$ is not small ...
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73 views

How would behave theoretical matter with negative mass? [duplicate]

I wonder if there is any possibility to evaluate theoretical characteristics of matter with negative mass? This is not thing of anti-mass but classical matter just with negated weight. I thing that if ...
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59 views

Why does gravity enact force? [closed]

Gravity would cause two objects in a vacuum to move toward each other. I understand that gravity is a force that exists as a product of energy's original conversion into mass and the continuing change ...
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32 views

How can a photon exist on its own without a mass? [duplicate]

For example, thermal energy exists and has no mass, but is carried by particles which have mass. A photon is described as a particle - how can a photon exist on its own, travel in space and even push ...
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306 views

How much energy does a powerlifter need to perform a session of squats?

So I started the math myself and I'm hoping someone can look this over and improve on my idea. Let's say that a powerlifter performs the following sets of squats: % 1RM = lifted weight in percent ...
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65 views

Bending of a pipe filled with sand

There is this industrial pipe made out of steel that is 1 meter in diameter and 6 meters long (and volume 4,71 cubic meters). The thickness of the pipe "wall" is 4 centimeter. The pipe is filled ...
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147 views

Effective masses for different direction

Assume we have an indirect semiconductor where the effective mass becomes anisotropic in different directions. Usually, one talks about a mass in parallel and perpendicular direction referring to ...
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193 views

Reduced mass and harmonic mean

In two-body problems, a reduced mass has the form: $\frac{m_1 m_2}{m_1+m_2}$, which by appearance, is half of the harmonic mean of $m_1$ and $m_2$: $\displaystyle\frac{2}{\frac{1}{m_1}+\frac{1}{m_2}...
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349 views

Is inertia actually a property of the force rather than the mass?

I ask this because it occurred to me that the inertial property of mass only actually arises in the context of forces (such as the EM force) as a resistance to their accelerating effect. Inertia plays ...
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43 views

Calculating size/weight of the base of a banner to withstand wind load [duplicate]

I want to build what is essentially a banner - a rectangular piece of fabric that will be mounted to a stand and displayed vertically. This object will be outdoors, so the most important factor in it ...
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97 views

Mass eigenstate of neutrinos [duplicate]

Isn't mass a fixed and an intrinsic property of a particle? How can we talk about eigenstates of the mass in the context of neutrinos?
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1answer
80 views

Why is there no massless spin 1/2 particles with charge? Is there any underlying theory? [duplicate]

Whether any massless spin 1/2 particles cannot have charge? If so, why?
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153 views

If a photon is a boson and has spin 1, shouldn't it have 3 spin orientations since spin 1 is a triplet? [duplicate]

I've gotten used to the fact that a spin can be described by its total spin and its $z$-component. And I've learned that a particle (really, anything) with spin 1 forms a triplet with three possible ...
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39 views

Differentiating between mass number (A) and activity (A) in a nomenclature/glossary [closed]

I'm not sure if this is the best place to ask this question, but as it's related to the terminology of nuclear physics I thought it would probably be a logical place to start. I'm currently writing ...
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161 views

Are there any good references on the “gravitational” curvature of spacetime of a moving mass being distorted due to special relativity?

In this Wikipedia paragraph suggesting an explanation for the phenomenon of inertia, it claims: Another physicist, Vern Smalley, has derived the Lorentz transformation for mass by assuming that ...
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290 views

Forces, Incline, and Mass

A farm tractor tows a $3900 kg$ trailer up a $16^\circ$ incline with a steady speed of $3.0 m/s$. What force does the tractor exert on the trailer? (Ignore friction.) I am having trouble ...
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241 views

Where does mass come from? [duplicate]

I've read material claiming it comes from the Higgs boson fails while others claim it is from the tensions of quarks in the gluon field... I am only a 15 year old kid in high school so please "dumb it ...
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2answers
28k views

Pendulum period of different masses [duplicate]

Why does a larger mass in a pendulum have the same period as a lighter mass? i know it has something to do with gravity and length but how can this be explained in depth? like for example the galileo'...
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101 views

Masses of all the particles in the Standard Theory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If photons have no mass, how can they have momentum? I'm sure this question has been asked here before but I wasn't able to find it clearly answered in one q/a session. I'm ...
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525 views

Where are the centers of mass for a baseball bat vs. a cricket bat?

My friend and I were comparing the rightness of a cricket bat versus a baseball bat for general violence purposes. (Eg, rioting.) Where are the centers of mass for these two instruments? Which would ...
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3answers
93 views

Mass has the same value in all inertial reference frames?

Is mass the same in all inertial frames? If it is, why is that? If not, can you also explain?
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68 views

Conditions for the tension to vary in the rope

What are the conditions for the tension to vary in the rope. I have read below conditions 1. rope has to have some mass 2. rope is accelerating I get the 1st one,...
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63 views

Can 3 objects be collinear?

Suppose there are 3 objects floating in some space, without anything else besides this 3 objects. Is there any way for them to end up collinear at any given moment (assuming they start at completely ...
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65 views

Question regarding the mass of an alpha particle when travelling at a speed approaching the speed of light [duplicate]

The speed of an Alpha particle is: 10^7 m/s. This is a speed approaching the speed of light. hence, should the (relativitic) mass of the Alpha particle vary?
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4answers
5k views

Why do objects fall at the same acceleration?

I read these two posts and now I am more confused. Do heavier objects fall faster? Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? I was going to ask: if mass ...
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3answers
81 views

What are the six quark mass values when extrapolated to Planck energy?

Let us assume that the standard model is correct up to Planck mass. (Yes, I know, this is a big assumption.) If we continue the running of quark masses with energy (due to renormalization), what are ...
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91 views

How do Higgs field provide mass to other particles? [closed]

I know this question has been posted so many times here but still I have some confusions about Higgs mechanism. I watched some videos relating to Higgs mechanism and they says the Higgs field provide ...
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2answers
2k views

How can individual photons have different amounts of energy?

If photon is an elementary particle, how can different photons have different energy, if $E=mc^2$ and all photons have (or don't have) the same mass and the speed of photon is constant shouldn't it ...
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3answers
485 views

What is the use (/ meaning) of $F =ma$? [closed]

I have noticed that Euler's formula for force is useful with a couple of natural forces (at distance), like gravity, that can follow a body any length. If you consider the most common occurrences of ...
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4answers
210 views

Why do we say that photons are particles? [closed]

This question may appear stupid but I really do have to understand. Maybe it's just semantic and nothing else. Why do we say that photons are (elementary) particles? They are pure radiation, since ...
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4answers
21k views

Why is force described as rate of change of momentum? [closed]

momentum = mass * velocity Differentiating both sides leads to force = mass * acceleration since the mass doesn't participate in the differentiation as it is constant. Is this a sound ...
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5answers
275 views

The speed limit is with respect to what?

As I understand, an object with mass cannot reach the speed of light because its (relativistic) mass increases "exponentially" as it approaches light speed. So there is a relation between mass and ...
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3answers
361 views

Which is the right electron mass?

When particles mass can be changed by changing the website, then how to calculate with confidence? For example: Google: electron mass = 9.10938 188 × 10$^-31$ kilograms Wikipedia: electron mass 9....
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152 views

The relation between mass and speed

Massless particles (or luxons) have no (rest) mass ($m = 0$) and a speed equal to the speed of light ($v = c$). Massive particles (or bradyons) have mass ($m > 0$) and a speed lower than the speed ...
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138 views

How can you explain objects of unequal masses falling at the same rate using GR?

Isn't gravity caused by the curvature of space-time, and the stronger it's curved the stronger the attraction? it makes more sense to me that if a heavier object is falling on earth it would fall ...
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4answers
164 views

Units about weight

We know that weight is measured in Newtons. Since, $weight= mass\times gravity$. What will be the units of Newton? Will that be $N = kg\times g$ ? But we always measure our weight using the unit $kg$! ...
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126 views

Did the mass of the electrons went infinite in the experiment done by William Bertozzi in the 1960s?

it is impossible to accelerate a particle to a speed greater than c, no matter how much kinetic energy we give it In an experiment published in 1964, electrons were accelerated to a large voltage ...
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104 views

Is a blackhole just a neutrino with much more mass?

If there was a blackhole that had a mass similar to that of a neutrino ($0.320 ± 0.081\,\mathrm{eV/c^2}$), would we still be able to differentiate the blackhole from the neutrino? Is there any ...
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160 views

How is mass conserved when a muon decays?

A small disclaimer: I am a layperson and not a formal student of physics so forgive any glaring stupidity betrayed in the nature of the question. A muon is supposed to always decay into an electron ...