The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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1answer
39 views

Interaction of solid objects and change of trajectory

I have two solid objects. Each of them has an arbitary complex surface, which is discribed by set of vertices. The aim is to describe their interaction, result of which is the change in trajectory of ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Calculating force of a car

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
0
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1answer
18 views

hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Ascent rate and size of balloon

I am part of a school project, Project Stratos to send a balloon to the edge of space (the closer side :P) and was wondering how you would work out the accent rate of a large balloon (roughly 1m^3 of ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Distance and velocity question

I know that speed is the derivative of distance. So integrating speed should give you distance. Let's suppose we have a speed which obeys this function: $$ v(x) = 2^{2^x} $$ So at time 0 the speed ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Area covered by particle between it's path and horizontal lines

Question: The maximum range of projectile is $R$ and the maximum height attained by the particle is H. If the area covered by the particle between its path and horizontal line is $A$, then ...
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2answers
24 views

Time of flight for a projectile with stated initial velocity and size at various distances

I've been mooching round the internet looking for an answer to this one and can't find a ready resource, hence the question. In short, I'm trying to discover the flight time of a shotgun pellet at ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

What strategy should I use to approach this problem? If my straight line approximation doesn't work [on hold]

recently i wrote an assignment in one of the questions i got two different answers for the same question by considering a straight line motion The question was somewhat like this THIS IS A HOMEWORK ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Is it possible to determine particles' velocities from their crossings on a ring?

2 particles are constrained to move in a ring. Both particles begin moving at $t=0$ from $p=0$, each particle moving in the opposite direction of the other. It is known that they are moving at ...
4
votes
3answers
447 views

Why does light travel at the same speed when measured by a moving observer? [duplicate]

I know the hypothesis that the light speed is constant is retained by experiments. But is there any theory explaining why the light speed is constant no matter how an observer moves relative to light? ...
-2
votes
1answer
87 views

How to derive this formula? [closed]

as far as i know the range of an obliquely projected body which is projected with a velocity of u with some angle $\theta$ with the horizontal under the action of gravity is R=$u^2sin2\theta$/g by ...
2
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4answers
2k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
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1answer
27 views

The dimensional formula of distance travelled in $n$th second

I read that the dimensional formula of distance traveled in $n^{th}$ second is same as that of velocity. Okay, the formula for the distance traveled in $n^{th}$ second is $s_t= u+\frac{a}{2}(2t-1)$ ...
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1answer
16 views

Elementary question about velocity

When we talk about the nonvanishing velocity of an object, are we assuming we are static relative to the object or not?
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3answers
70 views

Projectile Motion with air Resistance - Adjust only the Angle to hit a target

OK, let me preface this by saying i am not a physics student, nor have i ever been. I am a software engineer working on a development degree. So this is homework but the assignment was just to create ...
0
votes
1answer
322 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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0answers
27 views

Formula to find angle of projectile motion [closed]

I want to be able to modify the angle at which the bullet follows projectile motion in order to hit the object which is moving horizontally (from right to left) and the projectile motion is starting ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Projectile motion maximum distance to origin

Is there an elegant or easy way to derive the maximum distance from the origin to a point of the parabola created by projectile motion (assume initial position is the origin)? Other than ...
1
vote
3answers
232 views

Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...
1
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3answers
144 views

Calculate vertical distance using acceleration

I have the following scenario: an iPhone is connected to a vertical rail (it's motion is restricted to the Y axis). Through mechanical means the phone is forced upwards and then allowed to return to ...
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3answers
32 views

Is there a difference between “average acceleration” and centripetal acceleration?

Question adapted from Examkrackers MCAT prep book: A particle moves along a half circle (diameter=$10\text{ m}$) at a constant speed of $1\text{ m/s}$. What is the average acceleration of the ...
2
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4answers
152 views

How to calculate a collision which is partly elastic and partly inelastic?

(For the purpose of this question, "calculating a collision" means: given the velocities and masses of two objects in a collision, figuring out the new velocities of both objects after the collision). ...
6
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5answers
2k views

Can an object reverse its direction of acceleration even though it continues to move in the same direction?

Can anyone please explain me on this matter along with day to day examples?
1
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1answer
211 views

why does perpendicular motion to the direction of someone' s approach does not affect the distance between them

I was reading about the the four turtles/bugs math puzzle Four bugs are at the four corners of a square of side length D. They start walking at constant speed in an anticlockwise direction at all ...
4
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3answers
710 views

Ball thrown from a moving train

This is not a question about throwing a ball vertically in a moving train. I am asking what would happen if I throw a ball in a horizontally in a moving train. Assume I am facing an exit door of a ...
1
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0answers
9 views

Understanding the use of Minimum Translation Vector (MTV) for an elastic collision response [migrated]

So, I'm trying to simulate polygon physics, both linear and angular. To calculate the MTV is easy in SAT (Minimum Translation Vector), and to use it to adjust position is also easy: ...
9
votes
5answers
324 views

What is the best path for a given initial and final state?

I am trying to calculate an efficient acceleration curve given starting and final positions and velocities. I'm assuming no friction, and that the acceleration can be applied in any direction at any ...
-1
votes
1answer
21 views

What should be used, $v=r \omega$ or radial and transverse components? What would be the next step? [duplicate]

An aircraft A is flying in a vertical plane containing two tracking stations P and Q which are 15km apart. At a cetain instant θ (measured anticlockqise from horizontal line PQ to the line PA) is 60° ...
36
votes
5answers
13k views

How effective is speeding?

At a simple level, speeding in a car attempts to minimize the time required to travel a distance by utilizing the basic relationship: $$d=st$$ So for a given distance, time should be inversely ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
1
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1answer
66 views

i can't detect what wrong have i done in a kinematics problem [closed]

a question was given to us in assignment which was as follows A person moves 20 metres towards north then 30 metres towards east and then moves 30 x 1.414 metres towards south west. The whole ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

$\theta '' = \frac{a}{R}$? [closed]

Assume that this is a general circular motion where $\theta$ is a function of time. I've derived some equations below and found that the angular velocity in the end is zero. Which step of my ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Tangential and radial acceleration in projectile motion

I'm currently learing kinematics, specifically projectile motion and as an example in my textbook is a bullet fired at some angle. I understand the derivation of formulas to describe that motion and ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Is there any significance to the negative sign on this speed?

A girl is riding a bicycle along a straight road at constant speed, and passes a friend standing at a bus stop (event #$1$). At a time of $60$ s later the friend catches a bus (event #$2$) If the ...
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2answers
31 views

How are the angles equal?

At the back of my mind I know they should be equal, but mathematically, how are the two $\Delta \phi$ angles equal? The only explanation present in the text is that, "both velocities are ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

How to know the Direction of the Acceleration Vector?

If the exercise doesn't give you the direction, how to know the correct one? Sometimes I assume its to the right and it was actually to the left, and I get everything wrong. Example here: How can I ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Weird Kinematics Homework [closed]

Here's another "hard" homework question I was given on how printers work. (I find it more confusing than it is hard.) I'm supposed to find the horizontal velocity of a charged droplet as it leaves ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How to define the dilatation rate (strain) between two particles knowing the instantaneous positions and velocities?

Provided that I have the instantaneous positions and velocities of two particles that can separate in 3D with respect to time. I would like to characterize the change in length. What could be a good ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How can an object's instantaneous speed be zero and it's instantaneous acceleration be nonzero?

I'm studying for my upcoming physics course and ran across this concept - I'd love an explanation.
7
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4answers
580 views

What's my weight when jumping on a bicycle from a higher to a lower ground?

Before I start defining the situation and asking a question, I'd like to make a few things clear: this is not a homework, merely a matter of personal interest and enthusiasm I am neither a ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Velocity in Motional EMF

To calulate motional $\epsilon$, we use the following formula: $\epsilon$ = $-vBL$ To calculate the velocity so the motional $\epsilon$ can be calculated, what is the proper formula from what is ...
5
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16answers
13k views

Recommendations for good Newtonian mechanics and kinematics books

What are some good books for learning the concepts of Kinematics, Newton laws, 2D Motion of Object etc.?
0
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1answer
78 views

When can I use equations of motion?

The three equations are: $$v = u+ at , $$$$s = ut + \dfrac{1}{2} at^2 , $$$$ v^2 = u^2 + 2as.$$ Can I use them for both finding instantaneous and average quantities? Suppose I want to find the ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Infinite motion on a 3D curve

Suppose we had a curve defined by $$\underline{r}(s) = \alpha \cos(s) \underline{i} + \gamma s \underline{j} + \alpha \sin (s) \underline{k}$$ with $\alpha^2 + \gamma ^2 = 1$ and suppose we had a ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to calculate the equation of projectile motion for curved ramps? [duplicate]

Consider the following cases (these are sections): I can find the equation of motion for Case a however I don't know how to deal with Case d. Normally I would need the angle α otherwise I can't ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Jump of a mass and violation of physical laws

I've just watched one of Feynman's lectures on the character of physical law where he was talking about conservation laws. In that particular part he was reasoning why a mass can't "jump" from one ...
0
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2answers
77 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
5
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4answers
356 views

How to tell if the collision is elastic or inelastic?

I'm a programmer and a game developer, not a mathematician or a physicist. So please go easy on the math :) I know two things: How to find the new velocities of two objects after an elastic ...