The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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77 views

Which Method for finding velocity of an object in the mirror is correct? [closed]

My Professor asked a question, "A person is seen jogging in a rear view mirror of focal length $1$m. He is at a distance $39$m from the mirror. His jogging speed is given to be $5 \frac{m}{s}$. ...
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1answer
39 views

Point rolling on a ball [duplicate]

Assume we are provided with a perfectly spherical and frictionless ball of radius R. A point is placed on the top of the ball. A velocity u is imparted on the ball to one side of the ball. How can we ...
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0answers
30 views

How does Initial velocity effect braking distance? [closed]

supposed we have a car that slams the brake to bring it to stop, how would doubling it's mass affect braking distance and how would halving its velocity affect it? I used the equation d=Vi^2/2×a
5
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1answer
59 views

Will the speed of the wind produced by a fan increase continously to infinity with the propeller spin speed?

Imagine a scenario: On a stand, an $RC$ plane motor is mounted on a stand. The motor has a $8x4$ prop attached to it. In the theoretical model, if the spin of the motor can be increased infinitely ...
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1answer
55 views

2D - What is the next point given a start point, velocity, yaw rate, acceleration, and time change?

In a two-dimensional environment: Given: a starting point (x1,y1) an initial velocity (speed and 2D heading/direction) a constant rate of turning (yaw, since there is no roll or pitch in only two ...
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1answer
196 views

In perfect vacuum (no external force), if I apply a small amount of force to a body, will it continue to accelerate forever?

According to the equation $F = ma$, the greater the force applied to a body, the greater its acceleration. But in a place where there is no gravity or any other kind of external force, if I apply a ...
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2answers
46 views

Why the distance equation is not working while calculating distance manually?

I was wondering how the average velocity is the arithmetic mean of initial velocity and final velocity if acceleration is constant. So, my first part of the question: Can someone give me an algebraic ...
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1answer
207 views

Why does a stream of water behave like this when aimed against a spoon or into a glass?

I noticed while doing everything except the dishes that water behaves quite strange. These two things might be two different phenomenon, but the water acts in a similar way in both cases. Spoon and ...
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2answers
105 views

Period of mass in circular motion [closed]

I've been trying for 4 days now to solve my physics lab assignment but now I'm starting to think there must be a mistake in the question. You know those rotating mass experiments where you have a mass ...
2
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1answer
212 views

Automobile Air bags [closed]

This is a problem that has many answers on google but I don't understand what is the underlying logic of the steps taken. Here's the problem The human body can survive an acceleration trauma ...
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2answers
62 views

Is the Earth's molten outer core affecting its motion?

According with the seismological studies [1] the outer core, with thickness of about $2300km$, starting from depth of $2,900 km$ and ending at $5,200 km$ is a low viscosity fluid, consisted mostly of ...
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0answers
58 views

Correct formulas for two wheeled robot motion

I'm trying to write a simulation of a two wheeled robot, which can be controlled by varying the speeds of his wheels, independently. However, the physics engine that I'm using can only rotate a body ...
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0answers
29 views

Relativity collision problem [closed]

Here is the problem: A body of mass m (I assumed this is rest mass, but not 100%), and momentum p(subscript m) collides with a stationary particle of mass M. Find the available energy in the CM frame....
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3answers
42 views

What numbers do we examine when predicting how much damage an object will do when it strikes another object?

A 1,000 pound boulder at rest is pushed with a constant acceleration for 6 seconds, causing it to move 30 feet. It then strikes a medieval castle wall made of stone and mortar. If we know nothing more ...
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0answers
69 views

Kinematics question. A falling object falls [closed]

This is quite bad for me as I'm a third year physics student now, however I'm attempting to go back on my old first year work as a refresher, but I'm completely stuck on a question! Can anyone help? ...
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2answers
27 views

Confusion regarding resolution of forces

I'm looking at a basic free body diagram of a car travelling on a banked(inclined) road with inclination theta. It's mass is 'm'. Here the diagram shows weight (mg), Normal reaction(N), and ...
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1answer
51 views

Acceleration in Space

Lets assume a body with a certain mass is in a region of space that has zero $g$ (or pretty close to zero $g$). Would acceleration in a straight line produce $g$-forces? Would that mass acquire ...
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1answer
41 views

Unit Vector Displacement [closed]

A particle starts from the origin at $t = 0$ with a velocity of $+4.0\mathbf{j} \text{ m/s}$ and moves in the $xy$ plane with a constant acceleration of $(6.0\mathbf{i} + 4.0\mathbf{j}) \text{ m/s}$....
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1answer
56 views

Is the Coriolis acceleration formula just an approximation?

The Coriolis acceleration given in textbooks is: $a_{cor} = -2\omega v$ When trying to understand the derivation, it seems as though this is just an approximation. And to illustrate this I give a ...
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1answer
49 views

Can I call the component of tangential acceleration towards center of circle as the centripetal acceleration?

In my textbook the definition for centripetal acceleration is given, "The acceleration produced by virtue of change in velocity direction is centripetal acceleration" This definition is irritating. ...
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1answer
79 views

At a fixed inital velocity, What throwing angle will give the projectile the most trajectory length? [closed]

This is a diagram of a projectile motion: Given a constant initial velocity, What angle gives the most trajectory length? By length I mean the length of the parabola from the point the ball is shot ...
6
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1answer
159 views

Is there mechanical strain on a wire along the direction of current flow?

The (attractive) magnetic force on two parallel wires can be seen by the two wires bending towards each other. This can be explained by the Lorentz force acting on the charges and the charges "pulling"...
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1answer
60 views

Inclined plane problem [closed]

This is the problem question from my textbook. My questions are concerning some formulas related to this problem. The force of friction is obviously down the plane. My initial question is: $F_{...
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2answers
891 views

Velocity time graph for a ball thrown vertically upwards and falling back down to be caught again by a person

I am currently studying AS level physics and having some difficulty understanding the shape of a velocity time graph that represents the motion of a ball being thrown upwards and falling back down to ...
2
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1answer
59 views

For an object in circular motion, does speed affect the amplitude of sound it creates? [closed]

First of all, I'm sorry if this is a stupid question and I've missed something obvious. I used to have an instrument that was a small drum tied to a piece of wood. When you hold the wood and swing the ...
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2answers
114 views

Intercept of 2 moving objects at constant acceleration

I have to make a simulation in which a guided missile has to hit an incoming enemy missile.The enemy missile "T" is the one which has to be intercepted and is only affected by gravity, the guided ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the meaning of the integral of position?

Jerk, $j(t)=\dddot x(t)$, acceleration, $a(t)=\ddot x(t)$ and velocity, $v(t)=\dot x(t)$ are derivatives of position, $x(t)$. What is the meaning of the integral of position? For example, one could ...
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1answer
31 views

Air resistance and computing the maximum height

How do we compute the height of a ball when the velocity with which it was thrown up and the velocity with which it returned to my hand is given. The velocity with which it was thrown and with which ...
2
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2answers
264 views

Projectile motion - calculate landing angle

A projectile is launched at a $45^\circ$ angle, aiming for a target at a distance of 15 feet away from, and $2$ feet below the starting position. I'm looking for equations to determine: The ...
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1answer
108 views

Deriving the equation of motion for a rigid system

I want to derive equation of motion for the system shown in picture. How do I choose a generalized coordinate in order to calculate kinetic and potential energy of the system? I need the ...
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1answer
45 views

Velocity-time-distance problem

In my book the formula for the $y$-component of velocity during the upward projectile motion is given: $$V_y=V_{iy}-gt$$ and next to it the formula for $y$-component of velocity during the downward ...
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4answers
130 views

Force required to send ball in set trajectory

If I have a desired 2D trajectory where I know the desired speed of my ball and desired path, and a ball that starts at (x=0,y=0), how can I calculate the required force / point at which the force ...
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0answers
63 views

How to calculate the equations of motion for a dipole in an electric field in three dimensions

I'm having trouble modelling a system, which I thought would be simple but has turned out to be quite complicated. The system is a charged sphere in an oscillating three dimensional electric field. ...
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2answers
113 views

Spring and pendulum massive bob trajectory? [closed]

This is essentially a better formatted version of this question which was put on hold (also by myself), mainly for being a HW&E question without any research effort by the OP and poor formatting. ...
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1answer
62 views

Force required to rotate a rod around an axis [closed]

The problem I'm trying to solve is: How much force, momentarily applied to the rod, is required to rotate it around an axis by a given degree? Assuming there is friction applied at the axis (...
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0answers
59 views

Find the Kinematic degrees of freedom of the following contraption

In the above mechanism it is required to find the generalized coordinates to write equation of motion of the MDOF system. I just want to ask how do we actually approach such a problem? How to identify ...
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0answers
14 views

Calculate distance with variable acceleration [duplicate]

I know the time and I know the force that acts horizontally on a particle. The problem is that the force is F=k(D-V), where k and D are constants. So at the beginning where the particle has zero ...
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0answers
60 views

Elastic Plastic with Kinematic Hardening Material Model

I have a model which calculates the rate of deformation tensor using the Green-Lagrange strain rate, the material velocity gradient and the gradient of deformation tensor. $$\bar{\bar{D}} = \bar{\...
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2answers
50 views

In terms of forces and kinematics, why does a projectile, thrown forwards, bounce forwards?

I'm curious to know why a tennis ball bounces forwards after it has made contact with the ground considering I throw it forwards and downwards at the ground. I understand that is bounces up because ...
5
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4answers
255 views

Why the round trip instead collision time?

From Newton's second law, the $\Delta t$ is defined as the collision time, but why in this case, it can be assumed to be the value of time between successive collisions on 1 wall? If I have an ...
3
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2answers
132 views

What happens when two bodies collide in a dynamics point of view?

I'm a high school student learning about energy and momentum. What confuses me is the things with elastic and inelastic collisions. I completely (in my opinion) understand those concepts in energy ...
0
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1answer
147 views

Conservation of mechanical energy isn't giving me the right answer? [closed]

I have been trying to solve this question: You are working for a shipping company. Your job is to stand at the bottom of an 8.0 m long ramp that is inclined at 37 degrees above the horizontal. You ...
2
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1answer
88 views

finding velocity along a curve with kinematic equations using time

(i'm "not" looking for coding help. i need help setting up the math.) i'm writing a program for a physics class to find the velocity of an object across a random curve. where the only force acting on ...
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3answers
447 views

How to prove the average velocity formula without calculus

I often see the formula: $$ \overline v = \frac {v + v_0}{2} $$ in physics textbooks, to describe the average velocity for an object moving with constant acceleration. This formula is often ...
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1answer
45 views

Why trajectories approach to origin tangent to the slower direction?

I am reading non-linear dynamics from Strogartz. Suppose, I have two solutions of a non linear system: $x(t) = x_0e^{at}$ and $y(t) = y_0e^{-t}$, where $a\in \mathbb{R}$. Now it is clear that,for $a&...
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2answers
180 views

Elastic collision between two circles [duplicate]

I am trying to calculate the final velocities of two equal mass 2-dimensional circles after an elastic collision. I have tried to figure it out using formulas I know from high school physics, but ...
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2answers
46 views

A drop falling in the condensed air

A drop is falling in humid air with air resistance equal $F_r = - \alpha v^2$. In $t = 0$ the drop is ideally spherical, $h$ above the ground, has mass $m_0$ and velocity $v_0 = 0$. What mass and ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Find the height and the velocity of the object [closed]

A bolt is detached from the lower part of an elevator cabin that is ascending with velocity 6meters/second and for 3 seconds comes to the point from where the elevator started to ascend. Find: in ...
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1answer
25 views

Coefficient of restitution belongs to kinetics and not to kinematics?Reason

The Coefficient of restitution is defined as $$e=\frac{v_2-v_1}{u_1-u_2}$$ $$v_2\to \text{final velocity body 2}$$ $$v_1\to \text{final vel of body 1}$$ $$u_1\to\text{initial vel of body 1}$$ $$u_2\...
1
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2answers
52 views

Rocket altitude [duplicate]

I have a model rocket I'm planning to launch. I heard from someone that you can calculate the altitude by timing the rocket from the time it takes off to the time it lands. Does anyone know how to do ...