The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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79 views

Pendulum Confusion

This text in my book is pretty confusing:With my emphasis A simple pendulum is a heavy point mass (bob) suspended from a rigid support by a massless and inextensible string. This is an ideal case ...
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2answers
98 views

When solving kinematics questions, how to find time in air?

I was trying to help a friend with this question: A ball is shot horizontally off a cliff. What would happen to the horizontal distance it travels if the acceleration due to gravity were doubled ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do electrons move towards regions of lower potential?

Can someone explain why electrons move from high to low potential regions in quantum mechanics? By the way, what is the very definition of this potential? Moreover, how does this generalize to other ...
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0answers
133 views

Kinematics and Motion [closed]

If a body loses half of its velocity on penetrating 3cm in a wooden block, then how much will it penetrate more before coming to rest? How does answer come out to be 1cm?
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1answer
107 views

Unknown Mass Spring Problem [closed]

A student conducts an experiment to measure the motion of two unknown masses (A and B) along a smooth table. A constant force of 1 N was applied by means of a string connected by a falling weight. A ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Number of planks required to stop the bullet [closed]

A bullet looses (1/n)th of its velocity passing through one plank. The number of such planks that are required to stop the bullet can be? Logically, to me the answer seems to be infinity, as always a ...
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0answers
83 views

How Long does it take for a roller coaster cart to reach point $x_1$? [closed]

Assume that we have a particle with weight m and initial speed v0, that follows a roller coaster path y(x). Assuming no energy loss to friction or air resistance, the total energy in the system is ...
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1answer
46 views

Compute the minimal distance between two points in movement

There are two points, $A$ and $B$ that move according to these laws: $$ \vec{x_a}= 20 -10 t $$ $$ \vec{x_b}= -15 +15 t $$ $A$ moves along the x axis, $B$ along the y axis. I have to compute the ...
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1answer
66 views

How to define the dilatation rate (strain) between two particles knowing the instantaneous positions and velocities?

Provided that I have the instantaneous positions and velocities of two particles that can separate in 3D with respect to time. I would like to characterize the change in length. What could be a good ...
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3answers
118 views

How can I compute the angular velocity of a triangle formed by three particles knowing their instantaneous positions and velocities? [closed]

I have a set of trajectories of three particles and their instantaneous velocities. I would like to compute the 3 components of the angular velocity pseudovector of the fictive triangle formed by ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Understanding vectors in an example

I just read an example of vectors in my book which is confusing me. Three particles A,B and C are at the vertices of an equilateral trinagle ABC. Each of the particle moves with constant speed v. ...
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1answer
66 views

Two equations for $y$ in projectile motions

I have two equations on my equation sheet: $$y=v_o t \sin \theta - \frac{1}{2} g t^2.$$ $$y_{\max} = \frac{v_o^2 \sin^2\theta }{2g}.$$ I understand that the first one is an equation for the height ...
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1answer
488 views

Small Animal Terminal Velocity

I recently saw a cat fall probably 100 feet like in this video Cat Falls. It seemed as if the cat reached terminal velocity by the time it hit. Does this mean that cats (and other small animals) could ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do two equal-and-opposing forces each do work on a moving object but not on a stationary object?

Consider a point-mass $m$ having constant velocity but undergoing influence from two forces, $F_1$, $F_2$, having equal magnitude but opposite directions. Because the forces' magnitudes are equal, I ...
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3answers
120 views

Why don't the kinematic equations agree with calculating velocity one second at a time?

A car is moving at a velocity of $10 \, \text{m}/\text{s}$. After point $A$ no acceleration is provided. By simple measurement, the acceleration is found to be $-1 \, \text{m}/\text{s}^2$. Using ...
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0answers
116 views

Determining the path of a particle in a velocity selector

I am wondering how you can determine the path of a particle in a velocity selector provided its velocity doesn't equal $ \frac{E}{B} $. I understand that the equation is derived from this force ...
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1answer
87 views

Is there any significance to the negative sign on this speed?

A girl is riding a bicycle along a straight road at constant speed, and passes a friend standing at a bus stop (event #$1$). At a time of $60$ s later the friend catches a bus (event #$2$) If the ...
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2answers
114 views

Non-uniform circular motion, computing the angle

There is an object moving in circle, with this law: $$ \alpha = -k^2 \theta $$ With $ \alpha = \frac{ d \omega }{dt} $, and $ \omega= \frac{d \theta}{dt} $, $\theta$ = angle, $k$ positive ...
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1answer
92 views

Movement with non-constant acceleration [duplicate]

Suppose we have a material point. If it is moving from position $X_0$ with initial velocity $V_0$ and constant acceleration $A$, then from elementary physics course I remember that its movement is ...
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1answer
145 views

Is it possible to work out the shortest time in which a body can travel a certain distance if all that is provided is the max a, max -a, v1, v2 and s?

Is it possible to calculate the shortest time it takes a body to travel a certain distance if the only information provided is its maximum acceleration, its maximum retardation and the distance it ...
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2answers
226 views

Position dependent speed, how to compute position

I can't solve a problem: $ A= 0.5 (ms)^{-1}$, $ x_0 = 0.5 m $, $v(t)= A \cdot x^2 $, I have to compute the position at $t=3$ ($x_0$ is the initial position). So my guess is that I should be able ...
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1answer
710 views

Ball thrown in a moving train [duplicate]

A ball is thrown upward in a train moving with a constant velocity. Where will it land? My intuition tells me that the ball will fall at my back. But my book says that it will return back to the ...
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1answer
66 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop

I wanted to ask about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion as described in the following sketch. According to a simulation found in the internet , a ...
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1answer
141 views

Question on kinematics [closed]

A particle is projected vertically upwards from point $A$ on the ground. It takes $T_1$ time to reach point $B$ but it still continues to move up. If it takes further $T_2$ time to reach ground from ...
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2answers
284 views

About photons and mirrors

If a photon hits a 'perfect' mirror (with no environment interference) would the mirror move a bit?
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1answer
51 views

A pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop (Circular motion) [closed]

I couldn't understand something about the situation of a pearl that moves in a smooth vertical hoop in circular motion. When the normal force equals 0 , the pearl didn't disconnect from the smooth ...
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7answers
3k views

In calculating work done by a constant force over a constant distance, why doesn't the subject's initial velocity matter?

Assume a point-mass $m$ is travelling in a straight line, and a force $F$ will act on $m$ (in the same direction as $m$'s velocity) over a constant distance $d$; why doesn't $m$'s velocity matter to ...
2
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4answers
116 views

Acceleration and Circular Motion

Lets assume that there is a force that makes our body moves in circular motion. We know that the acceleration of a body that moves in circular motion is Velocity ^ 2 / Radius . How is it ...
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2answers
134 views

Collision of two balls of finite radius [duplicate]

This is your typical elastic collision problem except the balls have finite radius. To be clear: two billiard balls in the plane each with radius $\sigma$ move at constant velocities $v_1, v_2$ ...
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3answers
94 views

Orbital motion with varying radius

The model of a orbital motion in many Physics textbooks and online resources (e.g., Wikipedia on circular motion) assumes that the orbit is a circle, i.e. the radius is constant and the speed is ...
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2answers
63 views

Query into the cumulative velocity of mounted platforms

Consider throwing a stone at an object from rest, it travels at Vms-1. Now throw that stone whilst running at Ums-1. It seems in the latter scenario the total speed of stone is V + U. Now imagine ...
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1answer
783 views

Relativistic Elastic Collision

I am having trouble getting my head around the transfer of energy in a relativistic elastic collision. My understanding of a relativistic elastic collision is one in which the total rest mass on each ...
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1answer
60 views

Kinematics, why must the final velocity be 50km/hr?

but I am reading a paper on optimization which involves physics. http://www.optimization-online.org/DB_FILE/2011/04/2997.pdf In page 17 (pg 16 bottom where it starts), just before the end of the ...
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2answers
64 views

Motion of two gravitational bodies?

I'm doing a basic realtime simulation of two bodies, but the orbits are unstable for some reason. This code is run at every timestep: ...
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1answer
93 views

Streamlines for steady flow problem

I need to calculate the streamlines for the steady flow given by the velocity field $$\mathbf{u}=(u,v,w) = \left( 0,\frac{y}{y^2 +z^2} , \frac{z}{y^2 +z^2}\right)$$ Now I've been able to notice that ...
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1answer
98 views

Friction influencing the motion of a mass and non-inertial frame of reference [closed]

So... recently a Newtonian-mechanics related exercise has raised in me many questions basically ragarding which forces influence a given system and how, I know they might sound bit too "noobish" but I ...
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1answer
308 views

Finding release angle and final velocity of projectile when the target has a different coordinations [closed]

I am trying to write some codes for auto-snowball mechanism which seems like a regular projectile but instead of hitting the targets on the ground it is going to be able to hit the target in the air ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

Two vehicles moving in a line with different accelerations

Let two similar vehicles starting at rest in a straight line (with a distance of $D$ between them) have time-varying accelerations in the same direction. If both of them have similar time varying ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Kinematics with non constant acceleration II [closed]

I'm getting crazy with this problem and I think that it's pretty simple. An helicopter's helix is spinning at initial speed $w_0=200\ rpm$, all of a sudden the motor stops and it decreases its ...
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1answer
38 views

When is the speed specified for an object experiencing an exponential force?

So this is the question given in my text book: A particle of mass m is at rest at the origin at time $t = 0$. It is subjected to a force $F (t) = F_0e^{–bt}$ in the $x$ direction. Its speed ...
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0answers
70 views

The angle to shoot moving object

I am obliged to count very simple problem (at least it seemed that it is simple, I hope it isn't to simple for this site). So i got observer who is standing $H$ below the object. The object is fired ...
-1
votes
1answer
160 views

Determine the distance from time-velocity graph [duplicate]

A small car that we made in class was travelling and its time was recorded at 1,2,3, and 4 meters. The points in the form (seconds, meters) are as follows: ...
2
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2answers
396 views

Acceleration vector for an object moving in a elliptic trajectory

I am interested in deriving what the radial and tangential components of the acceleration vector should be for an object following an elliptical trajectory centered on the origin, in which the ...
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0answers
36 views

Finding the initial vertical and horizontal velocity [closed]

Basically I need to get an initial vertical velocity to make the ball reach a specific height, but also I need to get a horizontal verlocity so that the ball will travel the distance. For an example ...
0
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2answers
366 views

A bird problem and trains [closed]

So that the problem: There are 2 trains at speed of 30km/h in the same trail and opposite directions and moving for a collision at 60km of distance of each other. One bird in front of one of the ...
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6answers
3k views

How does one exert greater force on the ground by jumping?

When one jumps, how does he/she manage to exert greater force on their ground than their weight? Also, what is normal force and the reaction force (are they the same thing?) and by newton's third ...
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2answers
148 views

How many equations are there to calculate distance?

I am an app developer and I am trying to build a physics app to calculate distance based on the quantities the user gives. for example if the user gives initial speed, time and acceleration, using ...
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3answers
171 views

Cart on Ramp with Varying Acceleration

For a lab that I have to do, the teacher has given me a data table of the displacement of a cart on a ramp after successive intervals of time. I have used this data to derive the velocities and ...
5
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2answers
944 views

Zeno’s Paradox of the Arrow

Premises And the Conclusion of the Paradox: (1) When the arrow is in a place just its own size, it’s at rest. (2) At every moment of its flight, the arrow is in a place just its own size. (3) ...
2
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1answer
57 views

The speed of an unconstant motion

There's already the solution for the problem but I still don't understand why the velocity can't be calculated by just $$ a = (v(t))'= -B_0 + B_1t \Rightarrow v(t) = -B_0t + 1/2B_1t^2$$ Also, both ...