The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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156 views

Kinematics simple question [closed]

Question: In order to protect himself from the rain, a person is standing holding an umbrella at right angle to the horizontal surface. The rain is falling at 10m/s when the velocity of the wind is ...
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3answers
181 views

Why is the constant velocity model used in a projectile motion derivation?

I was re-studying university physics last week, I'm now in the chapter about kinematics in 2 dimensions and specifically the one treating projectile motion. In page 86 of his book (Serway - Physics ...
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2answers
45 views

Finding out the velocity [closed]

Displacement of an object is related to time $x=at+bt^2-ct^3$ where a, b and c are constant motion.Then the velocity of an object when it's acceleration is zero is given by ...
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1answer
46 views

If an area remains at temperature 0 Kelvin would the area be frozen in time?

If an area is at 0 kelvin, I am guessing that there is no motion. Without motion in an area, will it not look as if time has stopped?
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2answers
2k views

Kinematics - projectile motion on inclined plane [closed]

Well I've tried everything to solve this problem, spent well over an hour, and have gotten no results. A particle is thrown over a triangle from one end of a horizontal base it grazes the top vertex ...
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3answers
148 views

Kinematics - Concept of average velocity

Average velocity, as I have heard, cannot be found simply by finding the average of two numbers. I have a question on average velocity, but am simply unable to proceed: A particle moving in a ...
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1answer
90 views

Kinematics - ball bouncing off vertical walls [closed]

So here's my best attempt to state the question: A ball is thrown from a 100 meter tall tower, which has a vertical wall in front of it. The initial velocity of the ball is 10m/s and the distance ...
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1answer
102 views

Exeeding the speed of light by adding velocities [duplicate]

Well you know how it's said that things can't travel at or past the speed of light? However, can't they move at speeds greater than the speed of light relative to another object? For example: What ...
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1answer
98 views

Kinematic, motion in 2D [closed]

If the kinetic energy at maximum height is 2/5 the kinetic energy at half the maximum height, find the angle of projection. In other words: K.E. at H(max) = 0.4*K.E. at 0.5*H(max) I got 60 degrees, ...
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3answers
81 views

Velocity and acceleration with displacement [closed]

Find the velocity and the acceleration for a moving object with displacement $= te^{-t}$. The $e$ is the exponential function.
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40 views

Geometric Interpretation of these equations of motion?

I was reading my Engineering Mechanics book, and it derived some strange looking integrals I'll have to apply. I could memorize them, but I'd rather understand them - then I won't have to memorize. ...
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3answers
96 views

average speed and velocity [closed]

A distance on a straight line from point $a$ to $b$ is $2 km$. A student walks from this line with a speed of 4km/h and another student walks with a speed of 6km/hour. what is the average velocity and ...
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55 views

how to calculate acceleration? [closed]

The problem is as follows. A searchlight casts a spot of light along the face of a horizontal wall located 100m above from the searchlight. It rotates at a constant $\omega$ of 4rads/s. Determine the ...
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3answers
156 views

Uniform Circular Motion and Centripetal Acceleration

In introductory physics books (or at least mine) it limits the equation $a_c=v^2/r$ to the situation where the speed around the circular path is constant. It enforces the idea that the speed is ...
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1answer
57 views

Velocity at certain point?

I seem to have misunderstood something in velocity. There is a path from point A to point B, that gap between is 100 meters. An object moves from point A to B with a velocity is 10 m/s. ...
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1answer
82 views

Understanding why a problem was solved a certain way

I have this question in one-dimensional kinematics and the way the book solves it has left me confused. Here's the question: ...
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2answers
81 views

Why is initial position negative? [closed]

A student on ground throws a ball straight up, the ball leaves students hand with speed of 15m/s when hand is 2.0mm above ground How long is the ball in the air before it hits the ground? I was ...
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1answer
76 views

From 3D velocity to coordinates

I want to calculate the 3D position $T_x, T_y, T_z$ of an object with respect to a coordinate system if I have the mean velocity (norm) $v$ and its 3D rotation $(\omega, \phi, \kappa)$ with respect to ...
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4answers
9k views

Why does a ball bounce lower?

If a ball hits the floor after an acceleration then why does it bounces lower? I mean the Energy is passed to the floor then why does the floor give back less Energy?
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4answers
987 views

How can there be really any instantaneous velocity?

I have read about Zeno's arrow paradox that tells us there is no motion of the arrow at a particular instant of its flight. It can be inferred that there can be no velocity at any instant. Moreover we ...
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2answers
76 views

Projectile motion - ball hit 180m/s at 45 degrees, what is the hang time? [closed]

Assuming no air resistance etc, how long is the ball in the air for? This is actually part of a longer question concerning the ball trajectory on different planets but I think there must be an easier ...
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1answer
84 views

Travel time for accelerating object [closed]

I have an object which starts at velocity = 0. Accelerates to a known max speed and continues thereon at constant velocity (max speed). My problem: How long does it take to reach a known ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is using Newton's First Law failing me?

A factory worker pushes a 29.7kg crate a distance of 5.0m along a level floor at constant velocity by pushing downward at an angle of 32$^\circ$ below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic ...
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1answer
286 views

How to get time from equation of linear uniformly accelerated motion? [closed]

I have had a problem solving this equation for time (from Linear Uniformly Accelerated Motion (LUAM)): $$ s= v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}at^2 $$ I'll appreciate if someone could provide me some step-by-step ...
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0answers
70 views

How makes an equation to Flipping motion

Every now and then, I find myself reading papers/text talking about how this equation is a constraint but that equation is an equation of flipping which satisfies this constraint. Indeed, This ...
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1answer
119 views

How to interpret $t^2$? [closed]

I can't think of the meaning of squaring the Time (multiplying it by itself). It makes sense in Mathematics. But how can you figure it out in nature (or physics). As an example, the formula ...
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3answers
191 views

Displacement of a body in free fall

Suppose a ball is thrown up from the ground with some velocity. Let vertically up be the positive direction and vertically down be the negative direction and let the thrower be at the origin. What ...
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1answer
302 views

Kinematics - angle of projection given relation between speed at highest point and half of that [closed]

For a projectile launched from a point on horizontal ground, the speed when it is at the greatest height is $\sqrt{\frac{2}{5}}$ times the speed when it is at half of its greatest height. Determine ...
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2answers
303 views

Help with a solid sphere sliding and then rolling

Initially at time $t=0$, a solid sphere slides with velocity $v$ along a horizontal surface. The coefficient of friction is u. Find the required time for the sphere to stop sliding (the sphere will ...
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1answer
36 views

Can the thermal energy in an object be aligned, creating a thermal jerk?

Thermal energy is related to the speed at which atoms vibrate, therefor thermal energy is a form of motion. In a stationary object, all of these vibrating atoms 'impact' each other in such a way that ...
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1answer
786 views

Throwing an object in the air [closed]

Studying formulas about velocity and acceleration I came up with a question: if I throw an object in the air with a velocity $v_0$ (suppose i throw it vertically) in how much time its final velocity ...
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3answers
90 views

How to calculate the velocity of this body? [closed]

Graph of a train (the body) is provided which starts from rest. What is the velocity after the train has 10 metres displacement? Thats the only things provided for the question, please help me ...
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0answers
67 views

snails moving on a sphere [closed]

I am trying a variation of snails moving in an equilateral triangle. Suppose that you have $6$ snails arranged on the the surface of a sphere such that they are equidistant from each other. All the ...
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1answer
74 views

Question about pendulum

I came up with this problem by myself: How much force do I need to make a pendulum revolve? Now I imagined that the force $\vec{F}$ must be enough to make the pendulum swing until half of the ...
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2answers
166 views

Is there a mistake in this example in my mechanics textbook?

This is a worked example in my mechanics book: But I think this worked example is wrong. In the 6th line. shouldn't $X=4R$ as the expression for distance above the surface is $(X-R)$ and when the ...
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2answers
573 views

Why does a perpendicular force not change speed?

I have been taught that a perpendicular force acting on an object will only change the direction of its velocity, not its magnitude. The explanation that was provided to me is that because there no ...
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1answer
193 views

Angular distance Vs Angular displacement

Are the two terms - 'Angular distance', and, 'Angular displacement' interchangeable for a uniform circular motion?
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2answers
124 views

How long does it take to optimally change position and velocity?

A spaceship moving in two dimensions is at position $(x, y)$ and has a velocity $(v_x, v_y)$. It also has a maximum acceleration $a_{max}$. Its goal is to be at position $(x', y')$ with a velocity of ...
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2answers
62 views

Kinetic energy of a mass rotating about two axes

I'm working on a question where I have to find an equation for the kinetic energy of a mass being rotated by a fold-able arm. The equation for $m_1$ is obvious, however, the equation I derived for ...
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1answer
1k views

A ball is thrown up, and a second ball is dropped- what is the maximum initial velocity of the first ball so that

This question only exists in one dimension, the y axis. A ball is thrown upwards with an initial velocity $V_o$ from a roof with height $h$. One second later, a second ball is dropped from the same ...
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0answers
119 views

Uniform Circular Motion with Banked Road and Car [closed]

In Uniform Circular Motion, if a car is rounding a curve at a certain speed, and the angle of the road allows the car to drive around at that speed, that speed is called the "design speed." If the ...
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1answer
63 views

Estimating the weight of a vehicle moving in a highway [closed]

I need to know the estimated weight of a truck in a highway without using scales. What do I have? Speed of the car at time X RPM at time X horse power Estimated distance from a point A to B ...
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1answer
99 views

Contradiction of a scalar product

Can anyone resolve this contradiction: ...
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5answers
289 views

Infinite series of derivatives of position when starting from rest

Suppose you have an object with zero for the value of all the derivatives of position. In order to get the object moving you would need to increase the value of the velocity from zero to some finite ...
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1answer
250 views

Tangential and radial acceleration in projectile motion

I'm currently learing kinematics, specifically projectile motion and as an example in my textbook is a bullet fired at some angle. I understand the derivation of formulas to describe that motion and ...
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1answer
68 views

Pendulum Confusion

This text in my book is pretty confusing:With my emphasis A simple pendulum is a heavy point mass (bob) suspended from a rigid support by a massless and inextensible string. This is an ideal case ...
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2answers
87 views

When solving kinematics questions, how to find time in air?

I was trying to help a friend with this question: A ball is shot horizontally off a cliff. What would happen to the horizontal distance it travels if the acceleration due to gravity were doubled ...
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1answer
776 views

Why do electrons move towards regions of lower potential?

Can someone explain why electrons move from high to low potential regions in quantum mechanics? By the way, what is the very definition of this potential? Moreover, how does this generalize to other ...
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0answers
111 views

Kinematics and Motion [closed]

If a body loses half of its velocity on penetrating 3cm in a wooden block, then how much will it penetrate more before coming to rest? How does answer come out to be 1cm?
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1answer
79 views

Unknown Mass Spring Problem [closed]

A student conducts an experiment to measure the motion of two unknown masses (A and B) along a smooth table. A constant force of 1 N was applied by means of a string connected by a falling weight. A ...