The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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4answers
340 views

Dodging paintballs

I was recently watching The Matrix, and was considering the speed at which one needs to move to literally dodge a projectile. Now, in real life, it is impossible to dodge bullets as such a feat would ...
-2
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0answers
14 views

Determining length of slope from angle and time down slope

I'm aware this is probably trivial, but I'm having a hard time with the following problem: "A child on a sled starts from rest at the top of a 15° slope. If the trip to the bottom takes 15.5 s how ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Force in a moving object that is not accelerating

If an object is traveling in a straight direction at a constant speed it has no acceleration, right? So if $F=ma$ and $a =0$ then force should equal 0. Does that mean a car traveling at a constant ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Question regarding the sail attached to a boat. [closed]

I came across a physics numerical in which the boat is travelling 45 degrees south-east. The direction of wind is towards north and the force that it exerts is constant force of 100 N on the sail. The ...
0
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2answers
42 views

A car is moving in a circular trajectory with radius R=20m. The equation of motion is : x(t) = 15 + 8t – t^2 [closed]

We have to find the distance the car has traveled after 3s. Actually this question came up in an important exam, and the answer was: L=x(3)-x(0) But I think this is the answer for displacement, ...
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2answers
43 views

Time taken by a stone to reach the ground is independent of point of dropping

A balloon is rising. A stone is dropped and the stone takes $\frac{2u}{g}$ to reach ground (Nothing is known about $u$ and $g$ is the acceleration due to gravity), irrespective if the point of ...
0
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3answers
149 views

Animating an Acceleration Vector - Acceleration of object on a crested path in gravitational field

So I was reading in Chapter 3 of my textbook, Sears & Zemanksky's University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freedman, 13th Edition, and the discussion took us to a definition of the ...
3
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3answers
582 views

Does a heavy body move with the slightest force on a frictionless surface?

If I apply horizontal force on a body resting on the ground, my force will be opposed by the frictional force and the body will accelerate at the point where my force exceeds the force of friction = ...
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2answers
396 views

Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Angular and linear displacement of a turning car

My illustration is supposed to show a simplified car (with just two wheels, where the front wheel has been rotated $-90 \text{ degrees}$). Let the car travel at constant speed. This means that the ...
1
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2answers
194 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
1
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2answers
96 views

Computing distance traveled from jerk

When dealing with higher time derivatives like jerk, how does one find the distance traveled? Can it be calculated by just knowing time?
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1answer
3k views

Finding the point of collision between two objects when acceleration is constant

$\newcommand{\accunit}{\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2}$ A coin is dropped 60.0m above the top of an elevator car. The coin is dropped just as the car begins to move upwards. The elevator first ...
1
vote
6answers
756 views

Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? [duplicate]

Why does kinetic energy quadruple when speed doubles? Please explain (in simple terms) with examples if possible.
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Drag coefficient of a rectangular prism

How do you find the drag coefficient, specifically for a rectangular prism-shaped body? What other factors must be taken into consideration when calculating this value?
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Circular motion - is average velocity enough to tell?

If I knew the exact value of constant centripetal force and the average velocity of an object travelling around a circle for time $t$, would that be enough information to determine the final positon ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

How to get these SUVAT formulae?

When learning kinematics, I have learned these three formulae $s=1/2(u+v)t$ $s=ut+1/2at^2$ $v^2=u^2+2as$ s = displacement u = initial velocity v = final velocity t = time a = acceleration My ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is the meaning or purpose of inertial motions

It seems to me that, except for light, inertial motion is never possible in real world where there is gravity everywhere. It is at best some kind of idealization. But why inertial motions are so ...
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votes
1answer
43 views

Can anyone explain this formula graphically?

$$v^2=u^2+2as$$ v=final velocity; u=initial velocity, a=acceleration; s=displacement. I know and understand how this equation is derived.But, can anyone show me that $v^2=u^2+2as$ using graphic ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Why is parallel component of velocity along position vector considered rate of change of position?

If you have a position vector and a velocity vector of a particle, then the component of velocity vector along position vector is the rate of change of distance of the particle from the reference ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Does a truck stop faster if the stack on the back of truck is stable or if it moves forward?

My question in the title might not be very descriptive so I am re-writing it here: If there is a truck in motion and it has stack of hay (lets suppose) on the back. Now if the truck comes to a sudden ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Inclined plane, circular motion and the friction

Suppose we have a cylinder on an inclined plane of mass $m$ and radius $R$ moving without sliding (so that $\varepsilon = a/R$). Why is the friction $F$ causing the circular motion sometimes lower ...
0
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2answers
71 views

can kinetic energy be independent of mass.?

Why is it said that the kinetic energy acquired by a body of after traveling a fixed distance from rest under the action of constant force is independent of mass? Nd yeah the mass of the body is ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Submarine Speed Detection [closed]

A submarine can use sonar (sound traveling through water) to determine its distance from other objects. The time between the emission of a sound pulse (a “ping”) and the detection of its echo can be ...
0
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2answers
34 views

will the acceleration of a freely falling body having rotional motion be differet from g?

A disk is falling freely vertically rotating on its on axis while doing so. Will the acceleration of the body be different from 'g'?
5
votes
2answers
528 views

Inertia Vs Momentum

At my recent lesson on kinematics, my teacher taught about inertia and momentum. This is what she said. Inertia: a characteristic of an object that resists changes to its state of motion. Momentum: ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

When and who by was the earliest definition of speed? [migrated]

Speed is defined to be distance divided by time; when and who by was this definition first put forward? The obvious guess would be for Galileo in early modern physics; is this right, and can it be ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Two equations for $y$ in projectile motions

I have two equations on my equation sheet: $$y=v_o t \sin \theta - \frac{1}{2} g t^2.$$ $$y_{\max} = \frac{v_o^2 \sin^2\theta }{2g}.$$ I understand that the first one is an equation for the height ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

How to calculate angular velocity given constant tangential acceleration? [closed]

A car starts moving in a circle with a radius of $200 \text{ m}$. It has a constant tangential acceleration of $1{\text{m}\over {\text{s}}^{2}}$. a. What is the angular acceleration? b. What is the ...
1
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1answer
717 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Finding the total energy in centre of mass frame

I'm working through a problem in a special relativity textbook (Woodhouse) and I'm having some difficulty. I have to show that if I have a particle of rest mass $M$, total energy $E$ colliding with a ...
5
votes
5answers
376 views

Infinite series of derivatives of position when starting from rest

Suppose you have an object with zero for the value of all the derivatives of position. In order to get the object moving you would need to increase the value of the velocity from zero to some finite ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Computing Acceleration in mass and pulley system using conservation of energy

I have a question in which a multiple pulley and mass system is being analysed. I can compute accelerations and Tension without any issue using newtons second law. However I am asked to use ...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

Does my (too low) tire pressure, affect the speedometer of my car?

Does my (too low) tire pressure, affect the speedometer of my car? How big is this effect?
41
votes
5answers
13k views

How effective is speeding?

At a simple level, speeding in a car attempts to minimize the time required to travel a distance by utilizing the basic relationship: $$d=st$$ So for a given distance, time should be inversely ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What is the position as a function of time for a mass falling down a cycloid curve?

In the brachistochrone problem and in the tautochrone problem it is easy to see that a cycloid is the curve that satisfies both problems. If we consider $x$ the horizontal axis and $y$ the vertical ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Six particles at the corners of a regular hexagon of side $a$ move at a constant speed $v$ [duplicate]

Each particle maintains a direction towards the particle at the next corner. Calculate the time the particles will take to meet each other. When the particles move with same speed,how can they ever ...
0
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2answers
14 views

Net Force On An Object

If 5 different forces are acting on an object in the same direction, is it possible for the net force to equal 0? Could Friction or Gravity make this possible? If so then how?
2
votes
3answers
535 views

Object moving in a circular path without accelerating

A train is moving with a constant speed on a straight portion of track. Then, it encounters a curve in the tracks, and goes along the curve. However, it does not change the magnitude of acceleration ...
0
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2answers
34 views

What theories or formulas are involved with velocity

What theories or formulas are involved or can be added as background information in an experiment that sees a small toy car roll freely down an incline where the surface area is altered to cause more ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Kinematics - When projectile lands at an angle

Question: You are watching an archery tournament when you start wondering how fast an arrow is shot from the bow. Remembering your physics, you ask one of the archers to shoot an arrow parallel to ...
0
votes
3answers
47 views

How does $p=fv$ hold when $v=0$ and an engine is working?

Standard high school equations: Work = Force x Distance Power = Work / Time = Force x Distance / Time = Force x Velocity When a space rocket takes ...
3
votes
2answers
827 views

How can an object move from point A to point B?

If I was at point $A$ and I wanted to walk directly to point $B$, I would have to walk half way to point $B$, but before that I would have to walk half way to halfway to halfway to point $B$ and half ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Homework Question Transformation Energy [closed]

A $1400kg$ car is approaching the hill shown in the figure at $14.0m/s$ when it suddenly runs out of gas. What is the car's speed after coasting down the other side? I think I have to use this ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Shooting a bullet at a system of blocks [closed]

So, I made this question up myself.... and I'm curious about the answer. It requires only secondary-school-level knowledge of physics: You have a surface (ground) with a certain coefficient of ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Maximum Momentum of Neutral Pion

I'm considering the reaction $p + p \rightarrow p + p + \pi^0$. To find the maximum momentum that the $\pi^0$ can have after this reaction in the center-of-mass frame, what I am doing is assuming the ...
4
votes
4answers
573 views

Is there any such thing as a change in acceleration (ex: 3 m/s/s/s)? [duplicate]

If there exists something like that, then in $distance/time/time/time$, how is it expressed?
1
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2answers
35 views

Average acceleration versus instantaneous acceleration

Does instantaneous acceleration also changes when direction of velocity changes. I know average acceleration does change.
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Modifying differential equations representing a projectile system to account for an arbitrary force

The following series of differential equations represents a projectile's path when solved (g=9.81): Here is some sample output from this system (with initial values x,y=0, v=1500, theta=1.33): I ...