The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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-3
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2answers
95 views

Why the bob leaves the circular path when tension in the string becomes zero [duplicate]

In vertical circular motion of a bob attached with a string, we say that the bob leaves the circular path when tension in the string becomes zero. But even when tension becomes zero there's ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems?

Why is drag neglected while dealing with kinematic problems? While dealing with problems related to finding velocity, acceleration and other kinematic problems, it is mentioned to "neglect drag". ...
1
vote
3answers
429 views

Can the force acting on a body remain constant if the body is accelerating?

Since $F=ma$, the force should change if acceleration changes shouldn't it? And since acceleration is the rate of change of velocity, can velocity be constant if acceleration changes?
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Free-Fall Lab Help - Getting weird results

So, I am doing a free-fall lab for my physics class. We got the values and I have the results here(we used a infrared photo-gate). Basically, we have a brass cylinder and a wood cylinder. Each are ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

How is movement possible? [duplicate]

This is a weird question that I wasn't sure where to ask. Say I have two points A and B. I roll a ball from A to B. Between A and B there are an infinite number of points right? Wouldn't it take an ...
-1
votes
2answers
45 views

Proof of a fact involved two cars motion [closed]

Two cars A and B start to move in the same direction. A starts to move with acceleration $5 m/s^2$ and B with $4 m/s^2$. After 15 min A runs with uniform velocity. B continuously runs with ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

How far would the car skid when brakes are applied? [closed]

Suppose that a car skids $15$m if it is moving at $50$km/h when the brakes are applied. Assuming that the car has the same constant deceleration, how far, in meters, will it skid if it is moving at ...
3
votes
4answers
179 views

if a body is stopped by means other than friction, where does energy go?

Suppose we have an object in space. say gravity is negligible, and the thing has a rocket on both sides. the thing fires one rocket for, say, 5 seconds. now it's moving. The object has kinetic energy. ...
-1
votes
2answers
237 views

What information do I need to find to solve this kinematics problem? [closed]

The question is this: As you look out of your dorm window, a flower pot suddenly falls past. The pot is visible for a time $t$, and the vertical length of your window is $L_w$. Take down to be the ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

What is the intuitive meaning of $Q^2$?

In particle physics, $-Q^2$ is defined by the four momentum transfer squared: $$Q^2 = -(p_i - p_f)^2 = (\vec{p}_i-\vec{p}_f)^2-(E_i-E_f)^2$$ For elastic scattering, the meaning of $Q^2$ is clear - it ...
2
votes
8answers
584 views

Why is there a universal speed limit?

I am looking for an answer that does not rely on Special or General Relativity -and without recourse to the fact that the speed of light is frame invariant. Is there another way of showing this ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Proving a kinematics problem

I recently read in a book that the distance covered by an object projected vertically upwards in the last second of the upward motion is a constant independent of initial velocity.I tried to prove it ...
0
votes
3answers
273 views

Find constant acceleration with only initial speed and distance [closed]

Given the problem: "A car moving initially at 50 mi/h begins decelerating at a constant rate 60 ft short of a stoplight. If the car comes to a stop right at the light, what is the magnitude of its ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Does motion with constant proper acceleration, in a flat region, necessarily mean straight hyperbolic motion?

Is motion of a participant with constant proper acceleration, in a flat region, necessarily straight, hyperbolic motion (with respect to members of any inertial system, in that region)? Or is for ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Lifting a block or sliding a block- Which will consume more energy?

A box with mass m units resting on a table with smooth surface (slightly oily). A to B : d units Action 1 : Slide the box from Point A to B. Action 2 : Lift the box from A to B in an arc fashion. ...
0
votes
2answers
259 views

How to predict the distance a ball rolls down a ramp between a certain time period [closed]

At t=0 a ball, initially at rest, starts to roll down a ramp with constant acceleration. You notice it moves 1 foot between t=0 seconds and t = 1 second. How far does it move between t = 1 second and ...
0
votes
2answers
698 views

Vertical Circular motion - Tension and velocity [duplicate]

I read through the question Minimum velocity of the particle at the highest point which is quite similar to my questions. But I still have some doubts in the answers - "The particle will complete ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Angular Speed and Normal Speed

The instantaneous speed of a point along a circular path is given by $v=\omega r$, where $\omega = \frac{\Delta \theta}{\Delta t}$, $s=\Delta \theta r$, and $v=\frac{s}{t}$. However, isn’t the ...
-1
votes
2answers
521 views

Block over a Block Problem. [closed]

This a block placed on block problem. In this problem, A block with mass 40 kg in placed on a block of 60kg which lies on a frictionless surface. The coefficient of friction between 40kg mass and 60kg ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

Water flow in salt solutions contemporary exposed to an electrical and constant magnetic field

When a permanent magnet is held motionless close to a salt solution which already has been exposed to an electrical field a flow in the water will be induced and can be detected by applying some ...
5
votes
4answers
114 views

How can we explain the difference in change of kinetic energy, due to different frames of reference?

Imagine a ball ($m= 1\,{\rm kg}$) moving at a velocity $2\,{\rm m}/{\rm s}$ towards a wall. When it hits the wall, it suddenly stops, thereby liberating all its ${\rm KE}$ as heat. Here, the initial ...
-1
votes
1answer
88 views

How can I estimate CO2 emissions for a vehicle travel distance

How can I properly estimate CO2 emissions for a given travel distance (of a private vehicle)? I found the following formula, but I'm not sure that it's correct: ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

What was the motivation behind the work formula?

Surely there must be a reason we decided to use this as a metric for mechanical energy.How was it developed and what made it more acceptable than other work formula candidates (Like force over time, ...
17
votes
4answers
6k views

Why does the sun make me feel warm?

For a while I thought that the reason I felt warmth from the sun was because my skin was being hit by photons, but then I realized that photons also hit me when I take an X-ray, but I don't feel any ...
3
votes
2answers
421 views

Intepretation of area under velocity-time graph for a bouncing ball

A typical velocity-time graph for a bouncing ball is shown below. I understand that the ball starts from rest at $t=0$, then it accelerates downwards and hits the floor at time $t_1$. Between time ...
0
votes
2answers
451 views

Horizontal and vertical acceleration of a ball on a slope?

I understand that you resolve the components of the balls weight parallel and perpendicular to the slope in order to calculate the force due to gravity that actually acts down the slope. The ...
1
vote
2answers
502 views

Projectile motion of Golf ball- Can projection height be calculated just from initial velocity and travel time? [closed]

A Golf ball projected with a horizontal velocity of 30 meter per second and takes 4 second to reach the ground. Calculate the height the golf ball was projected from. Calculate the magnitude of ...
2
votes
2answers
204 views

Does deceleration (or negative acceleration) feel like acceleration?

This may seem like a dumb question, but I'm having a hard time trying to intuit the answer. The question is in relation to Einstein's famous thought experiment which says that it is impossible for a ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Is there an intuitive explanation of the work formula?

Upon learning calculus, I decided it was time to derive all of classical mechanics to give myself a good understanding of physics. What I found was that, while trying to do so, I would need some ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Why do systems with a fixed gear-ratio still use gears?

From my understanding, there are two uses of a gearing system: to change the speed of output rotation (trading it with torque), and to change the axis of rotation. Now, in a car, for example, it is ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Rate of change in size: Moving Objects

Is there a way of calculating the rate at which an object decreases/increases in size relative to the observer. For example, if a bus(4m wide) is moving away from a stationary observer at the rate of ...
0
votes
4answers
373 views

Why Do Objects move?

Let's imagine a block resting on horizontal table. When We apply a force which is greater than frictional force it moves. But why does this happen? Why can't friction withstand any force? As we know ...
1
vote
3answers
293 views

How can Kinetic energy formula and the Work formula be derived without assuming the other to be true?

After searching how to derive the formula for Kinetic energy, I found that most derivations required the use of the "work" formula. After searching how to derive the work formula for a bit, I found ...
1
vote
4answers
87 views

Car Crash Scenario [closed]

Two vehicles travelling at 80mph in the same direction. Vehicles are directly behind each other. 12 meter distance between them. Front door of car in front rips of and hits the front window of the ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

When will the velocity of a particle be perpendicular to it's initial velocity?

I am learning kinematics with vector analysis. I was given the position equation:$\mathbf{r} = 10t\hat{\mathtt{i}} + (20t-5t^2)\hat{\mathtt{j}}$. It asks me the time when the velocity of the particle ...
1
vote
2answers
296 views

Kinematics Question AP Physics [closed]

A motorcycle officer hidden at an intersection observes a car driven by an oblivious driver who ignores a stop sign and continues through the intersection at constant speed. The police officer ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Can avg. Vel. be zero in uniformly accelerated straight line motion?

A particle moves in a straight line with constant acceleration. The average velocity of this particle in an interval is zero. According to me it may become possible when velocity of particle is in ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Nonzero acceleration is compatible with $d|\vec{v}|/dt=0$; why is the reverse not true?

It is possible to have change in magnitude of velocity w.r.t time to be zero and magnitude of acceleration to be non zero, $$\frac{d|\vec{v}|}{dt}=0 \quad \left| \frac{d\vec{v}}{dt} \right| \neq 0\, ...
14
votes
7answers
4k views

Flat throw vs 45 degree throw of a ball

Why does my sports coach tell me that when I'm fielding I should throw the baseball 'flat' to get the maximum distance? I thought from physics that you get the most distance from throwing at a 45 ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Distance traveled from displacement

I am currently reading a book called Physics for Scientists and Engineers by Serway. While reading the chapter about 2-dimensional kinematics, I asked myself a ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Convert an equation for acceleration into one for velocity

A sledge is pushed in a straight line. Assume surface is smooth. When the sledge is x distance away from the start the magnitude of its acceleration is given by $0.08e^{-4x}$ and is going in the same ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

rolling a coin or a riding a bicycle [duplicate]

Why somebody riding a bicycle keeps balance and doesn't fall left or right, while is prone to falling when the bicycle stops. One force (to front) shouldn't affect in any way balance left/right. I ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Problem conserving 4-momentum at CoM frame in an inelastic collision [closed]

I am confused about the case where mass is not conserved in a collision (not due to relativistic factors). The center of momentum (CoM) frame is not the same before and after the collision. Let's ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

Energy in the Relativistic COM Frame

I have been taught that in Classical Mechanics, the total energy of a system of two particles in the Centre of Mass Frame is given by $$ E_\mathrm{total} = \frac{1}{2}MV^2 + \frac{1}{2}\mu v_r^2 $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

the final velocity non-constant acceleration

I'm not sure if my problem was asked before, but if so, a simple link to the answer would be appreciated. Basically I've recently seen videos about spud cannons that use compressed air and it got me ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

Difference between $|d{\bf r}|$ and $d|{\bf r}|$

What is the difference between $|d{\bf r}|$ and $d|{\bf r}|$ and why are both of them not always equal to each other? My question might seem stupid to some and will probably get downvoted but I have ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

Kinetic friction with no force on an object

We've learnt that friction is the opposition of motion and that friction appears the instant a force is applied on an object i.e when an object is at rest (with no force acting on it) then there is no ...
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

For a projectile to cover maximum vertical distance in the least time, what will be the angle of projection? [closed]

My first guess was 90° as there is no horizontal component for velocity when the angle is 90°. But I could not prove it mathematically (and also I'm not sure if it is really 90°).
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votes
1answer
79 views

Question to find distance at which 2 trains will pass each other [closed]

I was solving some questions related to motion, and I came through a question which I cant understand. The question goes like this: Two trains A and B, 100 km apart are approaching towards each ...