The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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2answers
60 views

Kinetic Energy of a Particle [closed]

Consider a particle of mass $m$ in $6$ dimension. Its coordinate w.r.t. origin $\left(0,0,0,0,0,0\right)$ is given as $\left(x,y,z,\dot{x},\dot{y},\dot{z}\right)$. If we denote $r = ...
1
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1answer
191 views

What is the difference between negative acceleration and decreasing acceleration?

According to Reisnick and Halliday, retardation is the acceleration in the negative direction of time axis ie. opposite to the motion. Decreasing accleretion is the decrease in the magnitude of time ...
2
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1answer
75 views

How to measure trajectory regularity? [closed]

I have two animal running trajectories. A regular one with repeated back and forth running between point A and B, like the one on top in the figure. The other one is very irregular, animal paused and ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Calculating force of a car [closed]

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
0
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1answer
54 views

hydraulic scissor jack lifting capacity

Can you please assist with a really simple question? I have a hydraulic scissor jack table with the following: 2 hydraulic cylinders, each with a cylinder stroke of 240mm, a cylinder bore of 50mm ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Interaction of solid objects and change of trajectory

I have two solid objects. Each of them has an arbitary complex surface, which is discribed by set of vertices. The aim is to describe their interaction, result of which is the change in trajectory of ...
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1answer
69 views

Distance and velocity question

I know that speed is the derivative of distance. So integrating speed should give you distance. Let's suppose we have a speed which obeys this function: $$ v(x) = 2^{2^x} $$ So at time 0 the speed ...
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1answer
30 views

Area covered by particle between it's path and horizontal lines

Question: The maximum range of projectile is $R$ and the maximum height attained by the particle is H. If the area covered by the particle between its path and horizontal line is $A$, then ...
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2answers
92 views

Time of flight for a projectile with stated initial velocity and size at various distances

I've been mooching round the internet looking for an answer to this one and can't find a ready resource, hence the question. In short, I'm trying to discover the flight time of a shotgun pellet at ...
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2answers
206 views

What strategy should I use to approach this problem? If my straight line approximation doesn't work [closed]

recently i wrote an assignment in one of the questions i got two different answers for the same question by considering a straight line motion The question was somewhat like this THIS IS A HOMEWORK ...
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1answer
104 views

How to derive this formula? [closed]

as far as i know the range of an obliquely projected body which is projected with a velocity of u with some angle $\theta$ with the horizontal under the action of gravity is R=$u^2sin2\theta$/g by ...
1
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1answer
78 views

The dimensional formula of distance travelled in $n$th second

I read that the dimensional formula of distance traveled in $n^{th}$ second is same as that of velocity. Okay, the formula for the distance traveled in $n^{th}$ second is $s_t= u+\frac{a}{2}(2t-1)$ ...
4
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3answers
516 views

Why does light travel at the same speed when measured by a moving observer? [duplicate]

I know the hypothesis that the light speed is constant is retained by experiments. But is there any theory explaining why the light speed is constant no matter how an observer moves relative to light? ...
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1answer
25 views

Elementary question about velocity

When we talk about the nonvanishing velocity of an object, are we assuming we are static relative to the object or not?
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3answers
195 views

Projectile Motion with air Resistance - Adjust only the Angle to hit a target

OK, let me preface this by saying i am not a physics student, nor have i ever been. I am a software engineer working on a development degree. So this is homework but the assignment was just to create ...
1
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3answers
155 views

Is there a difference between “average acceleration” and centripetal acceleration?

Question adapted from Examkrackers MCAT prep book: A particle moves along a half circle (diameter=$10\text{ m}$) at a constant speed of $1\text{ m/s}$. What is the average acceleration of the ...
2
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4answers
172 views

How to calculate a collision which is partly elastic and partly inelastic?

(For the purpose of this question, "calculating a collision" means: given the velocities and masses of two objects in a collision, figuring out the new velocities of both objects after the collision). ...
6
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5answers
3k views

Can an object reverse its direction of acceleration even though it continues to move in the same direction?

Can anyone please explain me on this matter along with day to day examples?
4
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3answers
933 views

Ball thrown from a moving train

This is not a question about throwing a ball vertically in a moving train. I am asking what would happen if I throw a ball in a horizontally in a moving train. Assume I am facing an exit door of a ...
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3answers
305 views

Calculate vertical distance using acceleration

I have the following scenario: an iPhone is connected to a vertical rail (it's motion is restricted to the Y axis). Through mechanical means the phone is forced upwards and then allowed to return to ...
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1answer
25 views

What should be used, $v=r \omega$ or radial and transverse components? What would be the next step? [duplicate]

An aircraft A is flying in a vertical plane containing two tracking stations P and Q which are 15km apart. At a cetain instant θ (measured anticlockqise from horizontal line PQ to the line PA) is 60° ...
41
votes
5answers
13k views

How effective is speeding?

At a simple level, speeding in a car attempts to minimize the time required to travel a distance by utilizing the basic relationship: $$d=st$$ So for a given distance, time should be inversely ...
1
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1answer
67 views

i can't detect what wrong have i done in a kinematics problem [closed]

a question was given to us in assignment which was as follows A person moves 20 metres towards north then 30 metres towards east and then moves 30 x 1.414 metres towards south west. The whole ...
0
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1answer
65 views

$\theta '' = \frac{a}{R}$? [closed]

Assume that this is a general circular motion where $\theta$ is a function of time. I've derived some equations below and found that the angular velocity in the end is zero. Which step of my ...
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2answers
180 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
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2answers
35 views

How are the angles equal?

At the back of my mind I know they should be equal, but mathematically, how are the two $\Delta \phi$ angles equal? The only explanation present in the text is that, "both velocities are ...
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2answers
53 views

How to know the Direction of the Acceleration Vector?

If the exercise doesn't give you the direction, how to know the correct one? Sometimes I assume its to the right and it was actually to the left, and I get everything wrong. Example here: How can I ...
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2answers
64 views

Weird Kinematics Homework [closed]

Here's another "hard" homework question I was given on how printers work. (I find it more confusing than it is hard.) I'm supposed to find the horizontal velocity of a charged droplet as it leaves ...
9
votes
5answers
364 views

What is the best path for a given initial and final state?

I am trying to calculate an efficient acceleration curve given starting and final positions and velocities. I'm assuming no friction, and that the acceleration can be applied in any direction at any ...
0
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1answer
130 views

When can I use equations of motion?

The three equations are: $$v = u+ at , $$$$s = ut + \dfrac{1}{2} at^2 , $$$$ v^2 = u^2 + 2as.$$ Can I use them for both finding instantaneous and average quantities? Suppose I want to find the ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How to calculate the equation of projectile motion for curved ramps? [duplicate]

Consider the following cases (these are sections): I can find the equation of motion for Case a however I don't know how to deal with Case d. Normally I would need the angle α otherwise I can't ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Jump of a mass and violation of physical laws

I've just watched one of Feynman's lectures on the character of physical law where he was talking about conservation laws. In that particular part he was reasoning why a mass can't "jump" from one ...
5
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4answers
477 views

How to tell if the collision is elastic or inelastic?

I'm a programmer and a game developer, not a mathematician or a physicist. So please go easy on the math :) I know two things: How to find the new velocities of two objects after an elastic ...
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0answers
51 views

Finding the time of convergence for this system of particles [closed]

Point A moves uniformly with velocity $v$ so that the vector $\vec{v}$ is continually "aimed" at point B which in turn moves rectilinearly and uniformly with velocity $u < v$. At the initial ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?
3
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2answers
732 views

Proof of centripetal acceleration formula ($a_c = \frac{v^2}{r}$) for non-uniform circular motion

The formula for centripetal (radial) acceleration is well known, and there exist many proofs for it: $$||a_c|| = \frac{||v||^2}{r}$$ However, all the proofs I've seen rely on the fact that it is ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Why speed of Mangalyan is constant?

I have learned in school regarding the relationship between speed,acceleration and distance is $$v^2-u^2=2as $$ The initial velocity of India's Mars Orbiter Mission, MOM, is 32 km/s source and now ...
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0answers
41 views

Calculating size/weight of the base of a banner to withstand wind load [duplicate]

I want to build what is essentially a banner - a rectangular piece of fabric that will be mounted to a stand and displayed vertically. This object will be outdoors, so the most important factor in it ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Isn't this statement regarding projectile motion wrong?

Isn't this statement regarding projectile motion wrong? If a body is thrown at an angle to the horizontal with initial velocity $u$, then displacement of body as a function of time is ...
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2answers
68 views

What's The Minimum distance?

My Friend gave me a question today. The question was.:: We have a point A. At a distance of $x_0$ from the point. There is a particle$(P_1)$. Also, a particle is present at the point A $(P_2)$.The ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Kinematics simple question [closed]

Question: In order to protect himself from the rain, a person is standing holding an umbrella at right angle to the horizontal surface. The rain is falling at 10m/s when the velocity of the wind is ...
1
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2answers
127 views

Why is the constant velocity model used in a projectile motion derivation?

I was re-studying university physics last week, I'm now in the chapter about kinematics in 2 dimensions and specifically the one treating projectile motion. In page 86 of his book (Serway - Physics ...
0
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2answers
44 views

Finding out the velocity [closed]

Displacement of an object is related to time $x=at+bt^2-ct^3$ where a, b and c are constant motion.Then the velocity of an object when it's acceleration is zero is given by ...
0
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2answers
962 views

Kinematics - projectile motion on inclined plane [closed]

Well I've tried everything to solve this problem, spent well over an hour, and have gotten no results. A particle is thrown over a triangle from one end of a horizontal base it grazes the top vertex ...
0
votes
3answers
96 views

Kinematics - Concept of average velocity

Average velocity, as I have heard, cannot be found simply by finding the average of two numbers. I have a question on average velocity, but am simply unable to proceed: A particle moving in a ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Kinematics - ball bouncing off vertical walls [closed]

So here's my best attempt to state the question: A ball is thrown from a 100 meter tall tower, which has a vertical wall in front of it. The initial velocity of the ball is 10m/s and the distance ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Exeeding the speed of light by adding velocities [duplicate]

Well you know how it's said that things can't travel at or past the speed of light? However, can't they move at speeds greater than the speed of light relative to another object? For example: What ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Kinematic, motion in 2D [closed]

If the kinetic energy at maximum height is 2/5 the kinetic energy at half the maximum height, find the angle of projection. In other words: K.E. at H(max) = 0.4*K.E. at 0.5*H(max) I got 60 degrees, ...
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votes
3answers
57 views

Velocity and acceleration with displacement [closed]

Find the velocity and the acceleration for a moving object with displacement $= te^{-t}$. The $e$ is the exponential function.