Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. A means of creating coherent light by either driving an atomic or molecular transition in an optical cavity or firing a beam of electrons through an undulator.

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37 views

Using attosecond laser pulses to view electrons

It is often said in popular media sources that creating shorter and shorter laser pulses will allow us to view electron dynamics as they happen in chemical reactions. This is obviously beneficial in ...
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1answer
58 views

Propulsion force on a laser pointer?

How to calculate propulsion force on a laser pointer in reaction to the emitted light power in watts? Should I just divide power by speed of light? Since power is energy per unit of time, hence ...
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1answer
43 views

Can you thermally pump a laser? (and problems with population inversion)

Recently a question was asked during a lecture about the possibility of thermally pumping a laser. The lecturer claimed that this is pretty impractical as typical transitions in the visible light ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Laser Cutter Power/Wavelength to Cut Paper

I've been reading up on laser cutting and it seems that 808nm at around 2 watts is typical to cut paper. How would one calculate the wavelength and power required to cut an arbitrary material?
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1answer
526 views

Laser, wire, and a circle of light

So, when I point a laser at a piece of wire (pointed at a specific angle), a circle of light appears on a wall behind it (see image below). I am trying to see why this happens and if there are any ...
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1answer
29 views

doppler cooling temperature limit

Wikipedia shows a heating effect that causes minimum temperature achievable in doppler cooling as: "The atom performs a random walk in momentum space with steps equal to the photon momentum due to ...
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2answers
27 views

Laser beam sensed by scattering

Can a laser beam, whether it is a IR laser or of the visible to human eye spectrum, be seen/sensed by an electronic eye like a photosensor/photodetector, not human eye, if the beam is just in air? For ...
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1answer
75 views

How powerful would a laser need to be to make a hole in snow?

How strong would a laser beam have to be (and what frequency would be optimal) for it to be able to make a hole in snow? Here I am looking for a laser beam that could make the hole after less than 2 ...
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1answer
30 views

why is it that the photon incident on metastable state stimulates atom to go into ground state but not to even higher energy state?

isnt it possible that photon incident on atoms at metastable state goes to further high energy state rather than the ground state? whilist there is always that stimulated emisson taking place. why ?
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1answer
349 views

Can a UV LED cause air ionization?

I am thinking of the high power LEDs at around 250nm wavelength and an output power of some 30mW optical, in continuous mode either divergent beam or focused.
2
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3answers
68 views

Laser beam photon counting

I'd like to know if devices exist that are able to detect the single photon missing out of a normal laser beam. I am aware of the fact that single photon counters do exist, but I'd like to ask some ...
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2answers
432 views

How do I find the right lens for my laser?

I purchased this line laser recently and I'm running into a bit of an issue. The laser shoots out at a 120 degree angle which is perfect. However, once the laser spreads to about 4.25 inches, I need ...
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1answer
52 views

Short Laser pulse in near field bandwidth

Is there a way to create a short laser pulse that has, at least in the near field, a very narrow frequency range?
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33 views

What could cause the gradual loss (or change) of power in a CO2 laser over a long period (e.g. a year)?

For example, if it were a 10W CW CO2 laser that were used for ~45 minutes per day over a period of a year. Would you expect a slight reduction in power with age? Does the dissociation of CO2 occur ...
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4answers
141 views

How to measure the size of a laser dot?

I'm not a physicist, that's why I'm asking you if there is maybe an easy way (e.g. a mathematical law) to measure the size of a laser dot, or its diameter. The setup It contains a laser, a high ...
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2answers
72 views

Laser power consumption vs power output

I have a 5 mW laser pen powered by a 1000 mAh 3.7 volt battery that takes over 2 hours to recharge. It drains it in 15 minutes. Why is it only called 5 milliwatts output if it is consuming 14.8 W?
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4k views

Why do green lasers appear brighter and stronger than red and blue lasers?

This is mostly for my own personal illumination, and isn't directly related to any school or work projects. I just picked up a trio of laser pointers (red, green, and blue), and I notice that when I ...
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1answer
41 views

How to determine the strength of a laser beam needed to cut through a specific material?

How can it be determined how strong a laser beam needs to be in order to cut through specific material? For example, if I have a 5mm thick piece of brown cardboard, is there a way to determine how ...
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0answers
25 views

Why does Threshold current of laser increase with the increase in temperature?

Why does Threshold current of laser increase with the increase in temperature? I know that at the same current level, the power is higher at lower temperature but why?
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1answer
261 views

Can very high power laser beams self focus in vacuum?

I first recall reading about such an effect in a SF story entitled "Rails Across the Galaxy" which involved self focusing laser beams. And in a science paper here
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67 views

Photoelectric-effect laser

The question is whether it is physically possible to build a laser using only the photoelectric effect in the vacuum, with no lasing material. I know that there is a whole history of laser ...
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2answers
94 views

Does a laser beam have to hit the eyes in order to damage them?

Does a laser beam have to hit the eyes in order to damage them? Or can a persons eyes get damaged by looking at a beam that goes past their eyes (e.g. looking at a laser beam moving inside an ...
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1answer
36 views

How to choose laser goggles for low-power laser of specific wavelength

I need to choose laser goggles to shield eyes against 678 (+/-8) nanometer laser (5mW power). The laser has a red beam. I found for example some goggles that are sold for 650nm, with a blue lens. ...
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2answers
86 views

Convert normal white light to laser-like light?

Is there a probable device that can convert white light to laser-like light without the need of an electrical stage in-between? I'm thinking of something along this level. A very precise filter and ...
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2answers
238 views

Cylindrical Fresnel Lens Focus Problem

How to focus beam from the fresnel lens on a flat surface. In my case, instead of producing the light beam, I am receiving the light beam. So, the beam comes from the right and then focuses at a ...
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4answers
606 views

When lasers are used to cool atoms or ions, etc where does the heat go?

According to the first law of thermodynamics, sourced from wikipedia "In any process in an isolated system, the total energy remains the same." So when lasers are used for cooling in traps, similar ...
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211 views

How we see laser light if it travels in a straight path? [duplicate]

Light travels in straight path, and our eyes detects an object's reflected light then we see the object. So if laser light is going in a straight path, how come we can see laser light?
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82 views

Why does light from a laser end up in a concentrated spot?

I've heard from several people that photons will always take the past of least action while travelling, so why does laser light projected on a surface appear concentrated to a single spot when ...
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2answers
81 views

Ultrafast Lasers

Is the main idea of femtosecond or attosecond lasers is to achieve the high energy or do we have any other parameters achieved by ultra-fast lasers ?
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1answer
103 views

Phase noise and linewidth of laser

I learned that the linewidth of a single frequency laser is closely related to the phase noise. But this sentence from a book completely confuses me: "A quantum-limited beam in a so-called coherent ...
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2answers
65 views

How can the thrust due to radiation pressure be amplified in photonic laser thruster?

The thrust is amplified due to repeated bouncing of photons between two mirrors as shown in the diagram in this: Why does repeated bouncing of photons produce amplified thrust when the answer in ...
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0answers
35 views

What is the best laser wavelength to melt a certain material to the point of 'welding' together

Assume the material is enough of a heat sink that you can hold the torch to the material and the spread of the red-hot metal is not moving - is stabilized, but you can still melt the material in the ...
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1answer
53 views

How does airborne laser system deflect the laser beam?

In the Airborne Laser system, the laser beam is directed from the nose of a Boeing airplane towards the target. In this system, the angle of laser beam with respect to airplane body can be changed at ...
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0answers
95 views

Minimum spread of frequency and wavelength in neodymium laser

What is the equation linking the minimum spread in wavelength and frequency of a pulsed laser, in relation to the lasers pulse time and operational wavelength. For example: If a Neodymium laser ...
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10answers
516 views

How far can light go?

When a ray of light is projected, (say) from the surface of Earth to outside in space. The condition is that, there is no obstruction to it till infinity (it travels only in vaccum). My question is ...
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1answer
41 views

How to propagate a (tilted) gaussian beam through a telecentric f-theta-lens

My questions has two parts: First of all let's assume I have a gaussian beam and I send it through a telecentric f-$\theta$-lens (e.g. http://specialoptics.com/products/scanning_confocal.html) with ...
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3answers
148 views

Calculate the rise in temperature from directed radiation [closed]

For example I have a 1 watt laser and direct it to a sheet of metal (copper), if I were to direct it for say a time interval of 1 minute what would be the change in temperature? I can predict that it ...
2
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2answers
40 views

Practical Uses of Laser Attenuation

In my college physics lab, I am studying the attenuation of a laser through different concentrations of copper sulfate. I am curious about the practical uses of laser attenuation. Why do we study it? ...
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2answers
78 views

Gaussian beam modelling, location of the beam waist?

In reference to the specifications of a laser diode below: http://www.thorlabs.de/thorcat/11900/L780P010-SpecSheet.pdf I wish to be able to model it as a gaussian laser beam. I understand there is a ...
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5answers
2k views

Quantum random numbers from a laser — simplest setup?

I'm a software / maths guy who would like to build a physical setup for generating quantum random numbers. I have no physics background, so bear with me. Background The project is for a public ...
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2answers
2k views

Would a laser with four possible energy levels be better than three?

I'm wondering about achieving population inversion for a laser. I learned that without an active medium, it's not possible to create a laser with only two energy levels, but it would be possible with ...
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4answers
2k views

Can radio waves be formed into a pencil beam?

Laser beams are said to have high "spatial coherence". This means that the beam is highly concentrated even at long distances (low spread). Can this be achieved with radio waves (much longer waves) ...
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2answers
147 views

How is the phase of the stimulated emission in a laser first “chosen”?

As I understand, once you have a population inversion and the excited atoms decay they will emit in random directions, and the ones that emit along the axis of the medium will cause stimulated ...
3
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1answer
132 views

What are the practical consequences of “approximate” quantum cloning with a stimulated emission cloning machine?

Say I build some stimulated emission-based cloning machine for photons (e.g. some active laser medium). Alternatively I could do cloning via interference, e.g. a linearly polarized photon could be ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Why are laser pulses Sech Squared in temporal shape?

Ultrashort pulses from mode-locked lasers often have a temporal shape which can be described with a squared hyperbolic secant ($\mathrm{sech}^2$) function: $$ P(t)=P_0 \mathrm{sech}^2 \left( ...
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2answers
214 views

Is there any physical quantity that does not have uncertainty?

I saw this video and I got a thought: Is there any physical quantity that does not have uncertainty? Basic models are: for lenght for time end energy (so for mass too) and I realized that ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to make laser beams visible midair without smoke?

My question is: Is it possible to make laser beams viable midair without smoke? I thought it would be a great idea to have a (second) smartphone or pc screen without having a solid screen. The reason ...
4
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2answers
172 views

Spectrum of generic $\mathrm{CO_2}$ laser

It is often quoted, that it's emission is 10.6um. But we also know that CO2 lasers have huge number of possible emission lines in 2 main bands: 10.6um and 9.6/9.4um. But what is emission spectra of ...
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1answer
55 views

Optical fibre modes and intensity pattern

I shine laser line in front of one side of multimode optical fibre.Light coming out of other side is projected into wall.Whether the intensity pattern seen on wall is same as the mode of propagation ...
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20 views

Stop CO2 laser firing through holes in glass

How would you prevent a CO2 laser with interlocks used to mark glass from firing if there were holes in the glass. Usually the interlocks prevent the laser from firing unless it is pressed against ...