The Ising model of ferromagnetism in statistical mechanics consists of discrete bimodal (+1 or −1) "spin" (moment) variables in a simple Hamiltonian interacting with their next neighbors on a lattice. The one-dimensional variant does not evince a phase transition, but the two-dimensional ...

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Majorara zero mode in Ising chain, not exactly zero subtlety

We know the transverse field Ising model with N sites(open boundary), can be mapped into N free fermions(there are 2N modes if including the negative energy counterparts) With property: ...
3
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166 views

Critical temperature difference between Ising and XY model

The following formula gives the critical coupling (more precisely the ratio of the spin-spin coupling over the temperature) for $O(n)$ models on a triangular lattice: ...
3
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78 views

Is there a reasonable lower bound for free energy per site of the 2D Ising model in the presence of an external field?

Given the standard Ising partition function: $$Z(\theta ,h) = \sum\limits_{\bf{x}} {\exp \left\{ {\theta \sum\limits_{(i,j) \in E} {{x_i}{x_j}} + h\sum\limits_{i \in V} {{x_i}} } \right\}}, $$ is ...
3
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2answers
851 views

1D Ising Model with different boundary conditions

The Hamiltonian for one-dimensional Ising model is given by, \begin{equation} \mathcal{H} = -J\sum_{<ij>} S_iS_j; \quad i,j=1,2,...,N+1 \end{equation} where $<ij>$ denotes that there is ...
3
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129 views

Monte Carlo for Random Bond Ising ferromagnet

The set-up: Consider the Ising model on an $L \times L$ square lattice, where the coupling of each bond is chosen to be $+J$ (ferromagnetic) with probability $(1-p)$ and $-J$ (antiferromagnetic) with ...
3
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80 views

Question about the derivation of an equation in full replica symmetry breaking solution

Using replica method and saddle point method, the free energy of a magnetic system can be expressed as $$-\beta[f]=\lim_{n\to0}\{\frac{-\beta^2J^2}{4n}\sum_{a\ne b}q_{\alpha\beta}^2-\frac{\beta ...
2
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1answer
799 views

How to calculate the ground-state energy for the Ising model?

I'm learning about the 2D ferromagnetic Ising model in zero field and trying to verify what I know by calculating the ground-state energy for the state with all 'up' spins in a 3x3 lattice. $$H = ...
2
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1answer
251 views

Ising model Mean field theory and translational invariance

In the Ising model the mean value of any particular spin is: $$ m = \left<s_i\right> = \frac{ \sum_{s_i}e^{-\frac{H}{T} }s_i} { \sum_{s_i} e^{-\frac{H}{T} } } .$$ I read in several ...
2
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1answer
283 views

Local minima in Ising model in a Monte Carlo simulation

Is there any way to check whether in a Monte Carlo simulation using Ising model is stuck in any (false) local minima of energy or not, particularly in 3D system ?
2
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1answer
436 views

How does Metropolis algorithm work in the Ising model?

I was reading the proof of Metropolis algorithm. The transition probability of going from a state $i$ to a state $j$ is $\pi_{ij}$. If I understand correctly, this is the product $\pi_{i ...
2
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1answer
199 views

Expansion of Onsager's Exact Partition Function for 2D Ising Model

We have a question where we are given the exact expression for the 2D Ising model partition function: $$\frac{1}{N}\ln Z ~=~ \ln(2 \cosh^2(\beta J)) $$$$+ ...
2
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2answers
792 views

1 dimensional Ising model

How to solve the Ising model in 1D by low temperature, and high temperature expansion, and by change of variable method? Can you please give me some reference links?
2
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4answers
220 views

What is the simplest system that has both, discontinous and continous phase transitions?

I am looking the simplest system that has both discontinous phase transition and a continous phase transition between the same phases (you can change one parameter). discontinous transition: first ...
2
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1answer
662 views

How to measure the spin-spin correlation in a Monte Carlo simulation of the Ising model?

I'm simulating the Ising Model in 2D up to 5D and I want to calculate the spin-spin correlation, correlation length, and critical exponent of the system. What is a good way to go about doing this? ...
2
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1answer
372 views

Numerical Ising Model: Swendsen–Wang algorithm, Percolation theory?

When you look at the original paper of Swendsen and Wang in 1987: "Nonuniversal critical dynamics in Monte Carlo simulations" it is somewhat mentioned that the proposed algorithm uses percolation ...
2
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1answer
199 views

Research on ground state configuration of Ising model

I want to do mathematical research (algorithm construction and mathematical analysis) on Ising model ground state configuration. From what I know, the state of art research is using graph theory ...
2
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1answer
112 views

Ising model on lattices with (vertical side length) $\neq$ (horizontal side length)

Consider the Ising model with nearest neighbours interactions on a rectangular lattice $L\times M$. If $L=M$ (2-dimensional square lattice), it is known (e.g. by Peierls argument or Onsager explicit ...
2
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1answer
126 views

What happens to the free energy of the two-dimensional ising model with vortices?

The classical 2d Ising model has a Hamiltonian of the form: \begin{equation} H = -\sum_{m,n = 0}^{M,N} J_1 x_{m,n}x_{m+1,n} + J_2 x_{m,n}x_{m,n+1} \end{equation} The partition function for the model ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Does an Ising lattice that returns to equilibrium create a current by induction?

Consider you have an Ising lattice with a dominant up component out of thermal equilibrium, that's your initial state. The down spins want to flip up and align with the ups, and they'll do so until a ...
2
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1answer
130 views

What's the meaning of the coupling change after a renormalization (in the 1-dim Ising Model)?

What does it mean that after the theory (1-dim Ising model here, but the question is general) is renormalized one time and $g_i\rightarrow g_i'$, that the couplings are weaker, even if the theory ...
2
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2answers
329 views

Identifying a critical phenomena?

I have a system with a number of measurables (in time). Some measurables are discrete some are continuous (within the measurement accuracy). How can I determine whether my system experiences ...
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0answers
33 views

Decimation of a triangular lattice [closed]

Consider the network of spins shown below. The Hamiltonian is given by $$H = - \sum_{\langle i j k \rangle} [J \sigma_i \sigma_j \sigma_k + J_0]$$ with $J,J_o \geq 0$ and $\langle i j k \rangle$ ...
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69 views

Transfer from Heisenberg to Ising model

It is well know, that ferromagnets can be described using Hamiltonian $$ H = -\sum\limits_{i<j}J_{ij}\, (\mathbf{s}_i \cdot \mathbf{s}_j). $$ where (three dimensional) spins $\mathbf{s}_i$ ...
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40 views

Thermodynamics for 1D line of 3D dipoles

The 1D Ising model was solved almost a century ago. This model assumed spins that point along the 1D line to the left or right and only considered nearest neighbors, so that the Hamiltonian with no ...
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294 views

Majorana zero mode and 1D Ising model

It is known that the one-dimensional (1D) Ising model can be mapped to a free Majorana model using a Jordan-Wigner transformation and its two degenerated ground states are well interpreted by the two ...
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115 views

Motivation of the Heisenberg model of ferromagnetism

In the Heisenberg model of ferromagnetism the atoms are assumed to be arranged in a lattice. The $i$-th atom has a spin operator $\vec S_i$ (here $i$ belongs to the lattice). The Hamiltonian is given ...
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142 views

How to use Ising Spin model for prediction of time series “Phase”

I am investigating a 2d Ising Spin Lattice. I have been able to generate a Monte Carlo app that gives me the changing spin matrix through my iterations - like the many examples on the web. However, ...
2
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0answers
260 views

Spontaneous symmetry breaking in the quantum 1D XX model?

The ground states of the quantum 1D Ising and Heisenberg models exhibit spontaneous magnetization. Is this also true for the 1D XX model?
2
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0answers
111 views

Spin Glass Transitions in Random Bond Ising Model (RBIM)

In brief, is there a list of spin glass transition properties for the RBIM on different lattices? Is there any know results about the relationships between these probabilities for a graph and its ...
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3answers
120 views

What is the difference between toy models and normal models? [closed]

Here is the short description of scientific model: an imperfect or idealized representation of a physical system And the definition of toy model: a simplified set of objects and equations ...
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2answers
177 views

Phase transition without the Peierls' counter argument

Is there any proof of the existence of phase transition in models of statistical mechanics of the Ising type models without using the Peierls' argument and its variations? By models of the Ising ...
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1answer
458 views

I'm getting weird autocorrelations when simulating an Ising model below the critical temperature

So I'm simulating an Ising model using Monte Carlo and the Metropolis algorithm. After letting it reach equilibrium, I try to calculate the autocorrelation of the magnetization. As long as the system ...
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2answers
161 views

Is it possible to find the ground state of generalized Ising models?

Is there a general solver (or a theoretical algorithm) for obtaining the ground state configuration of the extended Ising model, which involves an arbitrary lattice, arbitrary coordination number ...
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1answer
300 views

Describe Ising model dynamics in stochastic differential equation or stochastic process

The Ising model is described by the Hamiltonian $$ H(\sigma) = - \sum_{<i~j>} J_{ij} \sigma_i \sigma_j -\mu \sum_{j} h_j\sigma_j, $$ and is treated extensively by equilibrium statistical ...
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2answers
818 views

Acceptance probability 2D Ising Model

Disclaimer: I just found a possible solution - eventhough i don't really understand, whats wrong with my prior approach. Edit: I just tried to calculate it from scratch and found the following: $E ...
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1answer
82 views

Is getting the ground state of Edwards-Anderson model NP hard?

I know 1D and 2D Ising model has a general solution. And I also know getting the ground state of 2D Ising model with transverse field and 3D Ising model is NP-hard.[Onsager][Barahona] So my question ...
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1answer
46 views

Can particle quantum spin be described with a wave function? [closed]

I'm a little confused about the idea of spin. It's been non-technically described to me as "like magnetic dipole moment", except only two possible "directions". But I feel like that's a bad analogy, ...
1
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1answer
125 views

Partition function: Number of states? Doesn't add up for ising

While trying to really understanding the partition function in statistical mechanics, I tried looking at it for a 2D ising model, as that's been helpful for me for all kinds of thermodynamic values. ...
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1answer
519 views

Some limiting cases of the Heisenberg XXZ model (1/2)

NOTE: Because this was a long question I have split it up in two different questions! For a course on quantum integrability I am reading these notes. (Franchini: Notes on Bethe Ansatz Techniques. ...
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1answer
245 views

Infinite-range 1D Ising model

The Hamiltonian for this system is given by \begin{equation} \mathcal{H} \{S\} = -H\sum_i S_i - \frac{J_0}{2} \sum_{ij} S_i S_j, \end{equation} where $H$ is the external magnetic field and there is no ...
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1answer
609 views

Ising spin vs Pauli spin matrices

Are Ising spins scalar or operators? I am not a condensed matter physicist hence having some confusion. I have learnt about Ising models from adiabatic quantum algorithm papers. For example this ...
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3answers
73 views

If an Ising model is in contact with two thermal reservoirs, would it still experience a phase transition if one of the reservoirs is below Tc?

For example; Two reservoirs are at each end of a one dimensional or even two dimensional lattice. One of the reservoirs has the temperature T < Tc. Would the lattice site have a phase transition ...
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1answer
82 views

Finite temperature transverse magnetization in transverse Ising model

Consider the transverse field Ising model, with $H=-J\sum_i\left(\sigma^x_i\sigma^x_{i+1}+g\sigma^z_i\right)$ What happens to the expectation value of the magnetization $\langle\sigma_z\rangle$ at ...
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1answer
344 views

Ising model 2-dimensional - ground state configuration

I have to prove something about the 2-dimensional ising model. The problem is the following: Prove that every nearest-neighbour and next-nearest-neighbour interaction on the square lattice ...
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1answer
177 views

How is free energy built into a Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation of an Ising model?

In the Metropolis algorithm, the change in the energy given by the hamiltonian is compared for flipping a spin. This is not the free energy, but for systems above absolute zero you are trying to ...
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1answer
464 views

detailed balance in the context of the ising model

I am having a very basic problem understanding the idea of detailed balance, particularly in the context of the Ising model. Most references I have found contain the following phrase: "In ...
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36 views

Intuition on Gibbs measures

I am (roughly) aware of the way Gibbs measures are used to solve physical systems (e.g. the Ising model). We can basically boil it down to pinpointing a Hamiltonian. My question is, consider a ...
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0answers
31 views

Ising model as quantum model?

I've read in a few papers things that use the fact that the $2D$ Ising model can be interpreted as a $1+1$ quantum spin model. I haven't been able to find this description and would like to read about ...
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0answers
31 views

Majorana fermions and the continuum limit of the Ising model

In Paolo Moligini's Analyzing the two dimensional Ising model with conformal field theory lecture notes, it is shown at the end of chapter 3 that the Lagrangian of the continuum limit of the Ising ...
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111 views

Ising model at high vs. low temperature

The output of the Ising model over a 2D binary lattice looks to have spin states uniformly distributed over the lattice for high values of the temperature parameter with the output attaining ...