The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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0answers
17 views

Why, Brush may start moving when placed on a vibrating horizontal surface? [on hold]

A brush may start moving when placed on a vibrating horizontal surface. Investigate the motion.
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1answer
33 views

How to account for inertia in kinematics?

Alright, I'm only in AP Physics and I asked my teacher and he couldn't help me... I'm making a 2D physics engine and I'm having problems when it comes to gravity between objects and I think its ...
0
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2answers
353 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
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0answers
8 views

Solving for initial velocity required to launch a projectile to a given destination at a same height formula [on hold]

with the premise that gravity (gravity is 10m/s) is the only force acting on it after initial launch (no air friction) the angle is 30 deg and the destination is 40 meters
1
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1answer
61 views
1
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3answers
108 views

Problem in deducing the equations of motion using indefinite integral

As we know, antiderivative or indefinite integral is the function the derivative of which gives the actual function. Let $F(x)$ be the derivative of $f(x)$ ie. the instantaneous rate of change of ...
0
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1answer
34 views

What is the movement of the material point? [closed]

The parametric formulas for movement of a material point are: $x(t) = A \sin (kt)$ $y(t) = B(1 - \sin(kt))$ Describe the movement of the MP. That is the entire question and I can't find a ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Why we don't integrate intital velocity in body cast equation?

On this site I've found a formula for calculating the $x, y$ coordinates for a body throwed by an angle to a horizon. It looks like this: $$x(t) = V_0 t \cos(\alpha); $$ $$y(t) = V_0 t ...
0
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4answers
66 views

How is acceleration measured if there is change only in the direction of velocity & not magnitude?

The formal definition of acceleration is It is the measure of how fast the velocity changes with respect to time. Now, when the magnitude of velocity changes, acceleration $$\vec{a} = \frac{d ...
2
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2answers
99 views

Velocity of car down an Inclined Plane

I was learning to make a car game and came across this situation where my car is on an inclined plane. It's initial velocity is 0. Now, the problem is that my memory serves me this formula to ...
1
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0answers
11 views

Change velocity formula from a function of displacement to a function of time [closed]

I have this problem from my dynamics book and I can't figure out how to solve it. I've played around with all the formulas and asked a few friends who did the course in the previous years but I can't ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Finding acceleration and distance when velocity given

I am trying to do the following question for practice (it is an interview question), and I don't know if my methods and answer are correct. Given a velocity $v=2+3t^2$, find acceleration after 3 ...
0
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2answers
106 views

Does rotation increase mass?

If an object is rotated on its axis near the speed of light would its mass increase? Normally if the object was moving (in relationship to the Earth for example) I would agree that its mass would ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Minimum power to pull a sheet of paper [closed]

I'm trying to tackle a question in kinematics, but I miss something and don't know what. The question goes like this: Let a homogeneous pole of mass m be connected to ceiling and lean on the ...
-1
votes
3answers
98 views

Where does the force to stop a constant velocity object come from?

If a ball hits a wall at a constant velocity, it will slow down and eventually come to rest. Since the ball was at constant velocity, it was not accelerating, and so there was no force. Also, the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Finding the Angle of Launch for a Cannon Projectile to Hit a Specific Point [closed]

A cannon with barrel length of $l$ was placed with its base at the origin $(0,0)$. A ball was fired with the initial speed of $v$ as it leaves the barrel at an angle of $\theta$ above the horizon. ...
0
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2answers
106 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
0
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0answers
25 views

$2\to3$ Phase space Integration

I have a $2\to3$ process ($P=p_1+p_2 \to p_3+p_4+p_5$) where all particles in the initial state and one of the particles in the final state ($p_3$) are massless. The other two ($p_4$ and $p_5$) have ...
0
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2answers
73 views

Speed, Velocity and Acceleration

How do you calculate an equation that asks to calculate the final velocity without time being given? But with distance being given...
4
votes
1answer
338 views

Philae lander simulation off by factor of ~3

I'm trying to simulate the Philae landing by writing a program to compute the position of the lander vs time. According to various mission websites, the orbiter will match its orbit to the rotation of ...
1
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1answer
118 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Is uniform circular motion an SHM?

I know the projection along a diameter is an SHM but is circular motion itself an SHM? If we consider the mean position to be the center of the circle then the centripetal acceleration is proportional ...
1
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3answers
750 views

Calculate kinematics of body movement from the set of spatial coordinates

Short intro I have a set of 3D (x,y,z) spatial coordinates of arm movement obtained using motion capture system. The example set of such coordinates looks like this (rounded up): ...
0
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1answer
63 views

What are the equations for motion with constant jerk?

Every one knows the three famous equations for motions with constant acceleration . But what if the motion were having a jerk? How should then be the equations for motions? How can I find them?
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2answers
96 views

How long does it take to optimally change position and velocity?

A spaceship moving in two dimensions is at position $(x, y)$ and has a velocity $(v_x, v_y)$. It also has a maximum acceleration $a_{max}$. Its goal is to be at position $(x', y')$ with a velocity of ...
2
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0answers
41 views

2d particle collision, Time for one particle to catch another one [duplicate]

Say we have 2 particles where 1 moves with constant velocity $u$ and the other moves with speed $v$ towards the first particle. After what time does the 2nd particle catches up with the 1st one?
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2answers
96 views

What is the relation between kinetic energy and momentum? [closed]

If kinetic energy is doubled, what happens to momentum? Is it also doubled? I've tried working through the formulas for each but keep getting lost. $$KE=\frac{mv^2}{2}$$ $$p=mv$$ so if ...
2
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2answers
52 views

Why should $\langle xf_r\rangle=0$ but $\langle\dot{x}f_r\rangle\ne 0$?

All the $\langle\rangle$ in this question is the mean value theorem over a large number of experiments. Consider a Brownian particle moving in a liquid with the viscosity $\mu$. The equation of ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Why does a ball bounce lower?

If a ball hits the floor after an acceleration then why does it bounces lower? I mean the Energy is passed to the floor then why does the floor give back less Energy?
0
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1answer
42 views

Questions about basic jump physics

This is a problem a friend and I are working on for an undergrad reading course. Our goal at the end is to make an accurate two-dimensional model of the human jump using Processing by the end of next ...
0
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2answers
81 views

Converting velocity-time line to acceleration-time?

How would one find where the straight line on a VT graph is on an AT graph? For example in the above image, if I were to convert that into an acceleration-time graph, where on the y-axis would the ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How can an object's instantaneous speed be zero and it's instantaneous acceleration be nonzero?

I'm studying for my upcoming physics course and ran across this concept - I'd love an explanation.
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0answers
12 views

Question on using Transport Theorem to Determine Angular Acceleration of a Rotating Frame

My question is regarding using the "Transport Theorem" on the angular-velocity vector of a rotating frame itself. Suppose: Frame-F has basis vectors I, J, K. Frame B is rotating with respect to F ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Is it possible to determine particles' velocities from their crossings on a ring?

2 particles are constrained to move in a ring. Both particles begin moving at $t=0$ from $p=0$, each particle moving in the opposite direction of the other. It is known that they are moving at ...
1
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1answer
515 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
0
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3answers
85 views

Calculate average speed of projectile with air resistance

There's a project that I'm working on that been bugging me for awhile. The project involves this senario: A projectile is released at 1000 feet per second and moves in a straight line infinitely ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Circular motion - is average velocity enough to tell?

If I knew the exact value of constant centripetal force and the average velocity of an object travelling around a circle for time $t$, would that be enough information to determine the final positon ...
3
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2answers
117 views

Why and when do we differentiate or integrate equations in physics? [closed]

I'm an engineering student and none of my professors ever explained why do we use derivations and/or integrations in physics. So I have this task, it goes like: The object is moving in a positive ...
1
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1answer
170 views

Tangential and radial acceleration in projectile motion

I'm currently learing kinematics, specifically projectile motion and as an example in my textbook is a bullet fired at some angle. I understand the derivation of formulas to describe that motion and ...
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1answer
28 views

energy, gravity and buoyancy working together

What will happen to the objects in this youtube video? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5FF6DEaXTw
3
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2answers
191 views

Projectile motion maximum distance to origin

Is there an elegant or easy way to derive the maximum distance from the origin to a point of the parabola created by projectile motion (assume initial position is the origin)? Other than ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Finding final velocity of neutron [closed]

A neutron moves with velocity $u$. It collides head-on with a stationary nitrogen nucleus. The collision is elastic. The mass of a nitrogen nucleus is 14 times that of a neutron. After collision ...
0
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1answer
26 views

two bodies are travelling with equal acceleration

two bodies are travelling with equal acceleration in the same direction and are in contact with each other. What will the force exerted by 1st body on second be? By taking an example of masses 5 and ...
2
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3answers
92 views

Calculating vector to aim for moving asteroid (3D asteroid game)

Considering we're in a 3D system of coordinates: our ship is at point A, motionless our ship can shoot bullets, the speed of which is known the asteroid is at point B the asteroid is moving on known ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Question on kinetic energy, mass and velocity [closed]

Two bodies have kinetic energies in the ratio of 4:1 They are moving with equal linear momentum. What is the ratio of their masses. My answer : I get $$\frac{m_1}{m_2}=\frac{4v^{2}_2}{v^{2}_1}$$
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Power - 1/2 Force x velocity? [closed]

A pump, taking water from a large reservoir, is used to spray a jet of water with speed 20m/s. The nozzle of the pipe has radius 0.05m, and is level with the surface of the reservoir (no change in ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Direction of the particle's motion

^ y | | |--------------> x Above I have labelled the axes of the graph. In the figure we can see that the direction of the particles motion is downward ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Vertical motion initial velocity given max height

I'm having a hard time finding a formula that calculates the initial vertical velocity for a projectile that should reach a certain height. I'm using this formula to calculate both vertical and ...
1
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4answers
94 views

Why do two formulas $d = v_0 t + \frac{at^2}{2}$ and $d=vt$ yield different results?

All of you are sure to be familiar with these two equation: $d = v_0 t + \frac{at^2}{2}$ and $d=\overline vt$ Given the same initial and final velocities, and time and acceleration. With the ...
0
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2answers
48 views

A question regarding 3 bodies connected as a system

Let us consider three bodies of equal mass connected to each other with 2 ideal strings of length l. The three bodies are placed in a straight line In this arrangement there is 1 body connected to 2 ...