The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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24 views

how to calculate force needed to launch an object of known mass vertically?

I am going to contract a spring and release it to project an object of known mass to a specified distance upwards(vertically).I want to calculate the needed force to overcome gravity and reach the ...
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1answer
34 views

Question to find distance at which 2 trains will pass each other [on hold]

I was solving some questions related to motion, and I came through a question which I cant understand. The question goes like this: Two trains A and B, 100 km apart are approaching towards each ...
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2answers
86 views

Is there a situation where $\left|d\vec{v} / dt\right|$ is non-zero while $d|\vec{v}| / dt$ is zero?

Here $\vec{v}$ represents velocity and $dv / dt$ gives the instantaneous acceleration. $|\vec v|$ gives the magnitude of velocity. When acceleration is zero, then change in magnitude of velocity is ...
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2answers
195 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
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3answers
74 views

Area under v-t and a-t graphs

I know that the magnitude ( i.e. considering all area as positive) of area under v-t graph gives distance travelled by the particle in the given time. But I've been told that magnitude of area under ...
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1answer
23 views

Can I use high frequency sounds to trigger an infrared motion sensors [on hold]

Currently, I am doing a research whereby I trying to trigger the infrared motion sensors using sounds. Well first of all, I will blocked the whole motion detector using a black box and then use a high ...
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1answer
26 views

Calculate constant acceleration for a length of track with start at rest and final velocity known [on hold]

My maths and physics are rusty... I'm a bit ashamed, but I have this problem: Let's have a 1000m linear accelerator (mass driver) propel a payload at constant acceleration, with a final velocity of ...
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1answer
36 views

Lorentz-invariant phase space of a three-body decay process

I am not following the use of delta function in the 3-body decay process. In $\gamma^* \to gq\bar{q}$ process, with $\gamma^*$ being a virtual photon, we have a phase space factor $$d^9R_3 = ...
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1answer
312 views

Tangential and radial acceleration in projectile motion

I'm currently learing kinematics, specifically projectile motion and as an example in my textbook is a bullet fired at some angle. I understand the derivation of formulas to describe that motion and ...
9
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2answers
672 views

What stops giant cruise ships toppling over in rough seas?

A week ago, 2 of the most gigantic cruise ships in the world docked near my city. If you have seen one, or been on one, you will know how large they are. They look extremely unsafe to me, although ...
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2answers
30 views

Finding velocity using given angle [on hold]

Question: A body is projected with $50 \text{m/sec}$ at an angle of $53$ degree with the horizontal. After what time velocity makes an angle $33.7$ degree with horizontal? ($\tan 33.7 = 2/3$) My ...
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0answers
17 views

system to reposition a car [on hold]

I was thinking of a system that will use ejected gas/liquid to reposition the position of a car and/or assist in braking. Would such system be viable? What parameters would such system have? Ie. to ...
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0answers
23 views

2-Dimensional motion query [on hold]

Question: A body is projected with speed u at an angle theta with the horizontal. (Following are the three parts in the question). Find the change in velocity in time t. Find the speed of body at a ...
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7answers
532 views

Free fall into circular motion

If I'm on a roller coaster free falling from height $h$ and then suddenly start going into horizontal motion with a radius $r$ of turn what is the $g$-force I experience? I worked out the equation ...
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1answer
21 views

Problem related to Motion in 2-Dimension [on hold]

Question: The height y and the distance x along the horizontal place of a projectile on a certain planer (with no surrounding ...
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3answers
115 views

Isn't a physical frame of reference useless for calculating speed? [on hold]

Please ignore relativistic effects and the effects of the expansion of space-time due to the expanding universe theory for the purposes of this question. Whenever someone asks what is the speed of X, ...
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0answers
20 views

Find tf and end distance [on hold]

Mass = 30kg, Velocity = 30, Acceleration = unknown, end distance = unknown, force = -20N. Please breakdown formula in elementary physics terms thanks! a)Find time the object came to a stop b)the end ...
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2answers
862 views

How can an object move from point A to point B?

If I was at point $A$ and I wanted to walk directly to point $B$, I would have to walk half way to point $B$, but before that I would have to walk half way to halfway to halfway to point $B$ and half ...
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1answer
304 views

Is it possible to determine particles' velocities from their crossings on a ring?

2 particles are constrained to move in a ring. Both particles begin moving at $t=0$ from $p=0$, each particle moving in the opposite direction of the other. It is known that they are moving at ...
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3answers
505 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
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2answers
228 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
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5answers
431 views

Intuitive answer to a kinematic problem

The problem: Two particles A and B start from rest and move for equal time on a straight line. The particle A has an acceleration a for the first half of the total time and 2a for the second half. ...
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1answer
150 views

Magnitude of the average velocity vector (not the average speed)

Thank you ahead of time for taking to look at this. For this following problem we were given an answer however I am almost positive the given answer is wrong. It doesn't even make sense. So here is ...
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2answers
154 views

Extra vibrational mode in linear molecule

When calculating the number of vibrational modes for a molecule, the formulas differ for linear $(n = 3N - 5)$ and non-linear $(n = 3N - 6)$ molecules, where $n$ is number of modes and $N$ is number ...
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1answer
30 views

A way to determine if a body accelerates or loses speed at a certain time

With given vectors for acceleration and velocity, is there a way to determine if a body accelerates or decelerates at a certain time-interval? Can this be determined, for instance, by simply observing ...
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17answers
24k views

Recommendations for good Newtonian mechanics and kinematics books

What are some good books for learning the concepts of Kinematics, Newton laws, 2D Motion of Object etc.?
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0answers
32 views

irreversibility Aristoteles law of motion

I am watching the second lecture from the theoretical minimum and do not understand the argumentation of Susskind. For those who do not want to watch the video. It is about the law of motion from ...
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3answers
1k views

Do you encounter more photons (per unit time) when moving forwards at a constant velocity?

Let's say you have rain hitting you evenly on all sides (not very realistic, I know). If you were to move forwards at a constant speed, there would be more droplets of rain hitting you per second on ...
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0answers
25 views

A question on Newton's laws of motion

Question is to find the velocity of block B. 1)Now,How can I interpret this individual velocities of string parts into velocities of block A and block B? [If the $'x'$ and $'y'$ part move forward ...
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3answers
100 views

Question about rain when an object is moving

So here's the question: A train window is 1 meter high and 10 meters long. A raindrop rolls down the window at a vertical speed of 5 meters per second(when stationary). If the train is moving at 30 ...
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1answer
91 views

Relativistic Kinematics - 2-Body Particle Decay

Consider the scenario where a particle of mass $M$ decays into two lighter particles of mass $m_1$ and $m_2$. In the center of mass frame (i.e. $\mathbf{p}_1$ and $\mathbf{p}_2$, the momenta of the ...
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0answers
48 views

Compute distance travelled based on a yaw-rate

Assume that a rigid body is traveling with constant velocity $v$, and (this rigid body) is rotating with a constant yaw rate of $\dot{\theta}$. Find the distance travelled in one time step, $\Delta ...
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2answers
92 views

Changing directions with a constant speed?

I'm currently working on a problem in which an object's speed remains the same, but it experiences a change in direction after some time. I'm fairly sure it experiences an acceleration in order to ...
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1answer
34 views

Relative motion with two observers

For four particles A, B, C, D , the velocities of one with respect to other are given as $ V_{DC}$ (Velocity of D with respect to A) is 20 m per second towards north, $ V_{BC}$ is 20 m per second ...
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0answers
19 views

Relative motion question on flag fluttering

Question: a flag in a bus is fluttering in the north direction and wind is blowing the east direction.ther what is direction in which bus is moving? My take:I think that if there would have been no ...
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1answer
3k views

Finding the point of collision between two objects when acceleration is constant

$\newcommand{\accunit}{\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2}$ A coin is dropped 60.0m above the top of an elevator car. The coin is dropped just as the car begins to move upwards. The elevator first ...
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3answers
86 views

Find time-parametrization given path and speed of a particle

Consider a particle in two dimensions with position vector $r(t)=<x(t),y(t)>$ and the shape of the path is described by a function $y(t)=f(x(t))$ (Thus $r(t)$ is a parametrization of $f$ with ...
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1answer
50 views

Explain how $\Delta v_{\perp}=v\Delta\theta$

In The Feynman lectures, under the chapter entitled Vectors, Feynman writes: My two intimately related questions are: 1) What does he mean by the magnitude of velocity? is he talking about the ...
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3answers
160 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
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3answers
1k views

Inertia Vs Momentum

At my recent lesson on kinematics, my teacher taught about inertia and momentum. This is what she said. Inertia: a characteristic of an object that resists changes to its state of motion. Momentum: ...
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4answers
126 views

Calculating how fast a mass needs to travel in order to launch itself from a hill

Today I was driving on a hill side and on the opposite lane this very careless gentleman was traveling at a very high speed on a large truck that I surely thought his truck would of lifted off the ...
2
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1answer
110 views

General motion of a cone on an inclined surface

Suppose that a solid cone is placed horizontally on an inclined surface and is initially at rest. How will the cone move when it starts motion due to its weight? I know that its motion depends on the ...
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2answers
39 views

What is special about the 45 degree point for projectiles?

This is a question from a book for which I HAVE the solution to BUT I don't understand the concept. Briefly: "a mass is projected horizontally from a cliff with velocity V. 3 seconds later the ...
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1answer
52 views

Change of direction in physics when an object in motion stops

Consider an object moving with an acceleration $a = -1 \text{m/s}^2$ starting with speed $v(0) = 4 \text{m/s}$ towards east and stopped after 4 seconds. (There are no friction.) After 4 seconds, the ...
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1answer
59 views

Why would the norm of these vectors be 1?

Let a Cartesian coordinate system $uOx$ coincides with a vertical plane so that $Ou$ is the horizontal axis and $Ox$ is the axis oriented vertically upwards (see Fig. 1). We are looking for the ...
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7answers
8k views

I need help with finding distance traveled

How do I find the distance traveled of an object if the speed is not constant?
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1answer
168 views

Finding the total energy in centre of mass frame

I'm working through a problem in a special relativity textbook (Woodhouse) and I'm having some difficulty. I have to show that if I have a particle of rest mass $M$, total energy $E$ colliding with a ...
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2answers
119 views

Projectile, air resistance and wind

So for my school project I am working on a projectile simulator and air resistance. So I have looked at this. Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account? ...
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1answer
32 views

How to know if a body is travelling with uniform acceleration or not?

One of the Example in my Textbook is A body travels a distance of 2 m in 2 seconds and 2.2 m in next 4 seconds. What will be the velocity of the body at the end of 7th second from the start. In ...
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4answers
60 views

Can we observe two different events occuring at the same point?

I was wondering a situation. Suppose a train is moving with a certain acceleration. It turns on its front light at a certain time, and it's back light say t s after. But to a inertial, or non ...