For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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2answers
28 views

How does the Earth's magnetic field interact with objects?

I'm not a physicist so I was wondering how objects and the Earth's magnetic field interact with each other. For instance: does any of them modify the other in any way? can an object be damaged by the ...
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1answer
25 views

How is anti-hydrogen captured?

Knowing that the overall charge is zero, what mechanisms/technologies are used to capture anti-hydrogen? Where is it stored until annihilation? I am aware of magnetic traps being used to edge the ...
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1answer
180 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
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1answer
123 views

Understanding fields and their correlation to forces

I seem to be confused between the concept of a "force", and a field. Now let's assume there is a magnetic field of $1$ $\mathrm{Tesla}$, what does that mean in relation to force? Finally, if field is ...
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2answers
41 views

Why do we multiply the magnetic flux by the winding number?

A current I flows through a solenoid (with n turns). Self inductance is $L$. If the magnetic flux is $\phi$, I am taught that $-n\phi=LI$ I dont understand the part with $n$, why do we have multiply ...
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1answer
145 views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
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1answer
34 views

AC wire radiation

I'm trying to test my recently installed MEEP program for a very simple AC current. I know that for DC current, Ampere's law dictates that the magnetic fields must drop off as 1/r. How does this ...
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0answers
27 views

Is there transversal current inside real conductor in transmission line? [on hold]

At first, consider transmission line with two conductors where TEM mode is established and conductors are perfect. As we know, on surface of conductors we will have surface currents (connected to ...
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1answer
116 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
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0answers
23 views

Calculating Oscillations of a small magnetic needle [closed]

In a problem from a past physics competition paper, a wire, carrying a constant current i, forms a "V" shape (as shown below). Part four of the question states In order to measure the magnetic ...
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1answer
33 views

Magnetic field of a static disk magnet

I have a magnetic disk (Radius R, height h) that creates magnetic field lines (axisymmetrical). I simulated the field lines, exported the data and am now trying to fit a function into the data to have ...
12
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6answers
428 views

Are metals more heavy due to the Earth's magnetic field?

Non-metal objects are attracted to the Earth due to gravity. So the weight of non-metal objects can be only dependent on their mass. On the other hand metals can be attracted to the Earth's magnetic ...
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0answers
8 views

Near field and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

Why does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) physics not concern itself with near field physics? All resonance wavelengths in NMR are much larger than bough sample, pick-up coil and excitation coil. ...
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2answers
2k views

Physical meaning of magnetic length

What is the physical meaning of magnetic length $\ell_B=\frac{\hbar c}{e B}$ in 2D electron system under magnetic field? When $\ell_B \longrightarrow a$, where $a$ is the lattice constant, does that ...
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4answers
3k views

How do permanent magnets manage to focus field on one side?

The actuator of a hard drive head consists of two very strong neodymium magnets, with an electromagnetic coil between them. If you take that apart, the magnets attract each other very strongly. ...
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0answers
33 views

Why does the sun have its magnetic field [closed]

I get the point that earth has its magnetic field because of the iron and metal in its core. However, why does the sun have its magnetic field if there are only hydrogen?
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2answers
87 views

What is the physics of tilt compensation of an electronic compass

This question concerns the physics behind the implementation of electronic compasses to find the orientation of a device. In the robotics community, 3-axis magnetometers are often used for this ...
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1answer
234 views

Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Magnetic dipole and magnetic moment

I don't quite understand the meaning of these terms. My physics book just gives the mathematical definition of magnetic moment as µ=IA, which means nothing to me. I know it has to do with torque. ...
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3answers
134 views

Inductance of a solenoid?

My textbook is using Faraday's law to explain the self inductance that happens in a solenoid with changing current. According to Wikipedia, Faraday's Law is: The induced electromotive force in ...
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1answer
51 views

Magnetic force and terminal velocity of falling loop and falling disc?

According to my textbook, if a square loop with mass $M$ is allowed to free fall (with a magnetic field at the bottom side and as soon as the square loop is dropped then the area inside the loop ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Could someone explain the “revolving frame” to me, as it is used in basic NMR?

I am an undergrad intern at a national lab currently working with a basic proton NMR device. The device consists of two big coils which provide the static magnetic field, and a smaller coil, which ...
4
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2answers
194 views

How does a magnetic field cause objects to move?

Let me start off by saying that I never got a degree in any field but I do read and study physics (both classical and quantum); although I personally can't solve quantum physics equations I do have a ...
0
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1answer
321 views

How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
142 views

How much power would be needed to make a substitute for natural Earth magnetic field?

Imagine the Earth's magnetic field will take a "maintainance pause" for 1000 years and there is gigant 10 years "doomsday countdown timer" ticking in the sky. The magnetic field will be just normal ...
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2answers
34 views

Do transmitters create magnetic fields and radiation?

In the company I work for (I am a software engineer) we develop a system which uses a transmitter (antenna) that creates a magnetic field. I also know that radio station transmitters create radio ...
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0answers
26 views

Calculation of Magnetic Field Lines

I am doing some research on how to calculate magnetic field lines for a bar magnet. So far I have found the following equations: \begin{align} \frac{B_r}{B_\theta} &= \frac{d_r}{rd_\theta}\\ ...
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1answer
59 views

Current in Magnetic fields

I have two magnetic fields question (high school level) which require clear answers... When a current carrying conductor, such as a copper wire, is placed in a magnetic field it will experience a ...
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1answer
70 views

Numerical error with simulation of electric charge in homogeneous magnetic field [closed]

So, I am trying to make an 2D animation of electric charge in homogeneous magnetic field which is perpendicular to charge's velocity. I've got the "circular" motion but the problem is that the speed ...
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vote
1answer
87 views

Why can we detect a magnetic field, but not an electric field around an AC current?

Consider a wire through which an AC current is passing. Because of the AC current there is an alternating magnetic field present around the wire and because of the alternating magnetic field there ...
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1answer
38 views

Magnetic flux of a loop due to another loop

The scenario is the following, I am given 2 loops with the same radius, r, a distance of d, and same current of I. In the left loop the current goes counter clockwise, in the right loop the current is ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Foucault currents with a simple pendulum

I have this diagram : It's a kind of pendulum; when it swings, it passes through a small aera where there is a magnetic field. Therefore, the electrons moves towards the bottom because of a Lorentz ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Magnetic field by a solenoid?

I am really not able to understand why is it that the current,while finding the magnetic field in the solenoid (ideal one), is not $I$ the current flowing throught the solenoid but $nI$, where $n$ is ...
5
votes
3answers
245 views

Tokamaks and the reason they are still not efficient

I'm curious about why tokamaks are inefficient as generators. In laymans terms, what is the main reason(s) tokamaks still cannot be used as generators? My limited understanding of tokamaks tells me ...
4
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1answer
171 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
34
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4answers
4k views

Why is Earth's climate so stable?

Earth wasn't always the only water-world in the solar system. Mars also appear to have started out wet but, as conditions changed, Mars lost its oceans. So, how has Earth managed to avoid a ...
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2answers
55 views

If magnets exert greater force on heavier objects, why is it possible to separate magnets from very heavy objects?

I was thinking of the question "Do magnets exert more force on heavier (more massive) objects?" I would think the answer is "yes", because for example if you have a magnet and 2 paperclips, they will ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Odd experiment results (electromagnetics)

Okay, a bit of background. So I'm working on a linear accelerator (you might know it as a Gauss rifle), and I had worked through the equations I thought I needed (Magnetic force, displacement, etc.) ...
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1answer
90 views

Description of the motion of the COM of a system of charged particles moving in a magnetic field

I recently came across a problem where an electrically neutral particle is at rest in a uniform magnetic field. The particle now splits into two charged particles of equal mass $m$; charge and mass ...
0
votes
3answers
93 views

How does an electron undergoing uniform circular motion exactly lose energy?

One of the main reasons for the failure of the Rutherford model of atomic structure, it is famously stated, is that the electron undergoing circular orbit loses energy since due to its centripetal ...
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0answers
37 views

Why is there no elevator based on eddy current phenomenon? [closed]

I ran across a nice phenomenon called eddy current and I was wondering why no company made an elevator based on that. The elevator would be pulled by a cable to go up and left to fall by itself to go ...
3
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2answers
79 views

About Nuclear magnetic resonance

I'm trying to understand the basic principles of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance reading this link but I have some doubts: 1) I have ever known that when protons aren't in a magnetic field, their spins ...
12
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6answers
8k views

What are the fields produced around a current carrying conductor?

If you consider a current carrying conductor, every instant an electron enters the conductor, another electron will be leaving the conductor. Thus, the current carrying conductor will not be charged ...
0
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1answer
20 views

Why can intramedullary rod heat with MRI?

It is said, that steel rod inside body, like funeral nail, can heat while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). But why? Isn't MRI scanner use constant magnetic field? If the heating effect is caused by ...
4
votes
1answer
337 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
2
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2answers
49 views

$ε_0$ affects electric field intensity, but $μ_0$ doesn't affect magnetic field intensity?

I'll be honest: this question is actually a homework problem. I've spent the past hour going through Google and several textbooks trying to answer the question "Why does $ϵ_0$ affect electric field ...
0
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1answer
266 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
5
votes
3answers
207 views

Intuition behind Faraday's Law?

Faraday's Law seems more like an observation than an explanation. Sure, a changing magnetic current causes emf, but why? How does a changing magnetic field cause electrons to move in the direction of ...
0
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1answer
95 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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0answers
16 views

How big can be gradient of magnetic induction (in lab)

I'm thinking about magnetic levitation and how big force can push a diamagnetic when we put it in inhomogenious magnetic field. As far as I know, force exerted on a diamagnetic is proportionald to ...