The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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1answer
60 views

Why does everything written on a page appear in concentric circles when we rotate that page? [closed]

When i put a pencil in the middle of a paper and rotate it very fast, whatsoever is written on it, will appear in concentric circles. What is the reason behind this phenomenon and what is it called?
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2answers
73 views

1D Kinematics problem [closed]

The position of a particle in meters moving along the x-axis is given by: $x = 3(t − 2)^2 − 12$ for $0 \le t \le 15$ How can I find the velocity of the particle when it is passing through the point $...
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0answers
26 views

Rotational Velocity

I would like to calculate rotational velocity from Global(fixed frame of reference) in local (moving frame of reference). How to do that? i know the relationship between global and local frame of ...
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2answers
57 views

Do I need to differentiate this equation or not?

I've been given this equation: $$\mathrm{velocity}, v = 2\,\mathrm{cm/s^3} \,t^2 + 5\,\rm cm/s.$$ If someone now asks me to tell the velocity at, say 4 sec, then before proceeding with the equation, ...
3
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1answer
143 views

How is $ \frac{dv}{ dt} = a $?

I know how , in the physical sense - $$\frac {dv}{dt} = a$$ But, even after thinking a lot, I am not able to see the fault in this - $$\frac {dv}{dt} = \frac {d(st^{-1})}{dt} = \frac {sd(t^{-1})}...
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1answer
75 views

Is this an acceptable approach to solving the following problem? [closed]

Why does my approach not work for the following problem? PROBLEM A man stands on the roof of a building of height $14.6\,\mathrm{m}$ and throws a rock with a velocity of magnitude $32.1\,\mathrm{m/s}$...
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1answer
143 views

Derivation of Torricelli's equation

I am reading "Fundamentals of Physics" by Shanker and he is deriving Torricelli's equation. First he says $\displaystyle a = \frac{dv}{dt}$. Next, he multiplies both sides by velocity to get $\...
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1answer
54 views

Zero net external force

Is it possible to have a changing kinetic energy when the resultant of the external forces on the system of particles is zero? According to my thoughts, if the net external forces are zero, the body ...
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2answers
87 views

Derivation of a kinematical equation [duplicate]

My question is, we can calculate distance of free falling objects with the equation of $d = \frac{1}{2}gt^2$ where $d$ is distance in meter, $t$ is time in seconds, but I wonder how we achieved this ...
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1answer
141 views

Minimum time taken by train to reach its station [closed]

A train starts from station A and reaches station B. It first accelerates at a rate € and then moves with constant velocity and then retards at a rate ¥.But suppose we are to calculate the minimum ...
5
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2answers
466 views

How is Chasles' Theorem, that any rigid displacement can be produced by translating along a line and then rotating about the same line, true?

Chasles' Theorem in its strong form says: The most general rigid body displacement can be produced by a translation along a line (called its screw axis) followed (or preceded) by a rotation about ...
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1answer
48 views

Optimal Firing Rate to Maximize Vehicle Velocity

Suppose that you are in a vehicle in space with a power source generating a constant power of $P_0$ that you can use to fire iron pellets. The iron pellets compose 99% of the ship's mass, $m$. The ...
3
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1answer
165 views

Does a rotating object have more inertia, mass and gravitational pull?

When an object is rotating on an axis, it has stored rotational energy in it. Since energy and mass are related, does this stored rotation increase the mass of the object? And if so, will it be harder ...
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2answers
101 views

Why the bob leaves the circular path when tension in the string becomes zero [duplicate]

In vertical circular motion of a bob attached with a string, we say that the bob leaves the circular path when tension in the string becomes zero. But even when tension becomes zero there's always ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems?

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems? While dealing with problems related to finding velocity, acceleration and other kinematic problems, it is mentioned to "neglect drag". ...
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3answers
500 views

Can the force acting on a body remain constant if the body is accelerating?

Since $F=ma$, the force should change if acceleration changes shouldn't it? And since acceleration is the rate of change of velocity, can velocity be constant if acceleration changes?
3
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0answers
157 views

Free-Fall Lab Help - Getting weird results

So, I am doing a free-fall lab for my physics class. We got the values and I have the results here(we used a infrared photo-gate). Basically, we have a brass cylinder and a wood cylinder. Each are ...
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1answer
90 views

How is movement possible? [duplicate]

This is a weird question that I wasn't sure where to ask. Say I have two points A and B. I roll a ball from A to B. Between A and B there are an infinite number of points right? Wouldn't it take an ...
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2answers
45 views

Proof of a fact involved two cars motion [closed]

Two cars A and B start to move in the same direction. A starts to move with acceleration $5 m/s^2$ and B with $4 m/s^2$. After 15 min A runs with uniform velocity. B continuously runs with ...
0
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2answers
144 views

How far would the car skid when brakes are applied? [closed]

Suppose that a car skids $15$m if it is moving at $50$km/h when the brakes are applied. Assuming that the car has the same constant deceleration, how far, in meters, will it skid if it is moving at $...
3
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4answers
183 views

if a body is stopped by means other than friction, where does energy go?

Suppose we have an object in space. say gravity is negligible, and the thing has a rocket on both sides. the thing fires one rocket for, say, 5 seconds. now it's moving. The object has kinetic energy. ...
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2answers
248 views

What information do I need to find to solve this kinematics problem? [closed]

The question is this: As you look out of your dorm window, a flower pot suddenly falls past. The pot is visible for a time $t$, and the vertical length of your window is $L_w$. Take down to be the ...
3
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1answer
166 views

What is the intuitive meaning of $Q^2$?

In particle physics, $-Q^2$ is defined by the four momentum transfer squared: $$Q^2 = -(p_i - p_f)^2 = (\vec{p}_i-\vec{p}_f)^2-(E_i-E_f)^2$$ For elastic scattering, the meaning of $Q^2$ is clear - it ...
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8answers
618 views

Why is there a universal speed limit?

I am looking for an answer that does not rely on Special or General Relativity -and without recourse to the fact that the speed of light is frame invariant. Is there another way of showing this ...
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1answer
60 views

Proving a kinematics problem

I recently read in a book that the distance covered by an object projected vertically upwards in the last second of the upward motion is a constant independent of initial velocity.I tried to prove it ...
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3answers
291 views

Find constant acceleration with only initial speed and distance [closed]

Given the problem: "A car moving initially at 50 mi/h begins decelerating at a constant rate 60 ft short of a stoplight. If the car comes to a stop right at the light, what is the magnitude of its ...
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1answer
46 views

Does motion with constant proper acceleration, in a flat region, necessarily mean straight hyperbolic motion?

Is motion of a participant with constant proper acceleration, in a flat region, necessarily straight, hyperbolic motion (with respect to members of any inertial system, in that region)? Or is for ...
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1answer
61 views

Lifting a block or sliding a block- Which will consume more energy?

A box with mass m units resting on a table with smooth surface (slightly oily). A to B : d units Action 1 : Slide the box from Point A to B. Action 2 : Lift the box from A to B in an arc fashion. ...
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2answers
319 views

How to predict the distance a ball rolls down a ramp between a certain time period [closed]

At t=0 a ball, initially at rest, starts to roll down a ramp with constant acceleration. You notice it moves 1 foot between t=0 seconds and t = 1 second. How far does it move between t = 1 second and ...
0
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2answers
744 views

Vertical Circular motion - Tension and velocity [duplicate]

I read through the question Minimum velocity of the particle at the highest point which is quite similar to my questions. But I still have some doubts in the answers - "The particle will complete ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Angular Speed and Normal Speed

The instantaneous speed of a point along a circular path is given by $v=\omega r$, where $\omega = \frac{\Delta \theta}{\Delta t}$, $s=\Delta \theta r$, and $v=\frac{s}{t}$. However, isn’t the ...
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2answers
550 views

Block over a Block Problem. [closed]

This a block placed on block problem. In this problem, A block with mass 40 kg in placed on a block of 60kg which lies on a frictionless surface. The coefficient of friction between 40kg mass and 60kg ...
2
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2answers
37 views

Water flow in salt solutions contemporary exposed to an electrical and constant magnetic field

When a permanent magnet is held motionless close to a salt solution which already has been exposed to an electrical field a flow in the water will be induced and can be detected by applying some ...
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4answers
114 views

How can we explain the difference in change of kinetic energy, due to different frames of reference?

Imagine a ball ($m= 1\,{\rm kg}$) moving at a velocity $2\,{\rm m}/{\rm s}$ towards a wall. When it hits the wall, it suddenly stops, thereby liberating all its ${\rm KE}$ as heat. Here, the initial ...
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1answer
105 views

How can I estimate CO2 emissions for a vehicle travel distance

How can I properly estimate CO2 emissions for a given travel distance (of a private vehicle)? I found the following formula, but I'm not sure that it's correct: ...
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3answers
153 views

What was the motivation behind the work formula?

Surely there must be a reason we decided to use this as a metric for mechanical energy.How was it developed and what made it more acceptable than other work formula candidates (Like force over time, ...
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4answers
6k views

Why does the sun make me feel warm?

For a while I thought that the reason I felt warmth from the sun was because my skin was being hit by photons, but then I realized that photons also hit me when I take an X-ray, but I don't feel any ...
3
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2answers
451 views

Intepretation of area under velocity-time graph for a bouncing ball

A typical velocity-time graph for a bouncing ball is shown below. I understand that the ball starts from rest at $t=0$, then it accelerates downwards and hits the floor at time $t_1$. Between time $...
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2answers
507 views

Horizontal and vertical acceleration of a ball on a slope?

I understand that you resolve the components of the balls weight parallel and perpendicular to the slope in order to calculate the force due to gravity that actually acts down the slope. The ...
1
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2answers
554 views

Projectile motion of Golf ball- Can projection height be calculated just from initial velocity and travel time? [closed]

A Golf ball projected with a horizontal velocity of 30 meter per second and takes 4 second to reach the ground. Calculate the height the golf ball was projected from. Calculate the magnitude of ...
2
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2answers
208 views

Does deceleration (or negative acceleration) feel like acceleration?

This may seem like a dumb question, but I'm having a hard time trying to intuit the answer. The question is in relation to Einstein's famous thought experiment which says that it is impossible for a ...
2
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3answers
249 views

Is there an intuitive explanation of the work formula?

Upon learning calculus, I decided it was time to derive all of classical mechanics to give myself a good understanding of physics. What I found was that, while trying to do so, I would need some ...
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1answer
74 views

Why do systems with a fixed gear-ratio still use gears?

From my understanding, there are two uses of a gearing system: to change the speed of output rotation (trading it with torque), and to change the axis of rotation. Now, in a car, for example, it is ...
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1answer
36 views

Rate of change in size: Moving Objects

Is there a way of calculating the rate at which an object decreases/increases in size relative to the observer. For example, if a bus(4m wide) is moving away from a stationary observer at the rate of ...
0
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4answers
542 views

Why Do Objects move?

Let's imagine a block resting on horizontal table. When We apply a force which is greater than frictional force it moves. But why does this happen? Why can't friction withstand any force? As we know ...
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3answers
302 views

How can Kinetic energy formula and the Work formula be derived without assuming the other to be true?

After searching how to derive the formula for Kinetic energy, I found that most derivations required the use of the "work" formula. After searching how to derive the work formula for a bit, I found ...
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4answers
92 views

Car Crash Scenario [closed]

Two vehicles travelling at 80mph in the same direction. Vehicles are directly behind each other. 12 meter distance between them. Front door of car in front rips of and hits the front window of the ...
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1answer
74 views

When will the velocity of a particle be perpendicular to it's initial velocity?

I am learning kinematics with vector analysis. I was given the position equation:$\mathbf{r} = 10t\hat{\mathtt{i}} + (20t-5t^2)\hat{\mathtt{j}}$. It asks me the time when the velocity of the particle ...
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2answers
306 views

Kinematics Question AP Physics [closed]

A motorcycle officer hidden at an intersection observes a car driven by an oblivious driver who ignores a stop sign and continues through the intersection at constant speed. The police officer takes ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Can avg. Vel. be zero in uniformly accelerated straight line motion?

A particle moves in a straight line with constant acceleration. The average velocity of this particle in an interval is zero. According to me it may become possible when velocity of particle is in ...