The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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1answer
43 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop (Circular motion) [closed]

I couldn't understand something about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion. When the normal force equals 0 , the pearl didn't disconnect from the smooth ...
5
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7answers
2k views

In calculating work done by a constant force over a constant distance, why doesn't the subject's initial velocity matter?

Assume a point-mass $m$ is travelling in a straight line, and a force $F$ will act on $m$ (in the same direction as $m$'s velocity) over a constant distance $d$; why doesn't $m$'s velocity matter to ...
2
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4answers
84 views

Acceleration and Circular Motion

Lets assume that there is a force that makes our body moves in circular motion. We know that the acceleration of a body that moves in circular motion is Velocity ^ 2 / Radius . How is it ...
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2answers
91 views

Collision of two balls of finite radius [duplicate]

This is your typical elastic collision problem except the balls have finite radius. To be clear: two billiard balls in the plane each with radius $\sigma$ move at constant velocities $v_1, v_2$ ...
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3answers
71 views

Orbital motion with varying radius

The model of a orbital motion in many Physics textbooks and online resources (e.g., Wikipedia on circular motion) assumes that the orbit is a circle, i.e. the radius is constant and the speed is ...
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2answers
49 views

Query into the cumulative velocity of mounted platforms

Consider throwing a stone at an object from rest, it travels at Vms-1. Now throw that stone whilst running at Ums-1. It seems in the latter scenario the total speed of stone is V + U. Now imagine ...
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1answer
259 views

Relativistic Elastic Collision

I am having trouble getting my head around the transfer of energy in a relativistic elastic collision. My understanding of a relativistic elastic collision is one in which the total rest mass on each ...
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1answer
57 views

Kinematics, why must the final velocity be 50km/hr?

but I am reading a paper on optimization which involves physics. http://www.optimization-online.org/DB_FILE/2011/04/2997.pdf In page 17 (pg 16 bottom where it starts), just before the end of the ...
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2answers
56 views

Motion of two gravitational bodies?

I'm doing a basic realtime simulation of two bodies, but the orbits are unstable for some reason. This code is run at every timestep: ...
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1answer
49 views

Streamlines for steady flow problem

I need to calculate the streamlines for the steady flow given by the velocity field $$\mathbf{u}=(u,v,w) = \left( 0,\frac{y}{y^2 +z^2} , \frac{z}{y^2 +z^2}\right)$$ Now I've been able to notice that ...
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1answer
67 views

Friction influencing the motion of a mass and non-inertial frame of reference [closed]

So... recently a Newtonian-mechanics related exercise has raised in me many questions basically ragarding which forces influence a given system and how, I know they might sound bit too "noobish" but I ...
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1answer
134 views

Finding release angle and final velocity of projectile when the target has a different coordinations [closed]

I am trying to write some codes for auto-snowball mechanism which seems like a regular projectile but instead of hitting the targets on the ground it is going to be able to hit the target in the air ...
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1answer
60 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration II [closed]

I'm getting crazy with this problem and I think that it's pretty simple. An helicopter's helix is spinning at initial speed $w_0=200\ rpm$, all of a sudden the motor stops and it decreases its ...
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1answer
37 views

When is the speed specified for an object experiencing an exponential force?

So this is the question given in my text book: A particle of mass m is at rest at the origin at time $t = 0$. It is subjected to a force $F (t) = F_0e^{–bt}$ in the $x$ direction. Its speed ...
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0answers
47 views

The angle to shoot moving object

I am obliged to count very simple problem (at least it seemed that it is simple, I hope it isn't to simple for this site). So i got observer who is standing $H$ below the object. The object is fired ...
-1
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1answer
108 views

Determine the distance from time-velocity graph [duplicate]

A small car that we made in class was travelling and its time was recorded at 1,2,3, and 4 meters. The points in the form (seconds, meters) are as follows: ...
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2answers
139 views

Acceleration vector for an object moving in a elliptic trajectory

I am interested in deriving what the radial and tangential components of the acceleration vector should be for an object following an elliptical trajectory centered on the origin, in which the ...
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0answers
23 views

Finding the initial vertical and horizontal velocity [closed]

Basically I need to get an initial vertical velocity to make the ball reach a specific height, but also I need to get a horizontal verlocity so that the ball will travel the distance. For an example ...
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2answers
160 views

A bird problem and trains [closed]

So that the problem: There are 2 trains at speed of 30km/h in the same trail and opposite directions and moving for a collision at 60km of distance of each other. One bird in front of one of the ...
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6answers
661 views

How does one exert greater force on the ground by jumping?

When one jumps, how does he/she manage to exert greater force on their ground than their weight? Also, what is normal force and the reaction force (are they the same thing?) and by newton's third ...
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0answers
92 views

How many equations are there to calculate distance?

I am an app developer and I am trying to build a physics app to calculate distance based on the quantities the user gives. for example if the user gives initial speed, time and acceleration, using ...
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3answers
104 views

Cart on Ramp with Varying Acceleration

For a lab that I have to do, the teacher has given me a data table of the displacement of a cart on a ramp after successive intervals of time. I have used this data to derive the velocities and ...
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2answers
540 views

Zeno’s Paradox of the Arrow

Premises And the Conclusion of the Paradox: (1) When the arrow is in a place just its own size, it’s at rest. (2) At every moment of its flight, the arrow is in a place just its own size. (3) ...
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1answer
50 views

The speed of an unconstant motion

There's already the solution for the problem but I still don't understand why the velocity can't be calculated by just $$ a = (v(t))'= -B_0 + B_1t \Rightarrow v(t) = -B_0t + 1/2B_1t^2$$ Also, both ...
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2answers
440 views

Find the minimum value of velocity [closed]

Find the minimum value of the initial velocity $u$ of the particle such that the particle crosses the wheel of radius $R$. Details and assumptions $R=2m$ $g=9.8m/s^2$ Neglect air resistance. All ...
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1answer
71 views

Determining the horizontal position of an object [closed]

In my calc-physics class we were given the following question: A movie stuntwoman drops from a helicopter that is $30.0 m$ above the ground and moving with a constant velocity whose components are ...
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1answer
43 views

Total energy of a body following circular motion

I learned that when a body rotates, its total energy is, $$energy=\left(\frac12\right)mv^2 + \left(\frac12\right)I\omega^2 $$ However, if an astronomical object is orbiting around the earth, is ...
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1answer
139 views

How to obtain the distance traversed by a free falling body equation?

I know that the distance that a free falling body has traverse through time is given by $d=0.5*g*t^2$. I would like to know how to get to this equation to study a bit more how it was obtained. I have ...
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votes
1answer
748 views

Calculating the velocity needed to make a distance in the horizontal with a given height and no upward motion [closed]

In 1780, in what is now referred to as "Brady's Leap," Captain Sam Brady of the U.S. Continental Army escaped certain death from his enemies by running over the edge of the cliff above Ohio's Cuyahoga ...
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1answer
1k views

Relative motion and how to calculate magnitude and velocity of objects relative to different given objects [closed]

A canoe has a velocity of 0.550m/s southeast relative to the earth. The canoe is on a river that is flowing at 0.540m/s east relative to the earth. Alright so I attempted many different things an ...
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1answer
126 views

Finding an equation to solve for the velocity of a swimmer crossing a river [closed]

Where $\theta=45^\circ$, $d_1=200\:\mathrm{m}$, and $d_2=150\:\mathrm{m}$. I do not know how to combine the following equations: $$\begin{align} t&=\frac{d_1}{v_s\cos(45^\circ)}\\ ...
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1answer
231 views

Horizontal projectile motion, finding the height of the object at a given time. [closed]

A canon is fired Horizontal to the ground 80 meters above ground The canon ball is fired a $T=0$ and hits the ground at $T_g$. Calculate the height at the time $T_g/2$ So far I have calculated time. ...
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2answers
63 views

Acceleration during collision with ground

For my physics class, I have to calculate an objects acceleration while it came to a stop. It was traveling at $6.26\: \mathrm{\frac{m}{s}}$ at impact, and travels a distance of $0.025\: \mathrm{m}$ ...
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2answers
33 views

Simple velocity and kinematics!

in this question, how to i solve for the velocity of object at point W? What my thinking was is that you know x to w is 25, therefore 25m/25s = 1s so 1s/2 = 0.5s, so: v = d/t = 25/0.5 this is ...
3
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3answers
201 views

A particle of mass $m$ moves with constant speed $v$ along the curve $y^{2}=4a(a-x)$ [closed]

I have complications to do the following problem: A particle of mass $m$ moves with constant speed $v$ along the curve $y^{2}=4a(a-x)$. Find its velocity and acceleration vectors. My first idea was ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Infinite motion on a 3D curve

Suppose we had a curve defined by $$\underline{r}(s) = \alpha \cos(s) \underline{i} + \gamma s \underline{j} + \alpha \sin (s) \underline{k}$$ with $\alpha^2 + \gamma ^2 = 1$ and suppose we had a ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

If an object moved 5 meters in a second, how can its velocity be 10 m/s?

I am reading the tutorial on physics classroom.com, and am at Meaning of Slope for a v-t graph. It gives data for an object experiencing an acceleration: This is the corresponding chart for the ...
0
votes
1answer
433 views

Determining $y$ coordinate of charged particle motion [closed]

I've tried several different ways, with a tutor, and with other colleagues. One of my colleagues has even gone to the professor with whom he worked out an equation for the component, and it was later ...
0
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1answer
292 views

Help understanding a potential energy problem [closed]

Apologies if the following problem does not seem to involve potential energy, it is a homework problem that is labeled under the potential energy chapter. Question While a roofer is working on a ...
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2answers
101 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
0
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2answers
1k views

How to plot $(x,y)$ coordinate of projectile motion (with air-resistance)? [closed]

I am trying to plot a graph to show the difference in projectile motion when it has air-resistance and when it doesn't have air-resistance. I set the mass, $v_0$ and $\theta$ as constant I can plot ...
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1answer
71 views

rectlinear motion with constant acceleration [closed]

Friends, this is a numerical homework problem. I tried my best to solve it but my answer is not matching with the one given at the back of the text book. Please help me out: A motor car moving at a ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Time variation of the distance between two falling objects [closed]

I have solved this question below from my textbook. My answer differs from the one given in the book. I have tried my best to see where I am wrong. I need your help to find the truth of this question. ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Velocity of hitting the ground when falling forward

A friend of mine fell while he was snowboarding which led to a discussion. He mentioned that, in general, if your center of mass is traveling at a certain velocity, and you fall forward, your head ...
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5answers
18k views

What does the magnitude of the acceleration mean?

I am a little confused as to what the magnitude of acceleration is and what it means.
2
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3answers
579 views

The velocity formula $\mathbf{v} = \mathbf{u} + \mathbf{a}t$ for 1D, 2D, 3D . What is the difference?

Could I use $\mathbf{v} = \mathbf{u} + \mathbf{a}t$ for calculating velocity in these 3 different dimensions? If not, what's the difference between these 3 dimensions? How would you calculate ...
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0answers
78 views

Force needed to change momentum, from fixed position

I have a situation where I want to change the velocity of a mass, by applying a force from a fixed position. For example in the diagram below, the mass starts with the initial velocity in the upper ...
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1answer
28 views

Why does angle deviation of a satellite not captured my Mars decreases as the Velocity of the satellite increases?

When a satellite is not captured by a planet, it is moving sufficiently fast. so why is it that the angle deviation of the satellite decreases as its initial velocity increases?
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0answers
662 views

Find initial velocity when given max height of 100m [closed]

A ball is thrown straight up. The height of the ball above the ground in (m) is given by the function: $$h(t)=-5t^2 + vt + c$$ What is the initial velocity if you want the ball to reach a max height ...
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0answers
15 views

Reference request for motion & related topics [duplicate]

I'm starting a Robotics course at grad school and I could use some help to relearn and revise my concepts in the following topics : Kinematics Rigid Body Dynamics Rotational Motion and Linear ...