Add this Tag for questions on information theory applied to physics, especially in the fields of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, the black hole information paradox, complexity of dynamical and physical systems and questions to do with whether information is conserved by physical systems. ...

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24
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is information indestructable?

I really can't understand what Leonard Susskind means when he says that information is indestructible. Is that information that is lost, through the increase of entropy really recoverable? He ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Maxwell's Demon Constant (Information-Energy equivalence)

New Scientist article: Summon a 'demon' to turn information into energy The speed of light c converts between space and time and also appears in e=mc^2. Maxwell's Demon can turn information supplied ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Maximum theoretical bandwidth of fibre-optics

Ignoring hardware at either end and their technological limitations, what is the maximum theoretical bandwidth of fibre optic cables currently in use / being deployed in a FTTH type situations? I ...
36
votes
5answers
2k views

What is information?

We're all familiar with basic tenants such as "information cannot be transmitted faster than light" and ideas such as information conservation in scenarios like Hawking radiation (and in general, ...
27
votes
3answers
12k views

Maximum theoretical data density

Our ability to store data on or in physical media continues to grow, with the maximum amount a data you can store in a given volume increasing exponentially from year to year. Storage devices continue ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How efficient is a desktop computer?

As I understand it (and admittedly it's a weak grasp), a computer processes information irreversibly (AND gates, for example), and therefore has some minimum entropy increase associated with its ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

From what we know about QM and Elements could we simulate the Universe in a Computer?

From what we know now about Quantum Mechanics and Elements, could we simulate life the Universe at a Quantum to Element level? If we can't assume enough to create a sim, what fundamentals are we ...
7
votes
7answers
7k views

Why is the decibel scale logarithmic?

Could someone explain in simple terms (let's say, limited to a high school calculus vocabulary) why decibels are measured on a logarithmic scale? (This isn't homework, just good old fashioned ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How many bytes can the observable universe store?

Is the number of states in the Universe countable? What framework could be used to answer the question in the title?
1
vote
1answer
158 views

OAM states for wireless communications

Can someone give me an overview of how OAM states are used in communications? Using Orbital Angular Momentum States seems like a hot topic for communications. I read a few articles about the basic ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Physical structures that trap information

I labeled this question "soft" because it might not make any sense. Anyway, what I'm wondering is if there's a notion in physics that deals with the ability of matter to trap information. For ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How are physics and computer science getting united?

How is theoretical computer science getting united with physics? Phenomena like Quantum Computing uses Quantum Mechanics to be able to compute things, how are computers helping not just to model our ...
12
votes
4answers
790 views

Ignorance in statistical mechanics

Consider this penny on my desc. It is a particular piece of metal, well described by statistical mechanics, which assigns to it a state, namely the density matrix $\rho_0=\frac{1}{Z}e^{-\beta H}$ ...
12
votes
1answer
303 views

In there such a thing as the Black Hole Information Paradox?

When I first heard about the black hole information paradox, I thought it had no content. At the time, papers about it had been written for numerous years and they keep on coming. Now that the press ...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Entropy and Information

Several posts and my classes in thermodynamics equate increase in entropy with loss of information. Shannon clearly showed that the information content of a message is zero when its entropy is zero ...
4
votes
4answers
552 views

Uncertainty Principle for Information?

I'm not familiar (yet) on how Information theory can be emerged/used in QM/QFT but I was thinking about this question: While we have Heisenberg uncertainty principle on measuring coupled observables, ...
7
votes
2answers
787 views

How is information related to energy in physics?

I recently attended a talk by Dr. Ravi Gomatam on 'quantum reality', where the speaker suggested, that conservation of energy is not a fundamental law, and is conditional, but the conservation of ...
8
votes
3answers
532 views

Are Electromagnetic Waves The Only Means of Transmitting Information?

We've been using EMF to transmit energy (information) for over a century. I was wondering is there any other way to send a message on long distances, even faster than EMF waves can travel? For example ...
6
votes
1answer
299 views

What is the information geometry of 1D Ising model for a complex magnetic field?

Consider the one-dimensional Ising model with constant magnetic field and node-dependent interaction on a finite lattice, given by $$H(\sigma) = -\sum_{i = 1}^N J_i\sigma_i\sigma_{i + 1} - h\sum_{i = ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

Number of bits needed to express physical laws?

What is the minimum number of bits that would be needed to express a given physical law, like the law of universal gravitation? How many bits are needed to express each of the four fundamental forces? ...
3
votes
1answer
335 views

Microsecond trading with neutrinos

The Spread Networks corporation recently laid down 825 miles of fiberoptic cable between New York and Chicago, stretching across Pennsylvania, for the sole purpose of reducing the latency of ...
0
votes
3answers
259 views

Has anyone ever tried to formulate physics base on computer science or Information processing?

Some physicists and university researchers say it's possible to test the theory that our entire universe exists inside a computer simulation, like in the 1999 film "The Matrix." In 2003, University ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Should entropy have units and temperature in terms of energy? [duplicate]

I've been thinking about entropy for a while and why it is a confusing concept and many references are filled with varying descriptions of something that is a statistical probability (arrows of time, ...
3
votes
1answer
371 views

How large is the information collected from an inverse femtobarn of collisions?

I ran into this while looking at measures of humongous amounts of data. How does the information (data) collected in an inverse femtobarn exposure compare to a gigabyte of data ?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Are information conservation and energy conservation related?

as evident from the title, are both, conservation of energy and conservation of information two sides of the same coin?? Is there something more to the hypothesis of hawking's radiation other than ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

Boltzmann entropy and phase space volume

In Huang's book on Statistical mechanism and Statistical interpretation of Entropy, it is not mentioned that $\Omega$ is the phase space volume, but it is the states of the system. So, how does ...
0
votes
3answers
181 views

If a star were to suddenly dissapear, would it still have gravity?

I am wondering whether or not literally anything can travel faster than the speed of light. For example, if gravity from a star immediately ceases to have an effect if it suddenly and magically ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

sending information over a wire--mechanically [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible for information to be transmitted faster than light? I've thought about this since I was a little kid. I know it isn't exactly feasible, but it still ...
-2
votes
1answer
81 views

Is information propagated across a medium in any other way than waves?

Is information propagated in any other way than waves? Please distinguish "propagation across a medium" from information "storage within stable states of matter", which might difuse or interact ...