The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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2answers
663 views

Applying velocity Verlet algorithm

I want to implement a simple particules system using the velocity form of the Verlet algorithm as integrator. Initial conditions at $t=0$ for a given particule $p$: mass: $ m $ position: ...
3
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2answers
3k views

How can an object's instantaneous speed be zero and it's instantaneous acceleration be nonzero?

I'm studying for my upcoming physics course and ran across this concept - I'd love an explanation.
0
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2answers
683 views

Maximum velocity allowed for motion profile with constant jerk

I´m trying to calculate what the maximum allowed velocity for a mechanical axis traveling towards a stop. The maximum velocity must be a secure speed so the axis have is able to stop in time. I have: ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Relating angular and linear kinematics

In my physics book "University Physics", there is a chapter on relating linear and angular kinematics. I understand the parts where it shows $v = r\omega$ and $a_{\text{tan}} = r\alpha$. However in ...
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1answer
383 views

End position of movement factoring in deceleration

Ok I am hoping to apply this answer to a piece of software, but it uses physics to work out the result so I require some help in that department. I will attempt to explain this the best I can. I ...
0
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2answers
359 views

Human Kinematics:Does velocity or acceleration become zero at the moment of changing human limbs' direction of movement?

I need to know the answers to following questions about human kinematics. Can anyone kindly help me with it? When human moves hand in one direction then suddenly or not changes direction of hand ...
2
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2answers
246 views

Ideal 2D Unicycle Kinematics

A particle is connected to a massive wheel by a rigid rod. The wheel can roll without slipping on a horizontal surface. The particle is free to rotate around the centre of the wheel. I believe the ...
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2answers
112 views

Looking for the curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated

I am looking for a curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated either clockwise or anti-clockwise. How to model it mathematically? Is the curve a circle? My attempt is ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Angles on swing sets

I'm building a swing set for my children. All of the designs I've seen involve building two A-frames and connecting them at the top with a crossbar/beam from which hang the swings. The A-frames are ...
2
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2answers
305 views

How do I adjust the kinematic equations to avoid reaching speeds faster than light?

I like some 'science' in my 'science fiction', so I started crunching out the kinematic equations for some of the scenarios my characters are getting involved in, and ran smack dab into an issue. ...
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3answers
539 views

The required energy to accelerate a particle from one velocity to another

Say I have a charged molecule running along a linear evacuated tube (so no wind resistance). In the laboratory frame, we can measure that the particle is moving at some speed $v_1$. Provided that ...
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2answers
123 views

Really basic mechanics and Galilean Relativity question

Consider two solid objects: A and B. System 1: A <----- B 10m/s System 2: A -----> B 10m/s ...
0
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0answers
485 views

Error Analysis, Change in momentum, Kinetic Energy

If momentum of an object is increased by 10%,then its kinetic energy will be increased by? Well, I don't need the solution logically by calculating the change in Kinetic Energy etc, but my question ...
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0answers
93 views

Does human body parts like hand or leg move with uniform acceleration?

So is this true. I mean does a movement by hand or leg make uniform or constant acceleration?
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3answers
110 views

Estimate quarter mile time

I need to estimate a drag race quarter mile time given the car's weight, bhp and preferably the drive (FWD, RWD, 4WD). I know $v(t) = ds/dt$ and $a(t) = dv/dt = d^2s/dt^2$, but how can I get the ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Do observers at different speeds perceive other speeds differently?

I was told that if a plane takes less time to travel from the China to US as opposed to the other direction due to rotation of the earth. I suspect this is incorrect however. From this scenario I ...
0
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2answers
511 views

Time and distance where velocity is a function of time

I'm creating a video game set in space in which spaceships travelling between places accelerate until they hit a maximum velocity. They then travel at that velocity until a time when they need to ...
0
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3answers
855 views

Does an airplane's speed include the speed of the Earth?

After take off, does airplane's speed include Earth's movement/speed? Do airplanes turn with Earth movement/rotation?
0
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3answers
559 views

Finding instantaneous speed in MPH given acceleration, RPM and gear ratio

I am still trying to figure out how to (semi) accurately model instantaneous speed after having found acceleration. I have found that at higher RPMs, the resultant acceleration will be lower. I was ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding acceleration for a car after finding torque

I am trying to calculate the acceleration of a vehicle after finding the torque $\tau$. Assuming my Horse Power is 130 and my RPM is 1000, I calculated torque as: $$\tau = \frac{130 \times ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

why does perpendicular motion to the direction of someone' s approach does not affect the distance between them

I was reading about the the four turtles/bugs math puzzle Four bugs are at the four corners of a square of side length D. They start walking at constant speed in an anticlockwise direction at all ...
0
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1answer
406 views

Relationship between acceleration, velocity and position

I'm learning some applications for equation of motion. But I'm failing to relate velocity, acceleration and position. If $v=\frac{dr}{dt}$ and $a=\frac{dv}{dt}$, why $a$ is $\frac{d^2r}{dt^2}$ ...
0
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1answer
635 views

How do I determine a component of relative velocity?

At a particular instant, a stationary observer on the ground sees a package falling with speed v1 at an angle to the vertical. To a pilot flying horizontally at constant speed relative to the ...
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3answers
774 views

Finding Distance an Object Travels Up an Incline After Launch

I've been doing a review for an introductory physics course final. I have a question on one problem though. Here is the problem: A mass (M=2kg) is placed in front of a spring with k=900N/m, ...
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2answers
590 views

Kinematics - concept question

A child tosses a ball directly upward. Its total time in the air is T. Its maximum height is H. What is its height after it has been in the air a time T/4? Neglect air resistance. Ok so I know that ...
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2answers
191 views

Should the cold drink come out of a free falling bottle with an open lid?

If I hold an open bottle and perform free fall, say sky diving, along with it from, say 10000ft, while I'm holding the bottle vertically upwards should the cold drink come out of the bottle? Kindly ...
3
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1answer
27k views

Solving for initial velocity required to launch a projectile to a given destination at a different height

I need to calculate the initial velocity required to launch a projectile at a given angle from point A to point B. The only force acting on the projectile after launch will be gravity – zero air ...
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3answers
7k views

Difference b/w Kinetics & Kinematics w/concrete example

(I know whether I understand this or not doesn't matter much to my work & study but am just curious.) I still can't differentiate in my head kinetics and kinematics (similar thread is found but ...
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5answers
4k views

Why does work equal force times distance?

My 'government-issued' book literally says: Energy is the capacity to do work and work is the product of net force and the 1-dimensional distance it made a body travel while constantly affecting ...
2
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2answers
2k views

What is displacement? Position relative to a reference point or change of position

What is the "official" or most useful definition of displacement in the context of kinematics? There are two common ones: Displacement is the length and direction of a line from a fixed reference ...
0
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1answer
182 views

Looking for a way to simplify a physics formula [closed]

I have the following physics formula: $$d = \frac{1}{2} at^2$$ where d is equal to half (at) squared where: d is distance a is acceleration t is time I need to simplify this to get the ...
2
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2answers
459 views

2D - Kinematics - Linkage System using Vector Algebra [closed]

I have this question that I dont know how to solve correctly : My question is, how do I find $V_B$ ? I will find the angular velocities myself, but I want to know the method to get $V_B$ ? I know ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do kinetic energy and linear momentum relate?

It took me quite a long time to click my gears in place and even then I'm not sure it's completely correct. The problem is that I need to understand these concepts (physics concepts; not just these ...
3
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1answer
189 views

A practical deceleration question

My friend is a U.S. Army paratrooper. Today, through an unfortunate series of events, he was jerked out of a C-17 traveling at 160 knots by his reserve parachute. First-hand accounts describe it as he ...
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1answer
96 views

A Satellite's Perspective

If a planet is spinning east to west and there is a satellite spinning from west to east... Can the satellite travel at a speed sufficient to make the planet appear, from the vantage point of the ...
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1answer
2k views

Question on Projectile Motion equation [closed]

A golf ball is shot into the air from the ground. If the initial horizontal velocity is 20m/s and the initial vertical velocity is 30m/s, what is the horizontal distance the ball will travel ...
0
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0answers
514 views

How to calculate speed given trajectory and acceleration? [closed]

I'm having real problems trying to solve the following: "The particle is moving in the plane. The trajectory is given by $y=cx-bx^2$, where $c$ and $b$ are positive constants. The acceleration of the ...
0
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3answers
476 views

Differential squared vs. differential of squared

Why it is said that $$\frac{dx^2}{dt^2}=\upsilon^2$$ I can only understand the following one: $$\left (\frac{dx}{dt} \right)^2=\upsilon^2$$ Edit: Excerpt from Landau's Mechanics: Execrpt from ...
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1answer
1k views

Trajectory of projectile thrown downhill

I'm teaching myself mechanics, and set out to solve a problem determining the optimum angle to throw a projectile when standing on a hill, for maximum range. My answer seems almost plausible, except ...
0
votes
2answers
407 views

Find vector position in time give this graph?

Graph is position x position. There are 3 points, $A$, $B$ and $C$. $A(0,2)$ $B(4,2)$ $C(6,0)$ Particle travels from $A$ to $B$ and from $B$ to $C$ at constant $v = 2 ~m/s$. Find vector ...
1
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2answers
189 views

Trains travelling at different speeds towards a station C

Here's the question: Consider two stations A and B located 100 kilometer apart. There is a station C, located between A and B. Now trains from station A and B start moving towards station C at ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Maximum range of a projectile launched from elevation “dumbed down”

I am trying to conceptually understand why the angle which produces the greatest range for a projectile launched with an elevation is not 45 degrees. I have exausted all other options, and I hope that ...
2
votes
2answers
409 views

What is the displacement of an accelerated and relativistic object?

Displacement in an accelerated classical object is: $$s=ut+\frac {at^2}{2}$$ What is the displacement of an accelerated relativistic object? In Newtonian mechanics there are two types of ...
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1answer
2k views

Simple Projectile Motion Question

A volcano erupts 50m below the sea level. A rock leaves the crater at 20 m/s at an angle 30 deg with the vertical line. The rock has a mass of 15kg. IGNORE WATER RESISTANCE. It gets out of the water, ...
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1answer
1k views

What's wrong with this equation for harmonic oscillation?

The question: A particle moving along the x axis in simple harmonic motion starts from its equilibrium position, the origin, at t = 0 and moves to the right. The amplitude of its motion is ...
0
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2answers
574 views

Does acceleration at an angle to velocity change the direction?

During an interval of time, a tennis ball is moved so that the angle between the velocity and the acceleration of the ball is kept at a constant 120º. Which statement is true about the tennis ball ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How do you calculate instantaneous velocity in projectile motion?

An object is thrown horizontally with a velocity of 30 m/s from the top of a tower. It undergoes a constant downward acceleration of 10 m/s2. The magnitude of its instantaneous velocity after 4.0 ...
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2answers
263 views

Kinematics Problem

The question asks me to find the angular velocity. Now I do not want you to solve my homework, I want explanation please. It states that the acceleration of point P is $\vec{a}= -3.02 \vec{i} ...
0
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1answer
3k views

How do I know an initial speed of a thrown object using the max height [closed]

The simulation being referred to is in box2d An object is thrown to the max height of $h$ with gravity of $g$, what is it initial speed? I tried the following: $v = v_0 - g t$ $0 = v_0 - g t$ $t ...
3
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2answers
491 views

Can these figures demonstrating the safety of “Archery Tag” arrows be correct?

There is a new sport called "Archery Tag" that involves shooting opponents with foam-tipped arrows fired out of a real bow. The official Archery Tag web site presents data that claims to show the ...