The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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38 views

Are black holes an infinite source of energy?

Black holes are considered particularities because in a determined point in time they are pointless, as consequence there are some mass in a null space so the density become infinite. Finally if ...
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1answer
56 views

Deriving the Lorentz factor

Recently, I learned how to derive E = mc^2. However, to do so, one must accept the relativistic mass equation. How does one derive this?
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1answer
33 views

Metric in Lagrangian and the minimum total potential energy principle

I was wondering why physical systems "like" to go to the minimum of potential energy and I found this question, that tries to justify the minumum total potential energy principle. I was also reading ...
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0answers
24 views

Interpretation of Mass Continuity Equation in MHD [duplicate]

I'm writing up my final-year dissertation and I'm required to give, as part of the introduction, an analysis of all the equations (and their terms) of which I use. Embarrassingly, whilst of course ...
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1answer
51 views

Could gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves/light be the same thing? [duplicate]

They travel at the same speed, why? Maybe they are the same thing, but seen from different perspectives.
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1answer
40 views

Smallest Black hole nessesary to devour Earth?

While looking into black holes I can across the idea of hawking radiation, and the fact that microscopic black holes would near instantaneously evaporate before doing any damage. However larger black ...
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5answers
6k views

Why is the prospective new kilogram standard a sphere?

I can understand the choice of material, silicon 28, but why is it a sphere rather than (say) a cube? Article here I would have thought that a sphere would have been the hardest shape to machine ...
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1answer
39 views

How much mass is typically ejected from a supernova?

How much mass is released from a supernova of a 15 solar-mass star? 20? 25? What is the relation between star mass and mass ejected?
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0answers
37 views

What happens to the d/dr term of the continuity equation in cylindrical coordinates?

The derivation of the continuity equation in cyclindrical coordinates should look like this, $$ \dfrac{dm_{cv}}{dt}=\sum \dot{m}_{in} - \sum \dot{m}_{out} $$ where $$ m_{cv} = \rho r ...
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1answer
34 views

Is it possible to calculate the information content of matter? How?

I know the Bekestein bound is the upper bound for the information content of a region of space, but is it possible to actually calculate that information content (number of bits, not the bits ...
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1answer
57 views

Real-world evidence that non-massive entities (or even: antiparticles), and their behaviors, are sources of gravity?

The theory of general relativity tells us that non-massive entities, and their behaviors, are possible sources of gravity. Mass isn't needed, the theory says. What's the real-world evidence that ...
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0answers
28 views

Derivation of natural frequency of free vibration equation [duplicate]

How can the equation for the natural frequency of free vibration of a mass-pulley system be derived from $F=ma$? Is this possible?
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0answers
23 views

How can I compare magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets?

I want to compare the magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets. Let, for example be ceramic/samarium-cobalt/alnico/steel/neodymium magnets. Questions: What units should I compare for ...
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1answer
63 views

Heuristics for the Hawking mass

I have the following definition of Hawking Mass. Given a spacelike 2-surface $S$ embedded in a 3+1-dimensional Lorentzian Manifold $L$, $$ M(S) := \sqrt{ \frac{\text{Area}(S)}{16 \pi}} \left(1- \frac ...
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1answer
52 views

Wouldn't dark matter throw off the calculation of Earth's 'light' mass and estimates of its composition?

The Cavendish experiment first determined the mass of the Earth and (arguably) the gravitational constant. However, given the ubiquitous nature of dark matter, it seems reasonable that at least some ...
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1answer
27 views

Spring pulled with one end fixed [closed]

As the title says, if one end of a spring of mass $m$ is fixed to say, a wall, and the other one is pulled at a constant velocity $v$ by some external agent, we have to find the kinetic energy of the ...
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2answers
66 views

Is there any gravitational force between two stationary neutrinos, a billion light years apart?

Gravity is supposed to act over an infinite distance. But if the force is very weak (due to low masses) and the distance is very far, is the force actually 0? Or is the force so low that it is ...
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1answer
53 views

Why do massive force carriers result in short range forces

I've been reading the answers to a few questions relating to force carrier particles, and it has been mentioned that massive force carriers always result in short-range forces, while massless carrier ...
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0answers
41 views

Total Mass in Universe [duplicate]

Currently (2015), what is the total mass of the universe? How can we say with mathematical certainty that 69% is dark energy; 25% is dark matter; 5% is atomic matter; and 1% is neutrino, photon, and ...
2
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2answers
104 views

Motivation for Negative Mass

Lately I've been reading a little bit (mostly here and on Wikipedia) about exotic matter, particularly matter with a negative mass. This question appears to be the original question on the site of the ...
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1answer
32 views

How to find the centre of mass of 3 masses (astronauts and a rock) connected by a rope

To be more specific on the problem, a 50kg astronaut, an 80kg astronaut and a 20kg rock are tied together by a light rope during a space walk. I am asked to find the center of mass. Now, I've chosen ...
2
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1answer
44 views

How can I determine the pound-force behind a punch?

I am a martial arts instructor always looking for the next best way to enhance the performance of my students. However, I'm having difficulty understanding how to determine the pound-force (ibf) of a ...
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1answer
53 views

Particle with 1 GeV mass?

I know a proton as a mass of 0.938 GeV also neutron at 0.939. But I was wondering if there is anything with a measured mass of 1 GeV? Or, whether a proton can have a mass of 1 GeV within a system (as ...
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0answers
22 views

equilibrium pulley system [duplicate]

the question asks what mass i need for m1 to be in static equilibrium while m2 is given as 60kg. im not sure first of all if that means the two masses have to be equal in length balanced. secondly, ...
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1answer
25 views

Will all the mass collapse in one place?

Will the stars, planets and everything in the universe collapse due to the gravity? Or does the constant expansion of the universe break that idea ? What will happen with the energy?
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1answer
73 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
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2answers
75 views

What is the fastest speed that a massive object can travel at? [duplicate]

What is the fastest speed (in miles per hour) that a massive object can travel at? I have heard that an object can travel at the speed of light, but I've also heard that massive objects cannot travel ...
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1answer
72 views

Is it possible to have a black hole in empty space?

If the escape velocity of two very massive objects is near the speed of light, and those objects are orbiting each other (let's ignore the Roche limit for this exercise), is it possible that the ...
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0answers
29 views

An interesting question on the mass of a droplet of liquid experiencing the Leidenfrost Effect

Background and Inspiration: I have seen numerous demonstrations of the leidenfrost effect, both on the internet and in my mother's kitchen. But I started wondering about a general case after having a ...
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5answers
2k views

Why aren't all black holes the same “size”?

The center of a black hole is a singularity. By definition, a singularity has infinite density. So how can a black hole with a different mass or density be described?
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1answer
50 views

Is my calcualtion from the mass of a photon right? [closed]

The Mass off a Photon The right format can be found here: Photon E = hv E = mc2 E = av (amplitude, frequency) m = hv/c2 Mass = movement of electromagnetic fields Planck’s constant = electromagnetic ...
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0answers
23 views

Dynamic mass or static mass?

I am testing a cantilever beam assuming it as a single degree of freedom system, therefore it can be described by the equation $$m_d \ddot{y}(d) + c_d \dot{y}(d) + k_d y(d) = p(t) $$ Where $d$ is ...
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0answers
32 views

Mass-velocity-relation for tachyon

Suppose that $m = \gamma m_0$ with $$\gamma = \left(1-\frac{u^2}{c^2}\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$$ is valid for tachyons, where $m$ is the mass of the tachyon and $u$ its velocity. Since $u>c$, the rest ...
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0answers
46 views

How can spacetime affect massless entities? [duplicate]

Why is light affected and "bent" by spacetime if it has no mass or density?
2
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2answers
57 views

Why are the neutron and proton masses nearly equal? [duplicate]

The neutron to proton mass ratio is nearly one. Is there some fundamental reason from this or this simply a coincidence?
2
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2answers
222 views

Why are heavy things harder to lift?

According to multiple websites, any object in free-fall (no air resistance) on earth will accelerate towards the Earth at 9.8 m/s. If all objects fall towards the Earth at the same rate, regardless of ...
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1answer
70 views

How can we prove simply that acceleration for every freely falling body is equal to $g$? [duplicate]

If I allow two bodies of different masses to fall freely from same height towards the earth, how can I prove that the acceleration produced in both was constant and equal to gravity.
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2answers
44 views

Can mass be uncertain?

If you can have uncertainty in momentum, then wouldn't you have uncertainty in mass and velocity? Why can't mass be uncertain?
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2answers
54 views

How fast does an object have to be going to turn into energy [closed]

Albert Einstein's equation, $E=mc^2$, says that an object has to be going at the speed of light squared to turn into energy. How fast would this be in miles per hour?
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0answers
18 views

Why do we use $i\tau^2\Phi^*$ in standard model Yukawa terms? [duplicate]

If we for example only look at the first family of quarks, the Yukawa terms in the standard model are (ignoring the prefactors) $$ ...
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1answer
35 views

Mass spring system, elongation of the spring [closed]

Is it possible to calculate the elongation of a spring with only the length of the spring, a spring constant and the mass that is attached to the spring?
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0answers
36 views

What's wrong with this calculation of the center of mass of a triangle?

Find the center of mass $(x_G,y_G)$ of a homogeneous triangle of mass $m$. Divide it into infinitesimal rectangles of width $dy$, length $x$, mass $dm$ and area $dA$. We have $d A = x dy $ ...
2
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3answers
333 views

Can a cubic meter of space at absolute zero have any object with mass inside?

I ask this question because, I have seen many places where they say the average temperature of the universe is some 2 degrees K and this somehow relates to mass present within a given volume of space. ...
0
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1answer
60 views

What are the effects of increased mass on persons traveling at near light speed?

It's been a long time since I studied physics (and then only very superficially), so please bear with my gross naivete. This question's been running around in my head for about two weeks now, and I ...
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1answer
50 views

Relation between gauge symmetry and mass difference

Usually (like in Georgi's Lie Algebra book) people argue the reason why Gellmann $SU(3)$ flavor symmetry (u,d,s) can't extend to $SU(4)$ (u,d,c,s) or higher flavour symmetry is the their mass ...
2
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3answers
145 views

Uniqueness or multiplicity of ADM masses for spacetime manifolds with more than one “end”?

The question is: What is the mathematical and/or physical basis for saying that a (static) spacetime manifold with more than one asymptotically flat region at infinity ("end") has a distinct ...
2
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3answers
67 views

Finding the center of gravity of an object that does not have equal distribution of mass

NOTICE: I have very limited knowledge of physics so try not to confuse me, though I know it is inevitable. Say I have a grid of squares, where a □ has 1g of mass, while a ■ has 5g of mass. If I ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the total matter equivalent of the Sun's output per year?

Say we can collect all the energy from the sun's output and all the particles from the solar wind. If we had an energy to mass converter and turned everything into say, carbon, how many kilograms of ...
3
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2answers
84 views

What would be the photon's effective mass in Newton's Law of Gravitation?

If we equalize the force from the Newton's Law of Gravitation to Force on a photon in a gravitional field (I don't know if there is an equation for it). What would be the photon's effective mass? (I ...
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1answer
37 views

Is anything without mass an EM wave?

For the longest time I thought the distinction between matter wave and other types of wave is the non-relativist mass of the "thing" under discussion. Photons are EM wave, electrons are matter waves. ...