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3
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1answer
231 views

Three integrals in Peskin's Textbook

Peskin's QFT textbook 1.page 14 $$\int_0 ^\infty \mathrm{d}p\ p \sin px \ e^{-it\sqrt{p^2 +m^2}}$$ when $x^2\gg t^2$, how do I apply the method of stationary phase to get the book's answer. ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

When is the speed specified for an object experiencing an exponential force?

So this is the question given in my text book: A particle of mass m is at rest at the origin at time $t = 0$. It is subjected to a force $F (t) = F_0e^{–bt}$ in the $x$ direction. Its speed ...
1
vote
3answers
182 views

Integration constants in Maxwell's equations (ambiguousness?)

In classical electrodynamics, if the electric field (or magnetic field, either of the two) is fully known (for simplicity: in a vacuum with $\rho = 0, \vec{j} = 0$), is it possible to unambiguously ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

Calculating the Potential from the E-Field

I find that often times I'll be tripped up by questioning whether or not I can do something mathematically, and be unable to come up with a satisfying answer. This is, unfortunately, one of those ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

The question about MTW 4-momentum integral expression and lorentz nature

In section 5.8 of Misner, Thorne, and Wheeler's "Gravitation" there is a proof that 4-momentum determined as $$ \tag 1 p^{\mu} = \int T^{\mu 0}\,\mathrm{d}^{3}\mathbf r , \quad \partial^{\mu}T_{\mu ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Evaluate $1$-loop contribution to the $4$-point Green's function

I am trying to evaluate the following integral \begin{equation} I = \int \frac{d^d p_\text{E}}{(2 \pi)^d} \frac{1}{(p_\text{E}^2+m^2)((q_\text{E}-p_\text{E})^2 + m^2)} \tag{1} \end{equation} where ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

Superficial Degree of Divergence for Feynman Diagrams

The superficial degree of divergence for a diagram is defined as the power of $k$ in the nominator minus the power of $k$ in the denominator. It is written to be equal to $4\times$ ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

Integral in $n$−dimensional euclidean space

I've asked this question in Mathematics Stack Exchange, but unfortunately there is no answer yet. I repost it because this integral comes from QFT and maybe someone here did it before or could help ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Is there a physically motivated “trick” to evaluate this convolution?

I'm working on adapting some of the formalism in this paper to a system I'm working with. The part I'm interested in amounts to convolving a density profile $\rho(r)$ with a smoothing kernel ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Prefactor for phase space integration

When calculating the canonical partition sum, we had the following: $$ Z_\text C = \sum_{\vec p} \sum_{\vec x} \exp(-\beta H(\vec p, \vec x)) $$ Now, since $\vec p$ and $\vec x$ are pretty much ...
2
votes
3answers
205 views

Physical motivation for differentiation under the integral

I am thinking about the mathematical process of "differentiating underneath the integral", i.e. applying the theorem $$\partial_s \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x,s)\,dx=\int_{-\infty}^\infty \partial_s ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Making a cut trough a center of mass, can the masses of the pieces be equal?

Let's say point $P$ is the center of mass of an irregularly shaped object. If I make a straight cut trough point $P$ and split the object in two, is it possible for the two pieces to have the same ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Correction to Period of a Pendulum

In one derivation of the corrected period of a pendulum, we started off like so: The mass has a height $y$ given by $l(1-\cos \theta )$. $E = K + E \rightarrow \frac{1}{2}ml^2 \dot{\theta}^2 + ...
11
votes
1answer
563 views

Why there is a $\frac{1}{2}$ in the distance formula $d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$?

I'm preparing for my exam, but I have difficulties in perceiving why there is a $\frac{1}{2}$ in the distance formula $d=\frac{1}{2}at^2$?
4
votes
2answers
364 views

Integrating equations with units

I was looking through an old copy of Barron's AP Physics and found this problem relating to impulse which I was initially confused about how to integrate. Example 6.1 During a collision with a ...
5
votes
0answers
191 views

The commutator of scalar field [closed]

I have a real scalar field which is given by the propagator as: $$[\phi(x),\phi(y) ] =\int \frac{d^3 p}{(2\pi)^3} \frac{1}{2E_0} (\exp(-ip\cdot (x-y)) -\exp (ip\cdot (x-y)))$$ And I am asked to show ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Integrals over grassmann numbers

I want to prove an identity from Peskin&Schroeder, namely that $$\left(\prod\limits_i^{} \int d \theta^*_i d\theta_i\right) \theta_m^* \theta_l \exp(\theta_j^* B_{jk} \theta_k)=\det(B) ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Integration on a general equation for instantaneous angular acceleration

An equation for instantaneous angular acceleration is given as: $$ \alpha \equiv \lim_{\Delta t\to0}\frac{\Delta \omega}{\Delta t} = \frac{d\omega}{dt} $$ The text I am reading says writing this ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Integration with Grassmann variables

How to show that $$ \int d\Psi d\bar {\Psi}e^{i \int d^{4}x\bar {\Psi} \hat {A} \Psi} = det (\hat {A})? $$ $\Psi , \bar {\Psi}$ refers to Dirac spinors (the second is $\bar {\Psi} = ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Question about exterior derivatives

I know from Carroll that the integration in GR is basically a mapping from n-form to the real number. And it's given that $$d^nx=dx^0\wedge\ldots\wedge ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Number of 2-electron integrals

Consider 2-electron integrals over real basis functions of the form $$ (μν|λσ)=∫dr⃗_1dr⃗_2ϕ_μ(r⃗_1)ϕ_ν(r⃗_1)r^{−1}_{12}ϕ_λ(r⃗_2)ϕ_σ(r⃗_2) $$ I am told that for a basis set of size $K=100$, there are ...
0
votes
1answer
449 views

Derivation of Moment of Inertia and centre of mass?

In the equation above for the MI for a rod, why are we taking the limits from -l/2 to l/2? And why doesn't the integral doesn't include the centre of mass?
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Function with poles/singularities; Polynomial approximant has no poles

I don't know if i should ask this question or if it makes too much sense. My knowledge of this topic is quite incomplete, so please bear through with me. Any insights are appreciated. A function ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

How to get $t$ from $a(v)$?

I read what if we have acceleration given as a function of velocity we can calculate time as $$t(v) = t_0 + \int_{v_0}^{v} \frac{dv}{a(v)}.$$ Why?
2
votes
1answer
550 views

Momentum variance in momentum space for particle in a box

My assignment asks me to compute the momentum space wavefunction of the nth energy eigenstate of the particle in a one-dimensional infinite square well, then "show that your result is in agreement ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Integration of 3-momentum

During a lecture that I missed, I was trapped when the lecturer uses the relation $$dp_x~ dp_y ~dp_z ~=~d^3\mathbf{p} ~=~ 4\pi p^2 dp.$$ Can I know how is this relation derived please?
7
votes
2answers
199 views

A problematic integral in calculating the entanglement entropy in 1+1 D free massive bosonic field theory

I encountered a curious integration identity when I was reading the paper by Pasquale Calabrese and John Cardy on the entanglement entropy of 1+1D quantum field theory (arXiv). The identity is given ...
2
votes
3answers
345 views

Electrostatic energy integral for point charges

The electric energy stored in a system of two point charges $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ is simply $$W = \frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}\frac{Q_1Q_2}{a}$$ where $a$ is the distance between them. However, the total ...
1
vote
1answer
760 views

Gravitational force exerted by a rod on a point mass

I have doubts with the solution of a certain problem. I will give the entire solution below and will lay out my doubts as well. A point mass $m_1$ is separated by a distance $r$ from a long rod of ...
0
votes
0answers
194 views

Making a 3D physics engine, realistic? If so, where do I begin my research?

As a programming (technology), physics and math project in school, I'm considering programming my own 3D physics engine as a learning exercise. The physics engine should then be able to be used in a ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Hemisphere irradiance

How do I calculate sky irradiance from radiance (L) from a hemisphere above a surface which is tilted relative to the normal (x=0,y=0,z=1). I have L as a function of zenith (0 to 180deg) and azimuth ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

How do I calculate integral analytically for small $k$?

In a Heisenberg antiferromagnet, the dispersion relation is \begin{equation} \omega_{\mathbf{k}} =JSz\sqrt{ 1-\gamma_{\mathbf{k}}^2} \end{equation} where ...
7
votes
3answers
653 views

Why is the functional integral of a functional derivative zero?

I'm reading Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena, 4th ed., by Zinn-Justin and on page 154 I came across the statement that the functional integral of a functional derivative is zero, i.e. ...
3
votes
3answers
231 views

Physical significance of getting an non-integrable function in an equation

I just found out during my Calculus course in High School, that there exist functions which cannot be integrated. Then I thought that I come across a lot of integrals while solving Physics ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Calculating the expectation value for kinetic energy $\langle E_k \rangle$ for a known wave function

I have a wavefunction ($a=1nm$): $$\psi=Ax\exp\left[\tfrac{-x^2}{2a}\right]$$ for which I already calculated the normalisation factor (in my other topic): $$A = \sqrt{\frac{2}{a\sqrt{\pi a}}} = ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Centrifugal force on tilted object

The centrifugal force acting on a revolving particle with negligible size is $\frac{mv^2}{r}$. What if the size is not negligible? Say we are talking about a large homogeneous circular disc, so its ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

Relationship between irradiance and radiance

A question related to radiometry: Irradiance $E$ at a point $x$ can be written as: $E = \int_\Omega L(x, \omega) cos(\theta) d\omega$ I understand this formula and where it comes from. The equation ...
2
votes
2answers
814 views

Average velocity = Arithmetic Mean

I am having trouble grasping how the average velocity of a particle between an initial position and final position equals to the arithmetic mean of the initial velocity and the final velocity when the ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

Finding the illuminance from a triangular light source

Since most light sources in games are point-like, it's pretty difficult to approximate area light sources with point sources. As triangles are a universal form to represent 3D models (thus area light ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Extension to continuous in proofs of rigid body mechanics

I'm studying rigid body mechanics and I've seen several proofs of properties related to total angular momentum, kinetic energy, etc. that all regard discrete set of points. For example, to show that ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

the meaning of epsilon in this operator $ \epsilon $

Consider the dimensional regularized integral $$ \int d^{d}k (k^{2}-m^{2}+i\epsilon)^{-\lambda} $$ For positive $ \lambda $ this integral has a pole at $ k=m $. Is this the reason we we insert the $ ...
1
vote
2answers
670 views

Relation between the time, velocity and acceleration

This is question from I.E. Iredov's General Physics: $1.22$ : The velocity of a particle moving in the positive direction of the $x-axis$ varies as $v = α \sqrt x$, where $α$ is a positive ...
7
votes
1answer
481 views

I reached a result concerning displacement with quantized time intervals. Am I on to something?

A few days ago, I realized a similarity between distance with constant acceleration, $d = v_i t + 1/2 a t^2$, and the sum of integers up to n, $(n^2 + n)/2$. This came up again today when I decided to ...
7
votes
4answers
693 views

Integrating radial free fall in Newtonian gravity

I thought this would be a simple question, but I'm having trouble figuring it out. Not a homework assignment btw. I am a physics student and am just genuinely interested in physics problems involving ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Twistor Function for Coulomb Field

In an article by Penrose in Hughston and Ward "Advances in Twistor Theory", it is claimed that the twistor function $$ f(Z^\alpha) = \log{\frac{Z^1Z^2 - Z^0Z^3}{Z^2Z^3}}$$ produces an anti-self-dual ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Poles bit in a propagator

Hi I am trying to derive the K-G propagator and am stuck on the bit where Cauchy's Integral formula is needed i.e evaluating from $$\int ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Getting rid of double delta function in Feynman rules

[1] A very simple example of feynman rule for scalar fields. After computing the diagram i have got the following: $$ -i(2\pi)^4g^2\int d^4q \frac{i}{q^2 -m^2c^2}\delta^{(4)}(p_1 - p_3 -q) ...
4
votes
2answers
350 views

A four-dimensional integral in Peskin & Schroeder

The following identity is used in Peskin & Schroeder's book Eq.(19.43), page 660: ...
0
votes
2answers
797 views

Calculate the center of mass of a semicircle [closed]

How I determine the center of mass of a semicircle using the definition of center of mass? I only know solve this using the Pappus theorem. Consider that the semicircle is centered on the origin and a ...
-1
votes
3answers
210 views

What needs to be integrated to solve this problem?

An object is placed on a frictionless table with its one end attached to a cord which is connected to a pulley and the tension is maintained constant at 25 N. what is the change in kinetic energy ...