For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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Aurora borealis forecasting, some teсhical details

I have an idea to make a software tool (with some really user friendly interface) for predicting auroras on any place on Earth. I do know some physics behind the phenomenon, but only basics, like it ...
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1answer
70 views

Current in Magnetic fields

I have two magnetic fields question (high school level) which require clear answers... When a current carrying conductor, such as a copper wire, is placed in a magnetic field it will experience a ...
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6answers
5k views

Does a magnetic field do work on an intrinsic magnetic dipole?

When you release a magnetic dipole in a nonuniform magnetic field, it will accelerate. I understand that for current loops (and other such macroscopic objects) the magnetic moment comes from moving ...
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3answers
36 views

Currents induced by rotation of a coil about magnetic field lines

If the coil on the left is rotated about the magnetic field lines, will there be an induced current? I know that the flux concerns only the component of the magnetic field perpendicular to the ...
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1answer
49 views

Magnetic field of a static disk magnet

I have a magnetic disk (Radius R, height h) that creates magnetic field lines (axisymmetrical). I simulated the field lines, exported the data and am now trying to fit a function into the data to have ...
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0answers
16 views

How to measure the permittivity of a gas sensor? [on hold]

I looking for a simple method to measure the permittivity of a gas sensor silicone.
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1answer
42 views

Transformers - Why more coils in second coil causes more voltage [duplicate]

I am learning about magnetic induction and transformers. I have coil1 which uses AC to create an oscillating magnetic field. I have ...
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2answers
126 views

How does the Sun's magnetic field continue to exist at such high temperatures?

The temperature at the surface of the Sun is apparently well above 5000 C; I'm assuming the layers beneath the surface may be even hotter. At school, we learned that heating a metal beyond a certain ...
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7answers
9k views

What are the fields produced around a current carrying conductor?

If you consider a current carrying conductor, every instant an electron enters the conductor, another electron will be leaving the conductor. Thus, the current carrying conductor will not be charged ...
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3answers
7k views

magnetic field outside a solenoid

I couldn't picture the idea behind the zero magnetic flux outside the solenoid properly.My teacher explained it as"Components of the magnetic field in other directions are cancelled by opposing fields ...
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1answer
123 views

Torque per unit length on infinite rotating charged cylinder

For homework I have the following question, but I am stuck on finding the torque on the cylinder. An infinite cylinder of radius $R$ carries a uniform surface charge $\sigma$. We start rotating the ...
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0answers
14 views

Direction of CMB and magnetic fields?

Measurements show the CMB is warmer to the North. Could more photons coming from that direction of the sky, cause metals in the Earth to move in that particular direction? As the Earth orbits the ...
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0answers
17 views

How the magnet moves without pushing? [duplicate]

I video on Youtube represents that it can move through a coil without providing any external force and it seems that the force arises from the lines of forces generated in the coil. How can we ...
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1answer
397 views

Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
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1answer
608 views

Do really, two oppositely charged bodies (of equal charge in magnitude) attract each other?

It is well known fundamental behaviour that, oppositely charged bodies attract each other (I don't know whether it applies also for charges of equal magnitude or not), and identical charges repel each ...
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1answer
29 views

Formula for Magnetic field due to current loop

I need expressions for $B$ field off the axis due to current loop. The ones I came across on the internet aren't very convincing. I verified them with Mathematica, and none seems to be correct. I'm ...
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1answer
24 views

Magnetar field energy density

According to Wikipedia a Magnetar... Earth has a geomagnetic field of 30–60 microteslas, and a neodymium-based, rare-earth magnet has a field of about 1 tesla, with a magnetic energy density ...
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4answers
62 views

Does a magnetic field do work on a moving rod?

In a case such as this one, my textbook says that I might be tempted to think the magnetic force is doing work (against the moving rod). It then says this isnt the case because "charges move ...
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0answers
18 views

Applications of the study of Hamiltonians with constant magnetic fields

I am interested in understanding possible applications for the study of quantum systems with constant magnetic fields. For definiteness, consider the Landau Hamiltonian $$H_{0} = ...
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1answer
26 views

Does a rotating DC motor near a TV affects the signals coming in the TV?

In my TV cable the signals were quite noisy so i cut the wire and hanged both the wire parallel to each other. Then the signals became very clear and everything was going alright. Once I was ...
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1answer
52 views

Magnetic flux of a loop due to another loop

The scenario is the following, I am given 2 loops with the same radius, r, a distance of d, and same current of I. In the left loop the current goes counter clockwise, in the right loop the current is ...
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1answer
73 views

Asymmetry in magnetic field direction of an electric wire

The simplest magnetic field is that of an infinitely long wire with uniform current. It does enjoy radial symmetry about the wire and has the variation as 1/r. To find the direction of the resulting ...
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1answer
15 views

What will happen to permanent magnet, if we keep same magnetic poles of two magent for long time?

What will happen to permanent magnet's magnetic field or magnetic ability, if we keep same magnetic poles of two permanent magnet for long time? Will any magnetic loss happens over the long period ...
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1answer
289 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
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1answer
48 views

Magnetic force and frames of reference

I'm having a hard time trying to understand the next situation: Suppose that I have a magnet that creates a quite uniform magnetic filed $\vec B$. In the vicinity of this magnet there is a particle ...
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2answers
74 views

Is Magnetism and Electromagnetism the Same Thing?

I keep hearing everywhere that magnetism and electromagnetism are different but is seems to me that when a current is moving and it creates a "magnetic field", it is just electrons repulsing other ...
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1answer
22 views

Does the Magnetic Flux change (at a point) If the wire which causes it was cutted into a half?

If the electric charges move through a wire Does the generated Magnetic flux at any certain point chanage if this wire was cut into a half
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0answers
37 views

How to calculate the necessary magnetic induction to magnetize a certain ferromagnetic object and hold it

Well pretty much what I want to do is to build an electromagnetic coil with a nail inside of it for it to hold a steel ball. But I've come into some trouble, because I don't quite get how to calculate ...
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1answer
43 views

Why do Magnetic North and South Poles never exist by themselves? [duplicate]

As the title suggest, whilst I was reading I saw written that a 'Magnetic North or South Pole has never been found by itself'. And I was wondering why this was?
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2answers
398 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
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1answer
37 views

Are magnetic orbits possible?

I have a small ball with lots of magnets embedded in it with all the north poles facing out and I have a big sphere with lots magnets embeded in it with all the south poles facing out. I set the ...
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0answers
26 views

Find magnetic field in a solenoid for different regions?

A steady current I flows along an infinitely long hollow cylindrical conductor of radius R. This cylinder is placed coaxially inside an infinite solenoid of radius 2R. The solenoid has n turns per ...
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1answer
242 views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
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0answers
29 views

Force and Torque being applied off-center due to magnetic forces [duplicate]

Say that I have two magnetic dipoles, one of which is rigidly attached to a freely movable inflexible body at some point that is not at the body's center of mass, while the other is fixed in space. ...
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2answers
37 views

Magnetic field at infinity

Does a magnetic field, generated by permanent magnets (for instance), vanishes "theoretically" (according to Maxwell's equations) at a very long (infinite) distance from the magnetizing devise? What ...
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1answer
26 views

Can two transformers used to make tesla coils?

Tesla coils seem to perform the same as a transformers: they use two coils and use magnetic field to transfer the energy. Doesn't using two transformers produce the same result? It doesn't seem to be ...
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2answers
112 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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2answers
32 views

Magnetic Hysteresis

I'm a bit confused about when magnetic hysteresis occurs in ferromagnetic materials. Does it only occur with a rapidly changing external magnetic field or with a slowly changing field? Does the speed ...
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0answers
25 views

What happens to a superconductor when a magnetic fields strength increases?

I'm curious about what happens when a HTS is locked in place above a magnet via the Meissner Effect and say another magnet is added. Would the superconductors height fluctuate? Or would the extra ...
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2answers
414 views

Difference between electromagnetic radiation (EMR) and Electromagnetic Field?

I'm a freshly graduated electrical engineer. One course that I really struggled with was Field Theory, because it was a lovely assortment of vector calculus and things that were explained to me well ...
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1answer
797 views

Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
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1answer
204 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
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1answer
71 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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1answer
40 views

Did the derivation of self inductance equation overcalculate winding number? [duplicate]

Let $L , I , \phi$ are self inductance , current and magnetic flux (created by each loop) of a solenoid with $n$ turns . $r$ is the radius of those loops . We have , $LI=n \phi = nAB $ [$A=\pi r^2$] ...
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1answer
32 views

Spikes on ferrofluid?

What exactly are the spikes, or peaks and valleys, caused by in pictures such as these Wikipedia states that "From the point of view of magnetic energy, peaks and valleys are energetically ...
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1answer
42 views

AC wire radiation

I'm trying to test my recently installed MEEP program for a very simple AC current. I know that for DC current, Ampere's law dictates that the magnetic fields must drop off as 1/r. How does this ...
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1answer
21 views

energy in a current induced magnetic field

a mass of metal is near a current carrying wire, say a DC current. the metal feels a magnetic force of attraction and moves toward the wire overcoming some kinetic friction. the work done by the field ...
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1answer
135 views

Understanding fields and their correlation to forces

I seem to be confused between the concept of a "force", and a field. Now let's assume there is a magnetic field of $1$ $\mathrm{Tesla}$, what does that mean in relation to force? Finally, if field is ...
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0answers
38 views

Induced current created by a magnet falling in a copper tube?

One of the educational demos often shown in schools is to drop a high strength neodymium magnet down a length of copper tube. It takes a considerable time to exit the tube because as it falls it ...
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0answers
15 views

How can you relate magnetic dipole moment using bound current density?

This was on my midterm last week, the question ask us to use bound current density to compute magnetic dipole moment