For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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Why doesn't current induced by changes in flux affect the flux, while current induced by a battery does?

Faraday's law states $V=-\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}$, where $F$ is flux. Since $V=IR$ for passive circuits, $I = V/R = -\frac{1}{R}\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}.$ But by the Biot-Savart law, ...
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1answer
307 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
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1answer
51 views

Why do really powerful magnets have to be really big?

If you want to make a really powerful magnet, that can for example attract golf ball sized metal objects from 15 feet away, the magnet has to be really big, and really heavy. Why is this so? I don't ...
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0answers
22 views

A magnet's magnetic field strength

Assume that we have six horseshoe magnets which are equivalent in every manner. If we put them together by stacking perpendicularly, what could be said about that magnet assembly in terms of its ...
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1answer
92 views

Asymmetry in magnetic field direction of an electric wire

The simplest magnetic field is that of an infinitely long wire with uniform current. It does enjoy radial symmetry about the wire and has the variation as 1/r. To find the direction of the resulting ...
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1answer
19 views

What are the general rules for determine on which two ends of a bar magnetic are its poles located?

I am wondering. Maybe somebody be nice enough to put a explanation that doesn't involve too much math. I did notice that for bar magnets, their poles are not always on the two ends separated by the ...
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1answer
54 views

Why does a real/virtual photon interact only with charged particle?

A photon is the force carrier of an electromagnetic wave and it consists of an electric and a magnetic field propagating through space at the speed of light in vacuum. It exhibits wave-particle ...
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2answers
38 views

Is this a possible monopole setup, or will it cancel out? [duplicate]

Suppose you have a ball that is covered in magnets, in which the North Pole of every magnet faces outward. Is this a monopole? Or at least "functions" as a monopole? And what will happen if you placed ...
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1answer
65 views

Shouldn't the currents be time-continuous here?

My intuition is that the current upon an inductor (say, a solenoid) will always be time-continuous, without "sudden changes". But below is a case that seemingly contradicts this point of view. There ...
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3answers
83 views

Where is the energy stored in an inductor?

In an inductor, Most text books say that the $(1/2)Li^2$ is stored in the magnetic field. But is there another way to explain this? In a capacitor I understand that all the energy that the battery ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Special relativity, electromagnetic fields, charge and Q

Is it true, were Coulomb's constant k to be several orders of magnitude smaller, that there would be no (or increasingly negligible) magnetic fields generated by moving charges? The reason being the ...
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3answers
485 views

Explanation of Lorentz-Force

In high-school level books (for example the german standard text: "Dorn-Bader") I have often seen an explanation of the Lorentz force as on the following picture: The textbooks consider the ...
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2answers
49 views

Are magnetic field lines level sets?

I have been learning a bit about level sets. After doing this, I looked at a diagram of magnetic field lines and noticed they don't intersect rather like the lines on closed curve level sets. My ...
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0answers
15 views

How much drag/friction does moving a magnet past coil make?

In the pic below in Fig . 1 I understand this as a very crude way of generating an electrical charge / voltage in the wire if the magnet shown is moved along the length of the wire.. In Fig.2 there ...
2
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0answers
85 views

Force between two current carrying wires: the general case

Assume two straight current carrying parallel wires with currents ($I$ and $I'$) flowing in the same direction, at a distance $R$ from each other. From Ampère's law (and from Biot-Savart as well) it ...
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0answers
43 views

How to repeat the Biot-Savart experiment for the direct current in a straight wire and the corresponding magnetic field without side effects?

As I read Biot and Savart took a compass needle and this needle make some rotation when the current was switched on and off. As it was clear that a changing current induces a magnetic field the ...
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2answers
29 views

Limits of Integration Trig, Mag Field Infinite Length Wire

I don't understand how the limits of integration should be defined when doing basic integrals of trig functions. It seems like it's an arbitrary decision, I don't understand it. Here's the set up: ...
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1answer
49 views

How does the magnetic field generated from a rectangular cross-sectional current-carrying conductor differ from a circular cross-sectional conductor?

I can find much information of cylindrical conductors (ie. regular wires), where $B=\frac{\mu_0 i}{2 \pi r}$ and $r$ represents the radius (or distance) from the centre of the conductor, however I ...
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1answer
84 views

Induced magnetic field produces electric field and vice versa forever!

So here are the two of Maxwell's laws that I am interested in: So we have the simple circuit (from google): So, before the system goes into steady-state we know that charge slowly accumulates on ...
8
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3answers
618 views

Would a spinning, evenly charged sphere generate a magnetic field?

I could see how it would go either way. On the one hand, there IS moving charge; on the other hand, it is not discernibly moving.
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1answer
50 views

Do magnetic fields cause ionisation of gases?

I am doing my final year engineering project on Magnetic Field Assisted Combustion and was curious to see what people thought about it. Companies sell rare earth magnetic arrangements to be attached ...
2
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3answers
203 views

Spin in magnetic field and eigenvalues

We have some arbitrary quantum state, lets say $$\vert\Psi\rangle=\alpha_{1}\vert\uparrow\rangle+\alpha_{2}\vert\downarrow\rangle= \begin{pmatrix} \alpha_{1} \\ \alpha_{2} \\ \end{pmatrix}$$. And ...
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3answers
649 views

Why should Conservative forces have their curl equal to zero?(intuition)

There are several conditions that must be met in order for a force to be conservative. One of them is that the curl of that force must be equal to zero? What is the physical intuition behind this? If ...
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3answers
6k views

Why doesn't light affect a compass?

In our daily life a lot of photons of visible light, infrared and radio etc move around us. We know that light is an electromagnetic radiation. So why doesn't that electromagnetic radiation affect a ...
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0answers
27 views

Magnetic field of cylinder equal to two current loops?

I was reading a text about the magnetic field of a uniformly magnetized cylinder when I came across this. The author states that since \begin{equation} A_{\phi}(\rho,z) = \frac{\mu_0 a M}{4\pi} ...
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1answer
71 views

Right hand rule confusion

I have a question that I am trying to figure out: Two long parallel wires placed side-by-side on a horizontal table carry identical size currents in opposite directions. The wire on your right ...
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1answer
83 views

Force between two finite parallel current carrying wires

Remark: This is not a homework question...It is pure out of theoretical interest. I asked this the mathematics-community a couple days ago and got no answer, so I figured I'd try here. Most standard ...
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1answer
50 views

magnetic field due to current in a wire using Biot-Savart's law

I am learning about Biot-Savart's law to calculate the magnetic field due to the electric current in a wire. ...
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0answers
20 views

Field in a toroid

How does the field change in the cross section of a toroid? I will give you my attempt at an answer so that you can see what I am trying to ask. I think the field should look something like this: ...
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1answer
50 views

Repelling a weak permanent magnet with an electromagnet

I have a question about magnetic repulsion. Suppose I have a permanent magnet (axially magnetized) placed on top of the iron core of an electromagnet. I want to switch on the elctromagnet to repel the ...
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0answers
50 views

Magnetic susceptibility in ising model as magnetization change

Let's say I have a standard 2D Ising model with $$ H(\sigma) = - \sum_{<i~j>}\sigma_i \sigma_j - h\sum_{j} \sigma_j $$ With the metropolis algorithm, I can compute various things like energy ...
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1answer
28 views

Why does magnetic flux linkage become negative when a coil is turned through 180degrees?

Taking a rectangular coil, in a constant magnetic field, it is understandable that BANcos(theta) should apply for the magnitude of the flux linkage. However if the coil is turned through 180 degrees ...
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2answers
98 views

Magnetism: why is a steel ball-bearing repelled from a magnet towards a piece of unmagnetised steel?

At the risk of sounding like one of the Insane Clown Posse, I was watching this video of the late Eric Laithwaite discussing magnetism: Eric Laithwaite, Circle of Magnetism (1968) (the relevant ...
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1answer
31 views

Magnetic Field Along the Axis of the Current Ring - Alternative way to compute

This is Example 5.6 in Griffith's Introduction to Electrodynamics (4th Edition): Find the magnetic field a distance $z$ above the centre of a circular loop of radius $\ R$, which carries a steady ...
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0answers
29 views

How to find magnetic moment using android sensors?

I am working on android application which analyze magnetic field and should find position of magnet in predefined space. I am using for development permanent magnetic dipole and android sensors ...
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1answer
26 views

Can an electric current's magnetic field be represented by a magnet/magnets?

Is it possible to recreate the exact same magnetic field that electric currents have with a magnet and if it is, how?
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0answers
4 views

Magnetization Curve of the Coiled Tube HS-90

Could anyone provide the magnetization curve (B-H curve) of the Coiled Tube HS-90, which is made of steel alloy A-606 type 4 molly? Thank you.
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2answers
209 views

How can a magnetic field accelerate particles if it cannot do work?

A varying magnetic field can accelerate charge particles, but it is said that a magnetic field can't do any work so it should not be able to speed up charged particles, right? How is this apparent ...
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1answer
241 views

Is Magnetic Field is made of Photon? Is there any frequency of Magnetic Field waves? [duplicate]

(Considering the What is a magnetic field question which is asked on just 8th march, by @DragonSlayer3 and my own question which is left with negative points and closed, Photon Energies in sunlight, ...
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3answers
17k views

How does Hendo hoverboards achieve the self-propelling motion? What is the MFA?

From what I understand of the idea behind Hendo hoverboards, they use four disc shaped hover-engines to generate a self-propelling motion. I also understand that it uses Lenz's law and eddy currents. ...
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6answers
186 views

Does a magnetic field do work on a moving rod?

In a case such as this one, my textbook says that I might be tempted to think the magnetic force is doing work (against the moving rod). It then says this isnt the case because "charges move ...
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0answers
29 views

How can I compare magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets?

I want to compare the magnetism/mass ratio of different magnets. Let, for example be ceramic/samarium-cobalt/alnico/steel/neodymium magnets. Questions: What units should I compare for ...
2
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2answers
188 views

Does the magnetic field lie in the Wave-Particle duality?

There is Wave–particle duality. According to this theory, light is a wave and a particle at once. What about magnetic field? Can it be so, that it is also a wave and particle, but this particle has ...
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0answers
17 views

Why does the 180°-pulse in mrt not sync all phases like the 90°-pulse does?

As far as i understand, in mrt with the constant field B0 pointing in the z-direction, the 90°-pulse "screws" some of the relaxed spins, so that the expectation value of their magnetic moment rotates ...
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1answer
60 views

Computing energy loss for a hysteresis curve

Let a hysteresis loop be as shown in the figure, with $B_0$ the applied external field due to a current $I$ in a toroid, and $B_M$ the additional field due to the ferromagnetic material. Hence we ...
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1answer
18 views

How can DC-magnetic fields be produced with the aid of currents?

How can DC-magnetic fields be produced with the aid of currents? What's a possible theoretical explanation for this, and how does one achieve this in the real world? What are the maximum fields that ...
2
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0answers
85 views

What does the net force do with this droplet in magnetic field?

Consider a spherical droplet with radious $R_d$ which is coated with an immiscible ferrofluid with volume equal to $2v_f$. While the droplet is in rest on a surface, if I approach two magnets in ...
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1answer
30 views

There is some attempt to build a magnetic flywheel (reservoir of motion)

We know how flywheel works! There is some attempt to substitute the flywheel-friction mechanism for some magnetic torque ? Exist some mechanism that uses thermal cycle of gases for generate magnetic ...
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1answer
72 views

Induced Current & Lenz's Law - 2 Circular Loops with same direction of current

I'm new to the wonderful world of physics, and I'm really confused about magnetism and induced currents. Let's say we have 2 circular closed loops that each carry a current $I$ clockwise and the ...
2
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2answers
88 views

Finding net magnetic and electric force on charged particle [closed]

This is from my textbook, it is not an assigned problem, but I want to understand. It says: Consider the situation in the figure, in which there is a uniform electric field in the x direction ...