Kinetic theory is part of statistical physics. DO NOT USE THIS TAG for macroscopic [kinematics](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinematics). In this case use the tag [tag:kinematics] instead.

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On non-local physics

Recently I've encountered work by prof. B.V Alekseev, in which he claims that some physical problems can be easily solved if we consider non-local interactions in kinetic theory (interactions of ...
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1answer
139 views

Why is the $\langle v_{x}^{2} \rangle=\frac{1}{3} \langle v^2 \rangle$?

For a randomly moving particle. Or, I suppose that 1/3 could generalise to 1/n, where n is the non rotational degrees of freedom for that particle. Related reference Kinetic Theory of Gasses.
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1answer
62 views

Pressure change due to fan removing air from a non-airtight room

The following problem occurred to me today: Suppose a $100\mathrm{cfm}$ fan is pushing air out of a large room which is airtight except for a $10 \mathrm{cm}^2$ hole. The air pressure outside the ...
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1answer
521 views

Difference in vertical stratification of partial pressure due to gravity

Say you have a mixture of two ideal gases in the presence of gravity. There is a vertical pressure gradient on the mixture due to the force balance. This condition is required to prevent the entire ...
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0answers
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Simple: What do these ballistic impact numbers represent?

I bought physics for game programmers, found here, today to study ballistic impact, but I'm confused as to where a few numbers are coming from. I'm basically looking to understand what the values ...
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2answers
283 views

What physical processes may underly the collisional term in the Boltzmann equation, and how do they increase entropy?

Consider particles interacting only by long-range (inverse square law) forces, either attractive or repulsive. I am comfortable with the idea that their behavior may be described by the collsionless ...
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1answer
4k views
1
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1answer
344 views

What conditions must be met for a ball to roll perfectly down an incline without slipping?

What conditions must be met for a ball to roll perfectly down an incline without slipping? A mathematically rigorous definition, please. I honestly don't know where to begin with answering this ...
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1answer
876 views

Collision frequency at surfaces

Collision frequency for particles in gases is well known, and collision theory is used to derive chemical reaction rates in gases, (and particles in liquid solutions as well). Using the mean velocity ...
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3answers
4k views

How does evaporation affect the temperature of the air?

A wet object or a volume of water will decrease in temperature due to the effect of evaporation. We understand this to be because of the molecular kinetics, where the faster water molecules escape ...
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4answers
372 views

Understanding Heat

Heat or thermal energy as understood is nothing but motion of molecules of the matter. If the molecules are tightly bound (in case of solids), it is to-and-fro molecular vibrations, otherwise it is ...
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3answers
737 views

Why is a hot air balloon “stiff”?

1) Why is a hot air balloon stiff? 2) Is the pressure inside the balloon higher than the pressure outside (atmospheric pressure)? 3) If the pressure inside is higher than the outside, how is it ...
3
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4answers
842 views

Accuracy of the Boltzmann equation

I have had this question for some time now. Hopefully someone can answer it. I know that the Boltzmann equation is widely regarded as a cornerstone of statistical mechanics and many applications have ...