For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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18
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4answers
2k views

What is the magnetic field inside hollow ball of magnets?

Setup: we have a large number of thin magnets shaped such that we can place them side by side and eventually form a hollow ball. The ball we construct will have the north poles of all of the magnets ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How the Bloch sphere of a Hahn echo in NMR looks like? 90-t-90-t-echo

I have tried to find in the literature a proper nice and beautiful Bloch sphere to describe the trajectory of a nuclear spin, starting in z-axis, using a pulse sequence of an initial 90º pulse with ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Magnetic Field in the presence of a conductor

I am studying for my quals and came across an old question that reads like the following: There are two regions in space separated by an infinite conducting plane. Region 1 has a magnetic dipole ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Why do ferromagnetic materials channel magnetic field lines?

I have read that the total magnetic field of a ferromagnet, $\vec{B} = \mu_0\vec{H}+\mu_0\vec{M}$ where $\vec{H}$ is an external magnetic field and $\vec{M}$ is the magnetic field of the ferromagnet ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Penetration and skin depth in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (classical electromagnetism)

Does anyone know how AC magnetic fields behave in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (MIT). Do they form a magnetic circuit around a metallic specimen or penetrate through it, or both? This ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Superconductors and magnetic field [closed]

I am working on a project, and I have a question: Concerning superconductors considered as diamagnetic material, what is the equation that describes the repulsive force to a diamagnetic material in a ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Magnet substitution [closed]

I wonder if the two magnet configurations below are equivalent. If they are not - what will be the effects on the flux?
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Does a magnetic field do work on an intrinsic magnetic dipole?

When you release a magnetic dipole in a nonuniform magnetic field, it will accelerate. I understand that for current loops (and other such macroscopic objects) the magnetic moment comes from moving ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Work done by magnetic field on magnetic dipole

In the above slide, it reads that $W=\int\mu B sin(\theta)d\theta=\mu B cos(\theta)$. But, I thought that $\int\mu B sin(\theta)d\theta=-\mu B cos(\theta)$ by some calculus calculation. Can ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Magnetic needles in elastic media

I am studying a system with magnetic needles in a elastic media. The (two-dimensional) system is composed of $N$ magnetic needles distributed in an elastic matrix with Young's modulus is $E$. The ...
0
votes
2answers
262 views

How can I calculate the relative permeability of iron?

I'm a high school physics student, and part of our project requires us to make an electromagnet. We have an iron core, and it will go inside a solenoid. The problem is, we don't know what the relative ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is there no Gravitational Magnetic Field?

We think that the electric field and gravitational field operate similarly with their corresponding charges/masses. With just a difference that the electric field is sometimes attractive and sometimes ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Why does magnetic field increase when the number of coil turns increase?

Since we all know that to increase the magnetic field we can do these of the following things: (i) Increase the number of turns in a coil, (ii) Increase the current following through conductor, and ...
11
votes
2answers
346 views

How are the northern lights produced?

Although I've never seen it myself, I hear the northern lights are a sight to be seen! I know they're related to the Earth's magnetic field but I don't know much more about them. What is the physical ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Cause and properties of northern lights [duplicate]

If outside on a dark night in the middle to high latitudes, one might be able to see an aurora. It may be several hundred kilometers high and several thousand kilometers long, stretching around Earth ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Is it possible to design a large permanent magnet that creates a multi-Tesla field?

Is it ever possible to create a LARGE magnet (in meters wide/long) that could potentially create a powerful magnetic field?
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Torque on wire summarized with magnetic moment

The magnetic moment of a current-carrying wire loop $L$ is $$ \boldsymbol\mu = \frac I2\oint_L\mathbf{r} \times \mathrm{d}\mathbf{r} $$ so the torque it experiences under a uniform magnetic field ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Magnetic field in materials with non-constant magnetic susceptibility

I'm quite lost what $B$ and $H$ is. It seams to me that most of the texts I read do quite poor job in explaining them properly. They are explained only in cases when magnetic susceptibility is ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

What does the magnetic field of the (quantum-mechanical) electron look like?

While a treatment of electron spin can be found in any introductory textbook, I've noticed that the electron's magnetic field seems to be treated classically. Presumably this is because a quantum ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Can the magnetic fields of EM radiation be harnessed or measured?

We use the electric component of EM radiation to create the EM radiation and to detect it (antennas and Etc.), but does anyone know of a situation where the magnetic component of EM radiation is used? ...
8
votes
2answers
113 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are magnetic fields so much weaker than electric?

In EM radiation, the magnetic field is $ 3*10^8$ times smaller than the electric field, but is it valid to say it's "weaker". These fields have different units, so I don't think you can compare them, ...
-1
votes
2answers
56 views

Find electric field given the magnetic field [duplicate]

Given the magnetic field as a vector, how do I find the electric field?
1
vote
0answers
78 views

calculate force between two magnets [closed]

I have used a couple of online calculators to estimate the attractive force between two cylindrical bar magnets. Using d=1"; t=1"; x=0.1"; Neo35 (Br=12,300 Gauss): source 1 gives 63.5 lbf source 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Magnetic Fields in water

I have a question for all of the persons talking about magnetism. What are the differences in any of the properties, laws, etc. of a magnetic field totally submerged in water compared to a magnetic ...
2
votes
3answers
49 views

Magnetic moment - magnetic field relation without free currents

I'm trying to understand magnetostatics in the presense of ferromagnetic material. But I'm ending up in a contradiction: Lets take a piece of iron: Assuming that we don't care about the hysteresis ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

How to feel or sense magnetic fields from earth?

I know that earth has magnetic fields/forces, but why we don't feel them? So if I hold a magnet and earth's magnetic field is positive and my magnet is from the positive side, then why the magnet does ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Remotely changing superconductor levitation height?

I want to be able to modify the height of a quantum locked superconductor. My original plan was to levitate the superconductor over an electromagnet and modify the current to said magnet (increase the ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Aharonov-Bohm Effect electricity generation

This question is based on highly intuitive picture of the Aharonov-Bohm effect (perhaps a naive one). From what I have read, the current explanation of the AB effect is that although the electron ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Geomagnetic reversal?

I have always been told that the geomagnetic field acts "as if" there were a bar magnet inside the Earth. I now this is not true, but I feel that knowing what is actually going on would help me ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Understanding the mathematical formulation of the Faraday effect

The Faraday Effect is a magneto-optical effect which results in the polarisation of light being rotated I would really want to understand the theory of this, but I only have a basic EM knowledge, ...
5
votes
4answers
216 views

Do magnets redshift light?

Do magnets redshift light? Suppose we have an extremely powerful magnet (say the size of the Sun) and we have a smaller paramagnetic material above it (say. Titanium Brick which is ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Does a permanent magnet loose its magnetism?

The question is slightly deceiving however still simple for those academics therefore, here I present my question: If I take a para-magnetic material and put it very close to a homogeneous magnetic ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Do radio waves interact with electrical wiring?

AFAIK radio waves can be influenced by magnetic fields (when not traveling through a vacuum). Electrical wires create a magnetic field perpendicular to the length of the wire, as a function of the ...
2
votes
3answers
337 views

Ampere's law and Biot-Savart law gives different terms for magnetic field in middle of a current running in a loop

I would like if someone could clarify this issue for me: When dealing with a current $I$ running in a loop with radius $R$ and looking for the magnetic field in the middle of the loop. By using ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Magnetic field and Newton's third law

If a magnet exerts force on a iron block (opposite and EQUAL), does a iron block also exerts force on magnet (via Newton's third law)? If yes then what magnetic property does it has to produce equal ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Drag on a conductor moving in a uniform magnetic field

Given a conductor moving through a perfectly uniform magnetic field, what is the drag force experienced by the conductor (due to induced eddy currents, or any other magnetic interactions I may have ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Finite rod aligned with a time varying magnetic field

A finite length rod is aligned parallel with a magnetic field that has a changing magnitude (let's say a sinusoidal change), given the conductivity and permeability of the rod and assume a large ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Would a magnetic field be affected permanently if it interacts with another magnetic field?

Would a magnetic field still be changed after it stops interacting with another magnetic field. As far as I know, a magnetic field is generated by spinning electrons. Thus, does a magnetic field ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Why is an electric and magnetic field present in all universe?

the Earth has its fields due to the motion of molten metals in the core but how does this whole universe has its fields without any discontinuity? And we can say for sure that fields are present in ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Earth's magnetic field

I'm dealing with a problem here. Today my professor asked us a question : How should a metallic wire move in Earth's magnetic field such that she gets maximum potential difference in it's ends: a) ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

Calculate electric field induced by a changing magnetic field

I want to plot the electric field (as a vector field plot) which is induced by a changing magnetic field for some simple cases. Suppose for example that the magnetic field changes linearly (or ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Determine stationary angular velocity of wheel with circuit in magnetic field

I have a wheel (free to spin around the $z-$axis) with four spokes that is connected by sliding contacts to a circuit with $U_0 = 0,72V$. Also, there is a B-Field parallel to the $z-$axis For the ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

How fast does it take to create a magnetic field in a solenoid?

If a solenoid/electromagnet has current flowing, it creates a magnetic field. Electricity is very very fast, I believe close to the speed of light? So, when power is given to a solenoid with $n$ ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

In a strong field, how long would it take for domains to align?

How fast is the rate of "switch" for the domains to align with an exterior field? Possibly in milliseconds? I assume it won't take much time since domains are very small, and they only turn from a ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Time Varying Magnetic Field

What is said time varying magnetic field? I have heard a lot about it and the Internet is not willing to give me any answers. I assume time varying is a qualification, I was reading around here and ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

What is equation to find force of magnetic attraction

I was wondering as a student, when I was playing with magnets I thought like Gravitational force equation of Newton's Gravitation Theory, can we also calculate force of an magnetic attraction on an ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Is the field generated by an electromagnet always proportional to its current?

Imagine that I use a long wire to create an electromagnet. Let's also assume that the current flowing along the wire is constant, and that the wire is winded on the vacuumm. Is the magnetic field ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

How do you levitate a foam rock? ('Endless Second' artwork)

I saw this in an art museum: How is this possible? The materials used to make this were foam, wood, stone dust, paint, electromagnets, and metal. I would like to know how this was make and how I ...