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1answer
61 views

Import of Celestial Effects on Satellite Radio Interference

Some internet (among other) infrastructure comprises satellites, which beam communications in radio frequencies. These satellites, to ground observers, appear as very small solid angles in the sky. ...
2
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1answer
390 views

How “wide” is a beam of light? What is its half-diameter?

If you believe ray optics where a light ray is a straight line, a light beam is infinitely thin. If you think of fiber optics, you can guide a whole lot of photons down a fiber only one or a few ...
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1answer
52 views

Can one detect a single photon through measuring its impulse/momentum on a mirror?

Can one detect a single photon through measuring its impulse/momentum on a mirror? If the answer if YES or theoretically possible, photon path and interference fringes can be detected simultaneously ...
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1answer
64 views

Difference between thin film interference and Bragg diffraction of electron

Thin film interference is given by: $2dsin\theta=n\frac{\lambda}{n_i}$, where $d$ is the thickness of film, $\theta$ is the angle between incident light and tangent to the surface, $n$ is an integer, ...
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1answer
20 views

Fringe Width and Spacing and Number of Slits in Diffraction Experiments

In a single slit experiment, the fringes are not equally spaced and aren’t of equal widths—the central maximum is the widest, the secondary maxima grow narrower and narrower outward, and the minima ...
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36 views

How was Fizeau able to measure interference fringes in his experiment of 1851?

I am wondering how Fizeau, in the famous experiment of 1851, was able to measure changes int the interference fringes given that he used Sun light. Sun light constists of all kinds of wave lengths ...
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0answers
82 views

What is three-photon interference?

Whilst reading this paper on a quantum processor that performs a type of matrix computation, I came across the concept of 'three-photon interference'. A quick Google search shows that this process is ...
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0answers
32 views

Limits on the information obtained through optical measurements

Consider a Gedankenexperiment shown in the figure below. There are two lasers $S1$ and $S2$ with exactly the same specifications on paper. In practice, they are of course somewhat different but ...
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0answers
78 views

Diffraction grating from first principles

I have realised that a lot of books and online resources fail to give a detailed treatment of the derivation of the diffraction grating interference pattern. Normally only the result is stated. I was ...
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0answers
172 views

How to make DIY flight detector for double slit experiment?

I want to reproduce double slit experiment. So, is it possible to build flight detector (situated near one slit) at home? Is it possible to buy it somewhere?
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0answers
173 views

photon and Z boson interference?

I'm not certain that this question will make sense, but here goes... In most monte carlo generators, when Z events are produced, there is a lower mass cutoff on the Z pole. I've been told that this ...
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0answers
29 views

Does the double split experiment set boundaries to the concept of localization?

Feynman's textbook on quantum mechanics starts with the double split experiment for single electrons, see chapter 1-5. The astonishing result is the self-interference of the single electron as long as ...
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0answers
15 views

Interference on curved film

Let's say I have a curved film in the XY plane, delimited by $y=0$, $y=\sqrt{x}$, $x=L$. Now I light the thin film from the top and I try to see the interference pattern by transmision. I'm stuck ...
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0answers
30 views

PM-IRRAS Equidistant Fringes in Spectrum

What is the cause, and best method to prevent / minimize, fringes in one's FTIR (PM-IRRAS) spectrum on samples deposited on a thin metal film? The fringes look as though they are spaced out by a ...
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0answers
35 views

Resolving multipath interference when modelling radio wave propagation

I am creating a raytracer to model the propagation of radio waves from a simple router. I am assuming that the rays have a frequency of 2.4GHz and a velocity of the speed of light. The router has an ...
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0answers
34 views

How can an interference pattern encode both the angle of incidence and relative phase in a hologram?

For example - there are two "object" beams, both 180-degrees out of phase with the reference beam, which hit the recording plate at angles of incidence of 30-degrees and 90-degrees respectively. ...
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126 views

How can colors from heat tinting depend on temperature only?

Colors caused by heat tinting of a material can be listed by temperature. For example, for carbon steel: ...
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0answers
183 views

Can the diffraction/interference pattern behind the slit (double slit) be calculated with Feynman path integrals (QED)?

I often see Feynman path integrals explained by a graphic which shows the slit and then the electron goes all possible ways behind the slit. Ok that is nice to understand the Feynman path integral, ...
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0answers
105 views

What is this light pattern caused by LED matrix street light?

At our office, they have installed new downlights in the parking lot (street lights) based on a rectangular matrix of very bright LEDs, which are not diffused. They look something like this one: ...
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0answers
104 views

Intensity of Brightest Fringe of a multi-slit Diffraction

Let's say we have a multi-slit experiment with N slits.Since the central fringe has the most intensity, is there an equation to calculate the intensity of central fringe in terms of the intensity of ...
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0answers
24 views

Can various wavelengths participate in C/D Interference?

My question is can multiple wavelengths or at least two different wavelengths interfere with one another? I know that they usually have to be the 'same' wavelength, but you'd think they can vary a bit ...
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0answers
162 views

Fabry Perot Etalon - changing wavelength and plate distance

Given reflectivity $R = 0.75$, an etalon is used as an interference filter, transmitting light of wavelength $4.3\mu m$ at normal incidence. The full width half maximum is about $\Delta \lambda = 0.2 ...
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0answers
370 views

Questions about Michelson interferometer

I have been doing experiment on Michelson experiment, but I don't quite understand why white light results in an interferogram with very few fringes, and why are they necessarily Gaussian? I know that ...
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37 views

Why do 3D holograms need curved lines?

I'm making a scratched hologram and I'm interested in we have to make curved lines to get a 3D image.
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0answers
56 views

Solving for the phase shift of a neutron due to precession in magnetic field

In the famous experiment that was used to prove the sign change of the wave function due to a rotation of 2$\pi$ by Werner et al. It is stated directly that the phase shift of the neutron beam is ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there spatial data loss in light passing through transparent crystal?

There is perfect parallelepipedal bar made of transparent crystal with cubic lattice floating in vacuum. Faces of parallelepiped are parallel to lattice axis. There is image, forming checkerboard ...
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0answers
16 views

Question about dark fringe in diffraction

In finding the angle for the mth dark fringe of single slit diffraction using Huygen's principle, they usually split the slit into equal portions. For example, to find the first dark fringe the slit ...
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0answers
28 views

Is there a version of “delayed choice” for sound waves?

I'm familiar with the uncertainty principle in harmonic analysis, which states that you can't localize the support of a function in both the time domain and the Fourier domain. One of the physical ...
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0answers
34 views

A real 'two line' (non-interference pattern) when observed

I have seen many interference patterns from double slit experiments but I have never seen a real 'two line' pattern when observed. Does this actually exist or is it only a conclusion? if there is an ...
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0answers
12 views

Thickness of glass sheet with Michelson's interferometer

I've got a question, are we able to calculate the thickness of a glass sheet by using Michelson interferometer experiment ?
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62 views

Using the double slit experiment to prove or disprove the de Broglie-Bohm pilot wave theory

Probably a dumb question... If you have a double slit experiment with a second experiment (single or double slit) at 90 degrees intersecting the path of the first experiment, would the interference ...
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0answers
23 views

Viewing tube light through small cracks

This question appeared on a test: If you peer through very small cracks between your fringes at a tube light some distance away will you see interference patterns, Fresnel patterns or Fraunhofer ...
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0answers
19 views

Deviation on the Diffraction Pattern when not perpendicular

Due to Babinet principle, Diffraction pattern of an opaque .... ( you all know ). here my opaque is my wire. So, I know that if I change the angle between beam and wire ( I mean if I don't aim the ...
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0answers
39 views

Derive phase shift equation for two diffirent optical paths differences

If we have two optical paths differences, call them $\phi_1, \phi_2$, and $\phi_1 > \phi_2$ then phase shift with respect to optical path difference $\phi_2$ is $PhSh = \frac{2\pi}{\lambda}(\phi_1 ...
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0answers
73 views

How is a particle observed in the double slit experiment?

I'm having some trouble understanding what is causing so much confusion what this experiment is concerned. As I understand it it is thought that the wave interferes with itself when it's observed, ...
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0answers
152 views

Interference of sound: how to calculate the sound intensity at each point?

I need help with the following question: Two speakers are sending out sound in phase with the frequency 2,13 kHz. The sound from the speakers is registered in three points A, B and C. See figure. ...
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0answers
16 views

Interference with sub-wavelength lattice constant

Is it possible to see interferences on a Blu-Ray disc (~300nm distance between lattices sites) with a 650nm laser?
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0answers
25 views

Formula for bad contrast with a Michelson interferometer

In an exercise about the two spectral lines at wavelengths $\lambda_1,\lambda_2$ of Sodium, I found the following formula : $\delta=(2p+1)\frac{\lambda_m}{\Delta},p\in\mathbb{Z}$ where $\delta$ is ...
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188 views

Destructive and Constructive Interference Sign Problems in Sound Speakers

The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Problem b). Looking at the attached document of my teacher, the visual representation of the answer does make sense. Relevant equations ...
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0answers
95 views

Appropriate order of the sources in the phase difference formula (Waves)

Please look at b). My teacher defines delta(x) to be x1-x2 and then says that phi naught of 1 =0. However, because she defined the difference to be "1"-"2", the phi naught difference should also be ...
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0answers
56 views

What the phase constant difference required for sources located at the same location?

Here is what my teacher wrote on her notes: Let's say there are two speakers located at x=0m emitting sound waves of same $\omega$ and same A. PHASE CONSTANT DIFFERENCES If A < A'<2A: there is ...
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0answers
43 views

Why did we see intereference from a single point source?

In class we were doing an experiment where an agitator was used to create spherical waves on a ripple tank. I noticed that when using only a single paddle (so a single point source) that you could see ...
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0answers
83 views

Mathematical derivation of interference pattern for electrons?

One of the most famous experiments in quantum mechanics in the context of wave-particle duality is certainly passing a beam of electrons through two slits, which results in an interference pattern ...
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0answers
50 views

interference pattern when two sources are not coherent

How would the interference pattern look if one source emits blue light and the other source emits red light in Young's double slit experiment?
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0answers
151 views

Finesse of an Fabry-Pérot interferometer

during an undergrad experiment we have to estimate the finesse of an Fabry-Pérot interferometer. The reflectance $R$ is given so the theoretical value can be calculated by $\mathcal{F} = ...
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90 views

Why do I get different colours in scratched holograms?

I was making a scratched holograms and in result got different colours instead of white hologram
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0answers
41 views

why using a EM spectrum produces a narrower fringes

I'm trying to figure out a physical reason of why a broader pulse turns out to give a narrower fringe, although I know mathematically the fringe is just the fourier transform of the pulse on the ...
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0answers
47 views

Is abruptly phase change a dominant cause in observable interferece pattern?

In newton's ring, plane parallel film or in measuring thickness of a paper we see interference pattern confirming wave nature of light. Will interference be observable if we let there is no phase ...
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0answers
130 views

3D interference visualisation software

We are searching for a software program that simply helps us to visualize in 3D the interference of planar waves of multiple sources (frequencies) and as sepctrum on a wall. Something like a well ...
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0answers
189 views

The interference of waves and factors that affect cancellation?

If you had two repeated disturbances on the surface of a water, I know interference will occur. However, if I move the two sources of disturbances closer together, why would the 'gaps' between each ...