The special-relativistic relation connecting energy with (rest) mass, $ E^2 - (m c^2)^2= (pc)^2 $. May be used to provide accounting constraints in energy and momentum, both conserved in total, even in reactions where m is not. Use for all manifestations or consequences of the relation.

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155 views

Doubts regarding Einstein's 1905 derivation of mass-energy equivalence

This is a follow up on this question. In his [paper][2] under the title:Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy-content, Einstein drives the famous $E=mc^2$ equation. His argument can be ...
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110 views

Does gravitational waves add mass to black hole?

Due to the recent discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO I was wondering suppose a black hole stood between a gravitational wave then due to the fact that black hole can attract every thing then ...
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1answer
50 views

Can a High Enough Temperature Create a Black Hole?

My very basic understanding of GR leads me to think that if a substance has a high enough temperature, it can transform into a black hole without a mass required to create a black hole. The equation ...
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1answer
44 views

Could the rest mass be somehow considered as a very exotic kind of kinetic energy?

In its rest frame a free system of invariant mass $m$ has energy $E=mc^{2}$. That frame is moving in spacetime with a four-velocity whose magnitude is $c$. Inside my brain something asks: Would ...
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205 views

Energy Conversion from Mass to Gravitational Wave

How is mass converted to gravitational wave energy by inspiralling binary black holes? Is the gravitational wave energy coming purely from the kinetic energy/gravitational potential of the two black ...
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31 views

What would the (simplified) formula for the gravity assist look like if mass were introduced as one of the variables?

The (simplified for laymen) formula for calculating the velocity a probe would gain via the flyby of a planet is: The Resulting Velocity of the Probe Relative to the Sun = v + 2U ... where v is ...
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48 views

determine the mass of ice that melts during the impact

During a storm, a mass $m = 2 g$ hailstone falls to the ground. Its speed just before coming to ground is $v = 18 m / s$. its speed just after is zero. Assume that the hailstone is pure ice, the ...
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151 views

How many orders of magnitude in energy spans the Standard Model phenomenological spectrum?

I am wondering if it makes sense to state that the upper limit is roughly 1012 eV (up to know the physics probed by the LHC seems to be pretty consistent with the SM) and the lower one is ... the ...
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42 views

What is the difference between Breit-Wigner mass and pole mass in PDG?

In Review of Particle Physics 2014, page 81, in the baryon summary table, there are usually noticeable differences between Re(pole position) and Breit-Wigner mass, for example, for $N(1440)$, $M_{BW}=...
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94 views

Gravitational mass defect

In nuclear physics we have a mass defect by the binding energy of the nuclides. A similar effect appears in the theory of gravitation induced by the gravitational binding energy, which reduces the ...
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187 views

What is the difference between mass defect and mass deficit?

Is there any difference between the mass defect and the mass deficit? I have read that the mass defect of a nuclide is never negative and have also been told that the mass defect is the same as the ...
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0answers
266 views

Mirror nuclei: accounting for the difference in mass between nuclei

I was wondering if anyone here could guide me in the right direction with respect to the following problem: Two nuclei are considered mirror nuclei if interchanging the neutrons and protons turns ...
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20 views

Relativistic Mass and Potential Energy

In the chapter 16–4 of the Feynman Lectures, Feynman employs a thought experiment to explain why "if two particles come together and produce potential or any other form of energy; if the pieces are ...
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52 views

Does the analogous saying: “matter is essentially 'condensed' energy” have any merit?

Einstein in his derivation of special relativity came upon the equivalence of energy and matter, and given the right circumstances, the relation can go either way - matter can become energy, and ...
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39 views

Is there a relation between time dilation and (relativistic) mass increase?

I noticed that what once called relativistic mass increase and now is called energy increase is ruled by the same formula the Lorenz factor of time dilation? The formula is too particular to suggest ...
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0answers
33 views

Does vehicle tire mass effect efficiency?

This question has an interesting origin: A tire salesman was recommending tires (aka tyres) for a highly fuel-efficient vehicle. He said the vehicle was light (compared to most production cars), and ...
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20 views

What proportion of the mass of the objects that are at rest on earth comes from the motion of earth in space?

According to energy mass equivalence, an addition in kinetic energy always translate into an addition in mass. My question is: What proportion of the mass of the objects that are at rest on earth ...
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85 views

How to find specific volume of air beyond normal Psychrometric table

During a calculation of direct-heat dryer, I have ended up with following situation. Inlet temperature of solid TS1 = 35.5 oC Inlet temperature of air TG2 = 615.0 ...
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131 views

What is the ratio of mass to energy in the universe?

"Stuff" exists either in the shape of mass or energy. Can one estimate the ratio of energy to mass in the universe? What shapes does energy exist in, maybe photons or molecular vibrations? Does mass ...
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70 views

What is the “momentum” referred to in the energy-momentum tensor

What is the "momentum" referred to in the energy momentum tensor from GR? Is it $m\dot{x}$ or is it the canonical momentum $\frac{d}{dt} \left(\frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot{x}}\right)$ Also, I ...
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119 views

What causes there to be an offset between the light lensing through the space neighboring galaxy clusters and the galaxy clusters themselves?

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/01/musket-ball-dark-force/ The reason this is strange is that dark matter is thought to barely interact with itself. The dark matter should just coast ...
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45 views

How to work out a black hole radius if you know its density

How would you work out the size of the Schwarzschild radius knowing the energy density of a black hole?