I've found an estimation for interstellar electron density which ranges from $3.0 \times 10^4$ electrons per cubic meter (pcm), to $5.0 \times 10^4$ electrons pcm close to the galactic plane. ...
One always reads and hears that CO is a good tracer for H2. How are they correlated? How can you deduce from the (measurable) CO the amount of the (unmeasurable) H2 in the ISM?
If you assume an interstellar spacecraft of 100 m in diameter traveling to the nearest star - that ship would plow through 3 x 10^20 m^3 of interstellar space. At 0.5 c the energy release of such a ...
I've been looking for examples at how mass-loss rates are determined. I'm studying a circumstellar dust shell ejected from a Wolf-Rayet star. I have some parameters like, expansion velocity of the ...