The magnetic moment of a magnet is a quantity that determines the force that the magnet can exert on electric currents and the torque that a magnetic field will exert on it. A loop of electric current, a bar magnet, an electron, a molecule, and a planet all have magnetic moments.

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If I double the amount of oxygen molecules, do I double the paramagnetic force?

Oxygen is well known to be paramagnetic. If I take one molecule, $O_2$, and measure its paramagnetic force due to externally applied magnetic field, and then add another molecule near the first ...
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Why don't the magnetic dipole moments in a neutron cancel out?

This may be a silly question. I thought magnetic dipoles were dependent on electric charge, so why in a neutron do the dipole moments not just cancel each other out?
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Average magnetic dipole moment [on hold]

An electron in the hydrogen atom is described by the wavefunction: $$ \Psi = 0.5773\left(\psi_{431} + \psi_{432} + \psi_{321} \right) $$ where the $\psi_{nlm}$ are the eigenfunctions of the ...
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Moving of spin up and spin down electrons in a magnetic field [on hold]

Suppose we have an electron in a conducting space, and now we apply a magnetic field. Now according to the right hand rule, the electron will have a circular motion in the plane perpendicular to the ...
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230 views

What is the physical significance of the Curie constant?

What is the physical significance of the Curie constant? I understand it depends on the effective moment of the ion and hence must be some measure of it, but what is it exactly? Like some average ...
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Solving a step in the derivation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron

In the book An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by Peskin and Schroeder there is a derivation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron. The Feynman diagram to be solved is this one: and ...
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36 views

Relationship Between Magnetic Dipole Moment and Spin Angular Momentum

I am reading Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 1st edition by David J. Griffiths and I have a couple questions about this section on page 160. A spinning charged particle constitutes a magnetic ...
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94 views

Is there an easy way to see that $\phi =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi} \frac{\vec m \cdot \vec r}{r^3}$?

The scalar potential of an electric dipole is given by: $$\phi =\frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0} \frac{\vec p \cdot \vec r}{r^3}$$ The derivation of this is quick, however, is there an easy way to see that ...
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What is the physical significance of Curie-Weiss temperature?

From the Curie-Weiss law, the CW temperature is negative for antiferromagnet (afm). what is the significance of the negative value of CW temperature of a afm?
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22 views

Larmor precession and relaxation

I'm trying to wrap my head around Larmor precession and NMR pulses, but there's something that seems totally confusing and contradictory to me, and I haven't been able to find a definitive answer yet. ...
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685 views

What is the magnetic quadrupole operator?

To find magnetic or electrical moments in quantum theory we must calculate the expectation value of an appropriate operator. The dipole operators are similar and are easy to find but I couldn't find ...
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696 views

Repelling a weak permanent magnet with an electromagnet

I have a question about magnetic repulsion. Suppose I have a permanent magnet (axially magnetized) placed on top of the iron core of an electromagnet. I want to switch on the elctromagnet to repel the ...
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24 views

Thermal equilibrium - magnetization [closed]

The electronic ground state of neutral sodium atoms in a magnetic field splits into two no longer degenerate energy states. In the thermal equilibrium the occupation probability of the states is the ...
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1answer
30 views

If $T_{kl}=\epsilon_{kil}m_i$, how to show $m_i=0.5\epsilon_{ilk}T_{lk}$? [closed]

In a book I am reading (about magnetic dipole), it is given that $T_{kl}=\epsilon_{kil}m_i$. Then, it says since $T_{kl}=-T_{lk}$, it can be shown that $m_i=0.5\epsilon_{ilk}T_{lk}$. I understand that ...
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33 views

Microscopic interpretation of magnetization in a 2D electron gas

I'm studying the de Haas-Van Alphen (dHvA) effect in a 2D free electron gas, and I have a problem to interpret the microscopical meaning of the flip of magnetization during the dHvA oscillation. My ...
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26 views

Magnetic moment of superconductors

How would a superconductor's magnetic moment be affected when it is placed in an increasing magnetic field? I know that as the magnetic field gets stronger, fluxons begin to penetrate into the ...
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21 views

Explanation of absorption from Bloch Equation

Suppose in a magnetic resonance experiment the microwave/rf field is applied in x-direction.How to say that the component of magnetization which is out of phase with the microwave magnetic field leads ...
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49 views

Why is a particles magnetic moment proportional to its spin?

the magnetic moment of a particles is given by, m=kS, where k is a constant the gyromagnetic ratio but where does this equation come from, is it just from experiments?
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Can orbital angular momentum of an electron be changed?

In a lab at my university they are working on a project that deals with changing the "net magnetization" of a material by "flipping" the spins on some electrons. Is orbital angular momentum not ...
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28 views

Net magnetic field & magnetization on a ferromagnetic material

A ferromagnetic materiel is saturated by an exterior magnetic field like so: Where $B_1$ is a uniform magnetic field. Then after some time $t$ another magnetic field $B_2$ is introduced as well, ...
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46 views

Interaction between magnetic moments and magnetic field

Consider a particle with a magnetic moment $\vec{m}$. For simplicity, suppose that this particle is a circle in the plane $xy$ which can rotate around its center of mass along the $z$ axis. If this ...
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34 views

Current loop and direction ambiguity of the magnetic moment

Consider a circular loop in the XY-plane which carries a current $I$. Then it behaves as a magnetic dipole with moment $\textbf{m}=I\int d\textbf{S}$ where $\int d\textbf{S}$ is the area of the loop ...
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How is antiferromagnetism weakly attractive?

If all the electrons are aligned antiparallel to each other, shouldn't the magnetic susceptibility be 0? How can there be an attractive (albeit very weak) force?
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How can an oscillating spin current in a nanostructure be observed or measured?

Through calculation it's predicted there's pure spin current oscillating in a nanostructure. Here by "pure" I mean the charge current is zero. One can imagine two electrons of opposite spin are moving ...
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When do we have a coherent magnetization rotation? (single-domain particles)

So I am studying micromagnetics + spintronics and I am little bit confused with certain concepts regarding the physics of magnetic domains (especially single domain particles): What I already knew: ...
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39 views

Magnetization of the source due to a stronger induced magnetic field?

Considering this classical diagram: From the top view, we can see a current carrying wire( flow of current is into the page) while an exterior magnetic field($B$) is applied perpendicular to it, ...
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229 views

Total magnetic moment in an atom

I have a doubt regarding the calculation of total angular momentum of electron in an atom. Which is the right way to do it? Method 1: Total magnetic moment $$ \begin{align} \vec{\mu_J} &= \vec{...
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How to Calculate the force between two different cylindrical magnets?

What happens to the formula when the two magnets aren't identical in height? One is a tiny neodymium magnet and the other is a longer electromagnet. Both are the same width but not height. Thank you
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372 views

difference between magnetic dipole moment and torque on a magnetic dipole?

I am a bit confused. What is the difference between magnetic dipole moment and torque on a magnetic dipole ?
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45 views

deflection of compass and rest position through Magnetic induction

I found a problem with a compass and a magnet, as diagrammed below. The needle of the compass was oscillating, but when a soft iron bar was placed in the "X" then the needle came to rest. Why did ...
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11 views

Susceptibility from change in Magnetization and field (given dipoles)

This is a simple question but I'm not sure of the answer. I have a two particle system where each particle has a magnetic dipole. The dipole is given as a vector: State 1: $~~~~\vec{m}_{\,1} = 0.5 ~\...
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How to demagnetize a magnet temporarily?

How to demagnetize a magnet temporarily? Is it possible making a permanent magnet demagnetize for a short span of time? Or at least long time but temporarily!
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36 views

Adding magnetic dipoles and finding the field [closed]

If I have three magnetic dipoles and I want to model the field they produce together, how would I calculate that so I can model it in Mathematica? Assume the poles are permanent magnetic dipoles ...
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76 views

Magnetic field current loop [duplicate]

Why does a loop of irregular shape carrying current located in a magnetic field change to a circular shape? Will this always happen assuming the wire to be flexible? Even when the force is inwards? ...
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What will happen to a permanent magnet if we keep the same magnetic poles of two magnets close together for a long time?

What will happen to permanent magnet's magnetic field or magnetic ability if we keep same magnetic poles of two permanent magnet for long time? Will any magnetic loss happen over the long period of ...
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Are there experimental arguments against elementary particles to have wobbling magnetic moment

Elementary particles having angular momentum and magnetic moment are observed or assummed as these are either always parallel or antiparallel. This condition could be satisfied even the instantaneous ...
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36 views

Understanding magnetic dipole [closed]

There is a sphere of radius $R$ which is charged uniformly by charge density $\rho$. It is rotating by $\omega \hat{z}$ about $z$ axis. Find the magnetic dipole. I solve it in this way. Think of ...
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Domain Structure and Ferromagnetism and Reversal of Polarity

According to the domain theory, Ferromagnetic substance when kept in the external strong magnetic field, it undergoes magnetisation by Rotation and becomes a permanent magnet thereby even after ...
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62 views

Why is the magnetic moment of a proton weaker than the electron?

I know that the nucleus of an atom does not contribute to the magnetization of an atom or material, and that the magnetic moments of protons are much weaker than electrons. Why is the magnetic moment ...
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38 views

Loop on flat table, magnetic vs gravitational torque

My question is on the second problem from here, number 26.57, about the torque on a loop with current through it lying on a table. http://icecube.wisc.edu/~shiu/PHY248_S07/Exams/...
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How to measure the magnetic moment of a bar of magnet?

I'm working on something and I need to calculate the force which is exerted on a magnet when it's put in a magnetic field I know the magnitude of magnetic field. So, the only thing I need is to ...
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1answer
25 views

Whats is the relationship between energy of an atom and its magnetic moment?

I'm working on a problem that says that If $\varepsilon_{\pm}=\mp (\mu \mu_0 H + k \theta \frac{M}{\mu N} )$ is the energy of the atom of a specimen that can orient itself either parallel or ...
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208 views

Earth Maybe a Compass or Not [closed]

Does the Earth magnetic pole point to something in our solar system or farther? Like the Sun.
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66 views

Ferromagnets - Permanent?

When researching about the Curie-Temperature and magnets in general, something got me confused. What is the difference between a ferromagnet and a permanent magnet? In a ferromagnet the spins are ...
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Can magnetic fields be redirected and focused at one point?

I know that magnetic fields can be redirected, but... given a situation where you have static magnetic field over a large area, and you want to quickly change the magnetic field strength. Is it ...
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1answer
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Does the electromagnetic force “split” at lower than normal energies?

Since we have working models for forces "combining" or being describable via a single framework at higher energies (such as the "electroweak" force and the aim of GUTs), does electromagnetism split ...
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1answer
33 views

The magnetic moments of Hadrons

So I am very confused about how to find the magnetic moment of a arbitrary hadron. I have found out that the magnetic moment of a quark is given by: $\mu_q = \frac{e_qM_p}{m_q}\mu_N$ Where: $e_q, ...
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1answer
29 views

Larmor Frequency for Spin Transition

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/magnetic/larmor.html Consider the process of Larmor precession of the magnetic moment associated with the spin angular momentum of an electron inside a ...
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Conservation of Angular Momentum in Einstein - de Haas effect

I am not really sure why the law of conservation of angular momentum should hold true in the Einstein - de Haas effect. Consider the following excerpt about the phenomenon (taken from Magnetism in ...
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Direction of torque due to magnetic moment

I have a problem with determining the direction of torque due to magnetic moment on a current loop. Since the torque is defined as $$ \tau = p_m \times B $$ so I guess the direction of the torque ...