Many body covers questions about systems consisting of a great number of particles and techniques used to tackle them.

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Evaluating low-temperature dependence of the BCS gap function

How does one go about evaluating the behavior of the BCS gap $ \Delta = \Delta(T) $ for $ T \to 0^+ $ under the weak coupling approximation $ \Delta/\hbar\omega_D \ll 1 $? In Fetter & Walecka, ...
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0answers
47 views

Is that possible to derive Landau-Fermi liquid theory from microscopic equation?

The question arised from reading Wen's book "Quantum Field Theory of Many-body Systems (Oxford 2004)" p204 To appreciate the brilliance of Landau-Fermi liquid theory, let us look at the ...
3
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1answer
111 views

Proving that the electronic Schrödinger equation has no closed analytic solutions for >1 electron

It is stated in many books that analytic closed solutions to the time-independent electronic Schrödinger equation, $$\hat{H}\Psi = E\Psi, $$ exist for the one-electron problem (e.g. hydrogen atom, ...
5
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2answers
454 views

Subtleties in the exact solution to the 1D quantum XY model, in particular the Bogoliubov transformation

I am writing programs to construct the spectra of models with known exact solutions, and soon noticed some subtleties that are not often mentioned in most references. These subtleties are not ...
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6answers
307 views

Origins of many-particle interactions

The internal potential energy of an $N$ particle system is a general function of the coordinates of the particles: $U(r_1,...,r_N)$. In some approximations and expansions - e.g. virial expansion - it ...
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200 views

Two-Dimensional Tight-Binding Dispersion Relation

As in my last post, I am doing out a calculation in Giamarchi's Many-Body text: http://dpmc.unige.ch/gr_giamarchi/Solides/Files/many-body.pdf. This time, I am going through the derivation of the ...
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32 views

Estimation of polarization perturbative term

I'm studying a diagrammatic approach to degenerate electron gas. Now I need to prove that the energy contribution, with an arbitrary potential, of polarization at first perturbative order given by the ...
2
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1answer
372 views

Solving the BCS Hamiltonian via the Bogoliubov Transformation

I was doing a calculation in Giamarchi's Introduction to Many Body Physics, chapter 3, on BCS theory and second quantization, and ran into some confusion with the BCS Hamiltonian. The pdf is here for ...
3
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1answer
134 views

The momentum of a hole

I'm currently working through "A Guide to Feynman Diagrams in the Many-Body Problem" by R.D. Mattuck (self study, not a homework problem) and am stumped by the following problem: "In a system of free ...
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6answers
709 views

Tsunami dampening mechanisms

Encouraged by the zeitgeist let me ask the following: Is it feasible (now or in the future) to build systems a certain distance of a vulnerable coastline which can serve to dampen a tsunami before it ...
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0answers
124 views

Good introduction to many-body Green's function via path integral formulation?

Can anyone kindly provide any information on valuable references or books on this topic? It appears to be prevalent in 90s papers on High-Tc superconductivity or quantum Hall effect, especially in a ...
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4answers
828 views

A quantitative explanation of EM coherence domains in liquid with DNA

I've been looking with interest at a recent biology paper claiming that DNA molecules give off electromagnetic signals which can cause the same types of molecules to be reconstructed at a remote ...
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82 views

about orthogonal catastrophe

I am reading Wen's book, QFT of many-body systems ( @Xiao-Gang Wen ). I am a little confused about the orthogonal catastrophe introduced in Chap.5. Below Eq.(5.1.6), it is stated that ``the influence ...
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1answer
339 views

The Holstein-Primakoff Representation (approximation)

I have a question regarding the Holstein-Primakoff representation. In the HP-representation we define the spin operators in terms of bosonic creation and annihilation operators. $$ S_j^+ = \sqrt{2S ...
5
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1answer
261 views

Which component shows spin squeezing under twisting Hamiltonian?

Given a many body spin system, a collection of N spin-1/2 particles, under the interaction of the twisting Hamiltonian: $$H_{int} = \sum_{i,j=1}^Na_{i,j}\sigma_{z,i}\sigma_{z,j}= A J_{z}^{2}$$ assume ...
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120 views

Confusion regarding field operators

Second quantisation of the scalar field leads to an algebra of quantum field operators $$ [\phi(x),\phi(y)] = 0, \ \ [\pi(x), \pi(y)] = 0, \ \ [\phi(x),\pi(y)] = i\hbar \delta(x-y). $$ Where the field ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Do holes have wavefunctions?

Do holes (as in the absence of an electron) have wavefunctions? In my understanding, when we talk about holes, we are implicitly invoking two multiparticle wavefunctions: $$\tag{1} \Psi(x_1,...,x_N)= ...
4
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1answer
322 views

Velocity distribution in Plummer's models and others mass distributions

The Plummer's sphere is an model for the mass density in a globular cluster of stars. For an $N$-body simulation I have initialized the position of $N$ masses with a Monte-Carlo technique but cannot ...
4
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1answer
139 views

How to find positions of $n$ masses in Newton mechanics?

I ran into a problem while doing research. The problem can be described as: consider the original $n$-body problem, and if we fix the position of them(unknowns), no interaction among them, they don't ...
3
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1answer
384 views

Quantum Field Theory and the Hartree-Fock approximation

I'm currently reviewing some of my notes on Quantum Field Theory (the version of Greiner) and I was wondering if QFT always works in the Hartree-Fock approximation ? Or at least that's what it seems ...
4
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2answers
292 views

Where do mass polarization terms come from in many-body Hamiltonian? Why are they sometimes omitted?

This question is about the Hamiltonian for more than one particle (non-relativistic). Griffiths (Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, 2e) seems to imply that it is $\displaystyle ...
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0answers
109 views

Questions on the elementary excitations in the resonating-valence-bond(RVB) states?

It is known that the RVB states can support spin-charge separations and its elementary excitations are spinons and holons. But it seems that there are some different possibilities for the nature of ...
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3answers
4k views

Good reading on the Keldysh formalism

I'd like some suggestions for good reading materials on the Keldysh formalism in a condensed matter context. I'm familiar with the imaginary time, coherent state, and path integral formalisms, but ...
4
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1answer
377 views

Proof that eigenvalues of Fermionic creation/annihilation operators are Grassman numbers

It's stated probably in all textbooks on many-body functional integrals that operators that satisfy $$ \hat{a}^\dagger \hat{a} + \hat{a} \hat{a}^\dagger = 1 $$ must have eigenvalues that satisfy $$ ...
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3answers
180 views

Holes in a P-type semiconductor under external force E

Basically in almost every semiconductor texts, there will be all these concepts concerning electrons, holes, dopants, fermi-levels. However, I have been always confused about the picture of hole ...
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71 views

Wave function interaction

If you have two or more wave functions that represent electrons or other charged particles, how would the force on one be calculated based on the charge of the others.
3
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1answer
261 views

What does it mean for a Hamiltonian to be SU(2) invariant?

Can somebody explain what it means when one says a Hamiltonian is SU(2) invariant? I know Heisenberg Hamiltonian is SU(2) invariant but why?
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222 views

Mean-field approximation of the disordered state of Heisenberg model

Consider a 1D ferromagnetic Heisenberg model with the Hamiltonian $$\mathcal H=-J\sum_i \vec S_i\cdot \vec S_{i+1}.$$ For $|\vec S|=\frac{1}{2}$, we have the usual fermionic representation $\vec ...
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2answers
352 views

Second Quantization - Texts

I am trying to familiarize myself with the ideas of Second Quantization. However, the literature that I can find online seems only to outline the tools of this formalism of quantum mechanics. There ...
3
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1answer
97 views

A change of sign in the electron-hole second quantization form

It is common to see people do a change of sign in the so called electron-hole representation, namely, $$ b^{\dagger}_{-k}=a_{v,k} $$ similar argument also seen in 1992 mattuck's book "guide to ...
2
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1answer
414 views

Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation and mean-field approximation

For an interacting quantum system, Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation and mean-field field approximation are methods often used to decouple interaction terms in the Hamiltonian. In the first method, ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between the Balmer series of hydrogen and deuterium?

In my quantum mechanics textbook, it claims that the Balmer series between hydrogen and deuterium is different. However, I was under the impression that the Balmer series $$H_\alpha, H_\beta, ...
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0answers
108 views

What do 'first moment' and 'second moment' of a canonical operator mean?

Can anyone explain to me what the first and second moments of a canonical operator mean, in the context of 1D harmonic chain? Thank you!
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1answer
173 views

superposition of two states with different number of particles

In an electron gas with no mechanism of production or destruction of electrons is it possible to prepare an state which is superposition of states with different number of electrons? ...
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2answers
266 views

Probabilities in statistical mechanics

I am reviewing some concepts in statistical mechanics and am becoming confused with how to calculate probabilities when a system has $N$ non-interacting particles. For instance, let's say we have ...
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0answers
108 views

relative phase/sign in $\Psi$ after exchange of composite particles with angular momenta

I'm reading Quantum Liquids by A.J. Leggett and became confused by the following statement in the first chapter. Consider now a pair of such identical atoms. In the absence of appreciable coupling ...
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0answers
176 views

Are there any good reading materials for variational approach in many-body theory? [closed]

I need something like a summary of existing results, including the treatment of BCS Hamiltonian and Hubbard model. Auerbach's book is a good one but I still hope to get more comprehensive review. My ...
2
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1answer
210 views

The matrix element of a normal-ordered operator

Eq (1.137) in Negele and Orland gives the following identity for a normal-ordered operator $A(a_i^\dagger,a_i)$: $$\langle \phi|A(a_i^\dagger,a_i)|\phi'\rangle=A(\phi_i^*,\phi'_i)e^{\sum ...
7
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1answer
258 views

Correlated three-particle Green Function

I know the relationship between normal and correlated two-particle Green Functions for fermions: $$G_c(1,2,3,4)=\Gamma(1,2,3,4)=G(1,2,3,4)+G(1,3)G(2,4)-G(1,4)G(2,3)$$ Also known as irreducible ...
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1answer
157 views

Coulomb interaction and conservation laws

In many-body solid-state physics, the Coulomb interaction term in the Hamiltonian usually implies the momentum conservation law in indicies: $$H_c=\frac{1}{2} \sum_{\mathbf{k},\mathbf{k}',\mathbf{q} ...
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1answer
5k views

Kubo Formula for Quantum Hall Effect

I'm trying to understand the Kubo Formula for the electrical conductivity in the context of the Quantum Hall Effect. My problem is that several papers, for instance the famous TKNN (1982) paper, or ...
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1answer
123 views

Notational techniques for dealing with creation operators on Fock space

This question is trying to see if anyone has some simple notation (or tricks) for dealing with operators acting on coherent states in a Fock space. I use bosons for concreteness; what I'm interested ...
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0answers
570 views

Why do Fermi liquids have T^2 resistivity?

I have often read that metals that are Fermi liquids should have a resistivity that varies with temperature like $\rho(T) = \rho(0) + a T^2 $. I guess the $T^2$ part is the resistance due to ...
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4answers
474 views

Examples of exact many-body ground state wavefunction

Is there any non-trivial many-body system for which the exact solution to Schrödinger's equation is known? (By non-trivial, I mean a system with particle-particle interactions.) Perhaps something like ...
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3answers
102 views

Can two distinct spatially separated many-body systems in the ground state contain entangled particles?

In particular, I am asking if two distinct many-body systems (e.g. system A and system B) separated at some arbitrary distance will necessarily be found to contain entangled particles (such that ...
5
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1answer
668 views

How to evaluate spin operators in second quantization for spin symmetry-broken Slater determinants?

Suppose we have the following Slater determinant: \begin{equation} | \Psi \rangle = \prod \limits_{i,i'} a^+_{i\alpha} a^+_{i'\beta} | \rangle \end{equation} where $a^+_{i\alpha}$ creates an electron ...
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0answers
46 views

Why the peak of spectrum gets vague when the dimension is lower?

In a many-body system, we can know the spectrum function at a particular temperature from Green function. It means density of states. A peak of spectrum represents one mode. My question is that in the ...
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1answer
272 views

Quantum $n$-body problem

Is the quantum $n$-body problem as difficult as the classical $n$-body problem? Or quantum mechanics allows to get a simpler exact solution? Suppose there are 3 particles with uniform potential ...
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1answer
109 views

Creating/Downloading a large Galaxy Dataset

I was wondering where I can get a more or less complete set of a galaxy to test an n-body simulation (preferably two colliding galaxies with approx 300k to 1M elements). Is it possible to extract ...