The special-relativistic relation connecting energy with (rest) mass, $ E^2 - (m c^2)^2= (pc)^2 $. May be used to provide accounting constraints in energy and momentum, both conserved in total, even in reactions where m is not. Use for all manifestations or consequences of the relation.

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4
votes
1answer
123 views

Does gravitational waves add mass to black hole?

Due to the recent discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO I was wondering suppose a black hole stood between a gravitational wave then due to the fact that black hole can attract every thing then ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Black Hole mass

Where is the material that has past the event horizon of a black hole stored/kept? Does it become pure energy once it passes the event horizon? Does the singularity at the center of the black hole ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

As electron is accelerated nearly to the speed of light what would occur? [closed]

What would occur if an electron at rest was accelerated nearly to the speed of light? Would the photons emitted by the electron approach a gamma wave photon as it approached the speed of light, or ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

What is the mass density distribution of a Schwarzchild black hole?

According to Schwarzschild metric the density element $$ \frac{\mathrm dm}{\mathrm dV} $$ becomes infinite on the event horizon if there is mass $$ \mathrm dm > 0 $$very near at the outside of ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Can we work out how fast we are traveling by looking at our mass?

If we (the galaxy) were traveling close to the speed of light; relativity says we would need proportionally more energy to go faster. Given that relative to the cosmic microwave background, the Local ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Is there energy output when mass moves between two spacetimes [closed]

Is there energy output when mass $m$ moves between two spacetimes? Say, it starts in a flat spacetime and then falls into a black hole (other examples don't come to mind, but this doesn't mean they ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Does a gluon have mass or not?

I was under the impression that gluons had no mass. Then Wikipedia throws this curveball: Mass: 0 (theoretical value) < 0.0002 eV/c2 (experimental limit) Which one should a poor ...
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

If mass and energy are same what will be the equivalent of a homogeneous ball in terms of energy? [closed]

We can observe an object with mass as it has a well defined boundary but it is not the same with energy. What may happen to the information or data that exists with an object and is needed to ...
19
votes
6answers
2k views

Why does matter/antimatter only produce gamma rays?

According to wikipedia, all antimatter annihilation produces gamma rays (along with potentially other elements). Why specifically Gamma rays? Why not electromagnetic waves of other wavelength?
1
vote
2answers
577 views

Why doesn't Beta Decay violate the laws of physics?

In Beta decay, a neutron decays into a proton, and "throws out" an electron at high speed. However, this, to me, suggests that the law of conservation of mass is not being kept here. Neutrons have a ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Can light change the shape of a black hole?

If light orbits a black hole without ever getting closer or further from it, and the black hole pulls on the light from all directions nearly simultaneously, does the black hole extend at its equator? ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Black Hole: mass density or energy density? [closed]

Recently, I read a quora post in which the OP asked the following question: Can a black hole be formed from accelerating a body and increasing its relativistic mass to the level of a Schwarzschild ...
6
votes
3answers
63 views

Weight loss of a flashlight due to light emission

I watched this video. At one point, the man explains how a flashlight loses some mass due to light emission when turned on. OK, I get that. Then he talks about a different situation, where the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Source of energy for infinite expansion

I read in several sources that matter, dark matter & dark energy contributes 5%, 26% and 69% of the known universe. Also, I read in a slide deck about Big Bang theory on nobelprize.org that total ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Why can't a nucleus become a black hole?

A nucleus is very small and very dense. Its density is approximately $2.3 \times 10^{17}~\mathrm{kg/m^3}.$ So why can't a nucleus itself become a black hole?
4
votes
3answers
345 views

Why Do Glueballs Have Mass, When Individual Gluons Are Massless?

From Wikipedia Glueballs Glueballs are predicted by quantum chromodynamics to be massive, notwithstanding the fact that gluons themselves have zero rest mass in the Standard Model. Glueballs with ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How did physicists conclude that 98% of mass is due to the strong force?

On a video on YouTube called 'weak and strong nuclear force (9/15)' at 0:55 a scientist said that 98% of mass is due to the strong force.
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

what mph of wind would it take [closed]

a 3 foot 2x4 on a 10 degree slant end to end laying on a hard surface. The 2x4 weight is 3.63 pounds . What mile per hour of wind would it take to move the 2x4 completely off the surface. Lets also ...
4
votes
3answers
122 views

Does a planet/star itself lose mass when it 'emits' gravitational waves?

Orbiting planets and stars can create gravitational waves, as seen with the LIGO. But are they also losing mass-energy. Beside that, the kinetic energy associated with their orbital angular momentum ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Fast moving black hole with low rest mass [duplicate]

Sorry for probably very stupid questions but.. If the massive body with small mass (one of the twins, for example) accelerates until the speed close to the speed of light, the mass of this body as ...
-3
votes
2answers
54 views

Why does c^2 appear in E=mc^2? [closed]

I always wondered what relevance the speed of light has in a formula that describes the relationship between energy and mass. I always think of c as a line/vector, and c^2 as a plane, but that does ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is critical mass of fissile material the same in gravitational fields with different force?

Let's take plutonium-239 for example. $10\, Kg$ (sphere $9.9\, cm$) need for a nuclear reaction. Are we talking about these numbers in Earth environment with $\approx 9.8\, m/s^2$ gravitational ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Creating matter from energy

I know this is simplistic but can we surmise that is it theoretically possible to reverse the process of a burnt out matchstick (with a lot more energy) and recreate "the match stick matter"? Sorry,...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is mass relative? [duplicate]

This question has to do with the relativistic mass of an object. I have been reading that as energy increases, so does mass to a much lesser extent, and that this applies to kinetic energy as well. ...
11
votes
12answers
2k views

Is the distance between the Sun and the Earth increasing?

M = mass of the Sun m = mass of the Earth r = distance between the Earth and the Sun The sun is converting mass into energy by nuclear fusion. $F = \frac{GMm}{r^2} = \frac{mv^2}{r} \rightarrow r =...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Gravitational force between Earth and Sun is decreasing

According to one of the most famous equations in physics, i.e. $E=mc^2$, the mass of the Sun is decreasing as it emits energy. So there must be some kind of disturbance in planetary orbits, and if ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Why isn't mass still being created in the universe? [closed]

I was watching a lecture by Alan Guth and wished I was in the classroom to be able to ask a question. He explained that the total energy in the universe could be very close to zero since mass and ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Is a puffy object heavier than a contracted object?

From here, I know the spring becomes heavier when potential energy stores in it , how about gravitional potential energy? Is the case similar?consider a puffy object, eg, a gas giant, when it ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Could I make a machine that runs on dirt?

This may sound really stupid, but all matter can be converted into energy. So couldn't it be possible to build like an engine that you'd fill up with dirt and it would run. I understand they're would ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

If matter cannot be destroyed, does that mean that these particles are created somewhere else after breakdown but in the particles original shape?

In the electron collider, after the breakdown into smaller particles, these particles last for a fraction of a second, and then they disappear. My question is: If matter cannot be destroyed, does ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Does the analogous saying: “matter is essentially 'condensed' energy” have any merit?

Einstein in his derivation of special relativity came upon the equivalence of energy and matter, and given the right circumstances, the relation can go either way - matter can become energy, and ...
-5
votes
4answers
247 views

Does $E=mc^2$ mean that an object with mass $m$ travels at the speed of light in empty space? [closed]

I cannot wrap my head around this (Im new to physics), and this concept is troubling me. I think no, but im not sure why?
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Difference between KE “relativistic” mass and heat mass

I have been told in several answers that the term "relativistic mass" is no longer considered adequate wrt. the mass/energy increase in KE. Yet, I read that 1 Kg of gold's mass ingreases by 10^-14 Kg ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Is an extended spring gain mass from potential energy? [duplicate]

Is it true that when a spring is extended, potential energy is stored in spring and result in gain of mass of the spring?
-3
votes
1answer
51 views

Which one of these energy formulas is correct? [closed]

Which one of the following formulas is correct? What do they mean/represent? How are they used? $E=mc^2$ $E^2=m^2c^4+p^2c^2$ $E=\frac{mc^2}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}$
-3
votes
1answer
62 views

Why can´t we call the energy released after the annihilation of a particle and its antiparticle `pure` energy? [closed]

As a particle and its antiparticle annihilate each other a huge amount of energy is released, and no mass is left. This energy always comes in the form of force mediating particles (photons, gluons). ...
-3
votes
3answers
121 views

Composition of energy of electron? [closed]

Mass energy of electron is 0.510 998 9461MeV/ c2 1) Does it include energy of electron due to electric field too? 2) If yes, how much? I am more interested in second part. Links:Here John Rennie ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Why is it that light bends towards gravity when it has no mass at all? [duplicate]

Why is it that light bends towards gravity when it has no mass at all? Is it because of how gravity behaves as mentioned in general relativity? As far as I know, light cannot escape from black holes, ...
69
votes
1answer
2k views

Does the 4/3 problem of classical electromagnetism remain in quantum mechanics?

In Volume II Chapter 28 of the Feymann Lectures on Physics, Feynman discusses the infamous 4/3 problem of classical electromagnetism. Suppose you have a charged particle of radius $a$ and charge $q$ (...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Does a box containing photons have more inertia than an empty box?

A box containing photons gravitates more strongly than an empty box, and thus the equivalence principle dictates that a box containing photons has more inertia than an empty box. The inescapable ...
-6
votes
1answer
50 views

Can we produce energy from pure substance having considerable mass? [closed]

According to Einstein's formula, $E=mc^2$. Any substance which has mass can be converted into energy or energy is also existing in the form of mass. So I am very much interested to build a machine ...
-7
votes
1answer
131 views

If E= hv then E= mc2 then h=mc2/v! [closed]

E= pc (1) = hv (2), p= mc (3) From (1) and (2): c= hv/p (4) We put (4) in (3): p=hv/p.m => p2=hvm (5) If we use E=hv in (5) we will get: E= p2/m (6) We use (3) in (6) we will get: E= mc2 From ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Can a High Enough Temperature Create a Black Hole?

My very basic understanding of GR leads me to think that if a substance has a high enough temperature, it can transform into a black hole without a mass required to create a black hole. The equation ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Rainbow Black Hole [closed]

In the photon sphere of a black hole the photons are being trapped in orbit, pulled in and trajectories changed. From a safe distance should we see color from the entire spectrum if light in the ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Why does two masses with energy attract each other?

I have heard that every mass attract another mass with a force directly proportional to the multiplication of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of distance between them, but newton ...
33
votes
4answers
6k views

If a 1kg mass was accelerated close to the speed of light would it turn into a black hole?

I'm a big fan of the podcast Astronomy Cast and a while back I was listening to a Q&A episode they did. A listener sent in a question that I found fascinating and have been wondering about ever ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Relativistic Mass and Potential Energy

In the chapter 16–4 of the Feynman Lectures, Feynman employs a thought experiment to explain why "if two particles come together and produce potential or any other form of energy; if the pieces are ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Am I just some energy traveled at light speed? [closed]

I don't understand $E=mc^2$ very well, and here is my question: Does this equation mean masses are just condensed energy? And does this mean that the extra energy an object has when traveling at ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Einsteins theory of relativity and formula of kinetic energy [duplicate]

After seeing both Einstein's theory of relativity ($E=mc^2$) and the formula of kinetic energy (K.E=$\frac{mv^2}{2}$), I noticed that that they are mostly the same, with the only difference that ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

What does energy represent in $E= mc^2$?

Due to energy-mass equivalence, any object with mass can be said to have a corresponding amount of energy. So in a 5kg object there are 450,000,000,000 joules. A joule as I understand it is the ...