For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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0answers
53 views

Switching on a light bulb. Initial EM/electron pulse propagation

TLDR When switching on an electrical device (e.g. a light bulb or a heater), there is an initial wave (pulse) travelling with very high speed (close to the speed of light) and “carrying the ...
2
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1answer
45 views

What force is needed to slide a plate off a magnet?

I have read related the wiki article but I am not able to find a solution to my problem: how to find the min force needed to separate a magnet. I suppose that the force exerted by one magnet is ...
3
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1answer
151 views

Sequential Stern-Gerlach devices - realizable experiment or teaching aid?

At least one textbook [1] uses sequential Stern-Gerlach devices to introduce to students that the components of angular momentum are incompatible observables. Viz., the $z$-up beam from a SG device ...
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1answer
38 views

Field of Solenoid

I was reading this, where in the very beginning I stumbled on the "particle in a solenoid field theme". What's written in there is: The potentianl $\textbf{A}$ is chosen to be that of a solenoid ...
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3answers
3k views

What will happen to a permanent magnet if we keep the same magnetic poles of two magnets close together for a long time?

What will happen to permanent magnet's magnetic field or magnetic ability if we keep same magnetic poles of two permanent magnet for long time? Will any magnetic loss happen over the long period of ...
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1answer
416 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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2answers
43 views

Is the magnetic field zero inside an ideal conductor carrying a current? [duplicate]

By an ideal conductor, I mean one with zero resistance. The question is not about a superconductor. As I know superconductor and conductor with zero resistance are not the same thing. The question ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Applying Ampere's Law for Two Parallel Wires

This seems a simple question but I'm not able to understand it properly. Say we have two parallel wires carrying same current I in different directions. We need to calculate the magnetic field at any ...
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0answers
47 views

Can I use an electromagnet as a shark repellent? [on hold]

I scuba dive, and also spearfish. Doing these sports in the ocean presents obvious challenges since Sharks exist in the ocean. I know about a product called shark shield which uses magnetism to ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Mechanical, not voltage driven electron motion creating larger net electromagnetic force

Have mercy I'm a physician not a physicist. Electrons' Motion in an electromagnet is on the order of 10$^{-4}$ m/s. That charge can be mechanically rotated in a capacitor with a million times more ...
7
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4answers
3k views

Is there any example where electric and magnetic fields are not perpendicular?

Perpendicular electric and magnetic field creates light or other electromagnetic waves. Is it a necessary property to have a perpendicular fields? If not what would happen when the fields are not ...
1
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1answer
951 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - $\...
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2answers
775 views

How does the magnetic field get induced in car's tire?

I was amazed to see how my car's tire started attracting the nuts and bolts, how in the world did it induce the magnetic field? Never heard of such phenomena!!!
7
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2answers
251 views

Is the thermal conductivity of metals affected by magnetic fields?

Especially for a ferromagnet a magnetic field should have a field-induced band shift in the density of states but I wonder if this shift is big enough to be significant and affect the thermal ...
6
votes
3answers
725 views

How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
0
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0answers
80 views

Why did Kepler thought that the Earth was hollow? [on hold]

I was researching a little about the theory of the hollow earth, since I am a mathematician I don't understand well about physics some famous scientific thought this namely Euler, Edmond Halley and ...
3
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1answer
141 views

How force get transmitted when a magnet attracts iron?

According to particle physics , every fundamental force has its force carrier particle. Photon is a force carrier particle of electromagnetic force but how does force gets transmitted when a iron is ...
0
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1answer
20 views

Does magnetic lines keep moving continuously once the magnetic field is created or they become static? [closed]

Does magnetic lines keep moving from north pole to south pole outside the magnet and from south to north inside the magnet or they are static once they are created. If the move then why don't the iron ...
2
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3answers
472 views

What is the relationship between the magnetic units oersted and tesla?

How are the units oersted and tesla related? For example, how would you express $20\:\mathrm{Oe}$ in tesla?
6
votes
1answer
135 views

What force causes the induced EMF of a loop? And, the difference between a loop EMF to motional EMF?

If a loop of wire is placed perpendicular to a changing magnetic field, there is an induced EMF such that the induced current is flowing in a direction to create an opposing magnetic field like this ...
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0answers
21 views

Can Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem Apply to Magnetic Forces in Multi-Spin Systems

Let's say I have multiple spin systems (atoms in a protein) in a solution of water and the spin systems are all producing a magnetic field $\mathrm{B_{loc}}$ that affects nearby spin systems. Will the ...
0
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2answers
389 views

Magnet dimensions for 3-phase permanent generator

I'm making a 3-phase permenant generator. According to Faraday's law, the emf produced is negative number of turns times the change in magnetic flux over the change in time. If it is only the CHANGE ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Modeling magnetic field shielding

I am wondering what is the best way to model magnetic and electric field shielding from a magnetic dipole in the near field? For example, let's say you have a coil of current carrying wire in the x-y ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Is it necessary that the field in a top trap rotates? Difference top trap/Ioffe trap

Because of majorana losses it is necessary to add a bias field in order not to lose too many atoms. But it is it really necessary for the bias fiald to rotate like in a top trap or would it be enough ...
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1answer
37 views

Motion of charged particle in uniform magnetic field

To create a uniform magnetic field I took a current carrying solenoid connected to a battery, then I took a long straight wire connected to another battery, the wire passes from inside the solenoid. ...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
8
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4answers
264 views

Maxwell Equations don't give unique Electric Field?

Consider the class of electric fields given by $$\mathbf{E}=\begin{cases} \ln (Cr)\hat{z} & 0\leq r < R\\ 0 & r> R \end{cases}$$ where $C$ is a constant and $r$ is the polar-distance ...
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0answers
23 views

Charging Copper ball bearing

I want to conduct an experiment to observe the trajectory of charged particles in applied magnetic and electric field. Thus, I want to charge a copper bead/ball bearing. How can I electrically charge ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the Earth's magnetic field in space?

I have looked around a bit, but haven't found a simple answer. At an altitude between 100-1000 km, Is the magnetic field B still around $\sim 10^{-5}\ T$? Is there a simple equation that would provide ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Why would a moving infinite region of magnetic field exert an electric force?

I'm confused about the Lorentz force in relation to the frame of reference. There are many questions about that here, but I still don't get it. I've tried to break it down to the most basic example. ...
1
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2answers
61 views

Will rotating magnets slow down one another when interacting?

Will rotating magnets slow down one another when interacting? Two discs are spinning. Both have separate magnets attached. Disc one has a diameter of $8~\mathrm{cm}$ and disc two has a diameter ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Find magnetic field of parabaloid-spiral particle path

Given the components of the particle's path (tcos(at), tsin(at), R(x^2 + y^2)), where a and R are constants, how can I find the magnetic force causing this? I would like to understand if this can be ...
0
votes
1answer
213 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
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1answer
19 views

Does the direction of magnetic field in a solenoid point from north to south anywhere? [closed]

Is there any case where the direction of magnetic field inside a solenoid points from its North Pole to its south?
5
votes
1answer
357 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
0
votes
3answers
11k views

Why opposite poles of magnet attract each other, why don't they repel? [closed]

We know that different poles of magnet attract each other, but I don't know why this happens why similar poles doesn't attract. what is difference between similar poles and different poles?
1
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2answers
105 views

Permanent Magnet Lines & Currents:

A permanent magnet produces lines of magnet flux that we call a "magnetic field". Those lines come from inside the magnet, come out of the N pole, loop outside the magnet, & return back into the ...
1
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2answers
738 views

Why toroid has no magnetic pole?

Our teacher taught us about Gauss law of magnetism, $\phi_B=\oint_s{\small{}}\vec {B} .\vec {ds}=0$(being valid because magnetic field line form closed loop, right?) which denies the existence of ...
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1answer
1k views

Why moving charges cause magnetic field (module and direction)?

Why an constant electric current in a wire produces a magnetic field, that circles that wire? I know that this question was posted before. However, all answers talk about Maxwell equations, axioms, ...
0
votes
3answers
62 views

Electron deflected by moving magnet

My original question was far too long, so I am editing it down to this much smaller version: The Lorentz force for an electron traveling through a uniform magnetic field with no electric field is $F=...
1
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2answers
184 views

Could I make a magnetic foam or film by mixing magnetic dust?

I'm a developer and tinkerer more than an academic, and I'm not sure if this question, being more practical and less theoretical, will be welcome or not here. But here goes, with apologies in advance ...
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0answers
19 views

Does removing half of toroidal ferromagnetic core significantly reduce flux density in the remaining half?

Assuming a DC current in a cable has induced a magnetic field around the cable, and a ferromagnetic toroid is used to concentrate the field; if half of the toroid were cut away (so the cable is no ...
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3answers
274 views

If magnets exert greater force on heavier objects, why is it possible to separate magnets from very heavy objects?

I was thinking of the question "Do magnets exert more force on heavier (more massive) objects?" I would think the answer is "yes", because for example if you have a magnet and 2 paperclips, they will ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Mag.-flux build up…hate it

"An old bell ringer". After a few minutes of running, the steel pole of transformer, slowely becomes magnitized. Are there any unique metals that would prevent the mag.-flux build up, in the steel ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Why can't weak core-less electromagnets be used in conjunction with strong permanent magnets to perpetually harvest energy?

Why can't weak core-less electromagnets be used in conjunction with strong permanent magnets to perpetually harvest energy? Magnets will attract ferrous materials but some materials like copper or ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

When to apply $\frac{mv^2}{r} = q .v .B$

A charged particle of mass $m$ is moving with a speed $u$ in a circle of radius $r$ . If the magnetic field induction at the centre is $B$ and the charge on particle is $q$. I want to know why I can't ...
0
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1answer
816 views

Magnetic fields in transformers and back emf?

i am having some trouble with understanding the magnetic fields inside transformers and how they relate to back emf. My first query is: is the magnetic field produced inside the soft iron core ...
2
votes
4answers
273 views

Why do magnetic field lines converge where the strength is strongest?

In most of the sites, they just say that "to determine the strength of the magnetic field, one must look at how many lines are present at a particular location." But my question is why? Why is this ...
3
votes
4answers
163 views

Questions regarding magnetic fields and magnetic field lines

I went through certain statements regarding magnetic fields and M.G lines which I am not able to understand. First doubt: Why do magnetic field lines form closed curves? I went through some ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Will non-ferrous materials like Gold that have been magnetised by a slight electric current become attracted to much more powerful permanent magnets?

If a magnet interacts with Gold it will magnetise it to a very slight degree but if the gold is in turn magnetised by passing a generally weak current through it will the gold more easily attract ...