2
votes
3answers
41 views

In an optical system with a single convex lens, where should the image area be placed in order to take pictures at infinite focus?

I'm trying to learn how camera lenses work, and have gotten stuck. Say that we have an optical system consisting of a single lens with focal length f, and we want to take pictures of objects which are ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Is a lens with a focal point that doesn't shift as sun shines from different angles possible? [closed]

My question: Is it possible to manufacture a lens whose focal point doesn't shift in any direction during the day when the sun shines from different angles? It is understood that the focused energy ...
0
votes
3answers
79 views

Image formation (lenses) [closed]

I have a question regarding image formation by lenses. It is the following: A lense with a focal length of $-48.0cm$ forms an image $17.0cm$ to the right of the lense. Where is the object positioned? ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

An optical system with image from a convex lens forming behind a concave lens

I am having a problem drawing optical ray lines for optical systems. Namely, one which have a formation of image of the first lens beyond the second lens. Take the picture below as an example: In ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Creating large aspheric lens profile for CNC cutting out of Acrylic plastic for huge Camera Obscura

I plan to use a CNC mill to cut a plano-convex aspheric lens from a large (300mm dia) thick(30mm) block of Acrylic (PMMA/Plexiglass). I need a focal length on the order of 800-2000mm The purpose of ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

New focal point of converging light through a concave lens

Suppose I pass rays of already converging light through a concave lens. The rays are equally centered on the lens such that the original focal point is through the lens and centered on the lens axis. ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How should we put two lens?

How should we put two converging lens in order for parallel rays passing between both lens to remain parallel?
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Help calculating field of view for ball lens I just bought

I have a 5 mm (diameter) solid ball lens that I intend to place in front of a 36mm X 24mm camera sensor (I have already made preparations for the image to be focused and for the sensor to not be ...
1
vote
3answers
315 views

What happens to the index of refraction of a lens if placed in water?

What happens to the index of refraction and focal length of a lens that is initially in air that is then placed in water?
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Plano-convex lenses

When the spherical side of a planoconvex lens is towards the source we will see reduced aberrations normally we use it for the beam collimation. When we use two planoconvex lenses configuration why we ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Layer thickness measurement

I am interested to measure the thickness of the coating on a mirror (e.g. in the picture below). What are the available and best way of measuring it? What will be the solution in case of multiple ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Fraunhofer Diffraction using lenses [duplicate]

I've come across a question that I don't know how to tackle: An alternative way of observing Fraunhofer diffraction uses lenses to provide appropriate conditions. Sketch an optical configuration ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Difference between the increase in optical path due to refraction and that due to reflection

If we place two glass plates of refractive index n and each having thickness t,on the way of a light ray the increase in optical path becomes (S2P-S1P)=2(n-1)t due to refraction through them,and the ...
2
votes
3answers
354 views

Divergent thin lens producing real images

The question is as in the title, can a divergent lens produce a real image, when backed by a convergent lens? Which are the conditions to be respected? This was a homework and I have received the ...
2
votes
3answers
793 views

Proof of minimum distance between object and image of a convex lens image being 4*focal length

I can prove that the minimum distance between an object and its image, through a convex lens is 4*focal length, if I assume that the distance between the object and the lens is the same as the ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Determining a person's sight from his speech [closed]

Suppose we meet a person wearing glasses.Can we determine whether the person is short-sighted or long-sighted? However,due to courtesy,we are not allowed to ask him to try the glasses and in general ...
5
votes
2answers
668 views

how does a sniper scope work?

How does a sniper rifle scope enables us to pinpoint the exact location even though the lens in situated 5-6 inches above the muzzle. The bullet leaves the muzzle and hits the target exactly where the ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What is this area on a lens seen from extreme angle?

This has been a secret to me since childhood: a normal lens made of glass in front of a white LCD screen (shot with a crappy phone camera)... ...if viewed from an extreme angle shows a very ...
7
votes
5answers
202 views

What causes blurriness in an optical system?

The way I understand the purpose of a typical optical system is that it creates a one to one mapping between each possible incident ray and a point on a sensor plane. This is like a mathematical ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

How to produce a loss-free combination of two “identical” beams?

This is for anyone with experience in optics/imaging/photography as well as anyone who likes to puzzle over tricky physics problems. As the title suggests, this is about combining two (for all ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Diffraction by a lens

The fraunhoffer treatment of circular apertures yields a diffraction pattern of circles, with the first minimum (dark ring) at an angular radius of $\theta$ where $\sin(\theta)=1.22\lambda/b$, where ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Designing a Handheld Optical Communication Device

I'm in a group trying to design an underwater optical communication system for a capstone project. For this system we are planning on using multiple high powered LEDs passing through a lens system, ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Image formed in a compound light microscope

I am trying to understand whether the image formed in a compound light microscope is at infinity or not. I get conflicting answers everywhere I look.
1
vote
1answer
356 views

how does the mirror equation works and what lead to using of sign convention?

EVERYTHING HERE IS FOR CONCAVE MIRROR Everywhere I see the derivation of the mirror equation is given by placing an object before the focus and then proving similarity of the triangles to get to the ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

How would you make 360 degree vision glasses? [closed]

Animals that have an eye on each side of their head have 360 degree vision so just like with the inverted vision glasses you can buy I'm wondering how you make 360 degre e glasses? I'm thinking of a ...
5
votes
8answers
468 views

Is there a lens that would invert my vision?

Would I be able to invert my vision by mounting a particular lens in front of each eye? I am currently able to achieve this by mounting a right-angled triangular prism across both eyes. The specific ...
4
votes
4answers
183 views

Thin lens formula

Can someone help me or guide me how the thin lens formula: $$\frac{1}{s_1}+\frac{1}{s_0}=\frac{1}{f}$$ can be proven? I was trying to prove it on my own using similar triangles, only to fail.
2
votes
2answers
439 views

Why does aperture size affect depth of field in photography?

Why do small and big holes (the aperture) in a lens change the depth of field in the image? (if you have big hole you have smaller depth of field). I wondered if I should ask this on ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Creating small polarised scientific lenses?

How would I go about creating small polarised scientific lenses? Thinking 5mm by 5mm, with a light-source behind it for the purposes of reducing (polarised) surface reflection (assisted with a ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Good explanation of a real image?

Okay well I've started to study phys chem in school recently and I honestly can't get my head around what a real image actually is I've asked my teacher to demonstrated it but she's quite lazy, and ...
0
votes
0answers
174 views

Cylindrical lens aberration fixed by roll

I have two cylindrical lenses essentially forming a beam expander. The problem that I am having is that I am seeing a very strange aberration. The image becomes "squashed". Cylindrical lenses only ...
2
votes
2answers
659 views

Why do powers of lenses get added?

In our physics class, we were told that a power of a lens is defined as the reciprocal of its focal length. Also, the powers of multiple lenses get added up. But I didn't understand why this is. I ...
1
vote
1answer
605 views

Magnifying factors of multiple lenses (closely packed)

Well the following question I really struggle to find an answer A thin lens creates an image of an object with magnification -3. A second identical lens is positioned very close to the first ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do nearsighted people see better with their glasses *rotated*?

If you are nearsighted (like me), you may have noticed that if you tilt your glasses, you can see distant objects more clear than with normally-positioned glasses. If you already see completely clear, ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Range Finder Question - Optical Filter For An Apd [closed]

I am working in a range finder project. I have encountered a problem with an Avalanche Photodiode. I am trying to use a pulsed laser on 980 nm(infrared) but I receive a lot of noise from the APD. I ...
3
votes
1answer
660 views

Calculating minimum object distance for a lens

I am trying to figure out the Minimum Object Distance based on a simulation available here. In case you can't open it (it's a Java applet...) I'll describe it briefly. It shows an object emitting ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Effect of slits and a lens

We have a screen with two slits (Young style) separated by a distance $d$, one of them receives a planar wave of $600nm$, the other receives a planar wave of $400nm$. Behind the slits there's a screen ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

What is “field size” when referring to perspective?

I'm trying to get my head around perspective. If you look at the animation in Wikipedia : You can see that the cube looks very distorted, then the edges go more parallel. From my understanding, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to draw a ray diagram from focal length, object and image heights?

Q. An object of height 8 cm is placed in front of a lens. It's inverted image of height 4.8 cm is formed on the screen. If the focal length of the lens is 12 cm then by drawing at scale calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Calculate the distance between two points from iPhone Camera

I want to calculate the distance between two objects using an iPhone camera. Suppose I'm standing with my iPhone 10 feet away from the objects. Now, I want to calculate the distance between those ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Optics, lenses and our eyes

When we view an image, is the focal point of our eye on our retina? Shouldn't that hurt? Also, if that is how our eye works, then why don't lenses put the focal point their equivalent retina? I was ...
3
votes
1answer
953 views

Why do focal lengths affect magnification?

For compound lenses, the image formed by first lens acts as the imaginaryobject for the second lens. In telescopes, the objective lens projects an image on its focal point which works as the object ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

How to calculate beam spread of a non-point light source via an aspheric lens

I need to determine the angle, or rate of divergence of light from a single aspheric lens when I place a non-point light source (e.g. LED array) at a given distance from the lens which is less than ...
0
votes
0answers
1k views

Why a person with a further near point experience a larger magnification with a magnifier

Two people, Micah and Lyra, with different near points are equally close to an object. Both inspect the object through the same magnifier by holding the lens close to the eye. Micah's near ...
1
vote
1answer
302 views

What determines the sign of an image distance?

A lens placed at the origin with its axis pointing along the x axis produces a real inverted image at $x = - 24 cm$ that is twice as tall as the object. What is the image distance? Why ...
5
votes
2answers
133 views

Smaller Airy disk with another lens?

Is it possible to reduce the airy disk size produced by one lens with another lens placed after the previous one? For example, parallel ray incident on first lens L1 (without aberration), then there ...
0
votes
1answer
488 views

calculating focal length of meniscus lens

As I read about telescope, distance between objective lens and eyepiece must be equal to addition of their focal lengths. D = F1 + F2 I used one of the eyepiece ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

On the optics of high-resolution surveillance drones

In this youtube video (which is an except from a documentation I believe) a DARPA development for a high-resolution surveillance camera is presented. This question is regarding the optics that are ...
9
votes
3answers
346 views

Put a sensor at the focal length, behind, or in front?

My intuition tell me that at the focal length a convex lens all the light converges to a point. Following that logic, it would make sense to me that a camera chip would either need to go slightly in ...