The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

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1answer
280 views

Solving inclined plane using diff. frame

I was trying to solve frictionless inclined plane problem using a diff. frame as shown in the figure, and can't figure out that acceleration along the plane = g.sin(Θ), but I think it should be = ...
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0answers
96 views

Kinematics algebra, pT, Peskin Eq.17.59

my question concerns the kinematics of 2 to 2 particle scattering. I refer to Peskin and Schroeder eq.17.59 going from this expression ...
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2answers
427 views

Negative sign of acceleration [closed]

This is the problem from our Physics textbook : A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4 m s–1. (a) Choose the x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I find minimum constant deceleration so that object does not pass distance d in time t?

I'm working on a problem for an online judge site. I've boiled down the problem to this calculation: given a vehicle with an initial velocity $v$, how can one calculate the minimum constant ...
3
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1answer
464 views

How do I find the initial velocity in this problem?

An X-ray tube gives electrons constant acceleration over a distance of $20\text{ cm}$. If their final speed is $2.0\times 10^7\text{ m/s}$, what are the electrons' acceleration? I know this ...
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1answer
148 views

Parabolic Motion

I was wondering if I was right about this simple problem: A projectile is shot at an angle of 37.0° with the horizontal. The velocity of the projectile at its peak height is 16 m/s. Then I was told ...
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1answer
4k views

Calculate acceleration and time given initial speed, final speed, and travelling distance? [closed]

A motorcycle is known to accelerate from rest to 190km/h in 402m. Considering the rate of acceleration is constant, how should I go about calculating the acceleration rate and the time it took the ...
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1answer
165 views

helium balloon tied to a car [closed]

A helium balloon is tied to the seat of a car. The doors and windows of the car is closed. If the car now starts moving, in which direction will the balloon move- front or back?
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2answers
461 views

Proof of $T=\sqrt{2y/a}$ in uniformaly accelerating object [closed]

Suppose that there is a object that does a y-axis-only free fall to ground. The initial distance from the ground is defined as $H$. How does one prove that time the object takes to reach the ground ...
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2answers
1k views

Calculating force required to stop bungee jumper

Given that: bungee jumper weighs 700N jumps off from a height of 36m needs to stop safely at 32m (4m above ground) unstretched length of bungee cord is 25m Whats the force required to stop the ...
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3answers
3k views

Calculating car's acceleration from change in angle of hanging object?

The question essentially is based on a situation like this- A car has a small object hung from the cieling on a string (apparently at an angle of 0 degrees to the ceiling). The car is accelerating ...
3
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2answers
212 views

Find distance between turtles

I've been thinking about the following problem for some time now and was wondering if anyone could shed any light on it. At time $t = 0$, turtle A sits at ...
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1answer
401 views

Intercept a moving object

Object A can move at 50km/h, wants to intercept object B (currently $15^{\circ}$, east of north from A) moving at 26km/h, $40^{\circ}$ east of north. What angle should A take to intercept B? AB is ...
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2answers
3k views

Acceleration/tension of object. 1 on horizontal surface one hanging

A 5.00-kg object placed on a frictionless, horizontal table is connected to a cable that passes over a pulley and then is fastened to a hanging 9.00-kg object, as in Figure. Find the ...
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1answer
1k views

Newton 2nd Law: Does vertical force (mass) affect the horizontal acceleration?

I learnt before that if 2 forces are perpendicular to each other, they should not affect each other. However in a recent experiment setup (asked in another question): I believe the theoratical ...
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1answer
3k views

Determine acceleration from experiment (Newton 2nd Law)

I have done a physics experiment (setup below). And was asked to determine the experimental and theoretical acceleration. The data I've got Ok, am I right to say Experimental acceleration ...
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2answers
664 views

Center of gravity of vehicle and vehicle performance

I am interested to know how does CG of vehicle plays role in the Fuel economy and the vehicle performance. Does CG of vehicle has anything to do while accelerating of your vehicle. I am a student, ...
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1answer
216 views

Proving $t=(1+\sqrt{1+2hg/v^2 } ) (v/g)$ for a thrown ball [closed]

If we throw a ball from the hight point $h$ from the earth, with initial velocity $v’$, how to prove that the time it takes the ball to reach the earth is given by: ...
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1answer
92 views

Am I making the right assumption about a jump discontinuity in the acceleration?

A train heads from Station A to Station B, 4 km away. If the train begins at rest and ends at rest, and its maximum acceleration is 1.5 m/s^2 and maximum deceleration is -6 m/s^2, what's the least ...
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3answers
1k views

Uniform Circular Motion

Why does the object not go inward, into the circle if the acceleration is inward? I think its because the velocity to outward? So they sort of cancel each other out? But if the speed is kept ...
3
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1answer
566 views

What is the longest distance that can be jumped after swinging from a rope?

In the movie Mission Impossible 3, the main character Ethan Hunt tries to enter a building in Shanghai by swing through the sky, as shown below: The jump consists of 2 sections, the red part, which ...
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1answer
196 views

Calculate time to go from one point to another point [closed]

in a 2D football game I want to calculate cycle(time) until ball go from one point to another point. in this link exist all fomulas that we need for my problem but anyone does not have any parameter ...
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2answers
367 views

Projectile Motion

I know the angle at which a projectile is launched, how far it needs to go, and also the maximum height. How can I find the initial velocity needed (disregarding air resistance)? Currently, I am ...
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2answers
6k views

How do you calculate angle of projection?

At what angle the projectile should throw with initial velocity v in order to reach distance d? discard the air resistance, only gravitation acts. So far I got the equations for horizontal and ...
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1answer
279 views

Power, Force Velocity

In any case, if the force and power is constant , does velocity also need to be constant? If no, can you tell me a case. Further can this be extended for non-rigid bodies.
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1answer
4k views

Calculation of Distance from measured Acceleration vs Time

I have an Accelerometer connected to a device that feeds the instant values of the acceleration in the 3 directions. I've tried to calculate the distance for a vertical movement using these values ...
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1answer
126 views

Simulating a car in an intersection

I'm somewhat confused. I want to simulate in real-time an intersection where cars have to turn left, right or go straight. What I have are 2 way points: One at the beginning of the intersection on ...
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2answers
532 views

Closest model for relationship between velocity and distance

Which is the model that best shows the relationship between velocity and distance: $v \propto d$ $v \propto d^2$ $v^2 \propto d$ $v^2 \propto d^2$ What I think is from: $$v=at \Rightarrow ...
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5answers
7k views

Why there is a 1/2 in kinetic energy formula? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is there a $\frac 1 2$ in $\frac 1 2 mv^2$? Hèllo, I have a question about kinetic energy formula. As you know, in kinetic energy formula, we have: ...
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2answers
5k views

Preventing a block from sliding on a frictionless inclined plane

I want to demonstrate what force $F$ you would have to exert on an inclined plane of angle $t$, mass $M$ to prevent a block on top of it with mass $m$ from sliding up or down the ramp. I worked out ...
3
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1answer
450 views

Lab observation correct? As distance decreases, velocity increases, stderr decreases

The experiment goes like this: Allow a moving cart to move from the top of an incline plane ($x_0$) downwards. The time taken will be recorded by the picket fence (those things you see wired up). ...
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2answers
437 views

Kinematics - Find theta with Coefficient of Friction?

I recently found a problem that looked like this: A box sits on a horizontal wooden ramp. The coefficient of static friction between the box and the ramp is ...
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1answer
85 views

Vehicle acceleration

What I'm essentially doing is Kalman Filter. If anyone is familiar with (but it doesn't really matter in this case). Consider the following formulas: $$x_k=x_{k-1}+v_{k-1}dt+a_{k-1}\frac{dt^2}{2}$$ ...
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3answers
721 views

Calculate kinematics of body movement from the set of spatial coordinates

Short intro I have a set of 3D (x,y,z) spatial coordinates of arm movement obtained using motion capture system. The example set of such coordinates looks like this (rounded up): ...
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2answers
730 views

Applying velocity Verlet algorithm

I want to implement a simple particules system using the velocity form of the Verlet algorithm as integrator. Initial conditions at $t=0$ for a given particule $p$: mass: $ m $ position: ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How can an object's instantaneous speed be zero and it's instantaneous acceleration be nonzero?

I'm studying for my upcoming physics course and ran across this concept - I'd love an explanation.
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2answers
927 views

Maximum velocity allowed for motion profile with constant jerk

I´m trying to calculate what the maximum allowed velocity for a mechanical axis traveling towards a stop. The maximum velocity must be a secure speed so the axis have is able to stop in time. I have: ...
2
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1answer
347 views

Relating angular and linear kinematics

In my physics book "University Physics", there is a chapter on relating linear and angular kinematics. I understand the parts where it shows $v = r\omega$ and $a_{\text{tan}} = r\alpha$. However in ...
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1answer
528 views

End position of movement factoring in deceleration

Ok I am hoping to apply this answer to a piece of software, but it uses physics to work out the result so I require some help in that department. I will attempt to explain this the best I can. I ...
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2answers
429 views

Human Kinematics:Does velocity or acceleration become zero at the moment of changing human limbs' direction of movement?

I need to know the answers to following questions about human kinematics. Can anyone kindly help me with it? When human moves hand in one direction then suddenly or not changes direction of hand ...
2
votes
2answers
291 views

Ideal 2D Unicycle Kinematics

A particle is connected to a massive wheel by a rigid rod. The wheel can roll without slipping on a horizontal surface. The particle is free to rotate around the centre of the wheel. I believe the ...
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2answers
115 views

Looking for the curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated

I am looking for a curve traced by a moving bicycle when its steering bar is fully rotated either clockwise or anti-clockwise. How to model it mathematically? Is the curve a circle? My attempt is ...
3
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3answers
5k views

Angles on swing sets

I'm building a swing set for my children. All of the designs I've seen involve building two A-frames and connecting them at the top with a crossbar/beam from which hang the swings. The A-frames are ...
2
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2answers
398 views

How do I adjust the kinematic equations to avoid reaching speeds faster than light?

I like some 'science' in my 'science fiction', so I started crunching out the kinematic equations for some of the scenarios my characters are getting involved in, and ran smack dab into an issue. ...
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3answers
727 views

The required energy to accelerate a particle from one velocity to another

Say I have a charged molecule running along a linear evacuated tube (so no wind resistance). In the laboratory frame, we can measure that the particle is moving at some speed $v_1$. Provided that ...
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2answers
129 views

Really basic mechanics and Galilean Relativity question

Consider two solid objects: A and B. System 1: A <----- B 10m/s System 2: A -----> B 10m/s ...
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0answers
560 views

Error Analysis, Change in momentum, Kinetic Energy

If momentum of an object is increased by 10%,then its kinetic energy will be increased by? Well, I don't need the solution logically by calculating the change in Kinetic Energy etc, but my question ...
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0answers
112 views

Does human body parts like hand or leg move with uniform acceleration?

So is this true. I mean does a movement by hand or leg make uniform or constant acceleration?
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3answers
127 views

Estimate quarter mile time

I need to estimate a drag race quarter mile time given the car's weight, bhp and preferably the drive (FWD, RWD, 4WD). I know $v(t) = ds/dt$ and $a(t) = dv/dt = d^2s/dt^2$, but how can I get the ...
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1answer
153 views

Do observers at different speeds perceive other speeds differently?

I was told that if a plane takes less time to travel from the China to US as opposed to the other direction due to rotation of the earth. I suspect this is incorrect however. From this scenario I ...