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3
votes
1answer
151 views

Hamiltonian with Dirac Delta function

I've to compute this expression $$ \hat{H} ~=~\frac{1}{4}g_2\int d^3R\int d^3r\ \bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}+\frac{\vec{r}}{2})\bar{\Psi}(\vec{R}-\frac{\vec{r}}{2}) $$$$ \times \left[ ...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

Inverse Fourier transform of Yukawa potential (troubles with Mathematica)

It can be proved that the potential $\frac{e^{-u|r|}}{|r|}$ has Fourier transform $\frac{4\pi}{u^2+q^2}$. Now, I'm trying to go backwards and do the inverse Fourier transform but I'm running into ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Geometric Interpretation of these equations of motion?

I was reading my Engineering Mechanics book, and it derived some strange looking integrals I'll have to apply. I could memorize them, but I'd rather understand them - then I won't have to memorize. ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Change of variables in calculating the integral of multivariable differential entropy

I have already asked this question in math.SX but here might be more proper. So I decided to put a copy here and delete the one which is not the one that got an answer: I know that for one ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

integration for upper ocean mixed layer equation

I am trying to work through the following paper specifically trying to get from equation (1) to equation (6). Equation 1 states that $$ Q = \beta S e^{-\beta z} + 2B \delta(z) $$ where $\delta z$ ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Planetary motion: integration of equation of motion

I was reading Planetary Motion (page 117) in Barry Spain's Tensor calculus, and stupidly enough, I didn't understand this. The equations are : $$\frac{d^2\psi}{d\sigma^2} + ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Gamma functions integral identity

In Srednicki's QFT book, eq. $14.27$ is a result used over and over again for computing loop correction. It is the following integral evaluated in terms of gamma functions: $$ \int d^dq ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

Moment of inertia of a cylinder [closed]

When I tried to calculate the moment of inertia ($I_C$) of a cylinder (mass M, height H, radius R) around the rotating axis going symmetrically through its middle, I came up with a different result ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Newton's original proof of gravitation for non-point-mass objects

Suppose we have two bodies, one very large (Earth), and one very small (a cannon ball). If the cannon ball is some distance away from the Earth, to find out the force produced on the cannot ball, we ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Langreth rules and Keldysh formalism

I am trying to confirm the proof of Langreth's theorem / rules as seen in http://www.iue.tuwien.ac.at/phd/pourfath/node52.html . My problem is equation 3.55. I would do it like this: $\int_{C_{1}} ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Calculating stiffness of a beam of non-constant cross section

I am considering a paraboloid shape which is fixed at its base and is being compressed downwards. I am trying to find its stiffness so I can calculate how much it deforms. When I attempt to do this I ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

calculating electrodynamic momentum of a dumbbell (consisting of two point charges) in longitudinal motion

I'm working through a paper on momentum in electrodynamics that requires the integration below and would greatly appreciate any help. I'm pretty sure it evaluates to $2/d$ but I can't quite figure ...
3
votes
0answers
151 views

Propagator in massless scalar field theory

Suppose we have the following Lagrangian: $\mathcal{L} = \frac{1}{2} \phi \Box \phi + V(\phi)$, where $\Box = \partial _ {\mu} \partial ^ {\mu}$ and $V$ is the interaction term. We use the $(-+++)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Difference between normal mode methods and wavenumber integration?

Normal mode and wavenumber integration methods allow the evaluation of an integral transform solution. The text book that I am reading states that the normal mode method evaluates the field as a sum ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Order of Monte Carlo integration and frequency summation

I am currently trying to calculate an integration formula of a linear response function by Monte Carlo method. It is a multiple integration over three 3D vectors, i.e., nine dimensions in all. And ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

How do you integrate an expression over a variable in the limit of an integral?

I am trying to follow the steps to solve the integro-differential equation that arises from a plasma sheath problem given in this paper. This is the step I can't follow: ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

How do you know which way to choose the limits of an integral?

I am reading http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_13.html#Ch13-S4 In the beginning of equation 13.18, in which Mr. Feynman calculates the potential energy of an object outside a spherical shell, ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Changing Coordinate Systems in Two-Loop Integrals

Suppose we have the two-loop integral $\int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {2} \int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {1} \, f(k _ {1}, k _ {2})$, where $k _ {1}$ and $k _ {2}$ are four-dimensional vectors in Euclidean space. ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Coordinate Systems in Loop Integrals

Let us consider a two-point two-loop integral $\int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {2} \int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {1} \, f(k _ {1}, k _ {2}, p)$, where $k _ {1}$, $k _ {2}$ and $p$ are four-dimensional vectors in ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Jacobian in Loop Integrals

Let us consider a two-loop integral $\int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {2} \int \mathrm{d} ^ 4 k _ {1} \, f (k _ {1}, k _ {2})$, where $k _ {1}$ and $k _ {2}$ are four-dimensional vectors in Euclidean space. We ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Trajectory of a photon around a Schwarzschild black hole?

Consider a photon coming from the infinity in a unbounded orbit to a Schwarzschild black hole (Schwarzschild radius $r_{s}$) (see this for illustration). Its impact parameter is $b$ and its distance ...
4
votes
4answers
272 views

Evaluation of expectation values

I will denote operators with hats. Suppose we got an operator of the form $i[\hat p, \tan^{-1}(e^{\hat x})]$ and we want to calculate the amplitude for a transition from a state $|p_i\rangle$ to the ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

How to integrate two-electron interaction in He? (variational method)

A probe wavefunction in the variational method is $$\psi(r_1, r_2) =\frac{\alpha^6}{\pi^2}e^{-\alpha(r_1+r_2)}$$. In $\left<\psi \right|H\left|\psi\right>$ with $$H = \frac{p_1^2+p_2^2}{2m} - ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

What does $\int_C V \,d\mathbf{l}$ mean?

What does $$\int_C V \,d\mathbf{l}$$ mean? I initially thought it was simply a line integral around $C$, that is, if $\mathbf{r}: [0,1] \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ is a paremetrization of $C$, then ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Lebesgue integration [closed]

I know this question is probably not adequate to this SE either, but let me explain my situation: I'm civil engineering's college, so, there isn't a SE for civil engineering, and my doubts about ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Non-uniform circular motion, computing the angle

There is an object moving in circle, with this law: $$ \alpha = -k^2 \theta $$ With $ \alpha = \frac{ d \omega }{dt} $, and $ \omega= \frac{d \theta}{dt} $, $\theta$ = angle, $k$ positive ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Movement with non-constant acceleration [duplicate]

Suppose we have a material point. If it is moving from position $X_0$ with initial velocity $V_0$ and constant acceleration $A$, then from elementary physics course I remember that its movement is ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Position dependent speed, how to compute position

I can't solve a problem: $ A= 0.5 (ms)^{-1}$, $ x_0 = 0.5 m $, $v(t)= A \cdot x^2 $, I have to compute the position at $t=3$ ($x_0$ is the initial position). So my guess is that I should be able ...
7
votes
4answers
598 views

How are electric flux calculations not double integrals?

A disk of radius 0.10 m is oriented with its normal unit vector $\hat{n}$ at 30$^{\circ}$ to a uniform electric field $\vec{E}$ of magnitude 2000 N/C. What is the electric flux through the disk? ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Moment of inertia of a sphere

I'm looking at sample calculations of moment of inertia of a sphere here. In the first example (disc method), it has the integral as $dI = \frac{1}{2}r^2 \,dm$, while in the second example (shell ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Self-inductance of a toroidal inductor

I am trying to determine the self-inductance of a toroidal coil of mean radius $R$ with $N$ loops of radius $a$ with a current $I$ flowing within them. I have calculated the magnetic field by noting ...
5
votes
3answers
256 views

Integral form of Gauss's law for magnetism from Stokes' theorem?

How can the integral form of Gauss's law for magnetism be described as a version of general Stokes' theorem? How does it follow?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Integrating for velocity [duplicate]

Trying to determine velocity of a falling body with respect to traveled distance and initial speed. I've been provided with the following equation for acceleration as a function of distance and the ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Line Integral Parameterization

In math, I was taught to parameterize a scalar/vector line integral. In physics, I remember doing problems where I didn't parameterize the problem and it still came out correct. So, by ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Free particle propagator - Evaluating Integral [closed]

In path integral formalism, when evaluating the free particle propagator, we obtain the functional integral of the form, $$ K_0 = \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \bigg( \frac{m}{2\pi ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Three integrals in Peskin's Textbook

Peskin's QFT textbook 1.page 14 $$\int_0 ^\infty \mathrm{d}p\ p \sin px \ e^{-it\sqrt{p^2 +m^2}}$$ when $x^2\gg t^2$, how do I apply the method of stationary phase to get the book's answer. ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

When is the speed specified for an object experiencing an exponential force?

So this is the question given in my text book: A particle of mass m is at rest at the origin at time $t = 0$. It is subjected to a force $F (t) = F_0e^{–bt}$ in the $x$ direction. Its speed ...
1
vote
3answers
209 views

Integration constants in Maxwell's equations (ambiguousness?)

In classical electrodynamics, if the electric field (or magnetic field, either of the two) is fully known (for simplicity: in a vacuum with $\rho = 0, \vec{j} = 0$), is it possible to unambiguously ...
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Calculating the Potential from the E-Field

I find that often times I'll be tripped up by questioning whether or not I can do something mathematically, and be unable to come up with a satisfying answer. This is, unfortunately, one of those ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

The question about MTW 4-momentum integral expression and lorentz nature

In section 5.8 of Misner, Thorne, and Wheeler's "Gravitation" there is a proof that 4-momentum determined as $$ \tag 1 p^{\mu} = \int T^{\mu 0}\,\mathrm{d}^{3}\mathbf r , \quad \partial^{\mu}T_{\mu ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Evaluate $1$-loop contribution to the $4$-point Green's function

I am trying to evaluate the following integral \begin{equation} I = \int \frac{d^d p_\text{E}}{(2 \pi)^d} \frac{1}{(p_\text{E}^2+m^2)((q_\text{E}-p_\text{E})^2 + m^2)} \tag{1} \end{equation} where ...
1
vote
1answer
391 views

Superficial Degree of Divergence for Feynman Diagrams

The superficial degree of divergence for a diagram is defined as the power of $k$ in the nominator minus the power of $k$ in the denominator. It is written to be equal to $4\times$ ...
6
votes
1answer
237 views

Integral in $n$−dimensional euclidean space

I've asked this question in Mathematics Stack Exchange, but unfortunately there is no answer yet. I repost it because this integral comes from QFT and maybe someone here did it before or could help ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

Is there a physically motivated “trick” to evaluate this convolution?

I'm working on adapting some of the formalism in this paper to a system I'm working with. The part I'm interested in amounts to convolving a density profile $\rho(r)$ with a smoothing kernel ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Prefactor for phase space integration

When calculating the canonical partition sum, we had the following: $$ Z_\text C = \sum_{\vec p} \sum_{\vec x} \exp(-\beta H(\vec p, \vec x)) $$ Now, since $\vec p$ and $\vec x$ are pretty much ...
2
votes
3answers
216 views

Physical motivation for differentiation under the integral

I am thinking about the mathematical process of "differentiating underneath the integral", i.e. applying the theorem $$\partial_s \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x,s)\,dx=\int_{-\infty}^\infty \partial_s ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Making a cut trough a center of mass, can the masses of the pieces be equal?

Let's say point $P$ is the center of mass of an irregularly shaped object. If I make a straight cut trough point $P$ and split the object in two, is it possible for the two pieces to have the same ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Correction to Period of a Pendulum

In one derivation of the corrected period of a pendulum, we started off like so: The mass has a height $y$ given by $l(1-\cos \theta )$. $E = K + E \rightarrow \frac{1}{2}ml^2 \dot{\theta}^2 + ...
11
votes
1answer
597 views

Why there is a $\frac{1}{2}$ in the distance formula $d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$?

I'm preparing for my exam, but I have difficulties in perceiving why there is a $\frac{1}{2}$ in the distance formula $d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$?
4
votes
2answers
760 views

Integrating equations with units

I was looking through an old copy of Barron's AP Physics and found this problem relating to impulse which I was initially confused about how to integrate. Example 6.1 During a collision with a ...