For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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2answers
299 views

Magnetic flux density of a solenoidal electromagnet

I am designing an electromagnet which will be used to test magnetic sensors. So I used to formula found at hyperphysics which relates the magnetic field flux density to the number of turns, the ...
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1answer
44 views

Does a precessing spin in constant magnetic field change the field somehow?

If an electron enters a magnetic field along the lines of the magnetic induction it spin starts to preccess. Suppose the field was made by a coil (toroid). What changes happen in the field - current - ...
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2answers
696 views

Repelling a weak permanent magnet with an electromagnet

I have a question about magnetic repulsion. Suppose I have a permanent magnet (axially magnetized) placed on top of the iron core of an electromagnet. I want to switch on the elctromagnet to repel the ...
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1answer
40 views

Gruchestein Effect?

I overheard that name in a conversation, but not very clearly. I can't find anything on Google, probably because of my spelling is completely wrong. Does anybody knows about an effect with a similar ...
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1answer
32 views

differences of Aurora Borealis (North) vs. Aurora Australis (South)

I was wondering about the differences between the Northern vs. Southern lights: will one pole collect the positive charges, and the other the negatives? I know that the solar wind is composed mainly ...
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1answer
278 views

Explanation of force amplification inside a solenoid

For a system being actuated by a motor, the force can be amplified by gearing. The energy is being used for force instead of distance, so it produces more torque but moves slower. For a system being ...
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0answers
23 views

How does the velocity of a magnet falling through a solenoid affect the induced voltage?

Given Faraday's Law, $\mathcal{E}=-N \frac{\partial \phi}{\partial t}$, we can induce an EMF by dropping a magnet through a coil of wire. How would the velocity of this magnet relate to the induced ...
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0answers
29 views

Solving Bloch equation for MRI

I am trying to write a numerical solver for Bloch equation to track the magnetisation of a spin during the excitation and relaxation processes. The general Bloch equations can be written as: $$ \...
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3answers
33 views

How to determine the concentration and sign of the charge carriers in copper

I need to design a procedure for an experiment to determine the concentration and sign of the charge carriers in copper. I'm given: A slab of copper 2.0 mm thick, 1.5 cm wide, and 4 cm long One very ...
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2answers
171 views

Could I make a magnetic foam or film by mixing magnetic dust?

I'm a developer and tinkerer more than an academic, and I'm not sure if this question, being more practical and less theoretical, will be welcome or not here. But here goes, with apologies in advance ...
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1answer
30 views

Verify Faraday's law of induction [closed]

I need to design a procedure for an experiment to verify Faraday's law of induction. I'm given: A Helmholtz coil of radius 15 cm Three plastic spheres of radii 1 cm, 1.5 cm, and 2 cm. A spool of ...
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1answer
327 views

Induced Current & Lenz's Law - 2 Circular Loops with same direction of current

I'm new to the wonderful world of physics, and I'm really confused about magnetism and induced currents. Let's say we have 2 circular closed loops that each carry a current $I$ clockwise and the ...
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2answers
128 views

Does the ring (in the picture) experience Lorentz force?

Does the ring in the picture below experience Lorentz force? Or should I say it's just some magnetic force? (Notice that the poles repel eachother.) I am unsure because of the setting with the ...
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3answers
138 views

Questions regarding magnetic fields and magnetic field lines

I went through certain statements regarding magnetic fields and M.G lines which I am not able to understand. First doubt: Why do magnetic field lines form closed curves? I went through some ...
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1answer
120 views

Flux linkage of 2 coils in series

I have a question from magnetic circuits. I am an engineering student, therefore I will neglect some minor errors. There is a simple magnetic circuit with 2 coils ($C_1$ & $C_2$), with $N_1$ &...
6
votes
1answer
346 views

Could the Faraday's rotating wire experiment be explained without using Lorentz force?

I read Faraday's rotating wire experiment which resulted in the invention of the homopolar motor. He was clever enough to think it that way and make the wire rotate around one of the poles of the ...
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1answer
483 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
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0answers
31 views

Effect of shielding on a miniature Helmholtz coil

So a bit of background... I'm a university graduate student with primarily digital signal processing and embedded experience. However I've managed to get myself involved with a project that requires ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

Is there a colour “magnetic” field?

Does the colour charge of quarks brings a "colour magnetic field" into existence? When the quark is moving you should expect that it results in the same kind of magnetic field as a moving electric ...
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1answer
121 views

Can a magnetic or electric field deflect subatomic particles?

I always wondered if the subatomic particles can be deflected by a magnetic or electric field. Basically I am asking the viability of the typical "Force Field" in movies.
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0answers
35 views

Amplifying an electromagnet's generated field

Given an electromagnet like this: which is essentially an iron casing with coils inside: Is it right that the centre disc would have one polarity whilst the outer housing another? To boost the ...
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0answers
25 views

What shape does magnetic dust take under the influence of its own magnetic field?

Recently, I came across some very powerful neodymium magnets (the flat cylinder kind), and I accidentally broke one by snapping two of them together quickly. What I noticed is that the two halves don'...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

Biot-Savart law from Ampère's with multivariate calculus

Let us assume the validity of Ampère's circuital law $$\oint_{\gamma}\mathbf{B}\cdot d\mathbf{x}=\mu_0 I_{\text{linked}}$$where $\mathbf{B}$ is the magnetic field, $\gamma$ a closed path linking the ...
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2answers
110 views

Why doesn't current induced by changes in flux affect the flux, while current induced by a battery does?

Faraday's law states $V=-\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}$, where $F$ is flux. Since $V=IR$ for passive circuits, $I = V/R = -\frac{1}{R}\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d}t}.$ But by the Biot-Savart law, ...
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1answer
24 views

Thermal equilibrium - magnetization [closed]

The electronic ground state of neutral sodium atoms in a magnetic field splits into two no longer degenerate energy states. In the thermal equilibrium the occupation probability of the states is the ...
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0answers
22 views

Magnetic field between 4 wires with the same current

if I have 4 long wires with a current I and all of them have the same distance from each other (looked at from the front you'd have a square) shouldn't the magnetic field vanish in the middle of all 4 ...
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1answer
40 views

Rewriting Maxwell's equation in tensor form [closed]

Suppose $F_{ij}=\epsilon_{ijk}B_k $, how to prove the following: $\partial_iB_i=0$ becomes $\partial_iF_{jk}+\partial_jF_{ki}+\partial_kF_{ij}=0$ $B_iB_i$ becomes $F_{ij}F_{ij}/2$ I can see that ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Does a degassed magnet weigh less than one that is not?

I learned matter with an electric current weighs more than matter with no current. Does that apply to magnetic material in the same way but with it's magnetic fields instead of electric current? A ...
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1answer
25 views

Can a magnetic field speed molecules up?

I heard somewhere that If you add a magnetic field to atoms in a closed space you would speed them up. Similarly to heating them up. Is this true is so what the atom consists of for this to work?
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2answers
51 views

How can an electron's magnetic moment precess around the direction of an external magnetic field?

I am reading this article: The Nature of the Electron by Don Lincoln in The Physics Teacher, Volume 54 (2016), pg. 203, and I ran across the part where he talks about measuring the magnetic moment of ...
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votes
1answer
26 views

Are the value of the magnetic field of a current carrying coil and the magnetic dipole moments of the involved electrons comparable?

The magentic dipole moment of electrons is a intrinsic property. To get the macroscopic effect of their common magnetic field this moments have to be aligned, like in permanent magnets or in current ...
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1answer
170 views

Find magnetic field in a solenoid for different regions?

A steady current I flows along an infinitely long hollow cylindrical conductor of radius R. This cylinder is placed coaxially inside an infinite solenoid of radius 2R. The solenoid has n turns per ...
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1answer
40 views

When and how does magnetism pass through bodies?

I've seen a video by Walter Lewin in which the magnetic pull between two wires is unaffected when an aluminum plate is situated between them. Can you explain what materials let magnetism pass through ...
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2answers
721 views

Magnetic field and Newton's third law [duplicate]

If a magnet exerts force on a iron block (opposite and EQUAL), does a iron block also exerts force on magnet (via Newton's third law)? If yes then what magnetic property does it has to produce equal ...
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0answers
10 views

Factors Effecting Neodymium Magnet's Grades and Strength?

Neodymium magnets have different grades in strength. Such as: N38, N45, N52... etc [ Where higher number means greater strength, in MGOe ] Since all magnets are made by saturating them in magnetic ...
4
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0answers
47 views

How to calculate the energy transfer between working coil and working piece and dissipated energy of working piece in induction heating?

For who don't know how does induction heating work, a short description can be found here. However, my question is about physics. Assume I have a coil inductor calculated carefully 50 uH as below: ...
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0answers
33 views

Is my definition of a dipole and its dipole moment correct?

Assume that we have a dipole affected only by an applied magnetic field where only 2 possible orientations for its dipole moment are possible: "up" and down". A dipole is simply an object with a ...
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1answer
118 views

Magnetic interaction of wire and rectangular loop

In this video, Prof. Lewin shows an infinitely long wire and a rectangular loop at a distance $r_1$ from each other, each carrying a current. He then calculates the magnetic field resulting from the ...
0
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1answer
28 views

What would happen if a magnet was pushed towards a copper tube in space?

So the question was inspired by one of curious comments on youtube. What exactly would happen if you pushed a strong neodymium magnet towards the copper tube (aiming for the opening in an effort to ...
6
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4answers
635 views

Tokamaks and the reason they are still not efficient

I'm curious about why tokamaks are inefficient as generators. In laymans terms, what is the main reason(s) tokamaks still cannot be used as generators? My limited understanding of tokamaks tells me ...
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0answers
24 views

What is the physical meaning of a magnetic conduction current?

In electrodynamics, it is possible to have an electric conduction current, whereby $J=\sigma_e E$, with $J$ being the current, $\sigma_e$ the electrical conductivity and $E$ the electric field (this ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Is diamagnetism a static or dynamic effect?

When we put a diamagnetic material in the presence of an external magnetic field $\vec B_0$, the magnetic field inside the material decreases to $$\vec B=(1+\chi_m)\vec B_0,$$ where the magnetic ...
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3answers
162 views

Why geologist do not consider molten iron in the magma to be the source of Earth's magnetic field?

This was a question that came in a exam. How come is this possible? Actually, a question on the source of Earth's magnetic field was asked here on physics SE, which matches my opinion. The ...
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1answer
26 views

Net magnetic field in a loop

The Ampere's law states that the net magnetic field in a loop is proportional only to the current inside the loop. So if we calculate the net magnetic field in figure 1 and figure 2 we would obtain ...
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0answers
25 views

The velocity of the charged particle in the magnetic field [duplicate]

Enrico Fermi considered that moving charged particle gains energy in the magnetic field, so its velocity increases. According to the Lorentz Law $\vec F=q\vec v\times\vec B$. Work is $A=\vec F\times\...
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4answers
927 views

Where are the poles in a magnetic field generated by a current carrying straight conductor?

Consider the magnetic field generated by a straight current carrying conductor. Where are the poles?
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1answer
36 views

spinning compass

There is an area where I live that prevents my compass from giving a solid direction; instead it just spins. Does this mean that this area lacks a magnetic field, or has to many of them for my ...
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4answers
10k views

Is Biot-Savart law obtained empirically or can it be derived?

There's already a question like this here so that my question could be considered duplicate, but I'll try to make my point clear that this is a different question. Is there a way to derive Biot-...
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0answers
16 views

How can I approximate calculate the magnetic force between electromagnets?

I try to find an approximate amount of force exerted between two electro magnets. The below site could've helped me but the problem is that the below just talks about the number of coil turns and so ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Magnetic field induce photons?

So silly question, can a oscillating magnetic field excite electrons around atoms such that they produce photons (In other words can an applied magnetic field increase the energy level of electrons ...