For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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Can a magnet lose its strength over time? Especially when repulsive magnets are around? [duplicate]

I was thinking of hanging delicate art glass pieces separated by opposing magnets on walls simply using the power of magnets. I was wondering will the opposite poles have any effect on the strength of ...
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2answers
73 views

Does a moving charge have additional (magnetic) energy

My understanding so far: A moving charge produces a magnetic field, B, in an analogous way to a current produces one. A magnetic field has an energy density which is proportional to B squared. My ...
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0answers
41 views

What happens to the magnetic field when the source is turned off?

Suppose you had a magnetic field source in space and a piece of iron a light minute away. Assuming magnetic fields propagate at the speed of light since they are massless, if you turn on the magnetic ...
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2answers
56 views

Why can a magnet setup not fly?

I know that the following setup won't work to lift it up forever: But I'm struggling to convince myself why. If the top magnet is strong enough to lift the weight, why is the bottom magnet not ...
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0answers
28 views

Magneto Optical Kerr Effects

I have a few questions on MOKE setup. Firstly, why is calibration of the coils necessary? Is it to get a relationship between the voltage and the Magnetic field? Secondly, why do we have to normalise ...
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1answer
280 views

Magnetic fields in transformers and back emf?

i am having some trouble with understanding the magnetic fields inside transformers and how they relate to back emf. My first query is: is the magnetic field produced inside the soft iron core ...
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1answer
39 views

Is the electron's magnetic dipole moment influenced by the measurement method?

The electric charge of an electron at rest is a constant value and is not influenced by the measurement instrument. The measurement instrument by itself can give more or less accurate result, but does ...
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1answer
25 views

To describe crystallity structures of this ferromagnetic material

MOKE microscope picture of the ferromagnetic Material $Co_{40} Fe_{40} B_{20}$ of 20 nm thin film All other pictures look the same, also from different angles: [0,360] by 15 degree separation. I ...
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1answer
28 views

Definition of magnetic field $H$ in ferromagnetism

I am thinking how you can define explicitly the magnetic field $H$ in a ferromagnetic material. I think the Maxwell's equation should apply. However, I am not completely sure which form. Here are ...
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2answers
178 views

Why opposite poles of magnet attract each other, why don't they repel?

We know that different poles of magnet attract each other, but I don't know why this happens why similar poles doesn't attract. what is difference between similar poles and different poles?
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1answer
35 views

Is the magnetic field calculated by Ampere's Law only because of the currents crossing the loop? [duplicate]

In Ampere's Law, $$\oint \vec B \cdot \mathrm d \vec l = \mu I$$ the current outside the curve is not included on the right hand side of the equation.* Does it mean that the magnetic ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
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1answer
50 views

Force on permanent magnet solenoid core

I was wondering, since a coil/solenoid will pull any ferromagnetic material inside it, does the initial magnetization of the object in question affect the magnitude or direction of the force? I know ...
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0answers
48 views

What will be the motion of an electron kept at rest in the vicinity of a magnetic monopole?

Consider that both an electron and a magnetic monopole are kept at rest close to each other. Will this result any motion of the electron? If yes, please give a derivation of the equation of motion.
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1answer
49 views

How does one calculate or even approximate the force observed by a magnet as its dropped inside of a diamagnetic cylinder?

How does one calculate or even approximate the force observed by a magnet as its dropped inside of a diamagnetic cylinder? Wikipedia and Google does not provide much information on this topic. ...
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3answers
81 views

In the electric field we have dielectrics.What about the magnetic field?

Do we have insulators in the magnetic field just like we have dielectrics in the electric field? How are they called and how do they work?
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1answer
31 views

Magnetic flux from an infinit wire through a Square loop [closed]

Okay so I need to solve this exercise. I know that the magnitic field from an infinit wire is given by: $ \vec{B} = \frac{\mu_0I}{2\pi r} \hat{\phi}$, And that I must do an intergral looking ...
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0answers
13 views

What is the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker?

I have been doing some research for the past couple years investigating the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker. More specifically, if you apply a relatively uniform magnetic field in no ...
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2answers
190 views

What is the physics of tilt compensation of an electronic compass

This question concerns the physics behind the implementation of electronic compasses to find the orientation of a device. In the robotics community, 3-axis magnetometers are often used for this ...
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2answers
186 views

Why is there no induced electric field in the experiment (Faraday's Law)

Below are three circuit diagrams for each of Faraday's experiments that allowed Faraday to come up with Faraday's Law. In Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics Griffiths states (on page 302 of ...
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3answers
3k views

1 Tesla electromagnet?

Is it possible to create a powerful electromagnet at home? With use of a ferromagnet it seems so... Using the following formula: $B(Tesla)= k\mu_0nI$. I understand some ferromagnet's like iron could ...
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1answer
15 views

Magnetic field path on a surface with axial symmetry

$\newcommand{\dv}[2]{\frac{\mathrm{d} #1}{\mathrm{d}#2}}$ I'm trying to find the path a magnetic field line takes along an axially symmetric magnetic surface. I'm given: - $r,z$ points along a ...
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1answer
45 views

Can Ampere's Circuital law be used on an infinite number of alternating Helmholtz coils?

I have the following surface current density $$ \bar{\sigma}_s = \hat{\phi} \sin(kz) |\bar{\sigma}_s| $$ to approximate an infinite number of alternating Helmholtz coils stacked along the z-axis with ...
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0answers
45 views

Graphene - Can it produce a magnetic field?

So it's probably a quick no on this one, but since I haven't majored in physics or chemistry I have no idea if it's possible to make Graphene generate a magnetic field. Assuming power or current is ...
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1answer
114 views

Why is the quench temperature fluctuation not a concern for maglev trains?

I am having trouble discovering why temperature fluctuations and magnetic field fluctuations are not a stability concern for superconducting magnetic levitation trains. I am under the impression that ...
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0answers
124 views

Earth magnetic field [closed]

I gather that, in these days, the most common explanation for the Earth magnetic field existence and strength is the theory of convetive currents of molten iron and nickel atoms in the outer core of ...
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1answer
46 views

$B$ field around an infinite wire symmetry argument

Consider the infinity current carrying wire wire drawn below along with the three possible components of the magnetic field at a point a distance $r$ from the centre. I know how to use symmetry to ...
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7answers
428 views

Bar magnet dropped through coil

If you have drop a bar magnet through a coil so that it goes all the way through I was told the graph of emf induced in the coil vs time looks something like this: (emf induced is on y axis, time ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the direction of area vector while calculating magnetic flux?

In my textbook, as a preliminary to Faraday's law of induction, magnetic flux is defined over a closed loop as $$\Phi_B = \oint \vec{B}\cdot d\vec{A}$$ Then it draws a parallel with electric flux ...
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0answers
52 views

Why does “liquid metal” do this?

I just watched this video where a guy uses magnetic "liquid metal" along with a standard magnet to create some pretty cool spiky shapes. The magnetized liquid, when brought near the standard magnet, ...
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0answers
18 views

Halbach array possible shapes?

Looking at images on the web most hallbachs are either rings or blocks but I have seen a couple pictures of what look to be rectangles or pyramids. They are just illustrations though and maybe ...
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1answer
28 views

How to tell apart a permanent and induced magnet which are otherwise identical?

In his educational series "Demonstrations in Physics" the late Prof. Julius Sumner Miller posed the following riddle: Given two identical bars of iron, one magnetized and one not, how can you ...
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1answer
36 views

Relation between magnetic fields of magnets and magnetic field of currents

When I started to study magnetostatics it was said that magnetic fields are created by charges in motion, that is, they are created by currents. On the other hand, we have magnets and those have ...
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2answers
133 views

What really happen with resonance inductive coupling

I can't figure out the picture of resonance inductive coupling I can image how magnetic inductive coupling works, It scatter magnetic around one coil and if second coil being near it then induce ...
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3answers
606 views

Difference between electromagnetic radiation (EMR) and Electromagnetic Field?

I'm a freshly graduated electrical engineer. One course that I really struggled with was Field Theory, because it was a lovely assortment of vector calculus and things that were explained to me well ...
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1answer
20 views

Local form of Ampere's law

How can I find the magnetic field created by an infinite straight wire of radius $R$ and current density $\vec{j}$ using only the local form of Ampere's law : $\vec{\nabla}\times \vec{B} = \mu_0 ...
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4answers
6k views

North and south of magnetic field

The current I is flowing upward in the wire in this figure. The direction of the magnetic filed due to the current can be determined by the right hand rule. Can we determine the north and the south ...
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2answers
43 views

Bar magnets and work - contradiction

Suppose we hold two bar magnets with opposite poles facing each other a certain distance away. We let go and the magnets fly towards each other. We observe that the magnets gain kinetic energy. ...
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1answer
61 views

Fleming's left hand rule

in Fleming's left hand rule is the direction of current showing the direction of the flow of electrons or the direction of positive charge?
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3answers
388 views

How are the Lorentz force, Maxwell's third law and Faraday's law of induction clasically related?

Faraday's law of induction can be used in any situation where the magnetic flux is changing through a closed conducting loop. While giving the correct answer, it seems to me that for the following ...
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2answers
26 views

How does magnetic field affects a charge?

If a electron is placed in a fixed magnetic field, how the electron will get influenced by it? How does magnetic field attacts/repulses the charge?
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1answer
66 views

Magnetic monopoles and special relativity

I was thinking about magnetism as a product of special relativity and the result of this approach to the magnetic monopoles. So if magnetism is a product of electricity(like electricity from another ...
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0answers
31 views

Do these symmetrical looking B field problems have the obvious answer?

I am struggling with two questions whose answers both appear to be trivially zero by symmetry arguments, when I was expecting more derivation to be required. Problem A), An infinitely long wire ...
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2answers
97 views

Conducting rod moving through magnetic field

If a conducting rod moves through a magnetic field which way do its electrons move? In my revision guide it shows the following picture (more or less, but the following is my drawing of it -- I ...
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2answers
44 views

Why does one call $B$ the magnetic induction?

When one studies electrostatics we have the electric field $\mathbf{E}$. This object usually is introduced as a field produced by a configuration of charges such that the force on another charge $Q$ ...
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1answer
37 views

Faraday and Lenz's laws

in my revision guide it gives the equation for Faraday's law as $$\text{induced emf} = N\frac{\Delta \phi}{\Delta t}$$ while the one for Lenz's law is given $$\text{induced ...
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1answer
28 views

What is flux linking?

In my revision guide it says, "flux linking is when emf is induced by changing the magnitude or direction of the magnetic flux." I'm slightly confused here because earlier on the page it defines ...
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1answer
20 views

Notation Comprehension - Magnetic Field vector

While studying I've come in touch with a question about Magnetic Momentum, Torque and Loops. In it the following picture was given: During the calculus of the Torque, the intensity of the field and ...
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1answer
41 views

Interacting magnetic fields

Is there a reason why two magnetic fields perpendicular to each other do not interact? If they are parallel or at a non-90 degree angle they interact. Is it because magnetic field lines can be viwed ...