The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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2answers
387 views

Is the speed of a person falling down different if doing a forward somersault during the fall?

Let's imagine this in an situation where a person jumps down from a smaller building, a garage for example. The exact numbers aren't really important here, since I'm not aiming for an exact answer, ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Static Friction - Only thing that can accelerate a train?

I'm a computer programmer that never studied physics in school and now it's coming back to bite me a bit in some of the stuff I'm being asked to program. I'm trying to self study some physics and ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Rigid body dynamics joints

I can't seem to find any info on connected rigid bodies by a joint. Can someone explain the basics to me? I'm trying to do a little research to find out how feasible it would be to implement 3d ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Physics of simple collisions

I'm building a physics simulator for a graphics course, and so far I have it implementing gravitational and Coulomb forces. I want to add collisions next, but I'm not exactly sure how to go about ...
1
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7answers
7k views

I need help with finding distance traveled

How do I find the distance traveled of an object if the speed is not constant?
0
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2answers
3k views

Projectile motion without air resistance [closed]

Does the mass of projectile affect its trajectory when it is projected in no air resistance environment and why?
1
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0answers
285 views

Kinematics textbook illustration

I have trouble interpreting this illustration. I see why r (position) and a (acceleration) are the way they are, but what happened to v? Why is it smaller than its coordinates? Is this another error ...
1
vote
1answer
290 views

Simple kinematics excercise, throwing something upwards [closed]

I am trying to solve this simple excercise: Question You throw a small coin upwards with $4 \frac{m}{s}$ . How much time does it need to reach the height of $0.5 m$ ? Why do we get two results? ...
8
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16answers
19k views

Recommendations for good Newtonian mechanics and kinematics books

What are some good books for learning the concepts of Kinematics, Newton laws, 2D Motion of Object etc.?
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2answers
1k views

Projectiles problem solving

I've only learned about to use kinematics equation when solving projectile problems but today i came across the following equations. where does they come from? Distance travelled Time of flight ...
3
votes
3answers
214 views

Object docking in Space

How do objects dock in space? There's a recent piece of news that Keppler would dock to the ISS sometime this week. I want to know the operational aspects of it - considering the velocity of the ...
4
votes
3answers
572 views

Does entropy apply to Newton's First Law or does “acted upon” always require an external factor?

First law: Every body remains in a state of rest or uniform motion (constant velocity) unless it is acted upon by an external unbalanced force. This means that in the absence of a non-zero net ...
1
vote
3answers
7k views

Stopping Distance (frictionless)

Assuming I have a body travelling in space at a rate of $1000~\text{m/s}$. Let's also assume my maximum deceleration speed is $10~\text{m/s}^2$. How can I calculate the minimum stopping distance of ...
-2
votes
5answers
1k views

2 balls falling hit the ground at the same time

There are 2 balls in a vacuum, next to each other but not touch. They are on the edge of a surface they will both leave the table at exactly the same time. One gets pushed harder than the other. The ...
2
votes
3answers
955 views

negative vectors (eg velocity)

If you said someone had a velocity of -12mph and they were traveling north? Wouldn't it mean that they were traveling 12mph south? This is a quote from here: if something [object-x] moving to the ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Solving straight-line motion question for time [closed]

I apologise in advance if this question doesn't appeal to the advanced questions being asked in this Physics forum, but I'm a great fan of the Stack Exchange software and would trust the answers ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Kinematics of scratching a rolling tire

Recently a "U" shaped scratch appeared on my car's front tire. It looks like someone rolled past a curb and scraped it. This has led me to the following problem: Generate a plot (ideally polar) of a ...
3
votes
2answers
611 views

How much does it cost every time your car stops for a traffic light?

Every time we have to stop the car, it is costing us extra money, because we have to then accelerate to full speed again. I would like to know how much. In order to simplify the situation, we can ...
2
votes
4answers
940 views

Are all objects in motion?

It seems like everything in the universe is in motion, at least relative to some other object. That leads me to believe that all objects are in motion. But how do we measure motion when we are ...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Is there a theory about kinetic energy “particles”? [closed]

We have a model of electricity which says electrons flow from one place to another. We have a model of optics which says that photons go from one place to another. As I understand, there is currently ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a 2D generalization of the coefficient of restitution?

The coefficient of restitution characterizes a collision in one dimension by relating the initial and final speeds of the particles involved, $$C_R = -\frac{v_{2f} - v_{1f}}{v_{2i} - v_{1i}}$$ In a ...
35
votes
11answers
48k views

What is the difference between “kinematics” and “dynamics”?

I have noticed that authors in the literature sometimes divide characteristics of some phenomenon into "kinematics" and "dynamics". I first encountered this in Jackson's E&M book, where, in ...
1
vote
6answers
606 views

Is it possible to throw an object faster but over the same distance?

Is it possible to throw say a tennis ball at $1ms^{-1}$ for 20m and then be able to throw the same ball at $2ms^{-1}$ for 20m at the same angle? That is throwing the ball in a traditional curve withe ...
77
votes
16answers
20k views

Why does kinetic energy increase quadratically, not linearly, with speed?

As Wikipedia says: [...] the kinetic energy of a non-rotating object of mass $m$ traveling at a speed $v$ is $mv^2/2$. Why does this not increase linearly with speed? Why does it take so much ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Distance travelled in free-fall

When an object is in free fall, we have: $a(t) = g - \frac{c}{m}v(t)^2$ where $g$ is acceleration due to gravity, $m$ is the mass of the object, and $c$ is the coefficient of air resistance. How ...
7
votes
6answers
126k views

How to calculate average speed [closed]

I recently encountered a puzzle where a person drove 120 miles at 40mph, then drove back the same 120 miles at 60mph. The average of the speeds is (40mph+60mph)/2 = 50mph, so the total trip time ...