# Tagged Questions

The force on a body moving through a fluid that opposes the force of gravity.

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### How the wing creates lift? Why critical angle of attack is 16.5" for a supersonic jet and a kite?

I have seen many references on how the wings create lift, most of them overplaying effect of Bernoulli's rule. But nowhere has there been any consideration given to this important factor: Let's ...
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### How is determined the shape of the wings of an airplane?

My understanding of the reason why a plane fly is summarized by the following figure: because the upper part of the wing is curved, the air above the wing has to flow faster than the wing below. This ...
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### What is the relative velocity term in drag and lift force in the following case?

When a stationary particle is introduced in a fluid moving with horizontal velocity $V_fx$, what is the relative velocity terms in the drag force ($F_D$) and lift force ($F_L$) equations. Am I correct ...
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### Flying with the help of Coriolis force

I had just started to learn about Coriolis force and an interesting thought occurred to me. Can you fly with the help of Coriolis force because when you run Coriolis force acts upward and the angular ...
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### Intuitive explanation for lower pressure above airfoil

From Bernoulli's principle we know for an incompressible fluid (constant density $\rho$) in a gravitational potential $\psi=gz$, that we can state the equation along a streamline from point 1 to point ...
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### Can drag force and lift force be in the same direction in the following case?

In the attached picture, can I say that there is a lift force in the Y-direction, and a drag force too in the same Y-direction? $F_L$ proportional to $V_fx^2$ ? $F_D$ proportional to $V_py^2$ ? Is ...
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### what causes airborne bodies to tilt?

Imagine a Helium-inflated oblate spheroid floating still (A). Buoyancy force cancels gravity force on Y axis. Object is tied to ground with a rope. If a wind force is applied on X axis, why does the ...
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### Helium Lift Potential [closed]

A particular mass of helium is required to lift a particular weight. If the weight stays the same and the mass of helium is decreased can the same lift force be achieved by increasing the ...
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### Modelling an Airplane Question

For an assignment of mine I am creating a very basic model of an airplane, where I choose to consider a fixed amount of parameters that affect flight and to disregard others which I find too difficult ...
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### How is pressure reduced on the upper part of an aircrafts wing? [duplicate]

I have heard part of the explanation and that is that air on the top part of the aircrafts wing wants to move in a straight line, but the air is pulled down the slope or camber, but that's as far as I ...
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### Proper explanation of the hydraulic lift [closed]

How is hydraulic lift useful? According to energy conservation it is not possible. Can somebody please explain how a hydraulic lift works?
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### 2 airplanes same size and shap different mass

2 identical balls of different mass dropped from same height reach the ground at the same time due to the acceleration of gravity being constant. If I understand correctly the ball with more mass ...
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### Aircraft Thrust to weight ratio contradiction with energy conservation

Usually, airliners have (Thrust/Weight) T/W ratio in the range of 0.2 to 0.8 and for steady flight W = lift My question is, for example, that Antonov 225 has Thrust/weight: 0.234 for max takeoff ...
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### Can the Arcaboard fly?

Recently, BBC news had a video that claimed to show a "real" hoverboard: As far as I can tell, there are 36 small fans on this device, and it seems to be flying just a few inches off the ground. ...
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### Why does moving air have low pressure?

According to Wikipedia lift in an aircraft is due to an area of low pressure formed above the wings of an aircraft due to the fast moving air there. So why exactly is an area of low pressure created ...
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### Aircraft lift theory vs energy conservation [closed]

I spent years trying to find out that when an aircraft flies or anything works it consumes energy more than it delivers back, means no perpetual motion exists. My query is that when an aircraft is at ...
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### Is it feasible to lift a human off the ground with a suit of fans? [closed]

So, we live in a world that is technologically developed enough where it is reasonably within reach to attach small rockets to someone/something to lift it off the ground. One serious problem we ...
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### Lift provided to an aeroplane [duplicate]

We say that aeroplanes find lift due to an effect explained by Bernoulli's theorem. But isn't newton's third law of motion applicable along with Bernoulli's theorem? otherwise, an aeroplane wouldn't ...
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### What is the lift coefficient and why is it important?

Why is it that there are numerous experiment on determining the lift coefficient of a tennis ball. Does the value have any use or show us anything about the ball?
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### Can Bernoulli fly a car?

I need to settle an argument. How much influence, if any, does the Bernoulli principle have in sending a stock car traveling at 200 MPH sailing through the air when the air pressure unexpectedly ...
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### Levitating capacitor

As the title already says, I would like to make a large capacitor levitate. Before you dismiss this question please hear me out: In essence, this is intended to be a way to avoid the constrains of a ...
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### Magnus effect, Coanda effect, and the Bernoulli principle: What is balancing gravity on a spinning sphere vs. a stationary screwdriver?

I've seen videos of golf balls and screwdrivers levitated by a focused air stream. Reading the comments of these videos (and others), I see explanations of the machanics at work and their cause and ...
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### If gravity were to suddenly change, would the lift generated by a airfoil also change [closed]

If gravity were to suddenly change, would the lift generated by a airfoil also change? I realise that if gravity were to increase, then weight would also increase, leading to a change in the ...
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### How many grams of helium are required to lift an object weighing $X$ grams?

I once saw a video on youtube about how a man used a collection of balloons to lift himself along with his lawn chair from one side of Los Angeles to the other. My understanding of physics is a bit ...
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### Can lift contradict conservation of energy?

In cruise flight of an aircraft lift does no work, it just holds the aircraft aloft. In order to climb aircraft pitch up and need excess energy because the thrust vector now has a vertical component ...
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### How does a hovercraft hover, if it has low pressure underneath it?

I've read a few different explanations of how hovercrafts hover, and they all mention a low-pressure cushion of air. This confuses me though: If there is low pressure under the hovercraft, why doesn't ...
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### Do rotating non-circular projectiles also experience Magnus lift?

The Magnus effect has been studied on spherical projectiles such as golf balls, tennis balls, and soccer balls. The backspin of a golf ball leads to Magnus lift that opposes gravity, thus allowing the ...
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### Is fuelless aviation possible?

I've read the article Gravity powered aircraft flies with no fuel. This is making me confusion, as I can not discern if it is credible. Is it an hoax?
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### Given airplane mass, velocity of air under wing, and a wing area, find velocity of air over wing

I attempted to solve this problem as a tutor for a student and struggled, but want to be convince the professor didn't provide enough information. The problem is essentially: We wish to maintain a ...
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### How can a rotating cylinder produce lift? [duplicate]

In the air, the velocity and angular momentum that causes a force against gravity is lift. How can a rotating cylinder make lift with angular momentum?
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### Is Magnus effect a corollary of Bernoulli principle?

Magnus effect is commonly explained using Bernoulli principle. However, taking the lift on a rotating cylinder as an example, the velocity difference is caused by the extra work done by the rotating ...
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### Understanding equation for force acting on stones skipping over water

I think I have a decent conceptual understanding of the forces at work when stones are skipped over water. My question pertains to this equation, $$F = C_L\rho U^2S\sin({\alpha + \beta})$$ which ...
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### Force Keeping Water Skier Afloat

A motionless water skier sinks because the upward buoyancy force on the skier is less than the downward force of gravity on the skier. A skier pulled by a boat does not sink into the water. Why?
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### Am i trying to fly by pulling myself up by my hair? [closed]

I'm currently trying to build a multi-rotor of my own, and am testing it when i noticed that the lift that i am supposed to be getting is wayy less than what i am expecting. I have a rectangular body ...
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### Is this xkcd comic feasible? [closed]

I was reading through some xkcd comics, and I came across this one (http://xkcd.com/620/). In the comic, one of the main characters harnesses 91% his weight in order to be able to 'fly' with the lift ...
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### Is there a way to convert CFM (rate of air moved) to kilograms of lift generated?

Is there a way to convert CFM as in a rate of volume of air moved to kilograms of lift generated?
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### Period of a pendulum in a lift going up [duplicate]

So I know that the period of a pendulum in a free falling elevator isn't going to change because there is no force acting on it since $$T = 2\pi\sqrt{\frac{\ell}{g}}.$$ So what happens to a pendulums ...
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### Calculating the force required to lift a weight with a screw

I am trying to learn physics by myself as I do not have a good teacher at school. I've been reading Feynman Lectures on Physics and I can't figure out how he found out this number. Here is an excerpt ...
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### Why can't we fly? [closed]

Why can't we fly? It contradicts with our known laws of physics, but which one? Is it possible that once we know gravity better we would be able to fly using some sort of anti-gravity machines like ...
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### Measuring small amounts of lift in a wind tunnel

I am doing a science project on how paper airplanes generate lift, and I need to know how to measure the amount of lift generated by the plane.
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### Do wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of air?

It is often said that wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of the wind into electricity. But in respect to horizontal wind turbines with airfoil shaped blades this is imho not the case. Wind ...
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### What is a Physically Accurate Explanation for the Kutta Condition?

Countless arguments between highly intelligent people have been waged (on this very site in fact) as to exactly how lift can be explained in an experimentally and mathematically rigorous way. Taking ...
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### What does centre of lift depend on?

I've read in many places that centre of lift is about quarter chord of the wing and that post-stall lift (the part developed on lower surface) has centre midchord. The later makes sense; the pressure ...
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### Could the phenomenon of vortex bursting be exploited to reduce wake turbulence?

One of the classic stories in the annals of aerospace engineering is the development (and subsequent redesign) of the F-18 and its Leading Edge Extensions (LEX) due to fatigue problems, problems that ...
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### Why do co-rotating vortices coalesce, but not counter-rotating ones?

In studying the aerodynamics of modern aircraft equipped with high-lift devices, I have discovered that quite a number of distinct trailing vortices are present in the immediate wake of an airplane in ...
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### Calculate the weight that a hot air balloon can carry [closed]

Given a hot air balloon of radius 10 meters and negligible mass, calculate the maximum weight it can carry if the density of outside air is 1.2 $\frac{kg}{m^3}$ and the density of inside air is 0.9 \$\...
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### What does a wing do that an engine can't?

This isn't a question of how a wing works -- vortex flow, Bernoulli's principle, all of that jazz. Instead, it's a question of why we need a wing at all. A wing produces lift, but why is that ...
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### Maximum helicopter height [duplicate]

Helicopters or dual/quadcopters stop rising after reaching some height from the ground. What causes that? And what one should do if he want to prevent this, if he want the helicopter to keep rising up?...