For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of magnetism do not necessarily involve the discussion of ...

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1answer
42 views

AC wire radiation

I'm trying to test my recently installed MEEP program for a very simple AC current. I know that for DC current, Ampere's law dictates that the magnetic fields must drop off as 1/r. How does this ...
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1answer
21 views

energy in a current induced magnetic field

a mass of metal is near a current carrying wire, say a DC current. the metal feels a magnetic force of attraction and moves toward the wire overcoming some kinetic friction. the work done by the field ...
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1answer
137 views

Understanding fields and their correlation to forces

I seem to be confused between the concept of a "force", and a field. Now let's assume there is a magnetic field of $1$ $\mathrm{Tesla}$, what does that mean in relation to force? Finally, if field is ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Induced current created by a magnet falling in a copper tube?

One of the educational demos often shown in schools is to drop a high strength neodymium magnet down a length of copper tube. It takes a considerable time to exit the tube because as it falls it ...
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0answers
15 views

How can you relate magnetic dipole moment using bound current density?

This was on my midterm last week, the question ask us to use bound current density to compute magnetic dipole moment
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1answer
40 views

Closed and Open Electromagnetic Cores

I think I may understand this concept, but I haven't been able to verify with anyone that I'm going about this the right way. So when a wire is wrapped around a core that is a closed loop, like a ...
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1answer
152 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor?

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
5
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1answer
174 views

How much power would be needed to make a substitute for natural Earth magnetic field?

Imagine the Earth's magnetic field will take a "maintainance pause" for 1000 years and there is gigant 10 years "doomsday countdown timer" ticking in the sky. The magnetic field will be just normal ...
2
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1answer
35 views

About Right-Hand-Rule and Cross Projuct

In "Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics - 8th Edition", p. 842, it gives the total magnetic force on the segment of current-carrying wire of length $L$ in a uniform magnetic ...
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3answers
322 views

Why is magnetic field vector perpendicular to magnetic force vector? [duplicate]

So recently in physics class, we learned about the magnetism right hand rules. One of them states that the index finger points in the direction of the velocity of a particle, the middle finger ...
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0answers
19 views

How to find force acting on ferromagnetic material when it is placed in external magnetic field?

When we bring magnet towards ferromagnetic material ( like iron nails), then material gets attracted towards magnet. Since there is motion of material, there must be force acting on it. How to find ...
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1answer
503 views

How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
178 views

Magnetic force and terminal velocity of falling loop and falling disc?

According to my textbook, if a square loop with mass $M$ is allowed to free fall (with a magnetic field at the bottom side and as soon as the square loop is dropped then the area inside the loop ...
7
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2answers
173 views

How specifically does an MRI machine build an image from received radio waves

Unlike the excellent Wikipedia page on ultrasound imaging, the one on MRI only explains the principle theory behind MRI - that oscillating strong magnetic fields cause water molecules to emit ...
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1answer
44 views

Could someone explain the “revolving frame” to me, as it is used in basic NMR?

I am an undergrad intern at a national lab currently working with a basic proton NMR device. The device consists of two big coils which provide the static magnetic field, and a smaller coil, which ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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3answers
114 views

Do mobile phones produce radiation harmful to humans? [closed]

What are the health effects of mobile phone radiation (if any)? Does using a mobile phone without an SIM card change the answer?
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1answer
31 views

Does zero free current entail zero $\vec H$?

There are two kinds of magnetic fields (different authors give them different names), $\vec B $ and $\vec H$ which are related by the equation $$ \vec B = \mu_o (\vec H + \vec M)$$ where $\vec M$ is ...
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4answers
172 views

How any material can provide electrostatic and magnetic shielding

Several metallic objects like Iron, Copper etc can provide electrostatic shielding (one should remain inside the car during thunderstorm) and several superconductors like HTS (High Temperature ...
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0answers
54 views

How to prove that the net magnetic force in an arbitrary current loop is zero [closed]

I believe that using Stokes' theorem makes this a laughing matter, because $$\mathbf{F}=\oint_C i d\mathbf{r} \times \mathbf{B}$$ Since the magnetic field is constant the $\nabla$ operator would ...
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2answers
330 views

How does a magnetic field cause objects to move?

Let me start off by saying that I never got a degree in any field but I do read and study physics (both classical and quantum); although I personally can't solve quantum physics equations I do have a ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Can I tear apart a pipe with magnetostriction? And how big field should I use?

As I know, with magnetostriction we can "stretch" its unit cell. The stronger is the field, the more it expands the cell. Using alternating current in coils that induce magnetic field we can stretch ...
5
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4answers
332 views

Induction cooker + superconductive pot [closed]

What will happen if I put a super-conductive object on an induction cooker, and turn the cooker on?
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3answers
655 views

Why the magnetic flux is not zero?

If $\vec{\mathbf B}=B\vec{\mathbf a}_z$, compute the magnetic flux passing through a hemisphere of radius $R$ centered at the origin and bounded by the plane $z=0$. Solution The hemisphere and ...
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2answers
79 views

If magnets exert greater force on heavier objects, why is it possible to separate magnets from very heavy objects?

I was thinking of the question "Do magnets exert more force on heavier (more massive) objects?" I would think the answer is "yes", because for example if you have a magnet and 2 paperclips, they will ...
2
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2answers
48 views

Divergence of Magnetic Field in an Electromagnetic Wave

In many text books of physics (especially those coping with Electromagnetic Theory), we see that an electromagnetic wave (EMW) is drawn as an electric field varying with a sinusoidal form and exactly ...
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3answers
471 views

Ampere's law and Biot-Savart law gives different terms for magnetic field in middle of a current running in a loop

I would like if someone could clarify this issue for me: When dealing with a current $I$ running in a loop with radius $R$ and looking for the magnetic field in the middle of the loop. By using ...
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1answer
89 views

Why does Earth behave like Natural Bar Magnet?

What is the reason for the Earth to behave like a bar magnet and have poles (North and South poles)?
2
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1answer
71 views

How does the electric field pulse propagate during a change in the magnetic vector potential?

The electric field in terms of the electric scalar potential, and the magnetic vector potential is: $E = -\nabla\phi - \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$, where $A$ is such that $B = \nabla \times A$. ...
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0answers
48 views

Magnetic field derived from a scalar function

Question: Show that $\mathbf B = \hat r \times \nabla g(\mathbf r)$, where $g$ is an arbitrary scalar function, is a plausible magnetic field. What current density $\mathbf J $ can produce ...
2
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0answers
92 views

Field at the tip of a rotating cone. Is (THIS STEP) in my solution right? [closed]

** Edited: I'm going to CLARIFY where and what my question is. Problem: A hollow cone(like a party hat) has vertex angle $2\theta$, slant height $L$, and surface charge density $\sigma$. It spins ...
3
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1answer
31 views

Why are the poles of a magnet reversed when a magnet is split into two?

This question may be odd, but today i noticed something when my little magnet split into two pieces. The poles reversed, so they could not get into "one piece" again (because the poles was ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Mimic Magnetic Repulsive Resistance through a spring

I have two identical magnets and I push them towards each other so that they are repelling. Is it possible to accurately mimic this repulsion effect (magnetic energy) just using a metal spring ...
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2answers
134 views

Magnetic force as a relativistic effect?

There is something I am confused about when it comes to the force between two parallel wires carrying current, specifically why when they carry current in the same direction the wires are always ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Magnetic interaction of wire and rectangular loop

In this video, Prof. Lewin shows an infinitely long wire and a rectangular loop at a distance $r_1$ from each other, each carrying a current. He then calculates the magnetic field resulting from the ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Magnetic levitation frog example

I'm trying to figure out the strength of the magnetic field needed to levitate the frog, assuming it's spherical, has mass $5$kg and diameter $20$cm. I also assume $\vec{B}$ is uniform. Since it's ...
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0answers
11 views

Strongest Magnet Material - Theoretical Limits?

In terms of field strength the current best (AFAIK) is NdFeB with small magnets capable of producing strengths on the order of one Tesla. Is there a theoretical upper limit on the field strength of ...
1
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1answer
31 views

What is the magnetic field on surface of a current carrying conductor?

Biot Savart's law says there should be none as the current element is along the displacement vector, hence as $\sin \theta = 0$, so, the magnetic field must be zero. But, as per Ampere's loop rule ...
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0answers
38 views

Electrolysis of Paramagnetic Ferric Chloride in Water

I'm trying to settle a bit of a debate between a friend and myself over the cause of an effect observed when dissolving Ferric Chloride, Iron(III) Chloride (FeCl3), in water and supplying an ...
7
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2answers
11k views

How does Hendo hoverboards achieve the self-propelling motion? What is the MFA?

From what I understand of the idea behind Hendo hoverboards, they use four disc shaped hover-engines to generate a self-propelling motion. I also understand that it uses Lenz's law and eddy currents. ...
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3answers
187 views

Why in a solenoid, do the magnetic field lines resemble that of a bar magnet?

Each loop in the solenoid will have its own magnetic field wrapped around it. In that case it won't resemble the magnetic lines formed by a bar magnet...; but we see that it is the same. Why is that?
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0answers
16 views

Calculate rotational duration of magnetic levitation inside a vacuum chamber?

Background Numerous examples show rotating pyrolytic graphite (or similar diamagnetic material) that can be moved using a laser. Problem The problem has the following objects: An N52 grade ...
1
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1answer
25 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
6
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4answers
246 views

Intuition behind Faraday's Law?

Faraday's Law seems more like an observation than an explanation. Sure, a changing magnetic current causes emf, but why? How does a changing magnetic field cause electrons to move in the direction of ...
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2answers
42 views

How does the Earth's magnetic field interact with objects?

I'm not a physicist so I was wondering how objects and the Earth's magnetic field interact with each other. For instance: does any of them modify the other in any way? can an object be damaged by the ...
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1answer
33 views

How is anti-hydrogen captured?

Knowing that the overall charge is zero, what mechanisms/technologies are used to capture anti-hydrogen? Where is it stored until annihilation? I am aware of magnetic traps being used to edge the ...
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2answers
66 views

Why do we multiply the magnetic flux by the winding number?

A current I flows through a solenoid (with n turns). Self inductance is $L$. If the magnetic flux is $\phi$, I am taught that $-n\phi=LI$ I dont understand the part with $n$, why do we have multiply ...
11
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6answers
618 views

Are metals more heavy due to the Earth's magnetic field?

Non-metal objects are attracted to the Earth due to gravity. So the weight of non-metal objects can be only dependent on their mass. On the other hand metals can be attracted to the Earth's magnetic ...
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0answers
12 views

Near field and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

Why does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) physics not concern itself with near field physics? All resonance wavelengths in NMR are much larger than bough sample, pick-up coil and excitation coil. ...
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2answers
2k views

Physical meaning of magnetic length

What is the physical meaning of magnetic length $\ell_B=\frac{\hbar c}{e B}$ in 2D electron system under magnetic field? When $\ell_B \longrightarrow a$, where $a$ is the lattice constant, does that ...