The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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1answer
229 views

Physics transformation energy [closed]

A 15kg child slides down a 2.3m -high playground slide. She starts from rest, and her speed at the bottom is 2.1m/s . What is the change in the thermal energy of the slide and the seat of her pants? ...
0
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2answers
181 views

relationship between kinematics and area under curve

My teacher is giving us an honors pre-calc/calculus introduction to physics and the kinematics learning target he has given us is to understand the "relationship between area under a curve and the ...
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0answers
693 views

Time to travel distance given acceleration/deceleration [closed]

A body accelerates at 0.2 m/s$^2$ & retards at 0.3 m/s$^2$. Maximum velocity obtained by it is 30 m/s. Find the least time in which it covers 6 km Well, if I do not assume that the body ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Ion Drive Propulsion Top Speed

I would like to know if there is some formula / graph which would provide / show the efficiency of a certain type of propeller in space. Specifically, I'm interested in the acceleration attainable at ...
0
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1answer
204 views

Height of projectile above the inclined plane and above the horizontal.

I am trying to work out the maximum height of a projectile above the incline plane and above the horizontal plane but I am not sure how to do this. I have worked out all the equations of motion, $ax, ...
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2answers
592 views

Projectile Motion Question involving a ball and a ramp inclined at an angle

The question is to finde the initial horizontal velocity of the ball at end of the ramp, where it is released. I know how to do this using gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy ...
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2answers
405 views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
2
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2answers
185 views

Does a different opposing force affect work?

Suppose a man exerts $10~N$ as he lifts a $1~kg$ box a distance of $2~m$ against Earth's gravity. To determine work we can use the following equation: $$ W = F \cdot d \\ W = (10~N) \cdot (2~m) = ...
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1answer
283 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
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2answers
171 views

Angle needed for object A to intercept with object B

Object B is 15 degrees East of North at a distance of 20km/h. Object B is moving at an average speed of 30km/h in the direction 40 degrees East of North. If object A is capable of moving at 100km/h, ...
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6answers
68k views

How to calculate average speed [closed]

I recently encountered a puzzle where a person drove 120 miles at 40mph, then drove back the same 120 miles at 60mph. The average of the speeds is (40mph+60mph)/2 = 50mph, so the total trip time ...
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1answer
696 views

Average Resistive force exerted by a wooden block on a bullet [closed]

A bullet of mass 0.04 kg moving with a speed of 90 m/s enters a wooden block and is stopped after a distance of 60cm. What is the average resistive force exerted by the block on the bullet? Ok, so ...
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1answer
81 views

Vehicle acceleration

What I'm essentially doing is Kalman Filter. If anyone is familiar with (but it doesn't really matter in this case). Consider the following formulas: $$x_k=x_{k-1}+v_{k-1}dt+a_{k-1}\frac{dt^2}{2}$$ ...
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1answer
185 views

Calculate time to go from one point to another point [closed]

in a 2D football game I want to calculate cycle(time) until ball go from one point to another point. in this link exist all fomulas that we need for my problem but anyone does not have any parameter ...
1
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1answer
254 views

Motion in a straight line? [closed]

I am trying to solve the following problem that involves motion in a straight line. I am not quite sure how to go about it though. I know it will involve formulas and derivatives but which specific ...
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1answer
208 views

Centripetal acceleration for particle that moves in a circle at non-constant speed

How is $a_{R}=v_T^{2}/r$ derived for changing tangential speed? ($a_R$-centripetal component $r$-distance from axis $v_T$- tangential speed)
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1answer
826 views

Finding the point of collision between two objects when acceleration is constant

$\newcommand{\accunit}{\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2}$ A coin is dropped 60.0m above the top of an elevator car. The coin is dropped just as the car begins to move upwards. The elevator first ...
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1answer
54 views

Uniform Acceleration [closed]

A steel ball is allowed to roll from rest down a 20.0 m long slop and over a 25 m long level surface. It takes 4.0 seconds to roll down the slope. Calculate the speed at the bottom of the slope. ...
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0answers
514 views

How to calculate speed given trajectory and acceleration? [closed]

I'm having real problems trying to solve the following: "The particle is moving in the plane. The trajectory is given by $y=cx-bx^2$, where $c$ and $b$ are positive constants. The acceleration of the ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Vertical circular motion followed by projectile motion

If you have a stone tied to a string, and it is given a certain velocity at the lower most point such that it completes a quarter circle but then the string becomes slack, and it undergoes projectile ...
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0answers
48 views

The electron and classical dynamics

Can I use Newtonian laws of dynamics and kinematics applied to electrons (like $F = ma$ and $s = s_0 + v_0 t + at^2/2$)? If not, why not? I know that everything in principle behaves in a quantum ...
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0answers
291 views

Is it possible to solve a 2D relative motion question using components of relative velocity?

This is a question based on concepts of two dimensional motion . Here's how the question is: A plank A is floating in air, gravity has no effect on it (See its coordinates in the figure attached). ...
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1answer
117 views

Is this a standard projectile motion equation? [closed]

Is Initial Velocity = Time * Acceleration a standard projectiole motion equation?
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1answer
122 views

If the velocity of particle $A$ exceeds that of $B$, is the acceleration of $A$ greater than $B$?

Two particles $A, B$ are travelling along parallel straight paths. At some point, the velocity of $A$ exceeds that of $B$. Does this necessarily mean that the acceleration of $A$ is greater than the ...
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1answer
480 views

Can you help me solve a difficult kinematics problem?

I've been working on this problem for a while now, but I still don't know how to solve it. It involves 2D kinematics, which aren't in themselves hard, but this one threw me for a loop. A ball is ...
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0answers
156 views

How to find the angle of elevation and launch speed? [closed]

A particle is projected from a point on level ground with a speed of $u$ meters per second and an angle of elevation $\theta$. The maximum height reached by the particle is $42$ meters above the ...
3
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2answers
434 views

A block on a wedge

The system is as follows - Friction exists only between the 2 blocks. I am trying to find out the accelerations of $m_1$ and $m_2$. Let $a_2$ be acceleration of $m_2$, and $a_x$ and $a_y$ be the ...
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1answer
103 views

Investigation of a pendulum's period, problem creating equation to sum the dynamic velocity

I am investigating the period of a pendulum swing. This is a simple harmonic pendulum and I am already aware of the common, but slightly inaccurate, $2\pi \sqrt{\frac{L}{G}}$ formula. My problem is ...
2
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5answers
167 views

How does this shell hit the aircraft?

A fighter aircraft is flying horizontally at an altitude of 1500m with speed of 200m/s. The aircraft passes directly overhead an anti-aircraft gun. The muzzle speed of the gun is 600m/s. ...
3
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3answers
344 views

Physical Variables of Circular Motion

To me, the definitions of variables involved in circular motion are rather confusing (perhaps due to the lack of understanding on my part), hence the question. As I understand it, there are two ...
-2
votes
1answer
271 views

What is the greatest speed he can reach with an acceleration of 5.00 g before blacking out? [closed]

A jet fighter pilot wishes to accelerate from rest at 5.00 g to reach Mach-3 (three times the speed of sound) as quickly as possible. Experimental tests reveal that he will black out if this ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Asking the vector form of the equation about velocity

In the undergraduate text of physics, the equation for velocity and displacement at constant acceleration are given in scalar form. For example, my text reads $$v^2 = v_0^2 + 2a(x-x_0)$$ But today, ...
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1answer
144 views

How long does it take for the speed of the train to decrease to $1~\text{m/s}$?

Here's the full problem: The speed of a train coasting on a level track satisfies the differential equation $\mathrm{d}V/\mathrm{d}t = kv^2$. The initial speed of the train is $v(0)=10~\text{m/s}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
459 views

2D - Kinematics - Linkage System using Vector Algebra [closed]

I have this question that I dont know how to solve correctly : My question is, how do I find $V_B$ ? I will find the angular velocities myself, but I want to know the method to get $V_B$ ? I know ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Kinematics problem

I'm on earth and we have two spaceships $A,B$. They can instantaneously accelerate to certain velocities $v_A,v_B$. We want to travel to another planet which is $\Delta x$ lightseconds away, and we ...
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3answers
2k views

Can superconducting magnets fly (or repel the earth's core)?

If a superconducting magnet and appropriate power supply had just enough $I\cdot s$ (current $\cdot$ length) so that when it was perpendicular to the earth's magnetic field, the force of the ...
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4answers
723 views

When we take time derivative of a function of time, then is the result another function of time, again?

(I'll try to explain my question by one known example), for example where the velocity is a function of time v(t) then its time derivative (which is acceleration: $a=\frac {dv}{dt}$) is another ...
22
votes
11answers
29k views

What is the difference between “kinematics” and “dynamics”?

I have noticed that authors in the literature sometimes divide characteristics of some phenomenon into "kinematics" and "dynamics". I first encountered this in Jackson's E&M book, where, in ...
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3answers
782 views

Calculating acceleration function for given time, distance, initial velocity [closed]

An object has an initial velocity of v and should stop in d meters, in t seconds where v*t >= d. I can predict that this acceleration won't be constant but it is a function of time and this problem ...
5
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1answer
201 views

Walking along a moving train, we make 18 steps. Opposite: 11. How long is the train?

A man walks in the same direction as a slowly moving train ($v_{man} > v_{train}$). He counts the train to be 18 steps long. Then he turns around and counts the train to be 11 steps long. ...
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votes
1answer
90 views

Rigid Body Mechanics In a vacuum (no gravity) [closed]

I am writing a physics engine to map the rotary and translatory movements of a uniformly dense solid cylinder within 3d space. If a vectored thrust is applied to one end of the cylinder at an ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Find the distance from the initial location [closed]

Sing Huat drives a car with initial speed 30 km/h and acceleration 2 km/h2 toward Tee, whose displacement is 200 m away from him. At the same time, Tee drives another car toward Sing Huat with ...
0
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1answer
153 views

Projectile maximum height [closed]

How can I determine the needed initial velocity to make a 2d wind resistance free projectile (in computer simulation) reach maximum height at a certain x distance away, with launch position and target ...
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4answers
2k views

Deriving equations of motion using integration

Please refer to my school textbook pg48 (of the book, and not the pdf counter) here: http://ncertbooks.prashanthellina.com/class_11.Physics.PhysicsPartI/ch-3.pdf My doubt is in this context: (right ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Average Velocity [closed]

A car travels 100 miles in 2 hours, it then completes the return leg of the journey. How fast must it travel on the return leg to average 100mph over the total journey. My thoughts on this are that ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Obtaining velocity or acceleration vector of a point on a rigid body?

If I have a cube that is moving at a velocity of $v$ and spinning at an angular velocity of $\omega$, how can I determine the instantaneous velocity vector of one of the vertices of the cube? What if ...
0
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1answer
105 views

$d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$ not giving expected results

Say I have an object that starts falling from rest at 2 m/s2. Its total displacement and velocity at the end of every second should look something like this: ...
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3answers
86 views

Is it possible to reach the edge of a room if there isn't any gravitational acceleration?

Consider that a large room(an indoor badminton court) is orbiting the earth with a person floating exactly at its center without any relative initial velocity. Consider that the person has no ...
0
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1answer
113 views

Find shadow's height

Just starting to learn physics. Now reading about constant motion and after this paragraph I have a task: Boy with growth of 1.5 m runs at a speed of 3 m / s in a straight line, passing under a ...
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1answer
177 views

1D Motion under Gravity

I have attempted this question in so many different ways but I am getting nowhere. Could someone point me in the correct direction so I can work it out myself? Here is the question: An object $K$ ...