For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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6 views

rewriting maxwell's equation in tensor form

Suppose $F_{ij}=\epsilon_{ijk}B_k $, how to prove the following: $\partial_iB_i=0$ becomes $\partial_iF_{jk}+\partial_jF_{ki}+\partial_kF_{ij}=0$ $B_iB_i=0$ becomes $F_{ij}F_{ij}/2$ I can see that ...
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1answer
20 views

Does a degassed magnet weigh less than one that is not?

I learned matter with an electric current weighs more than matter with no current. Does that apply to magnetic material in the same way but with it's magnetic fields instead of electric current? A ...
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2answers
167 views

If I double the amount of oxygen molecules, do I double the paramagnetic force?

Oxygen is well known to be paramagnetic. If I take one molecule, $O_2$, and measure its paramagnetic force due to externally applied magnetic field, and then add another molecule near the first ...
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1answer
25 views

Can a magnetic field speed molecules up?

I heard somewhere that If you add a magnetic field to atoms in a closed space you would speed them up. Similarly to heating them up. Is this true is so what the atom consists of for this to work?
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1answer
182 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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1answer
287 views

Do magnetic fields cause ionisation of gases?

I am doing my final year engineering project on Magnetic Field Assisted Combustion and was curious to see what people thought about it. Companies sell rare earth magnetic arrangements to be attached ...
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2answers
33 views

How can an electron's magnetic moment precess around the direction of an external magnetic field?

I am reading this article: The Nature of the Electron by Don Lincoln in The Physics Teacher, Volume 54 (2016), pg. 203, and I ran across the part where he talks about measuring the magnetic moment of ...
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0answers
37 views

Can someone explain me magnetic potential? [duplicate]

I don't understand why we can write the magnetic field as a potential vector A, and what exactly this potential is. Is it just a mathematical thing? And how can it help me calculate the magnetic ...
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1answer
23 views

Are the value of the magnetic field of a current carrying coil and the magnetic dipole moments of the involved electrons comparable?

The magentic dipole moment of electrons is a intrinsic property. To get the macroscopic effect of their common magnetic field this moments have to be aligned, like in permanent magnets or in current ...
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2answers
908 views

Do intergalactic magnetic fields imply an Open Universe?

According to a paper on the arXiv (now published in Phys Rev D), they do. How credible is this result? The abstract says: The detection of magnetic fields at high redshifts, and in empty ...
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0answers
20 views

A bar magnet is brought close to, but does not touch, a paper clip [on hold]

The paper clip moves toward the magnet. What does this observation show about the field associated with the bar magnet?
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1answer
169 views

Find magnetic field in a solenoid for different regions?

A steady current I flows along an infinitely long hollow cylindrical conductor of radius R. This cylinder is placed coaxially inside an infinite solenoid of radius 2R. The solenoid has n turns per ...
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1answer
32 views

When and how does magnetism pass through bodies?

I've seen a video by Walter Lewin in which the magnetic pull between two wires is unaffected when an aluminum plate is situated between them. Can you explain what materials let magnetism pass through ...
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0answers
16 views

what is the reaction force of electromagnetic force created on a conductor in a magnetic field? [on hold]

If a force is created on a conductor carrying a current in a magnetic field, what does the reaction of this force act on?
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1answer
661 views

Peierls substitution vs minimal coupling

In the presence of vector potential (let's assume it's uniform), a tight-binding Hamiltonian will be changed according to the Peierls substitution: $$t_{ij}c_i^{\dagger}c_j \to ...
5
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2answers
701 views

Magnetic field and Newton's third law

If a magnet exerts force on a iron block (opposite and EQUAL), does a iron block also exerts force on magnet (via Newton's third law)? If yes then what magnetic property does it has to produce equal ...
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1answer
499 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
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0answers
29 views

Charged particle in rest frame and their magnetic field [on hold]

I’m wondering how statements like "A charged particle at rest creates an electric field, but no magnetic field" are right. An electron has an electric field and it has a magnetic dipole moment. Both ...
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0answers
8 views

Factors Effecting Neodymium Magnet's Grades and Strength?

Neodymium magnets have different grades in strength. Such as: N38, N45, N52... etc [ Where higher number means greater strength, in MGOe ] Since all magnets are made by saturating them in magnetic ...
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1answer
117 views

How force get transmitted when a magnet attracts iron?

According to particle physics , every fundamental force has its force carrier particle. Photon is a force carrier particle of electromagnetic force but how does force gets transmitted when a iron is ...
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0answers
37 views

Pauli Spin Matrices [closed]

i) Determine the effect of the pauli spin matrices $\sigma_x$ and $\sigma_y$ on the eigenstates of $\sigma_z$. Which physical process is conveyed on the eigenstates of $\sigma_z$ by applying ...
4
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0answers
30 views

How to calculate the energy transfer between working coil and working piece and dissipated energy of working piece in induction heating?

For who don't know how does induction heating work, a short description can be found here. However, my question is about physics. Assume I have a coil inductor calculated carefully 50 uH as below: ...
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0answers
19 views

How can magnets behave like springs? [closed]

I have found this interesting video on the web, where thwy show how changing the geometry of a magnet can highly increase its strength, and produce different outcomes. At 5:47 the show how two ...
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1answer
135 views

Sequential Stern-Gerlach devices - realizable experiment or teaching aid?

At least one textbook [1] uses sequential Stern-Gerlach devices to introduce to students that the components of angular momentum are incompatible observables. Viz., the $z$-up beam from a SG device ...
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0answers
32 views

Is my definition of a dipole and its dipole moment correct?

Assume that we have a dipole affected only by an applied magnetic field where only 2 possible orientations for its dipole moment are possible: "up" and down". A dipole is simply an object with a ...
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1answer
118 views

Magnetic interaction of wire and rectangular loop

In this video, Prof. Lewin shows an infinitely long wire and a rectangular loop at a distance $r_1$ from each other, each carrying a current. He then calculates the magnetic field resulting from the ...
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1answer
27 views

What would happen if a magnet was pushed towards a copper tube in space?

So the question was inspired by one of curious comments on youtube. What exactly would happen if you pushed a strong neodymium magnet towards the copper tube (aiming for the opening in an effort to ...
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4answers
619 views

Tokamaks and the reason they are still not efficient

I'm curious about why tokamaks are inefficient as generators. In laymans terms, what is the main reason(s) tokamaks still cannot be used as generators? My limited understanding of tokamaks tells me ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the physical meaning of a magnetic conduction current?

In electrodynamics, it is possible to have an electric conduction current, whereby $J=\sigma_e E$, with $J$ being the current, $\sigma_e$ the electrical conductivity and $E$ the electric field (this ...
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0answers
39 views

How is liquid magnet possible? [closed]

My lector has made a liquid magnet. How's that possible? And how does it work? Thank you
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1answer
60 views

Is diamagnetism a static or dynamic effect?

When we put a diamagnetic material in the presence of an external magnetic field $\vec B_0$, the magnetic field inside the material decreases to $$\vec B=(1+\chi_m)\vec B_0,$$ where the magnetic ...
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3answers
131 views

Why geologist do not consider molten iron in the magma to be the source of Earth's magnetic field?

This was a question that came in a exam. How come is this possible? Actually, a question on the source of Earth's magnetic field was asked here on physics SE, which matches my opinion. The ...
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3answers
575 views

How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
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1answer
24 views

Net magnetic field in a loop

The Ampere's law states that the net magnetic field in a loop is proportional only to the current inside the loop. So if we calculate the net magnetic field in figure 1 and figure 2 we would obtain ...
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2answers
734 views

How does the magnetic field get induced in car's tire?

I was amazed to see how my car's tire started attracting the nuts and bolts, how in the world did it induce the magnetic field? Never heard of such phenomena!!!
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3answers
251 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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0answers
25 views

The velocity of the charged particle in the magnetic field [duplicate]

Enrico Fermi considered that moving charged particle gains energy in the magnetic field, so its velocity increases. According to the Lorentz Law $\vec F=q\vec v\times\vec B$. Work is $A=\vec ...
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4answers
787 views

Where are the poles in a magnetic field generated by a current carrying straight conductor?

Consider the magnetic field generated by a straight current carrying conductor. Where are the poles?
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1answer
389 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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1answer
32 views

spinning compass

There is an area where I live that prevents my compass from giving a solid direction; instead it just spins. Does this mean that this area lacks a magnetic field, or has to many of them for my ...
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4answers
9k views

Is Biot-Savart law obtained empirically or can it be derived?

There's already a question like this here so that my question could be considered duplicate, but I'll try to make my point clear that this is a different question. Is there a way to derive ...
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1answer
892 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - ...
4
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1answer
332 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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1answer
204 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
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0answers
16 views

How can I approximate calculate the magnetic force between electromagnets?

I try to find an approximate amount of force exerted between two electro magnets. The below site could've helped me but the problem is that the below just talks about the number of coil turns and so ...
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1answer
54 views

Magnetic field induce photons?

So silly question, can a oscillating magnetic field excite electrons around atoms such that they produce photons (In other words can an applied magnetic field increase the energy level of electrons ...
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1answer
168 views

What is blocking the magnetic field of this neodymium magnet?

I opened up my hard drive and pulled out (among other things) the top and bottom braces for the reading arm. Each bracket contains a really powerful neodymium affixed to its underside. When the ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Eddy currents in a superconductor

Just had a lesson we just had our teacher introduced the concept of eddy currents, and showed us how a magnet moves slowly through a metal tube due to the opposite generated magnetic field. If you ...
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1answer
345 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
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0answers
19 views

Magnetic susceptibility anisotropy

I have some problems in understanding magnetic susceptibility anisotropy. I know that magnetic susceptibility can be described via a rank 2 symmetric tensor so the magnetization induced in a sample is ...