The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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Projectiles problem solving

I've only learned about to use kinematics equation when solving projectile problems but today i came across the following equations. where does they come from? Distance travelled Time of flight ...
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3answers
214 views

Object docking in Space

How do objects dock in space? There's a recent piece of news that Keppler would dock to the ISS sometime this week. I want to know the operational aspects of it - considering the velocity of the ...
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3answers
587 views

Does entropy apply to Newton's First Law or does “acted upon” always require an external factor?

First law: Every body remains in a state of rest or uniform motion (constant velocity) unless it is acted upon by an external unbalanced force. This means that in the absence of a non-zero net ...
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3answers
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Stopping Distance (frictionless)

Assuming I have a body travelling in space at a rate of $1000~\text{m/s}$. Let's also assume my maximum deceleration speed is $10~\text{m/s}^2$. How can I calculate the minimum stopping distance of ...
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5answers
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2 balls falling hit the ground at the same time

There are 2 balls in a vacuum, next to each other but not touch. They are on the edge of a surface they will both leave the table at exactly the same time. One gets pushed harder than the other. The ...
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3answers
995 views

negative vectors (eg velocity)

If you said someone had a velocity of -12mph and they were traveling north? Wouldn't it mean that they were traveling 12mph south? This is a quote from here: if something [object-x] moving to the ...
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1answer
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Solving straight-line motion question for time [closed]

I apologise in advance if this question doesn't appeal to the advanced questions being asked in this Physics forum, but I'm a great fan of the Stack Exchange software and would trust the answers ...
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1answer
195 views

Kinematics of scratching a rolling tire

Recently a "U" shaped scratch appeared on my car's front tire. It looks like someone rolled past a curb and scraped it. This has led me to the following problem: Generate a plot (ideally polar) of a ...
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2answers
628 views

How much does it cost every time your car stops for a traffic light?

Every time we have to stop the car, it is costing us extra money, because we have to then accelerate to full speed again. I would like to know how much. In order to simplify the situation, we can ...
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4answers
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Are all objects in motion?

It seems like everything in the universe is in motion, at least relative to some other object. That leads me to believe that all objects are in motion. But how do we measure motion when we are ...
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1answer
268 views

Is there a theory about kinetic energy “particles”? [closed]

We have a model of electricity which says electrons flow from one place to another. We have a model of optics which says that photons go from one place to another. As I understand, there is currently ...
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2answers
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Is there a 2D generalization of the coefficient of restitution?

The coefficient of restitution characterizes a collision in one dimension by relating the initial and final speeds of the particles involved, $$C_R = -\frac{v_{2f} - v_{1f}}{v_{2i} - v_{1i}}$$ In a ...
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11answers
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What is the difference between “kinematics” and “dynamics”?

I have noticed that authors in the literature sometimes divide characteristics of some phenomenon into "kinematics" and "dynamics". I first encountered this in Jackson's E&M book, where, in ...
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6answers
623 views

Is it possible to throw an object faster but over the same distance?

Is it possible to throw say a tennis ball at $1ms^{-1}$ for 20m and then be able to throw the same ball at $2ms^{-1}$ for 20m at the same angle? That is throwing the ball in a traditional curve withe ...
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16answers
21k views

Why does kinetic energy increase quadratically, not linearly, with speed?

As Wikipedia says: [...] the kinetic energy of a non-rotating object of mass $m$ traveling at a speed $v$ is $mv^2/2$. Why does this not increase linearly with speed? Why does it take so much ...
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3answers
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Distance travelled in free-fall

When an object is in free fall, we have: $a(t) = g - \frac{c}{m}v(t)^2$ where $g$ is acceleration due to gravity, $m$ is the mass of the object, and $c$ is the coefficient of air resistance. How ...
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6answers
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How to calculate average speed [closed]

I recently encountered a puzzle where a person drove 120 miles at 40mph, then drove back the same 120 miles at 60mph. The average of the speeds is (40mph+60mph)/2 = 50mph, so the total trip time ...