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2
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1answer
318 views

How “wide” is a beam of light? What is its half-diameter?

If you believe ray optics where a light ray is a straight line, a light beam is infinitely thin. If you think of fiber optics, you can guide a whole lot of photons down a fiber only one or a few ...
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5answers
190 views

Are double-slit patterns really due to wave-like interference?

According to various sources on the web, it seems like the general concensus is that there isn't actually any wave-particle duality with quantum particles. For example, this article implies that ...
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3answers
195 views

Experiment demonstrating interference patterns of neutrons

The question is about experiments (and references) that demonstrate interference patterns of neutral (chargless) particles (fermions), especially neutrons. Like double-slit experiments for neutrons ...
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2answers
254 views

Double slit experiment and perforated walls' properties

I have a doubt about how double slit experiment is made. Let's think about the perforated wall, what are the requirement for it? Can a photographic plate could be used as a wall ? I see a problem ...
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2answers
287 views

Double slit experiment and representation of light waves

Consider the following image from Wikipedia and based on it I have a doubt. I do not understand why are the light waves represented like the waves in water. Shouldn't the waves be like sine waves. ...
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1answer
435 views

Can we use intensities in the superposition principle?

In using the superposition principle to calculate intensities in interference patterns, can we add the intensities of the waves instead of their amplitudes? I think that amplitude account for the ...
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2answers
579 views

Double slit experiment alternating holes

If we perform the double slit experiment by shoting photons covering one hole at a time, would we see equally the double slit interference?. That is, the same set up of double slit but fire photons ...
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2answers
667 views

Can electrons change the frequency of light as they bounce off/around?

I know that light does not interact with other light, but can interfere it, at least its amplitude. With that said, lights frequency can be changed via bouncing off matter, where matter might absorb ...
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1answer
53 views

Conservation of Energy in Double Slit Experiment

How is energy conserved In Young's Double Slit Experiment ? In destructive interference , energy is lost . So what happens to that lost energy ? Does it escape as heat ?
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1answer
272 views

Will a sound composed of the frequencies 450Hz, 650Hz 850Hz have a clearly defined musical pitch? Why?

According to my lecturer, the perceived pitch of a sound composed of the following harmonics: 750Hz, 1000Hz, 1250Hz is equal to the fundamental frequency which is the highest common factor of the ...
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4answers
413 views

How can a wave interfere with itself?

We know that waves can interfere with themselves to form interference patterns for example photons and electrons. How is this possible? I know it does happen but is there a proper representation or a ...
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2answers
399 views

Interference, photon's phase, and the Hilbert space

Dirac said that a photon can only interfere with itself. This is consistent with the tensor product of two photon spaces representation. On the other hand, it is known that there is interference ...
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2answers
332 views

What's inside the slit in double slit experiment?

If double slit experiment is done in a environment with air, then slits could also contain air made up of (approx. 80% nitrogen, 20% oxygen), then there is not empty space inside the slit. How can it ...
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1answer
49 views

The interference pattern of a wave along a line [closed]

Why the answer is B, but not C? Is it true that the pattern cannot go beyond $A_0$ and $-A_0$ at the same instant?
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2answers
72 views

about superposition of two sinusoidal waves

I am reading a material on introduction of interference and superposition. To go deeper, I want to know how the math works in superposition, from wiki ...
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2answers
126 views

Shooting a single photon through a double slit

Consider the image below. It shows a double slit experiment but with a single photon at a time. My question is as follows: Why is it that the photons always take a different path when shot at the ...
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2answers
208 views

Intuitive explanation of the waves superposition

When the two waves collide, why do they pass right through each other? Mathematically it's due to the principle of superposition: the sum of the two solutions of a wave equation is also a solution. ...
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1answer
67 views

Intereference rings by light transmission?

Recently I recorded UV-Vis spectra of liquids with a two-beam spectrometer (Perkin Elmer 900). Lack of proper racks for cells of 0.5 cm optical path length let me use a stack consisting of a 0.2 cm ...
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1answer
3k views

Light interference maximum and minimum intensity points

This is a very basic question, but I just forgot how to solve this. It's classical physics question. Suppose that there are two light sources. And some place away exists a screen. How do I find ...
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1answer
51 views

What will happen if two photons collide perpendicularly? [closed]

Suppose there is an object placed at (-1,0) on x-axis. A light ray coming from it is observed by an observer somewhere on positive x-axis. In addition, a second object is placed somewhere on y-axis. ...
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1answer
135 views

Relationship between material and fringes behind an edge

The double-slit experiment shows fringes on a screen. Closing one of the slits there is still an interference pattern on the screen behind the slit. Making the slit wider we still see fringes between ...
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1answer
77 views

Can the motion of a cracking whip be described as the interference of two waves?

I was watching a whip crack in slow motion and I noticed that the motion of the whip could be described using two different circular descriptions. 1) the user circles the whip around over his head, ...
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1answer
52 views

Rotation speed measurment

Could anyone please explain with simply how we can measure the rotation speed of an object using the Sagnac Interferometer ?
1
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1answer
293 views

Distance between interference and diffraction fringes

In problems related to Interference and Diffraction fringes - I often have encountered phrases like "bright fringes 1.5 mm apart" or "distance between first bright fringe and 4th dark fringe". Fringe ...
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1answer
100 views

Pattern in the Michelson Interferometer

I have a question about the Michelson Interferometer with spherical waves: I know that the pattern produced by this kind of waves is a pattern of concentric circles. But what I'm not sure is how the ...
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1answer
83 views

Holographic Image

In a holography set-up, as shown in the figure below, Illumination beam and reference beam both are in phase. The interference pattern generated at the detector contains the whole information about ...
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1answer
85 views

Period of Interference Pattern on a Substrate

Can anybody explain to me where this equation came from? It's for two point sources at the two listed points, and it's calculating the period of the wave on the substrate. It seems to be ...
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1answer
84 views

Salisbury Screens and Energy Conservation

From Wikipedia on how a Salisbury Screen works: 1. When the radar wave strikes the front surface of the dielectric, it is split into two waves. 2. One wave is reflected from the glossy ...
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1answer
322 views

Kiessig fringes

I have come across many papers but still couldn't find the relationship between index of refraction or atomic scattering factors, and reflectivity. My flow of thought goes as follows: Get the ...
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1answer
714 views

How Light or Water Intensity is equal to square modulus of wave function of Light or Water Waves $I=|\psi|^2 \,$?

I've seen the Wave Function as a psi $\Psi$ $\psi$. And always heard that the wave function is the Complex Number as Imaginary and real number. But I've never seen it I've never seen components of ...
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1answer
370 views

Double-slit experiment with alternating on-off switch

Suppose we perform a double-slit experiment with a detector placed at a position of minimum intensity (maximum destructive interference), off-center where the path lengths differ by half a wavelength. ...
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0answers
20 views

A level 9702/11/o/n/14 question 26 (about interference of sound wave) [on hold]

The speakers are identical and they are connected it's series with power, so I thought there would be complete destructive interference. Therefore, at some point the amplitude would be zero and also ...
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0answers
17 views

Resolving multipath interference when modelling radio wave propagation

I am creating a raytracer to model the propagation of radio waves from a simple router. I am assuming that the rays have a frequency of 2.4GHz and a velocity of the speed of light. The router has an ...
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0answers
17 views

How can an interference pattern encode both the angle of incidence and relative phase in a hologram?

For example - there are two "object" beams, both 180-degrees out of phase with the reference beam, which hit the recording plate at angles of incidence of 30-degrees and 90-degrees respectively. ...
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1answer
60 views

Why Does Thin-Film Interference Manifest Visibly Only on Thin Films? [duplicate]

We know that thin-film interference creates colors by constructive and destructive interference of different wavelengths. One of the better images I refer to is this: Though the example only traces ...
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0answers
66 views

How can colors from heat tinting depend on temperature only?

Colors caused by heat tinting of a material can be listed by temperature. For example, for carbon steel: ...
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0answers
98 views

Can the diffraction/interference pattern behind the slit (double slit) be calculated with Feynman path integrals (QED)?

I often see Feynman path integrals explained by a graphic which shows the slit and then the electron goes all possible ways behind the slit. Ok that is nice to understand the Feynman path integral, ...
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0answers
77 views

What is this light pattern caused by LED matrix street light?

At our office, they have installed new downlights in the parking lot (street lights) based on a rectangular matrix of very bright LEDs, which are not diffused. They look something like this one: ...
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0answers
68 views

Intensity of Brightest Fringe of a multi-slit Diffraction

Let's say we have a multi-slit experiment with N slits.Since the central fringe has the most intensity, is there an equation to calculate the intensity of central fringe in terms of the intensity of ...
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0answers
20 views

Can various wavelengths participate in C/D Interference?

My question is can multiple wavelengths or at least two different wavelengths interfere with one another? I know that they usually have to be the 'same' wavelength, but you'd think they can vary a bit ...
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0answers
112 views

Fabry Perot Etalon - changing wavelength and plate distance

Given reflectivity $R = 0.75$, an etalon is used as an interference filter, transmitting light of wavelength $4.3\mu m$ at normal incidence. The full width half maximum is about $\Delta \lambda = 0.2 ...
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1answer
63 views

Do eigenvalues in a cylindrical symmetric problem tell us anything about the Fourier spectrum?

During a lecture we were solving the Helmholtz equation for particular boundary conditions, corresponding to different shapes of an oscillating drum, as in the famous Mark Kac's problem ...
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1answer
61 views

Resultant wave in the Michelson-Morley experiment

I was wondering when the two waves in the experiment, don't they lead to constructive interference? Consider the first case in the image. The two combining waves should lead to constructive ...
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3answers
97 views

Young double slit experiment without first slit

What if I take a laser pen and direct it towards the middle of two wide slits? Will I get interference pattern or just two lines? Do I need to scatter photons before they hit the slits to observe ...
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0answers
301 views

Questions about Michelson interferometer

I have been doing experiment on Michelson experiment, but I don't quite understand why white light results in an interferogram with very few fringes, and why are they necessarily Gaussian? I know that ...
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0answers
36 views

Why do 3D holograms need curved lines?

I'm making a scratched hologram and I'm interested in we have to make curved lines to get a 3D image.
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0answers
51 views

Solving for the phase shift of a neutron due to precession in magnetic field

In the famous experiment that was used to prove the sign change of the wave function due to a rotation of 2$\pi$ by Werner et al. It is stated directly that the phase shift of the neutron beam is ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there spatial data loss in light passing through transparent crystal?

There is perfect parallelepipedal bar made of transparent crystal with cubic lattice floating in vacuum. Faces of parallelepiped are parallel to lattice axis. There is image, forming checkerboard ...
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2answers
96 views

Does wave interference happen only to same frequency waves?

As the title says, from books and results from internet, I find that examples of wave interference always have the same frequency, only different in phase constant. So, I'd like to know if wave ...
0
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2answers
59 views

Combination of 2 photons in opposite phase

We can explain conservation of energy in interference phenomena by saying that there is redistribution of energy. However if only 2 photons in opposite phase "combine" then how can we explain ...