Suppose we have some very imprecise knowledge of classical particle's coordinates and momentum: what we can only tell is the probability density to find it in some point of phase space. This is ...
Can someone write down the Boltzmann equation, not neglecting any of the variables of the involved functions and integrals? Specifically, how to concisely capture the "primed" variables in a sensible ...
For a randomly moving particle. Or, I suppose that 1/3 could generalise to 1/n, where n is the non rotational degrees of freedom for that particle. Related reference Kinetic Theory of Gasses.
What conditions must be met for a ball to roll perfectly down an incline without slipping? A mathematically rigorous definition, please. I honestly don't know where to begin with answering this ...