The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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3
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3answers
645 views

Does a heavy body move with the slightest force on a frictionless surface?

If I apply horizontal force on a body resting on the ground, my force will be opposed by the frictional force and the body will accelerate at the point where my force exceeds the force of friction = ...
1
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2answers
436 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Angular and linear displacement of a turning car

My illustration is supposed to show a simplified car (with just two wheels, where the front wheel has been rotated $-90 \text{ degrees}$). Let the car travel at constant speed. This means that the ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Computing distance traveled from jerk

When dealing with higher time derivatives like jerk, how does one find the distance traveled? Can it be calculated by just knowing time?
1
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6answers
769 views

Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? [duplicate]

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? Please explain (in simple terms) with examples if possible.
0
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0answers
28 views

Drag coefficient of a rectangular prism

How do you find the drag coefficient, specifically for a rectangular prism-shaped body? What other factors must be taken into consideration when calculating this value?
1
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2answers
64 views

How to get these SUVAT formulae?

When learning kinematics, I have learned these three formulae $s=1/2(u+v)t$ $s=ut+1/2at^2$ $v^2=u^2+2as$ s = displacement u = initial velocity v = final velocity t = time a = acceleration My ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What is the meaning or purpose of inertial motions

It seems to me that, except for light, inertial motion is never possible in real world where there is gravity everywhere. It is at best some kind of idealization. But why inertial motions are so ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

Can anyone explain this formula graphically?

$$v^2=u^2+2as$$ v=final velocity; u=initial velocity, a=acceleration; s=displacement. I know and understand how this equation is derived.But, can anyone show me that $v^2=u^2+2as$ using graphic ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Why is parallel component of velocity along position vector considered rate of change of position?

If you have a position vector and a velocity vector of a particle, then the component of velocity vector along position vector is the rate of change of distance of the particle from the reference ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Does a truck stop faster if the stack on the back of truck is stable or if it moves forward?

My question in the title might not be very descriptive so I am re-writing it here: If there is a truck in motion and it has stack of hay (lets suppose) on the back. Now if the truck comes to a sudden ...
0
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2answers
88 views

can kinetic energy be independent of mass.?

Why is it said that the kinetic energy acquired by a body of after traveling a fixed distance from rest under the action of constant force is independent of mass? Nd yeah the mass of the body is ...
2
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2answers
175 views

Submarine Speed Detection [closed]

A submarine can use sonar (sound traveling through water) to determine its distance from other objects. The time between the emission of a sound pulse (a “ping”) and the detection of its echo can be ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

will the acceleration of a freely falling body having rotional motion be differet from g?

A disk is falling freely vertically rotating on its on axis while doing so. Will the acceleration of the body be different from 'g'?
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Two equations for $y$ in projectile motions

I have two equations on my equation sheet: $$y=v_o t \sin \theta - \frac{1}{2} g t^2.$$ $$y_{\max} = \frac{v_o^2 \sin^2\theta }{2g}.$$ I understand that the first one is an equation for the height ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

How to calculate angular velocity given constant tangential acceleration? [closed]

A car starts moving in a circle with a radius of $200 \text{ m}$. It has a constant tangential acceleration of $1{\text{m}\over {\text{s}}^{2}}$. a. What is the angular acceleration? b. What is the ...
5
votes
5answers
404 views

Infinite series of derivatives of position when starting from rest

Suppose you have an object with zero for the value of all the derivatives of position. In order to get the object moving you would need to increase the value of the velocity from zero to some finite ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Computing Acceleration in mass and pulley system using conservation of energy

I have a question in which a multiple pulley and mass system is being analysed. I can compute accelerations and Tension without any issue using newtons second law. However I am asked to use ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Does my (too low) tire pressure, affect the speedometer of my car?

Does my (too low) tire pressure, affect the speedometer of my car? How big is this effect?
41
votes
5answers
14k views

How effective is speeding?

At a simple level, speeding in a car attempts to minimize the time required to travel a distance by utilizing the basic relationship: $$d=st$$ So for a given distance, time should be inversely ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the position as a function of time for a mass falling down a cycloid curve?

In the brachistochrone problem and in the tautochrone problem it is easy to see that a cycloid is the curve that satisfies both problems. If we consider $x$ the horizontal axis and $y$ the vertical ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Six particles at the corners of a regular hexagon of side $a$ move at a constant speed $v$ [duplicate]

Each particle maintains a direction towards the particle at the next corner. Calculate the time the particles will take to meet each other. When the particles move with same speed,how can they ever ...
0
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2answers
21 views

Net Force On An Object

If 5 different forces are acting on an object in the same direction, is it possible for the net force to equal 0? Could Friction or Gravity make this possible? If so then how?
2
votes
3answers
650 views

Object moving in a circular path without accelerating

A train is moving with a constant speed on a straight portion of track. Then, it encounters a curve in the tracks, and goes along the curve. However, it does not change the magnitude of acceleration ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

What theories or formulas are involved with velocity

What theories or formulas are involved or can be added as background information in an experiment that sees a small toy car roll freely down an incline where the surface area is altered to cause more ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Kinematics - When projectile lands at an angle

Question: You are watching an archery tournament when you start wondering how fast an arrow is shot from the bow. Remembering your physics, you ask one of the archers to shoot an arrow parallel to ...
0
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3answers
56 views

How does $p=fv$ hold when $v=0$ and an engine is working?

Standard high school equations: Work = Force x Distance Power = Work / Time = Force x Distance / Time = Force x Velocity When a space rocket takes ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Homework Question Transformation Energy [closed]

A $1400kg$ car is approaching the hill shown in the figure at $14.0m/s$ when it suddenly runs out of gas. What is the car's speed after coasting down the other side? I think I have to use this ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Shooting a bullet at a system of blocks [closed]

So, I made this question up myself.... and I'm curious about the answer. It requires only secondary-school-level knowledge of physics: You have a surface (ground) with a certain coefficient of ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Maximum Momentum of Neutral Pion

I'm considering the reaction $p + p \rightarrow p + p + \pi^0$. To find the maximum momentum that the $\pi^0$ can have after this reaction in the center-of-mass frame, what I am doing is assuming the ...
4
votes
4answers
698 views

Is there any such thing as a change in acceleration (ex: 3 m/s/s/s)? [duplicate]

If there exists something like that, then in $distance/time/time/time$, how is it expressed?
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Average acceleration versus instantaneous acceleration

Does instantaneous acceleration also changes when direction of velocity changes. I know average acceleration does change.
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Modifying differential equations representing a projectile system to account for an arbitrary force

The following series of differential equations represents a projectile's path when solved (g=9.81): Here is some sample output from this system (with initial values x,y=0, v=1500, theta=1.33): I ...
0
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2answers
39 views

How to measure the range of a horizontal projectile?

For an experiment, I'm launching a projectile horizontally to determine the relationship between height and range. Pretty basic stuff. But I'm having trouble coming up with an effective way to measure ...
0
votes
3answers
75 views

Why is there a contradiction in this Newton's equations of motion related question? [closed]

One second after being thrown straight down, an object is falling with a speed of 20 m/s. How much distance does the object travel in the first second? We took: $$v = 20\,{\rm m/s}$$ $$u = 0\,{\rm ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

What is displacement time series?

For a car motion, I have time vector (starting from 0 to 40 with 0.1 increments) so that the time vector is something like $\begin{bmatrix}0&0.1&0.2&0.3&\ldots&40\end{bmatrix}$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

At what point does force stop translating an object and start purely rotating it? [duplicate]

At what point (or distance) from the axis of rotation, does force applied on a rigid body stop translating and purely rotating the body? Can such a point even exist? Does the body always have to ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

Throwing a basketball. What do I need to consider to hit a target? [closed]

This is a question that's been bugging me for some time now and the physics department at school is closed so yeah. Anywho, my question was, given a ball of mass .76, what forces would i have to ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Optimal “Blow up” Configuration

Suppose you have three balls glued together. Two are red and one is blue. The system of balls is blown up by an explosion of pure energy (that conserves the center of mass frame) exactly at the ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Static Friction - Only thing that can accelerate a train?

I'm a computer programmer that never studied physics in school and now it's coming back to bite me a bit in some of the stuff I'm being asked to program. I'm trying to self study some physics and ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

How does Zeno of Elea's argument on “motion” make sense? [duplicate]

Zeno of Elea (born c. 500 bce) argued so intensely about motion. In one of his arguments he claims – in simple language – "that it is impossible to slap somebody, since the hand first has to travel ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Equivalence of delta functions when calculating decay rate [closed]

$\newcommand{\bs}{\boldsymbol}$ Hello, I'm currently working through the lecture notes of my Theoretical Particle Physics course, and there, we are calculating the decay rate of the following process ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why collide a moving particle with a particle at rest, rather than two moving particles?

I was just reading some lecture notes about relativistic and quantum mechanics, and in the later part of this page the author demonstrates that any relativistic particle collision in the "lab" ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

In circular motion, what's preventing me from calculating the circumference of the circle, dividing it by time to find the speed of the object?

There are equations to solve for the speed in circular motion. However, is there anything preventing me from calculating the circumference from the given radius, and then divide that over the time to ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

In an electron-positron annihilation, in what direction are the photons released?

I read that, in an electron-positron annihilation, at least 2 photons are produced, because of the law of conservation of momentum. my question is: in what direction are those photons released? and ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Newtons 3rd law, on two opposing discs?

Assume a large disc at rest(bottom disc), and free to move. Above it is another disc(disc2) that's rotating, and a motor fixed on that large disc(bottom disc) as well, that's load is a disc rotating ...
1
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0answers
58 views

How to solve Kinematics: two objects meeting in the air

A water balloon is dropped from the top of a 200m high tower. An alert archer at the base of the tower sees the balloon being dropped, waits for 5s, then shoots an arrow at 40m/s straight up towards ...
0
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2answers
42 views

Can Theta be greater than 360 degrees in this equation?

I have a quick question regarding Rotational Motion. I understand the equation x = r (theta) and I know that theta represents the Angular Displacement for a circle but what if the linear distance ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How does anything move? [duplicate]

So in order for two things $A$ and $B$ to move apart, for example, relative to each other, $B$ can be set into motion away from $A$. This means that we have to increase $B$'s velocity and therefore ...