The property of an object that determines how much it responds to a force in Newtonian mechanics, and how much it interacts with gravity in the Newtonian framework. Mass also refers to the intrinsic energy of a particle in particle physics.

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63 views

Do massive particles exchange Higgs bosons?

Do massive particles exchange virtual Higgs bosons between themselves? If they do does the resulting Higgs force decay exponentially with distance?
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56 views

Why isn't jumping against a wall an elastic collision?

According to this calculator http://www.abecedarical.com/javascript/script_collision1d.html when low mass object hits high mass object it is reflected gaining opposite velocity almost the same as ...
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2answers
47 views

Why do the $1/2$ factor appear in the Majorana mass Lagrangian?

In case of Dirac neutrino there is no $1/2$ factor in the mass Lagrangian but for Majorana type neutrino there is a half factor in the mass Lagrangian.
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1answer
54 views

How do gauginos and scalars gain masses after gauge-mediated symmetry breaking?

In the minimal-GMSB model, the messenger fields transform under the MSSM gauge group and connect a so-called hidden sector to the visible sector. These meesenger fields (left-handed chiral ...
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0answers
27 views

What is the mass to balance this pivot system with a pulley [closed]

How do I calculate Mass 2 for the following system to balance this system.. The brown lines represent a wooden frame which is not attached to the green block. Mass 1 is attached to rope which is ...
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1answer
79 views

Significance of angle in relativistic mass equation

I was playing with $$M=\frac{m_0}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}}$$ and when I put $v=c\sin\theta$, I got $$M=m_0\sec\theta.$$ And this new equation is appearing so beautiful and attracting to me that I was ...
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78 views

The FRW universe is NOT asymptotically flat? Its mass?

The Friedman-Robertson-Walker (FRW) metric in the comoving coordinates $(t,r,\theta,\varphi)$ which describes a homogeneous and isotropic universe is $$ ds^2\,= -dt^2+\frac{a(t)^2}{1-kr^2}\,dr^2 + ...
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1answer
49 views

Glashow-Weinberg-Salam mass terms

At the end of spontaneous symmetry breaking I get these mass terms: $$W_{\mu}^{\pm}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\bigl(W_{\mu}^{1} \mp i W_{\mu}^{2} \bigr )$$ $$\mathcal{L}_{mass}=\frac{1}{2} g^2 \frac{v^2}{4} ...
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1answer
47 views

Reduced mass and harmonic mean

In two-body problems, a reduced mass has the form: $\frac{m_1 m_2}{m_1+m_2}$, which by appearance, is half of the harmonic mean of $m_1$ and $m_2$: ...
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Which way does the scale tip?

I found the problem described in the attached picture on the internet. In the comment sections there were two opposing solutions. So it made me wonder which of those would be the actual solution. So ...
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1answer
79 views

Could the center of the combined mass of the entire galaxy change if there were no external forces acting on that galaxy?

Everything in the galaxy orbits the center of the combined mass of the entire galaxy. So could the center of the combined mass of the entire galaxy change if there were no external forces acting on ...
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3answers
82 views

How can gravity affect light?

I understand that a black hole bends the fabric of space time to a point that no object can escape. I understand that light travels in a straight line along spacetime unless distorted by gravity. If ...
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1answer
57 views

When you breath in a helium balloon, do you lose weight?

We all know the trick of breathing in a helium balloon to get a funny squeaky voice! When you do this, would it be correct to say you lose weight? On the one hand, the helium should make you more ...
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2answers
56 views

Discrepancy ( or Confusion ) in the mass of photon

$E$ = $mc^2$ And also $E$ = $hf$ (f - frequency) And hence Einstein said $m$ = $hf\over c^2$ And so photons have mass But later he also said $M$ = $M_0\over \sqrt {1-v^2/c^2}$ Where if we put $v ...
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1answer
63 views

How muscle force work? [closed]

If muscle works with force on joint and joint works with exact force on muscle(newton III law) how can muscle drag much heavier weight than itself?
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3answers
80 views

Finding the mass of pure matter [closed]

How would I find the mass of "pure" matter, that is, non-quantized matter, for a given volume?Let's say I have a volume equal to 1 meter squared, and I completely filled it up with matter - that is, ...
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2answers
314 views

Why should mass be attractive in nature?

Why does a mass attract all the masses around it? Why should't it repel or just stay calm? Why should it be like that?
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1answer
45 views

Coupled Spring System (3 mass 3 springs)

Hello I am having trouble trying to find the correct model for this coupled spring system. The scenario is the following we have: Ceiling - Spring - Mass(1) - Spring(2) - Mass(2) - Spring (3) - ...
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1answer
95 views

Mass term in the Lagrangian

I have read that the mass term appearing in the electroweak Lagrangian stops it (the Lagrangian) from becoming gauge invariance. Can someone explain where and why this term is creating the problem?
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2answers
73 views

Higgs field and masses of particles

Interaction of particle with Higgs field provides mass to the particles, then why still some particles are massless?
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0answers
18 views

Could symmetric molecular stretching cause a physical object to become amorphous? [closed]

I understand very little of this, but my google-foo has yielded me next to nothing, I thought I might then just ask. My real question here is if it might be possible through the use of vibration to ...
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1answer
77 views

If virtual particles have negative mass why do they contribute positive mass to atoms?

According to Lawrence Krauss, atoms containing in our body consists of merely 10% (if I remember correctly) of our total mass. The rest come from virtual particles popping in and out of existence from ...
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2answers
138 views

How can individual photons have different amounts of energy?

If photon is an elementary particle, how can different photons have different energy, if $E=mc^2$ and all photons have (or don't have) the same mass and the speed of photon is constant shouldn't it ...
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1answer
78 views

Does spin-0 or spin-2 describe massive or massless particles?

spin-0 is massive or massless? How does we separate the massive and massless degrees of freedom for spin-2? What is the partially massive?
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1answer
30 views

Why is the metric linearized to determine the mass spectrum of five dimensional Kaluza-Klein?

In this review about Kaluza-Klein theories, (page 1115) in order to determine the mass spectrum of the 5 dimensional theory the metric is expanded to first order. Why this? Why not retain the full ...
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2answers
73 views

Is the concept of rest mass correct?

Is the concept of rest mass correct? All these years, we (me, and my classmates of Undergraduate 1st Year) have been accustomed to the concept of rest-mass, and the relativistic transformation of ...
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3answers
102 views

Do massless particles follow the curved spacetime or not?

I am assuming that zero (rest) mass particles don't interact gravitationally with each other and other particles. Does that mean they experience a "flat" spacetime instead of a curved one? I find it a ...
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61 views

Mass of air inside air balloon

I have an exercise here with a solution. The basic outline of the problem is: Calculate the mass of air inside a hot air balloon, given the mass of the air balloon at rest is $m_b = ...
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0answers
39 views

If there turns out to be matter with negative mass, would there also be antimatter with negative mass?

I just heard of the concept of negative mass. Googling led me to see that the concept of negative mass is often contrasted with antimatter. This made me to wonder whether there would then also be a ...
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0answers
73 views

Is inertia actually a property of the force rather than the mass?

I ask this because it occurred to me that the inertial property of mass only actually arises in the context of forces (such as the EM force) as a resistance to their accelerating effect. Inertia plays ...
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5answers
239 views

Acceleration in $F=ma$

I tried to ask this question in Electrical Engineering Stackexchange but was told I was better asking here. Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the vector sum of the forces $\mathbf{F}$ on an ...
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2answers
82 views

Can matter be created from energy? [duplicate]

The small, hot, dense early universe the size of an atom was made up entirely of energy, it wasn't until after the expansion began and the universe cooled down some of that energy began converting ...
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1answer
72 views

Does distance traveled by a vehicle after its engine has been switched off depend on its mass at all?

A vehicle moving with some velocity on a rough horizontal road finally comes to rest after its engine has been turned off. Intuitively, it seems a vehicle with greater mass would stop first because it ...
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1answer
30 views

Force felt by capacitor mounted on printed circuit board

I have a printed circuit board with a surface mount electrolytic capacitor soldered to it. It has two spindly legs that hold up this can, so it can move back and forth on the legs' axis just slightly. ...
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1answer
54 views

Analogues of mass, space, or time? [closed]

I began wondering about this when working through this question: is there anything analogous to spacetime or matter? Both spacetime (note: most of what I know of about the concept of spacetime comes ...
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2answers
130 views

How can the Higgs Boson have a mass? [duplicate]

If the Higgs Boson is supposed to be the particle responsible for other particles having mass. How can it itself have a mass? Is it not then a 'who came first, the chicken or the egg' situation?
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1answer
48 views

Photon Mass Term in Schwinger's 2D QED Model

Why does the vacuum polarization in 2D massless Fermion QED, $$ i\Pi^{\mu\nu}(q) = i(\eta^{\mu\nu}-\frac{q^\mu q^\nu}{q^2})\frac{e^2}{\pi}, $$ have the structure of a photon mass term, as is ...
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1answer
99 views

Why is effective mass of holes positive?

i am trying to understand this. I know that the effective mass of electrons or holes is calculated as: $$m^* = \frac{h^2}{(4\pi^2)\frac{d^2E}{dk^2}}$$ Now,if i look at this plot for example: I ...
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2answers
53 views

Rotational behavior of objects in zero-g with forces [closed]

I would like to know how this object would rotate in free space out of curiosity. Below is a diagram of the object. It is of uniform density and has a center of mass in the center of the object, ...
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2answers
203 views

Inertial mass and gravitational mass of 5 dimensional stars

Consider the following metric which is 5 dimensional (2-parameter) spherically symmetric Kaluza-Klein solution ...
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2answers
42 views

Equilibrium: Inertia & Applied Force

Thank you for taking the time to read this. I am lay and will understand if the question is closed. My understanding is that in a vacuum, a constant force of $n$ applied to an object of mass $m$, ...
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1answer
38 views

Velocity change of objects

Is it possible for small object (small mass, let's say bullet) to hit large object (big mass, let's say rock) and still move forward (or stop) instead of being reflected (let's say objects don't crush ...
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1answer
27 views

The concept of center of mass behind dropping water from a faucet?

Water, dripping at a constant rate from a faucet, falls to the ground. At any instant there are many drops in the air between the faucet and the ground. Where does the center of mass of the ...
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0answers
54 views

Asymtotically flat spacetime applicable for spacetimes which are not diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^4$

I wanted to investigate changes on a compact 4-manifold $M$. More specifically it is the K3-surface. I follow a paper by Asselmeyer-Maluga from 2012. The idea there was to make sure that the manifold ...
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2answers
91 views

Relativity and the Higgs field

We know very well that as the velocity of an object increases, its relativistic mass also increases because of an increase in its energy which is directly equivalent to mass. We also know that the ...
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1answer
112 views

Why doesn't a wall move when you push it if there's space behind it?

In the first screen you can see that if a person were to push a wall within a typical household the wall would not move while keeping themselves tractioned to the floor. If you push hard and do not ...
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0answers
41 views

Calculating size/weight of the base of a banner to withstand wind load [duplicate]

I want to build what is essentially a banner - a rectangular piece of fabric that will be mounted to a stand and displayed vertically. This object will be outdoors, so the most important factor in it ...
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0answers
26 views

Maximum rail adhesion utlilization during vehicle towing

Ok Physics Stackexchange, I've got a question for you regarding maximum adhesion utilization regarding railway vehicles (a EMU, with distributed motorized axles to be more specific) during a special, ...
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4answers
2k views

Why do we need high energy to explore small dimensions?

I am taking a quantum physics class, and for the life of me, I can not remember why we would need a vast amount of energy to understand the microscopic universe.
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1answer
66 views

What is the density and energy of a photon?

As I understand, photons are considered mass-less, which is a necessary condition for moving at the speed of light. However, does that mean their density is 0, as they will occupy some volume. If ...