The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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12 views

How to calculate g-force of a vehicle in an accident through accelerometer values?

i'm developing a crash notification android application.i want to calculate the g-force at the event of car crash.which is detected by the accelerometer of the smartphone.so far my code is as below, ...
0
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2answers
169 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
0
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2answers
108 views

How does angular momentum affect the trajectory of a projectile?

I am thinking about a football thrown in a very tight, very fast spinning spiral. If the football is thrown upwards at a high angle, is it possible for the football to not turn over at the top of its ...
0
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2answers
33 views

String wrapping around a motionless cylinder

A particle is connected to the end of a thin, weightless string, which has its other end connected to the cylinder, in such a way that motion of the particle causes the string to wrap around the ...
3
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2answers
249 views

Projectile motion maximum distance to origin

Is there an elegant or easy way to derive the maximum distance from the origin to a point of the parabola created by projectile motion (assume initial position is the origin)? Other than ...
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3answers
483 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
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3answers
32 views

Velocity and transfer of energy for a body in free fall

I just need to check if my understanding of the transfer of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy is correct. Is anything wrong below? Say if a body were suspended at a height h above the ...
-2
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0answers
20 views

How can I figure out this uniform motion problem? [on hold]

Julie drives 100 mi to Grandmother's house. On the way to Grandmother's, Julie drives half the distance at 40 mph, and the second half at 60 mph. On her return trip, she drives half the $time$ at 40 ...
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0answers
39 views

Compute Speed of an Object when moving on a circular arc?

Consider the following figure: An iPhon is moving on a circular arc from point A to point B. The radius of the orbit is f. Consider the case that a men stands and holding his arm horizontal to the ...
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1answer
110 views

Magnitude of the average velocity vector (not the average speed)

Thank you ahead of time for taking to look at this. For this following problem we were given an answer however I am almost positive the given answer is wrong. It doesn't even make sense. So here is ...
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1answer
38 views

Finding the spring constant in SHM question [on hold]

This question has got me confused, due to the fact that it says that the particle starts off at a negative amplitude, passes equilibrium, then has a positive velocity while moving back towards ...
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1answer
59 views

Which point in the graph does a parachute open?

The diagram represents speed-time for a sky diver. He falls freely from an aircraft then opens a parachute and later lands safely on the ground. At which point did the parachute fully open? ...
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2answers
76 views

A car with constant speed doing a turn

Let's say we have a car with four wheels and the center of the car has a speed of 50km/h. There is no friction or air resistance. If the car is moving straight each wheel will also have a speed of ...
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1answer
54 views

Solve $a(t) = g - \beta v(t)$ for $t$

If $g$ is the acceleration due to gravity and $\beta$ is a known value, solve for the time $t$ it takes an object to reach a given velocity if the acceleration of the object is given by ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Acceleration equation [closed]

I found this equation, and was wondering if it worked. It is different than others i have seen before. Here it is: $$ a = \frac{2x}{t^2} - \frac{2v_0}{t} $$ I dont understand why we divide by $t$ in ...
2
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4answers
356 views

What causes a car's velocity to follow the front wheels' direction?

I'm trying to simulate a car with correct physics models. In this example we let the car have a constant speed, and there are no forces (friction and drag) to slow down the speed. Here's a video that ...
8
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5answers
771 views

What's my weight when jumping on a bicycle from a higher to a lower ground?

Before I start defining the situation and asking a question, I'd like to make a few things clear: this is not a homework, merely a matter of personal interest and enthusiasm I am neither a ...
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1answer
25 views

Which acceleration equations?

Which equation gives the most accurate answer? $$a=g \sin⁡ α-μg \cos⁡ α\\ a=s/t/t\\ a=2s/t^2 -(2v_0)/t$$ Because i get three different answers. The scenario is a box sliding down on an inclined ...
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3answers
142 views

Looking for the curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated

I am looking for a curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated either clockwise or anti-clockwise. How to model it mathematically? Is the curve a circle? My attempt is ...
2
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4answers
4k views

Force applied to wheel in pure rolling motion at contact point with road

Suppose a wheel with radius $R$ is resting on a non-inclined surface. A torque $\tau$ is applied to the wheel center. In an attempt to prevent wheel from spinning, the ground applies a static friction ...
2
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0answers
18 views

How Burmester's theory converts rotary motion of the crank to linear movement?

I have been studying the mechanism of Klann's Mechanical spider and there it was written that by Burmester's theory it converts rotary motion of the crank to linear movement. I tried searching but how ...
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2answers
141 views

Simulating a car in an intersection

I'm somewhat confused. I want to simulate in real-time an intersection where cars have to turn left, right or go straight. What I have are 2 way points: One at the beginning of the intersection on ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Car wheels in a turn [duplicate]

I know that when a car is taking a turn, the front 2 wheels trace out 2 arcs having the same centre. I also know that the steering angle for the outside wheel is more than that of the inner wheel to ...
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0answers
31 views

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone?

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone? For example I'd like to use some kind of power generator to charge smartphone's battery but I'm wondering if shaking (by hand, or motion when ...
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0answers
20 views

In Which Position A Co-passanger should Sit On A Turning Bike

Pardon me for this very basic mechanical science question. But I just want to clear my doubt it. Whenever I sit a behind someone on a bike I get confused when the the bike has to take a sharp turn. I ...
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0answers
15 views

Is there a “framerate” for the universe? [duplicate]

I've been wondering this for quite some time. I just can't wrap my head around the idea of truly continuous time. If time is truly infinitely divisible, then how can any object in the universe move? ...
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3answers
70 views

Acceleration of a particle moving along a straight line

If a particle moves along a straight line, then can we say that the acceleration should be zero? and if not, then why? If the equation of the motion is linear, then the velocity is constant and if ...
80
votes
16answers
22k views

Why does kinetic energy increase quadratically, not linearly, with speed?

As Wikipedia says: [...] the kinetic energy of a non-rotating object of mass $m$ traveling at a speed $v$ is $mv^2/2$. Why does this not increase linearly with speed? Why does it take so much ...
4
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2answers
231 views

Question on particle decay process, conservation of energy

Why is $$\Sigma^0 \rightarrow \Lambda +\pi^0$$ not a possible process? Charge and baryon number both are conserved. There's no issue with strangeness that I can tell. The masses in $\frac{Mev}{c^2}$ ...
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1answer
52 views

Relativistic momentum of an electron

Suppose we have some interaction between a photon and an (initially) stationary electron, and we wished to find the final momentum of the electron. Should we solve this using conservation of momentum, ...
4
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4answers
337 views

Dodging paintballs

I was recently watching The Matrix, and was considering the speed at which one needs to move to literally dodge a projectile. Now, in real life, it is impossible to dodge bullets as such a feat would ...
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0answers
14 views

Determining length of slope from angle and time down slope

I'm aware this is probably trivial, but I'm having a hard time with the following problem: "A child on a sled starts from rest at the top of a 15° slope. If the trip to the bottom takes 15.5 s how ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Force in a moving object that is not accelerating

If an object is traveling in a straight direction at a constant speed it has no acceleration, right? So if $F=ma$ and $a =0$ then force should equal 0. Does that mean a car traveling at a constant ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Question regarding the sail attached to a boat. [closed]

I came across a physics numerical in which the boat is travelling 45 degrees south-east. The direction of wind is towards north and the force that it exerts is constant force of 100 N on the sail. The ...
0
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2answers
38 views

A car is moving in a circular trajectory with radius R=20m. The equation of motion is : x(t) = 15 + 8t – t^2 [closed]

We have to find the distance the car has traveled after 3s. Actually this question came up in an important exam, and the answer was: L=x(3)-x(0) But I think this is the answer for displacement, ...
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2answers
42 views

Time taken by a stone to reach the ground is independent of point of dropping

A balloon is rising. A stone is dropped and the stone takes $\frac{2u}{g}$ to reach ground (Nothing is known about $u$ and $g$ is the acceleration due to gravity), irrespective if the point of ...
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3answers
149 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
3
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3answers
577 views

Does a heavy body move with the slightest force on a frictionless surface?

If I apply horizontal force on a body resting on the ground, my force will be opposed by the frictional force and the body will accelerate at the point where my force exceeds the force of friction = ...
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2answers
390 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Angular and linear displacement of a turning car

My illustration is supposed to show a simplified car (with just two wheels, where the front wheel has been rotated $-90 \text{ degrees}$). Let the car travel at constant speed. This means that the ...
1
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2answers
188 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
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2answers
95 views

Computing distance traveled from jerk

When dealing with higher time derivatives like jerk, how does one find the distance traveled? Can it be calculated by just knowing time?
0
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1answer
3k views

Finding the point of collision between two objects when acceleration is constant

$\newcommand{\accunit}{\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2}$ A coin is dropped 60.0m above the top of an elevator car. The coin is dropped just as the car begins to move upwards. The elevator first ...
1
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6answers
755 views

Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? [duplicate]

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? Please explain (in simple terms) with examples if possible.
0
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0answers
10 views

Drag coefficient of a rectangular prism

How do you find the drag coefficient, specifically for a rectangular prism-shaped body? What other factors must be taken into consideration when calculating this value?
0
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1answer
190 views

Circular motion - is average velocity enough to tell?

If I knew the exact value of constant centripetal force and the average velocity of an object travelling around a circle for time $t$, would that be enough information to determine the final positon ...
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2answers
42 views

How to get these SUVAT formulae?

When learning kinematics, I have learned these three formulae $s=1/2(u+v)t$ $s=ut+1/2at^2$ $v^2=u^2+2as$ s = displacement u = initial velocity v = final velocity t = time a = acceleration My ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the meaning or purpose of inertial motions

It seems to me that, except for light, inertial motion is never possible in real world where there is gravity everywhere. It is at best some kind of idealization. But why inertial motions are so ...
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1answer
43 views

Can anyone explain this formula graphically?

$$v^2=u^2+2as$$ v=final velocity; u=initial velocity, a=acceleration; s=displacement. I know and understand how this equation is derived.But, can anyone show me that $v^2=u^2+2as$ using graphic ...