For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
20 views

Why does the Magnetic Flux Density B, saturates in a ferromagnetic material with increasing H?

I understand that the magnetization must saturate as more and more domains are aligned. But $B$ is still directly proportional to $H$, and hence it must increase linearly with $H$. But every book ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Constant magnetic field attenuation by µ-metal (mu-metal)

I am interested in the magnetic field attenuation by µ-metal. Specifically shielding from earth's magnetic field $\boldsymbol{H}_E$ through closed cylindrical layers of such a metal, yielding an ...
-2
votes
0answers
13 views

Find magnitude of the net magnetic field at points A, B, and C between two parallel wires [on hold]

I've been having a lot of problems with this problem. Been working on it for over to an hour and nothing. I've been using amphere's law but I think I'm getting r wrong, here's one of my most recent ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Conservation of energy for transformers in AC current

I tried to solve a set of differential equations for transformer on AC Current. But at the end it seems that my solution does not satisfy conservation of energy. I spent days try to find a mistake, ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Magnetic levitation manipulation

Suppose a small crystal or mineral piece with a completely known structure was held by magnetic levitation. Would it be possible to orientate the piece by manipulating the magnetic field so that a ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Derivation of Jefimenko's Equation in Jackson's EMT book

I have been trying to understand the derivation of Jefimenko's equation in Jackson on p.246-247 which can be seen in the photographs attached. First of all I did not fully comprehend the ...
1
vote
1answer
848 views

Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Magnetic field of a static disk magnet

I have a magnetic disk (Radius R, height h) that creates magnetic field lines (axisymmetrical). I simulated the field lines, exported the data and am now trying to fit a function into the data to have ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

Understanding fields and their correlation to forces

I seem to be confused between the concept of a "force", and a field. Now let's assume there is a magnetic field of $1$ $\mathrm{Tesla}$, what does that mean in relation to force? Finally, if field is ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

Faraday's law and “infinite induction”

I may have confused after thinking too much about Faraday's law. If an emf is induced in a circuit due to some changing magnetic field, the induced current will be in a direction such that the ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Why doesn't a magnet on a refrigerator slide down?

Obviously gravity pulls objects towards the earth's surface. Now suppose I have a refrigerator and a magnet. The magnetic force is perpendicular to the gravitational force. So it is not counteracting ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

What happens to magnetic $B$-field in a superconductor in the Bean model?

In the Bean model, as we start applying a magnetic field $H$ in the plane of a slab, the $B$-field inside the superconductor decreases linearly from each side, and at a sufficiently high field $H^{*}$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
163 views

JEE MAIN 2015 Question. Electromagnetism [closed]

Two coaxial solenoids of different radii carry current I in the same direction. Let F1 be the magnetic force on the inner solenoid due to the outer one and F2 be the magnetic force on the outer ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

How to calculate earth's magnetic field by time period of suspended magnet?

Assuming that torsion of the suspension wire small enough to be neglected, how can we derive earth's magnetic field by measuring time period of an oscillating magnet suspended on a string?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Does elementary particle emit photon?

Charged particles are accelerated by the magnetic field in a particle collider before allowed to smash together at specific location where the detectors are housed. My question is do the ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Why doesn't current induced by changes in flux affect the flux, while current induced by a battery does?

Faraday's law states $V=-\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}$, where $F$ is flux. Since $V=IR$ for passive circuits, $I = V/R = -\frac{1}{R}\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}.$ But by the Biot-Savart law, ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Why do really powerful magnets have to be really big?

If you want to make a really powerful magnet, that can for example attract golf ball sized metal objects from 15 feet away, the magnet has to be really big, and really heavy. Why is this so? I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

A magnet's magnetic field strength

Assume that we have six horseshoe magnets which are equivalent in every manner. If we put them together by stacking perpendicularly, what could be said about that magnet assembly in terms of its ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Asymmetry in magnetic field direction of an electric wire

The simplest magnetic field is that of an infinitely long wire with uniform current. It does enjoy radial symmetry about the wire and has the variation as 1/r. To find the direction of the resulting ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

What are the general rules for determine on which two ends of a bar magnetic are its poles located?

I am wondering. Maybe somebody be nice enough to put a explanation that doesn't involve too much math. I did notice that for bar magnets, their poles are not always on the two ends separated by the ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Magnetic fields in transformers and back emf?

i am having some trouble with understanding the magnetic fields inside transformers and how they relate to back emf. My first query is: is the magnetic field produced inside the soft iron core ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Why does a real/virtual photon interact only with charged particle?

A photon is the force carrier of an electromagnetic wave and it consists of an electric and a magnetic field propagating through space at the speed of light in vacuum. It exhibits wave-particle ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Is this a possible monopole setup, or will it cancel out? [duplicate]

Suppose you have a ball that is covered in magnets, in which the North Pole of every magnet faces outward. Is this a monopole? Or at least "functions" as a monopole? And what will happen if you placed ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Shouldn't the currents be time-continuous here?

My intuition is that the current upon an inductor (say, a solenoid) will always be time-continuous, without "sudden changes". But below is a case that seemingly contradicts this point of view. There ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Could the Faraday's rotating wire experiment be explained without using Lorentz force?

I read Faraday's rotating wire experiment which resulted in the invention of the homopolar motor. He was clever enough to think it that way and make the wire rotate around one of the poles of the ...
0
votes
3answers
82 views

Where is the energy stored in an inductor?

In an inductor, Most text books say that the $(1/2)Li^2$ is stored in the magnetic field. But is there another way to explain this? In a capacitor I understand that all the energy that the battery ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Why is there no induced electric field in the experiment (Faraday's Law)

Below are three circuit diagrams for each of Faraday's experiments that allowed Faraday to come up with Faraday's Law. In Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics Griffiths states (on page 302 of ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Special relativity, electromagnetic fields, charge and Q

Is it true, were Coulomb's constant k to be several orders of magnitude smaller, that there would be no (or increasingly negligible) magnetic fields generated by moving charges? The reason being the ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
8
votes
3answers
433 views

Explanation of Lorentz-Force

In high-school level books (for example the german standard text: "Dorn-Bader") I have often seen an explanation of the Lorentz force as on the following picture: The textbooks consider the ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Gradient of a normalized hysteresis loop in longitudinal geometry

I am thinking what is the gradient of a normalized hysteresis loop in a longitudinal geometry. I think it is the gradient of the normalized energy density of the system in the uniaxial situation. ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Are magnetic field lines level sets?

I have been learning a bit about level sets. After doing this, I looked at a diagram of magnetic field lines and noticed they don't intersect rather like the lines on closed curve level sets. My ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How much drag/friction does moving a magnet past coil make?

In the pic below in Fig . 1 I understand this as a very crude way of generating an electrical charge / voltage in the wire if the magnet shown is moved along the length of the wire.. In Fig.2 there ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Force between two current carrying wires: the general case

Assume two straight current carrying parallel wires with currents ($I$ and $I'$) flowing in the same direction, at a distance $R$ from each other. From Ampère's law (and from Biot-Savart as well) it ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How can you visualize hard axis of magnetization?

I think the main problem here is my understanding of the hard axis of magnetization. The hard axis is the "bad" direction of the magnetization i.e. the direction inside a crystal, along which large ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet

Can the magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet induce current in a conductor? Is there a flux linkage between magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet and a conductor?
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to repeat the Biot-Savart experiment for the direct current in a straight wire and the corresponding magnetic field without side effects?

As I read Biot and Savart took a compass needle and this needle make some rotation when the current was switched on and off. As it was clear that a changing current induces a magnetic field the ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Limits of Integration Trig, Mag Field Infinite Length Wire

I don't understand how the limits of integration should be defined when doing basic integrals of trig functions. It seems like it's an arbitrary decision, I don't understand it. Here's the set up: ...
3
votes
1answer
746 views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How does the magnetic field generated from a rectangular cross-sectional current-carrying conductor differ from a circular cross-sectional conductor?

I can find much information of cylindrical conductors (ie. regular wires), where $B=\frac{\mu_0 i}{2 \pi r}$ and $r$ represents the radius (or distance) from the centre of the conductor, however I ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Induced magnetic field produces electric field and vice versa forever!

So here are the two of Maxwell's laws that I am interested in: So we have the simple circuit (from google): So, before the system goes into steady-state we know that charge slowly accumulates on ...
0
votes
1answer
342 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
0
votes
2answers
369 views

Torque per unit length on infinite rotating charged cylinder

For homework I have the following question, but I am stuck on finding the torque on the cylinder. An infinite cylinder of radius $R$ carries a uniform surface charge $\sigma$. We start rotating the ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Two circles in uniaxial anisotropy and remanence plot?

I am thinking how you can show that there are two perfect circles separated by $\delta$ in an uniaxial anisotropy with the material CoFeB; here a draft practical case data about them The general ...