For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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Calculating the force applied by an electromagnet on a ferromagnetic object

I know how to calculate the force applied on a magnetic object by an electromagnet at $n$ metres distance using $$F = \frac{(N \cdot I)^2 \cdot k \cdot A} {2 \cdot g^2},$$ but how would one calculate ...
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How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
31 views

Entropy reversal in magnets

Entropy is an irreversible phenomenon without any energy supplied to reverse it. I was reading about paramagnetic substances and how dipoles align inside them on application of magnetic field. My ...
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4answers
88 views

Positive work by a magnetic field

Consider a single charge moving only under the influence of Magnetic Field $\vec{B}$. The charged particle moves in a circle and the work done by $\vec{B}$ is 0. Now consider a current element in a ...
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2answers
683 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
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1answer
107 views

Pulling a bar through a magnetic field

This is a question on magnetic flux and induced voltage. I believe that this problem's answer key is incorrect, and I want to determine whether my opinion is sound. I also want to explore one ...
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1answer
111 views

Do magnetic fields cause ionisation of gases?

I am doing my final year engineering project on Magnetic Field Assisted Combustion and was curious to see what people thought about it. Companies sell rare earth magnetic arrangements to be attached ...
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1answer
35 views

Why in electrostatics is dV=-E.dr but in electromagnetic induction , EMF=+E.dS?

In electrostatics we learned that dV=-E.dr. I understood the derivation which was used to derive this. Now when I have come to Electromagnetic Induction,I see that when there is a time varying ...
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Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
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3answers
55 views

Does a magnetic field disentangle an EPR pair?

The spins of the both electrons of an EPR pair are undetermined before one conducts a measurement on one of them. Does a magnetic field determine (set up or down) the spin of one partner of an EPR ...
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2answers
91 views

Magnetic Force Confusing Paradox

Actually I had posted a very similar question, but I wasn't quite satisfied with the answer so I am posting a new variety again. Imagine an infinitely long wire carrying current $I_1$ from West to ...
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Could the assumption of superconductivity explain unexplained geomagnetic behaviors?

Science recently published an article regarding a new discovery in superconductivity; that the metallic form of hydrogen sulfide is superconducting at high temperature (relative to absolute zero). ...
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2answers
167 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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49 views

Earth's magnetic field shields us… from what threat?

This is a nice artistic picture of the magnet field of the earth, shielding us from the solar wind. (source) Wherever you look, it is stated that without our shield, life would not be possible on ...
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1answer
85 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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3answers
20k views

How does Hendo hoverboards achieve the self-propelling motion? What is the MFA?

From what I understand of the idea behind Hendo hoverboards, they use four disc shaped hover-engines to generate a self-propelling motion. I also understand that it uses Lenz's law and eddy currents. ...
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1answer
13 views

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field?

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field? I am unsure because resonant inductive coupling uses magnetic fields to transmit power wirelessly and a strong ...
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2answers
65 views

Showing that the magnetic field inside an infinite current carrying cylinder is zero

I'm doing some self studying of introductory physics, and was working a question from a textbook that has several parts. The first few parts asked me to show that the magnetic field of an infinite ...
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1answer
248 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
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26 views

What happens if I pass electric current through conductor magnet? [on hold]

Good days everybody. My question is as seen at the title. What happens if I pass electric current through conductive magnet? If there's no conductive magnets, can we guess what would happen if there ...
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2answers
82 views

Most fundamental quantity in magnetostatics and magnetodynamics [closed]

In both elctrostatics and electrodynamics, the electric charge is defined as the most fundamental quantity. What is the most fundamental quantity in case of magnetostatics and magnetodynamics ?
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1answer
26 views

Sequential Stern-Gerlach devices - realizable experiment or teaching aid?

At least one textbook [1] uses sequential Stern-Gerlach devices to introduce to students that the components of angular momentum are incompatible observables. Viz., the $z$-up beam from a SG device ...
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How to divert water flow by magnetic field or static electricity or electricity?

Is it possible to make a magnetic or electric plate that prevent hitting water to itself or at least divert it? Which force is most effective, magnetic field or static electricity or electricity?
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1answer
968 views

Do really, two oppositely charged bodies (of equal charge in magnitude) attract each other?

It is well known fundamental behaviour that, oppositely charged bodies attract each other (I don't know whether it applies also for charges of equal magnitude or not), and identical charges repel each ...
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4answers
93 views

How do magnetic field lines cancel outside of a solenoid?

Please explain me briefly, how magnetic field lines cancel outside solenoid? There is only one wire wrapping it and therefore only one direction of current so how can magnetic field cancel out? How ...
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1answer
98 views

What causes the sharp borderline at the bottom of northern lights?

The northern lights are caused by cosmic charged particles interacting with the earth's upper atmoshphere. The particles can be trapped by the Lorentz force, so that we can see them where the magnetic ...
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1answer
362 views

Magnetic fields in transformers and back emf?

i am having some trouble with understanding the magnetic fields inside transformers and how they relate to back emf. My first query is: is the magnetic field produced inside the soft iron core ...
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1answer
99 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
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3answers
57 views

Rate of Acceleration of an Object Pulled by Magnetic Force

Gravity on earth pulls objects toward it with an acceleration of 9.8 m/s/s on Earth until the object reaches it's max potential free fall speed. (I call this terminal velocity though I think that this ...
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Which part of a real Type II Superconductor magnetization loop represents the Meissner state?

So if we consider an ideal type II superconductor the magnetization should look like this The Meissner state is to be found between $0$ and $H_{c1}$ and the superconductor works as an ideal ...
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2answers
37 views

Magnetic force storage or amplification question

all forms of energy can be stored or amplified for example : capacitor , hydraulics ,laser , pulley , etc.. what is the equivalent to that for magnetic force ? can magnets be connected in series or ...
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1answer
37 views

Induction equation in a rotating frame

In his book, Tom Cravens refers to the induction equation (perfectly conducting limit) in a rotating frame, the Sun. See link below: ...
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3answers
539 views

How can a magnetic field accelerate particles if it cannot do work?

A varying magnetic field can accelerate charge particles, but it is said that a magnetic field can't do any work so it should not be able to speed up charged particles, right? How is this apparent ...
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2answers
47 views

how to know which side of a peranant magnet is which?

How to determin which side of a magnet is North and Wich side is South? It is my first time asking so I don't know if it is the right place to ask.
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Physical meaning of magnetic length

What is the physical meaning of magnetic length $\ell_B=\frac{\hbar c}{e B}$ in 2D electron system under magnetic field? When $\ell_B \longrightarrow a$, where $a$ is the lattice constant, does that ...
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1answer
166 views

magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet

Can the magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet induce current in a conductor? Is there a flux linkage between magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet and a conductor?
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Question about defining potential energy of a magnetic dipole placed in a magnetic field

We know that magnetic field is a non-conservative field, since it exists in closed loops. Then how can we define the potential energy of a magnetic dipole placed in a magnetic field ?
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1answer
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Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
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40 views

Finding the magnetic field due to a current carrying field at a point within the circumference

This is a question me and my friend were wondering about. How can one calculate the magnetic field due to a current carrying loop at a point in the area enclosed by the loop. For example, at point P ...
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0answers
22 views

Is it possible to change the direction or bend magnetic flux? [closed]

Is it possible to change the direction or bend the magnetic flux according to our wish? What i actually want to do is that if i have a horse-shoe magnet can i bend the magnetic flux which is running ...
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1answer
44 views

Two Current Carrying Loops: Multiple Choice Question

I'm studying some simple multiple choice questions from an old test in electrostatics and I have some trouble intuitively grasping this question. I hope someone can explain the solution! Two current ...
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17 views

Gaussian acceleration of magnetic/nonmagnetic balls

https://youtu.be/CoHGGZfERE0?t=19s In this video, 19 seconds in, a nonmagnetic ball (henceforth just called a ball) is launched slowly at a static magnetic ball butted up against another static ball. ...
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1answer
25 views

Why does the axle need to be rotated in a turbine generator?

Inside a turbine a wire rotates between the poles of a magnet, i.e. rotating inside the magnetic field, so that the field forces the electrons in the wire to move and generate current. But why does ...
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Could diamagnetism be used to create an airbag for your internals?

Could a massively strong magnetic field be used to shield a human body from the effects of excessive +/- accelerations? My understanding is that say for a pilot suitably strapped in that the strain ...
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1answer
19 views

What is the magnetic property of an alloy?

If an alloy is made between a diamagnetic and a paramagnetic substance or paramagnetic and a ferromagnetic substance or a diamagnetic and a ferromagnetic substance, what will be the resulting magnetic ...
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1answer
27 views

What happens when a compass is taken to the site of magnetic pole of earth?

We know that the direction of compass needle always points towards the magnetic north pole. If we take the compass to the site of magnetic north pole, which direction will the compass needle point?
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3answers
13k views

magnetic field outside a solenoid

I couldn't picture the idea behind the zero magnetic flux outside the solenoid properly.My teacher explained it as"Components of the magnetic field in other directions are cancelled by opposing fields ...
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3answers
44 views

How to correctly determine the direction of induced current flow?

I am at the elementary level of physics. That means preferably no calculus. And most or all I know to use in determining direction is the right/left hand rule. I am not sure exactly why it works. ...
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What is blocking the magnetic field of this neodymium magnet?

I opened up my hard drive and pulled out (among other things) the top and bottom braces for the reading arm. Each bracket contains a really powerful neodymium affixed to its underside. When the ...
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232 views

Currents induced by rotation of a coil about magnetic field lines

If the coil on the left is rotated about the magnetic field lines, will there be an induced current? I know that the flux concerns only the component of the magnetic field perpendicular to the ...