The description of the movement of bodies by their position, velocity, acceleration (and possibly higher time derivatives, such as, jerk) without concern for the underlying dynamics/forces/causes.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
0answers
25 views

Kinematic problem (initial acceleration)

A ball is rolling over a soccer field with constant velocity $V_{b} > 0$ at an angle of 45° to the goal line. It starts at the corner of the field (distance $d$ from the middle of the goal line) at ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

Calculation of stone dropping [on hold]

A stone dropped from a building of height $h$ reaches the ground after $t$ seconds in the air. From the building top, if two stones are thrown, one upwards, the other downwards, with same velocity $u$...
-1
votes
0answers
54 views

Linear motion in a constant acceleration [on hold]

a car start to move from rest and travels along a straight horizontal road with a constant acceleration. Velocity of the car after t seconds is vms-1. Find the displacement of the car during the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Calculating resultant force along vertical axis when using smartphone accelerometer [on hold]

I'm making an app which is using accelerometer to automatically detect damages on the route while driving. To estimate if damage occurred or not I'm using accelerometer (acceleration along vertical y ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Kinematics of Rectilinear Motion [on hold]

A car leaves an outpost and reaches a speed of $60 m/s$ with a constant acceleration of $3 m/s^2$. It continues at this speed for a time then decelerates at $4.2 m/s^2$. How far will the car be after ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

High School Physics [on hold]

Two girls are standing on a bridge over a river. One girl falls freely and the other ties a rope to her legs. Both jump at the same time from the bridge. The length of the rope is more than the ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Kinetic Hysteresis [duplicate]

I have been wondering about this question for quite some time, but, until now, I was not sure how to phrase it without sounding naïve. Let's take Newton's Cradle (just three congruent balls will do). ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Initial Velocity Question

What is the initial velocity vertically when a person jumps 0.5 metres into the air, neglecting horizontal movement. Is it just 0 m/s? And the final velocity would be -9.8m/s^2 * the time it took took ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Horizontal Velocity of a Projectile thrown from a Cliff [on hold]

If I were to throw a rock of a cliff at 12 m/s as a horizontal velocity, what will the final velocity of the rock become when it hits the ground? I am tempted to say 12 m/s because the horizontal ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

Motion in a Plane Question [on hold]

I don't understand how to do this problem: You are the pilot of a small plane and want to reach an airport, 600km due south, in 4.0h. A wind is blowing at 50km/h[S35oE]. With what heading and ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Vertical Motion Question [on hold]

Question: An object is projected vertically to to the ground in a 20 m/s velocity. After 3 seconds another object is projected from the same position in the same velocity to the same direction. ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Analysing kinetic energy in different frames [duplicate]

Case A: Say we observe a body X moving with a velocity of 30 on the +x and we(the observer) are stationary. Case B: The observer moves with a velocity of 50 on the -x. The body X is moving in the ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Pls help me visualise this situation, I'm not able to understand it [on hold]

Find time of flight of projectile thrown horizontally with speed 50m/s from a long inclined plane which makes an angle theta= 45° from horizontal.
-3
votes
0answers
44 views

Movement of a box containig a particle [closed]

A small thought experiment: Imagine a rectangular box in space, containing particle, all resting at $t=0$ from your point of view. At some point in time $t>0$ the particle starts to move with ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Projectile motion and bouncing [closed]

Prove that the number of bounces n after throwing an elastic ball on a frictionless surface with a known angle (j)relative to the horizon and the angle of the initial velocity is known also (k)..is ...
-4
votes
1answer
30 views

projectile on an inclined plane [closed]

Is the time of ascent equal to the time of descent? I tried it but I am not being able to prove it mathematically.
1
vote
1answer
39 views

I don't understand the approach used in solving this kinematics problem

The problem text is as follows: During the first half of a straight path, which is at $\alpha_1=60°$ relative to a reference line, a car is travelling at $v_1=72 km/h$. During the second half of the ...
-4
votes
1answer
50 views

Differential velocity and acceleration [closed]

A particle moves along the curve $X = 2\sin3t$, $Y = 2\cos 3t$, $Z= 8t$ How to find the velocity and acceleration when $t>0$?
10
votes
2answers
113 views

Can one rise through a free-falling rope?

I am a little confused about this question. I cannot imagine that it is possible to rise through a rope (assuming inextensible) that isn't fixed in its upper end. But when I solve this problem, I see ...
0
votes
3answers
47 views

Why is the sign of the tangential component of acceleration negative in this problem? [closed]

Since the train is slowing down at a constant velocity, shouldn't the acceleration equal zero? Why is it negative in this case?
10
votes
4answers
181 views

Problems in the relation $a=v\frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}x}$

We all know $a = \frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}t}$. A little application of the chain rule leads to the relation $$a=v\frac{\mathrm{d}v}{\mathrm{d}x}$$ But the above equation shows that $a=0$ whenever $...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Equation confusion regarding finding acceleration [closed]

Physics newbie here, sorry if this is super basic... I am learning about kinematic equations and am having difficulty reconciling two of the equations. Let's say I begin driving and after 1 second ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Circular Motion. Intuition on vectors as a physics interpretation [closed]

I am a maths undergraduate. I decided to start studying some basic physics trying to be rigorous with the math and uderstand the interpretations of some of the mathematical constructs and see how ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

If change in position over time is average velocity, why doesn't change in position over time squared equal average acceleration?

For example, let's say a car is experiencing an acceleration of $1$m/s$^2$, for $6$ seconds so it goes $18$m. Now the average velocity is found through dividing $18$m by $6$s which is in line with the ...
-1
votes
1answer
25 views

How to estimate the relative motion using kinematic equations?

Background I am reading the following thesis: Todosiev, E.P., 1963. The action point model of the driver-vehicle system. On page 9 it describes the relative motion between 2 cars as follows:...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Does this calculation give displacement or distance?

So we have velocity as a function of time given $\overrightarrow{v}(t)=(1-2bt)k\overrightarrow{r_0}$ where $b,k$ are positive constants and $\overrightarrow{r_0}$ is a unit vector. It is found that if ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Is the magnitude and direction of gravity on an object the same as the objects vertical velocity?

I need to make a diagram for an entry level college physics class. I need to show the magnitude and direction of gravity on a flying object and also show the magnitude and direction of the objects ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Position / velocity / acceleration vs time graphs when falling towards a black hole

In Newtonian physics, as far as I understand it, for a small object falling towards a massive object, the graphs of position, speed and acceleration vs time look like this: (If the massive object ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Why doesn't the relativistic formula for momentum appear consistent with collisions?

The relativistic formula for momentum is $$p = \frac{mv}{\sqrt{1 - \dfrac{v^2}{c^2}}} \,.$$ In the following example, I apply the formula in the most basic way possible to the addition of velocities. ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Projectile motion on an inclined plane [closed]

Two parallel straight lines are inclined to the horizontal at angle $\theta$. A particle is projected from a point midway between them so as to graze one of the lines and strikes the other at a right ...
-3
votes
0answers
33 views

Contradictory kinematics formula [duplicate]

The displacement of a particle in the $t$th second of its motion is given by: $$ S(t)=u + \frac{a}{2}\left(2t-1\right) $$ where $u$ is the initial velocity, $a$ is the acceleration and $s$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Find the initial velocity's angle of a projectile knowing only the ratio between the horizontal distance traveled and max height

The ratio between the horizontal distance traveled and the launch height is 3 to 1. I think it is possible to find the angle given this information, but how exactly do you do it? I think it's arctan(2/...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

What happens if you fly a drone inside moving passenger airplane? [duplicate]

I have a little question. If I mark an X in the center of a passenger airplane, and try to fly a drone from the X mark in the moving passenger airplane (800-900 km/h), what will happen to the drone? ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Defining Uniform Motion

According to Wikipedia the definition of motion is: In physics, motion is a change in position of an object with respect to time. Motion is typically described in terms of displacement, distance, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Projectile question doubt [closed]

A hunter wants to shoot a monkey with an arrow by launching the arrow at a speed $v_0$ at a distance of $L$ from the base of a tree of height $H$ on which the monkey is sitting. Now on watching the ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Simple change in velocity question

The hand of a clock is 1cm long. find the change in velocity of the hand in 15 seconds. The question is pretty simple, $v=2\pi R/T$ and then using the vector addition one can easily get answer which ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is running in a zigzag helpful in avoiding being shot by an arrow? [closed]

Two people A and B start at a certain point. B runs away from A to another point. A shoots arrows at B. Is it helpful for A to run in a zigzag rather than in a constant direction? To be more ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Branching ratio for a bound state

Consider the meson $\Upsilon(10860)$. It decays into $B\bar{B}$, $B\bar{B}^*+cc$ and $B^*\bar{B}^*$. The mass of $B$ is $5.28 ~\textrm{ GeV}$ and mass of $B^*$ is $5.33~\textrm{ GeV}$. The branching ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Solar Sail Questions

I'm just looking for a good (better) analogy. How do massless photons put pressure on a surface especially when it's a mirror? Using the analogy of the wind (atmosphere) on a sail breaks down when I ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Point object, Kinematics

I am very new to physics. This evening, I was reading about the concept of objects to be considered as point objects under some circumstances. And I was trying to think of circumstances under which ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

How do you arrive at this equation? $ \bar{v} = v_2 - \tfrac{1}{2} a \Delta t $

$$ \bar{v} = v_2 - \tfrac{1}{2} a \Delta t $$ $\bar{v}$ being average velocity and $v_2$ instantaneous velocity at one point this equation was used to find instantaneous velocity from average ...
-1
votes
2answers
39 views

Acceleration velocity relation

I just happened to come across this specific question in physics:- Q: If a particle is moving along a straight line with increasing speed, then, (1) its acceleration is negative (2) its ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Why does $k^z/E$ have dimensions of inverse velocity rather than velocity?

I'm studying quantum field theory and I want to prove the cross section. In Peskin's book, equation 4.77 says that: $$ \frac{1}{\left | \frac{k_{A}^{z}}{E_{A}}-\frac{k_{B}^{z}}{E_{B}}\right |}=\frac{...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Area under the displacement-time graph giving time?

This is probably very stupid, but today at a lecture, our professor solved a problem where we had to find the time taken to travel from 0-5m, where $v = 3/x$ (velocity is a function of position.) ...
-2
votes
1answer
29 views

Velocity ; Acceleration [closed]

A ball was thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 3m/s. The ball reached a highest point before falling down to the ground. What is the acceleration of the ball at the highest point? A 0m/s2 B ...
0
votes
4answers
89 views

Explain $\Delta x = v_0t + \tfrac{1}{2}gt^2$ please? [duplicate]

$g = \Delta v/t$, so $\Delta v = gt$. $v = v_0 + \Delta v$, so $v = v_0 + gt$. So if $\Delta x = vt$, then $\Delta x$ should be $v_0t + gt$. Why the $\tfrac{1}{2}gt^2$? I'm really confused, so this ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Acceleration at rest when ball is thown [duplicate]

If a ball is thrown vertically upward and it comes to rest for a moment, then its velocity decreases and becomes zero. Does its acceleration also becomes zero? If yes then how ball falls down?
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Can a system's internal forces change the system's motion?

Let say the motor makes the two rigid body rotate as a same velocity. (they rotate the opposite direction) then the Net force of the motor is 2Fsin(Theta). The acceleration of the motor is 2Fsin(theta)...
1
vote
4answers
56 views

Area under and slope of the motion graphs

I wanted to ask in general what area under the graph means. Also which physical quantity is highlighted by area under distance vs time graph. I'm confused that area is a 2 dimensional concept and it ...
-1
votes
3answers
61 views

How to solve this one dimensional motion question? [closed]

I was able to deduce the following information from the problem: acceleration of police = 2m/s^2 x0 = 50 meters t= 5 seconds final velocity = 0 m/s However, I'm not sure what to do next.