# Tagged Questions

Isospin is a symmetry in nuclear physics under the interchange of neutrons and protons. The strong nuclear force conserves isospin, but the symmetry is broken by the electromagnetic force, which only operates between protons.

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### (Iso)spin coupling of three particles

I need Isospin calculations to predict the relative amount of strong decays, namely $D^{**0}\to D\pi\pi$, where the $D$ and $\pi$ can be charged or neutral. My problem is the order of contracting the ...
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### What is the cause of the minor mass difference between the proton and the neutron?

As known, the proton is from two up and a single down quark, while the neutron is from a single up and two down quarks. The down quark is a little bit more massive and the up, and so the neutron is ...
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### What makes neutron heavier than a proton? [duplicate]

The mass of proton is 1.672*10¯²7 kg while it is 1.675*10¯²7 kg. Both are made up of 3 quarks each. Then what makes proton lighter than a neutron?
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### Motivation for isospin

I am having trouble understanding the point of isospin. Why do we need isospin? The rationalization that protons and neutrons are similar doesn't make sense to me.
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### Why is there no baryon isospin singlet with spin 3/2?

All of the baryons in the spin-1/2 octet except the $\Lambda$ isospin singlet have spin-3/2 excited states in the baryon decuplet. What is it that prevents the existence of a $\Lambda^{*}$ baryon with ...
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### Weak isospin transformation of $\bar\psi \psi \phi$

In an old exam I found the following question regarding the Higgs potential: Write down the gauge invariant Yukawa interaction term in the Lagrangian that gives rise to the electron mass. The ...
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### Isoscalar and isovector terms in optical model potential

How does one obtain the isoscalar and isovector terms of the nucleus-nucleus interaction potential and what do they signify?
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### Why do excited states in $^4$He not decay by photon emission?

Here's a level scheme for the $^4$He nucleus (source; click image to see full size): Notice that all of the confirmed decay modes are by disintegration — emission of a neutron, proton, or deuteron. ...
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### Why are the antimatter compositions of neutrons and protons different? Why by about 1%? References?

In his blog at http://motls.blogspot.com/2010/09/can-antimatters-gravity-be-repulsive.html Lubos Motl writes "...neutrons contain a slightly different mass contribution from the antiquarks (...